February 25, 1921 – Heroic Georgians who fought against Russia’s Red Army
25 February, 2016
February 25, 1921 – Heroic Georgians who fought against Russia’s Red Army
February 25 of 1921 is one of the tragic and painful dates in Georgia’s history. On this day Georgia again lost its newly gained independence that lasted less than three years. Soon after freeing itself from Russian Empire’s more than century-old rule and declaring its independence in May of 1918, Red Army invaded Georgia in February of 1921. The Soviet invasion of Georgia was a military campaign by the Soviet Russian Red Army aimed at overthrowing the Social-Democratic (Menshevik) government of the Democratic Republic of Georgia and establishing a Bolshevik regime in the country. Soviet forces took the Georgian capital Tbilisi (then known as Tiflis to most non-Georgian
speakers) after heavy fighting and declared the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic on 25 February 1921.

Russian soldiers in Tbilisi on February 25, 1921
geotv.ge

Georgian Cadets in the yard of Church were the former parliament of Georgia stands at present
geotv.ge
When Russia’s 11th Army entered Georgia, Georgian Army, the People's Guard of Georgia and other volunteers tried to fight the enemy. The main battles took place near Kojori and Tabakhmela, where Georgian cadets (Junkers in Georgian) plaid important role in fighting Russian army. Georgians honorably confronted Russians and managed to restrain the enemy for some period, yet despite their commitment and substantial effort, 11th army invaded the capital. Although there were a significant number of highly qualified Georgian officers who had served in the Imperial Russian military, the army as a whole was poorly equipped and was defeated eventually.

Russia's Red Army in Tbilisi

geotv.ge
Georgian Cadets
geotv.ge
geotv.ge
Maro Makashvili

On 24 February, the Georgian commander-in-chief, Giorgi Kvinitadze, bowed to the inevitable and ordered a withdrawal to save his army from complete encirclement and the city from destruction. It’s worth mentioning that Maro Makashvili, 20-year-old daughter of poet Konstantine Makashvili , who fought near Tbilisi as a volunteer nurse, died on the battlefield as a result of bomb explosion.


Ivane Javakhishvili

It is also noteworthy that during the times of hardship Ivane Javakhishvili, Georgian historian and one of the founding fathers of the Tbilisi State University, addressed his students that were gathered in the yard of the university on February 23, 1921. 
geotv.ge

“My sons, my duty is to call on
you to study, yet there are certain moments in life, when you have to put away everything, take the guns and fight the enemy. Today I call on you to take the guns and defend your country”, said the outstanding public figure in his speech.

Georgian cadets who fell on the battlefield near Kojori, where buried with big respect in the yard of the church on Rustaveli Avenue, one of the central streets of Tbilisi. The church was subsequently destroyed by the Soviet regime in 1930. Today Georgia's Parliament building is situated there.

On March 17, 1921 the Government of Georgia left the country and migrated to Europe in order to continue their struggle from there, however they were not able to free the country from Bolshevik rule that lasted 70 years.


Related stories:

The Fateful Battle of Krtsanisi


Ekvtime Takaishvili – The Man of God and guardian of Georgia’s treasure
Other Stories
Dispute over Georgian heroic general’s statue in Tbilisi
The monument of distinguished and respectful Georgian general and one of the most prominent military figures in the Democratic Republic of Georgia Giorgi Mazniashvili,
Pirosmani masterpieces along Mtkvari River – Urban art in Tbilisi
Street artists Vazha Topuria and Nino Zedginidze have come up with a very interesting idea in urban arts.
Discovery for gamers: Georgian vest-kit with sensors will let you feel the game
Givi Beridze and his group are one of the winners of hi-tech business ideas contest called Startup Georgia.
“He took the money and ran away” – Story of an 11-year-old boy will leave you speechless
Georgian photographer Goga Chanadiri has published a photo of a little boy with a touching story:
Irakli Charkviani’s monument in Tbilisi will play music for 24 hours
A monument dedicated to outstanding Georgian musician and poet Irakli Charkviani, known under his pseudonym Mepe (The King),
Tbilisi Zoo Presents New Zoo Latest Developments
In 2015, the swollen Vere River flooded Tbilisi Zoo. Half the animal inhabitants died, while many surviving animals, such as a hippopotamus, lions, tigers, bears, and wolves, escaped
Multi-storey parking lots to be installed in Tbilisi
Up to 10 multi-storey parking lots will be installed in Tbilisi’s central streets, the Mayor David Narmania said
Almond gardens to be cultivated in Tbilisi
Tbilisi City Hall plans to set up almond gardens in the city districts and the first area where the trees are going to be planted is Didi Dighomi district, on the territory of more than 6 acres.
Young Georgian students to visit CERN after NASA
Three young Georgian inventors will travel to the place every scientist is dreaming to visit at least once in a lifetime.
Bidzina Ivanishvili sold Willem de Kooning painting for $61 million
The former Prime Minister of Georgia Bidzina Ivanishvili has sold a painting by Willem de Kooning, the famous Dutch artist, at New York auction,
Bidzina Ivanishvili bought 100-year-old baobab tree from Gurian family for 45 000$
The former Prime Minister of Georgia Bidzina Ivanishvili has bought a baobab tree from a family in Guria region, paying USD 45 000.
Freedom on the Net 2016: Georgia ranked as free country
The Freedom House has ranked Georgia as a free country in its annual Freedom on the Net 2016 report.
12-metre buses to appear in Tbilisi soon
143 new buses will soon appear in the capital city and all of them will be delivered my March 2017. 12-metre-long buses will be among them.
“Devil’s House” - 19th century mystical building in Tbilisi
Tbilisi has many old and unique buildings that convey interesting stories and legends that will certainly draw one’s attention.
Tbilisi Turtle Lake cableway opens after 7-year break
The cable car linking Tbilisi’s Chavchavadze Avenue with Turtle Lake was opened.
Will construction of Trump Tower resume in Batumi?
The electoral fever that was going on in the United States has spread all over the world.
Donald Trump captured together with Georgian celebrities
Donald Trump has won the 2016 presidential elections in the USA. The republican President-elect has already addressed his supporters at his headquarters and American people elsewhere.
Woman from Abkhazia inspired by US elections presents  special cake
As it turned out citizens of other countries are quite interested in the U.S. presidential elections and the results as well.
New metro station to start operating in Tbilisi soon
A new, 23rd metro station will be inaugurated in Tbilisi soon.
Georgian author donates first revenue from her book to women fighting cancer
Young Georgian author Salome Benidze, who won Tsinandali Award in prose, donated the first revenue from her book The City on the Water to women fighting against breast cancer.
First café in Georgia to offer Braille menu to visually impaired persons
Mziuri Café located in New Mziuri Park, at Chavchavadze Avenue, is the very first café in Georgia where visually impaired people
Vardzia’s Church of Dormition  caught fire
The church of Dormition of the Mother of God located in Vardzia cave complex caught fire last night,on November 1.
Cancer IS NOT a Verdict!
Cancer IS NOT a Verdict!
Hopeful as this title may seem, there’s still one “if” – if the cancer is discovered at the early stage.
Example of modesty: Georgian priest sells his car and golden cross to help those in need
Georgian photographer Goga Chanadiri writes on his Facebook page about a priest, who turned out to be an example of modesty and good faith.
Georgia’s ambassador to Italy: “No calls received in relation to earthquake yet”
No calls have been received on the hotline that started functioning in relation to the earthquake that has hit Italy.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
Other Stories
Georgian youth has its own representative in the United Nations and her name is Tatia Dolidze.
Today, on October 8, parliamentary elections are held in Georgia.
One of the most memorable moments during Pope’s stay in Georgia was his visit to Svetitskhoveli Cathedral.
Various videos have been made that promote Georgia’s cultural heritage, historical sites and beautiful views of this tiny country.
Handmade ‘quiet books’ are very popular around the world and you can now see this interesting invention, that is very useful for children, in Georgia too.
While strolling through Tbilisi’s central Rustaveli Avenue one may come across an increasingly lovely older couple playing in the street for the passersby.
An interesting social experiment t has been carried out by Switch Communications under the order of UNICEF Georgia.
A few days ago a new project was initiated in Georgia, which envisages teaching Georgian language and Georgian folk music
Three orphaned female bear cubs, discovered on the streets of Tbilisi in Georgia after floods in June last year,
Doctors certified by German company Bredent Medical – one of the leading dental producers in the world, showcased a number of surgical operations
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.5599
EUR
1
EUR
2.7250
GBP
1
GBP
3.2283
RUB
100
RUB
3.9854
December 2016
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30 31