3000-year-old script discovered in Georgia to change world’s history of writing
26 July, 2016
3000-year-old script discovered in Georgia to change world’s history of writing
The ancient inscription discovered by the archaeologists of Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University (TSU) in Georgia dates back to the XI-X centuries BC , the US laboratory says.

The head of the expedition and the director of TSU Archaeology Institute, Vakhtang Licheli says this inscription, found on the Grakliani Hill in eastern Georgia, is of great interest because it is the oldest among all the inscriptions that have been discovered in Georgia so far. Before sending the samples to the
US, Licheli had estimated the discovery as being of VIII-VII centuries BC, but the answer received from Florida, Miami laboratory exceeded all the expectations. Miami laboratory has estimated the date of the inscription as being of XI-X centuries BC. In order to be completely sure, Licheli sent the samples to an Italian laboratory as well and the answer is yet to be received.
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The principal in charge of Tbilisi State University, Darejan Tvaltvadze says this discovery could change the history of writing or, at least, one stage of the history of writing.
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“The archaeological expedition at the Grakliani Hill began in 2008, where the base was set up for the university students as well. From that day on, our archaeologists have made numerous important discoveries. The answer received from US laboratory proves once more that this inscription is unique and it may change at least one stage of the history of the world,” Tvaltvadze says.
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The archaeologists have discovered what is thought to be an ancient temple built in honor of a god of fertility, along with two shrines, on which the abovementioned inscription is found. Licheli says it belongs to a completely unknown and individual writing system which has no analogues in the world.
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This discovery proves that 2 700-3 000 years ago, there was a civilization in the territory of modern Georgia, which used a certain kind of writing system and it is even older than the one used by Phoenicians.

As the archaeologists also claim, the expedition at the Grakliani Hill also revealed a continuous cycle of human development from the Stone Age to the Antiquity. The artifacts found in 11 different cultural layers revealed the tools left behind by primitive men as well as religious items from later periods.
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The archaeologists have obtained a very interesting picture: a group of houses built very close to each other, that was characteristic to that period. Besides, a very important discovery is IV century BC seals whose analogues are found in southern Mesopotamia, in Uruk and a V-IV century BC golden disc, whose analogue is found in Iran's city of Suza.
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There are also several ceremonial rooms, including a mill with three hand-mills, where sacred flour was produced, with which bread was baked for ritual purposes.
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Related Stories:

Discoveries at Grakliani Hill Will Change History


Grakliani - Discovery of the century?
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