Montreal Convention – Blot on Georgian Civil Aviation Landscape
20 December, 2012
 Montreal Convention – Blot on Georgian Civil Aviation Landscape
Georgia should join the civil aviation convention of Montreal -1999 if it wants to be a full member of the international civil aviation community and cares for national civil aviation development. Georgian air passengers are the less protected passengers in Europe and, perhaps, in the world, as far as Georgia has not acknowledged any civil aviation convention protecting consumers’ rights. International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) member of which Georgia is at the moment, is focused more on technical security st
andards and protection of consumers’ rights is its weak point.
There are several conventions caring for passengers’ interests; however, they all include mutually exclusive terms when the matter is taken to the court. To streamline the said regulation, the international civil aviation pundits created the Montreal Convention of 1999 on Unification of Some Regulations of International Air Transportation. By today, the Montreal - 1999 suggests the best balance of protection interests of both passengers and air companies.
It is a guarantee that consumers’ rights will be protected as much as possible and passengers as well as cargo forwarders and receivers will be decently compensated if cargos are damaged/lost and flights delayed/canceled. It includes a comprehensive chain of insured responsibilities: air-companies have to insure their financial responsibilities at insurance companies that in their turn evaluate the flights’ security level and outline the insurance margin to the air-company.
Otherwise, it compels air-companies to be volunteers in provision of the consumer-friendly safe service: higher security-and-insurance standards and strong flight schedules – all that Georgian civil aviation lacks at the moment. This requires extra but reasonable investments in security of course but the cost is worth of price as it increases the competitive power of the company and attracts more passengers, Mikheil Nadareishvili, a civil aviation specialist having worked at Georgian civil aviation administration within 1994-2010, said in his exclusive interview to Georgian Journal.
According to him, air-companies that come from the Montreal 1999 member countries may face much higher costs if they delay or are late with the flights: the convention charges by around USD 450 to pay each registered passenger of the delayed or canceled flights. In case of fatal outcome of the flight resulted in death or injure of a passenger air-companies bear very strict responsibilities: they cannot exclude their responsibilities or fix limits to it unless the loss figure exceeds SDR 100 thousand [Special Drawing Rights]. The convention also requires strong insurance of baggage/cargo transportation and air-company endorses its legal responsibilities on baggage delivery with passengers, as well as with the cargo forwarders and receivers separately. Briefly, air-companies are better to meet all Montreal obligations rather than pay off fines.
However, the Montreal convention protects only passengers and air-companies within its member-states. And since Georgia is not a member as of yet it is discriminated at the international market in fact: all the Montreal-member air-companies that fly to Georgia require from Georgian air-companies [implementing international flights] to observe the Montreal terms while they are free of similar obligation in Georgia. Otherwise, Georgian consumers are vulnerable to risks and depend only on good will of foreign air-companies. And while risks with Montreal-member companies are low as far as they do observe security standards, they are higher with the companies from non-Montreal space including all the post-Soviet-Union countries except the Baltic republics and Ukraine. All the European countries as well as other more-less developed countries making more than half of the world are under the Montreal 1999 umbrella.
“All countries that care for human being have already joined Montreal 1999. And if we acknowledge that the best achievement of humanity is a man we should also join it as far as Montreal convention protects consumers’ rights as much as possible,” Nadareishvili said.
According to him, the enrollment procedures are quite simple and free of charge - the entire procedure takes around 6 months since the initiating the issue at parliament. The issue has been raised for several times with previous governments of Georgia but ignored each time. Nadareishvili thinks the permanent changes at Georgian civil aviation and lack of long-term strategy of the national civil aviation development was the key reason to that.
Otherwise Georgia has no reason to linger with the membership of the Montreal 1999: it requires no extra financial burden as far as Georgian air-companies and most part of their foreign peers have already allocated due investments to secure Montreal’s “voluntary” safety standards otherwise they would not be admitted to the best half of the world protected by Montreal - 1999; On the other hand, it may bring only benefits to Georgia as it will improve country’s image and attract more passengers and cargos to Georgian airlines.
“The membership of Montreal means highest security standards and consumer always opts for secure flights,” Nadareishvili elaborates.
This automatically increases competitive power of Georgian air-companies that obviously cannot compete with wealthy foreign companies backed by huge financial resources. The only asset Georgian air-companies can rely at international competition is the comprehensive legal basis that is much below the par without Montreal 1999. Moreover, Georgian consumers will be protected on the equal footage with the citizens of developed world and authorized to run the litigation with the air companies at the place of residence if necessary.
“As soon as you join the Montreal convention it means you become a full member of international civil aviation community. Developing legal basis is of crucial importance to Georgia if it is intent to develop national aviation as far as it can be the only asset to resist the international competition,” Nadareishvili said.
On the other hand, developed air transportation is crucial for Georgia if it wants to take its dream niche of a transit hub in the South Caucasus region to bridge the Middle Asia to Europe. The country with its favorable geopolitical location and developed railway, land and sea transportation infrastructure has full potential to aspire for the regional hub function and underdeveloped civil aviation might be the only blot on the landscape.
Print
Other Stories
Who is constructing “Khadori 3” Hydropower Plant in Pankisi Gorge?
Clashes broke out in Pankisi Gorge, Georgia’s northeastern region between special forces and residents
Business Positive – Successful radio program from Radio Positive
Starting point of radio program Business Positive is to meet interesting people, communicate with them and deliver information that is interesting for the audience.
A factory of electric vehicles to be built in Kutaisi
Prime Minister Mamuka Bakhtadze stated that a factory of electric vehicles will be built in Kutaisi at the presentation of the Aigroup business group.
Qvevri-shaped hotel complex to be built in Telavi
A Qvevri-shaped hotel complex is scheduled to be built in the village of Shalauri in Telavi, Kakheti (east part of Georgia).
Georgian designers presented at Fashion World Tokyo 2019
The products of 11 Georgian designers are showcased at Fashion World Tokyo 2019,
Silknet raises $200 million in Eurobond issue
27 March 2019 - JSC Silknet (“Silknet”), one of Georgia’s leading telecommunications operators, has successfully priced a debut $200 million 5-year 11% senior unsecured bonds issue (the “Notes”).
Pistachio trees will be planted in Georgia
Dozens of hectares of Pistachio are planned to be planted in Georgia this year.
Toyota Safety Sense and Hybrid Technology
Toyota Caucasus, has presented two new models the 5th generation RAV4 and the 12th generation Corolla at Rustavi International Motorpark, several days ago.
Bidzina Ivanishvili “became number one oppressor of businesses in Georgia” - ICC Georgia chairman Fady Asly
Mr. Ivanishvili promised the business community to protect them from harassment and pressure, unfortunately his words died with the sunset of that day
The best brands of Belarus will be exhibited on a large-scale exposition in Tbilisi
"The Belarusians like to come to Georgia to relax near the sea in Batumi as well as to stay in sunny Kakhetia."
Don’t treat business like a hooker! - Georgian businessman Vasil Soprpmadze addresses politicians
Businessman Vasil Sopromadze, founder of the company "Fresco", addresses politicians
RAV4 No Compromise and Corolla Set to Impress – Two New Cars Presented by Toyota
Toyota Caucasus, the company constantly aspiring to greatness, has presented two new models the 5th generation RAV4 and the 12th generation Corolla.
Mamuka Khazaradze quits TBC bank, does not sell the TBC Bank share
I made a decision to leave TBC bank where I spent 27 years of my life
10 Reasons to buy an apartment in the suburbs
There is a tendency for Tbilisi dwellers to move from central parts of the capital to the suburbs.
Georgian citizens are granted the right to work in France
The French Embassy in Georgia made remarks on granting Georgian citizens the right to work in France
The New York Times: Bitcoin declines but Georgia still bet on it
The New York Times has recently published an article about reasons, challenges and causes of generating Bitcoin in the former Soviet country Georgia.
EU to allocate € 13 billion for Eastern Partnership countries, including Georgia
The European Union together with the World Bank plans to allocate investment worth € 13 billion for infrastructure projects in the Eastern Partnership countries.
Anaklia Port and its importance for Georgia
In 2016, Anaklia Development Consortium was authorized to launch the construction of Anaklia Port.
Cryptocurrency mining threatens electrical network in Abkhazia
In the breakaway region of Akbhazia rampant cryptocurrency mining is threatening the shaky electrical network, reports an article of the news portal EuroNet.
Caucasus Wine University to be opened in Gurjaani
In the Kakheti region a new viticulture campus of the Caucasus University is in the process of planning.
Photos describing life of the poorest in Georgia
Fight with poverty should be among top priorities of every government in every country.
Training farmers to rescue the organic hazelnut production in Georgia
Even drizzling rain and unpleasant gusts of wind can’t prevent the farmers from coming and participating in the agricultural training.
Bleak times for organic farmers in Georgia – but there is hope
Organic hazelnut production is a delicate plant in Georgia that has emerged just a couple of years ago. Various pests, among them the Asian stink bug Parosana, trouble hazelnut farmers and menace their livelihood – even before their businesses could really take off.
Hybrid car imports are going through the roof in Georgia
Thanks to their fuel economy, the popularity of hybrid cars is increasing in Georgia, where fuel affordability is low and prices for fuel are unstable.
The New Year offer from MAQRO Construction - Apartments with unbelievable discounts and the parking spaces for FREE!
Location, green yard, spaces for various needs, experience of the construction company and parking space are the main important criteria for potential buyers of apartments.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
21.04.2019
22.04.2019
USD
1
USD
2.6935
2.6935
EUR
1
EUR
3.0291
3.0291
GBP
1
GBP
3.5021
3.5021
RUB
100
RUB
4.2126
4.2126
Other Stories
Recently Toyota rolled out Global Campaign under this slogan that reflects the Olympic and Paralympic Spirit of Encouragement,
A couple from Switzerland combines Swiss tradition and technology with Georgian products. Their cheese is made in the Georgian mountains and sold in local stores and hotels.
It has been more than five years since the residents of Lilo village, near Tbilisi, cannot open their windows.
63 000 GEL was received by the Georgian Agro Export Group which is just a small part of the European Neighbourhood Programme for Agricultural and Rural development.
Georgian entrepreneur Guka Tavberidze, who runs his own business in the UK and does it quite well, has been invited by BBC
The grand opening of 7-star The Biltmore Hotel Tbilisi took place in Georgia’s capital on July 31.
DUSHETI, Georgia – The Georgian government and the World Bank will allocate USD 5.6 million (12 million GEL) to fund
A new Georgian clothing brand named Person has emerged in Georgian market.
Georgia is in the midst of an economic maelstrom, Euronews reports.
Situation at Georgia’s mineral water market is interesting: over the last year, the volume of export has grown by 56 percent. According to “GeoStat”, over $114 million worth of mineral water was sold
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.6935
EUR
1
EUR
3.0291
GBP
1
GBP
3.5021
RUB
100
RUB
4.2126
April 2019
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30