Montreal Convention – Blot on Georgian Civil Aviation Landscape
20 December, 2012
 Montreal Convention – Blot on Georgian Civil Aviation Landscape
Georgia should join the civil aviation convention of Montreal -1999 if it wants to be a full member of the international civil aviation community and cares for national civil aviation development. Georgian air passengers are the less protected passengers in Europe and, perhaps, in the world, as far as Georgia has not acknowledged any civil aviation convention protecting consumers’ rights. International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) member of which Georgia is at the moment, is focused more on technical security st
andards and protection of consumers’ rights is its weak point.
There are several conventions caring for passengers’ interests; however, they all include mutually exclusive terms when the matter is taken to the court. To streamline the said regulation, the international civil aviation pundits created the Montreal Convention of 1999 on Unification of Some Regulations of International Air Transportation. By today, the Montreal - 1999 suggests the best balance of protection interests of both passengers and air companies.
It is a guarantee that consumers’ rights will be protected as much as possible and passengers as well as cargo forwarders and receivers will be decently compensated if cargos are damaged/lost and flights delayed/canceled. It includes a comprehensive chain of insured responsibilities: air-companies have to insure their financial responsibilities at insurance companies that in their turn evaluate the flights’ security level and outline the insurance margin to the air-company.
Otherwise, it compels air-companies to be volunteers in provision of the consumer-friendly safe service: higher security-and-insurance standards and strong flight schedules – all that Georgian civil aviation lacks at the moment. This requires extra but reasonable investments in security of course but the cost is worth of price as it increases the competitive power of the company and attracts more passengers, Mikheil Nadareishvili, a civil aviation specialist having worked at Georgian civil aviation administration within 1994-2010, said in his exclusive interview to Georgian Journal.
According to him, air-companies that come from the Montreal 1999 member countries may face much higher costs if they delay or are late with the flights: the convention charges by around USD 450 to pay each registered passenger of the delayed or canceled flights. In case of fatal outcome of the flight resulted in death or injure of a passenger air-companies bear very strict responsibilities: they cannot exclude their responsibilities or fix limits to it unless the loss figure exceeds SDR 100 thousand [Special Drawing Rights]. The convention also requires strong insurance of baggage/cargo transportation and air-company endorses its legal responsibilities on baggage delivery with passengers, as well as with the cargo forwarders and receivers separately. Briefly, air-companies are better to meet all Montreal obligations rather than pay off fines.
However, the Montreal convention protects only passengers and air-companies within its member-states. And since Georgia is not a member as of yet it is discriminated at the international market in fact: all the Montreal-member air-companies that fly to Georgia require from Georgian air-companies [implementing international flights] to observe the Montreal terms while they are free of similar obligation in Georgia. Otherwise, Georgian consumers are vulnerable to risks and depend only on good will of foreign air-companies. And while risks with Montreal-member companies are low as far as they do observe security standards, they are higher with the companies from non-Montreal space including all the post-Soviet-Union countries except the Baltic republics and Ukraine. All the European countries as well as other more-less developed countries making more than half of the world are under the Montreal 1999 umbrella.
“All countries that care for human being have already joined Montreal 1999. And if we acknowledge that the best achievement of humanity is a man we should also join it as far as Montreal convention protects consumers’ rights as much as possible,” Nadareishvili said.
According to him, the enrollment procedures are quite simple and free of charge - the entire procedure takes around 6 months since the initiating the issue at parliament. The issue has been raised for several times with previous governments of Georgia but ignored each time. Nadareishvili thinks the permanent changes at Georgian civil aviation and lack of long-term strategy of the national civil aviation development was the key reason to that.
Otherwise Georgia has no reason to linger with the membership of the Montreal 1999: it requires no extra financial burden as far as Georgian air-companies and most part of their foreign peers have already allocated due investments to secure Montreal’s “voluntary” safety standards otherwise they would not be admitted to the best half of the world protected by Montreal - 1999; On the other hand, it may bring only benefits to Georgia as it will improve country’s image and attract more passengers and cargos to Georgian airlines.
“The membership of Montreal means highest security standards and consumer always opts for secure flights,” Nadareishvili elaborates.
This automatically increases competitive power of Georgian air-companies that obviously cannot compete with wealthy foreign companies backed by huge financial resources. The only asset Georgian air-companies can rely at international competition is the comprehensive legal basis that is much below the par without Montreal 1999. Moreover, Georgian consumers will be protected on the equal footage with the citizens of developed world and authorized to run the litigation with the air companies at the place of residence if necessary.
“As soon as you join the Montreal convention it means you become a full member of international civil aviation community. Developing legal basis is of crucial importance to Georgia if it is intent to develop national aviation as far as it can be the only asset to resist the international competition,” Nadareishvili said.
On the other hand, developed air transportation is crucial for Georgia if it wants to take its dream niche of a transit hub in the South Caucasus region to bridge the Middle Asia to Europe. The country with its favorable geopolitical location and developed railway, land and sea transportation infrastructure has full potential to aspire for the regional hub function and underdeveloped civil aviation might be the only blot on the landscape.
Print
Other Stories
The World Digital Mining Summit to be held in Georgia
The summit is scheduled to take place between 21st-23rd September in the Hualing Hotel, Tbilisi, Georgia.
Galt and Taggart - Tourism Boom Continues in Georgia
Tourism has become one of the key drivers for the Georgian economy. Galt and Taggart has recently published research about the Georgian tourism sector in the first half of 2018.
"The worst dream for Putin is that Russians want to live in Georgia"
This year, visitors to the Adjara region would notice that there is a boom in construction in and around Batumi.
Underground gas storage facility to be built in Georgia
KfW, a German government-owned development bank signed a EUR 150 million promotional loan with the state-owned Georgian Oil and Gas Corporation (GOGC) for the construction of the first underground gas storage facility in Georgia.
New gambling rules for Georgia
Georgian lawmakers are preparing a new draft law relating to online-casinos and gambling that will seek to curb gambling addiction in Georgia.
How expensive is it to visit Georgia?
The Georgian Lari (GEL) is the official currency of Georgia and is the only legal means of payment in the entire territory of Georgia.
Trade with the EU and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) has grown significantly
Trade with the EU and the CIS has grown by 26% and 33.5 % respectively, says GeoStat, the Georgian National Statistics Office.
The unemployment rate decreases in Georgia
The unemployment rate decreased in Georgia by 1,9% and amounted to 12.1% in the 2nd quarter of 2018 compared with the previous quarter,
Memorandum of Understanding to be signed between Georgia and Malaysia
According to the Georgian Ambassador to Malaysia Nikoloz Apkhazava, Georgia plans to sign a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Malaysia.
“Blauenstein Georgia” due to expand in Georgia
“Blauenstein Georgia” is planning to open more shops in Georgia. It is an agriculture company that sells meat products, meat and convenience food.
The amount of Direct Foreign Investment rises in Georgia
According to the information of the National Statistics Office of Georgia, the amount of direct foreign investment in Georgia has risen
It’s going to get  harder for foreigners to get residence permit in Georgia
It’s going to get harder for foreigners to get permit of residence in Georgia.
Mziuri Park in Tbilisi to be renovated soon
It was the dream of prominent Georgian writer Nodar Dumbadze that when the original Mziuri park was constructed and opened in 1892 that it should be a park for children,
Winemakers to produce Kvanchkara in its place of origin - Racha
Khvanchakara is a semi-sweet Georgian red wine which originates from Racha, in the western part of Georgia. Kvanchkara is made of two types of grape Mujuretuli and Aleksandrouli.
The level of Georgian wine and Chacha exported has increased
The National Wine Agency of Georgia has recently published statistical information about the level of Georgian wine and Chacha exported between January and July, 2018.
New fire engines to be Manufactured in Georgia
The Acting Head of the Emergency Management Agency Shalva Khutsishvili said that the old Zili fire engines (which were made in the USSR) will be phased out and replaced with new ones, manufactured in Georgia.
Georgia witnesses a record number of tourists
The Georgian National Tourism Administration publishes statistical information about international visits to Georgia.
Canadian businessman plans to build a hotel in Bakhmaro
Canadian businessman Vadim Malishev plans to build a hotel in Bakhmaro resort, Guria, in the western part of Georgia.
Coffee Factory will open in Tbilisi in October
The first coffee factory (which will be located on the Kakheti highway) in Tbilisi will open in October.
Places in Georgia where real estate is the most expensive
The real estate market in Georgia is growing annually. In Tbilisi as well as other regions of Georgia new developments are increasingly taking place.
How much does a vacation cost in Tbilisi?
It is the middle of summer and those who have not yet taken a vacation are looking for an appropriate place for sure!
The price for extreme sports in Georgia
Georgia offers a variety of options to extreme sport lovers.
The number of Georgians who own property abroad increases
The number of foreign properties owned by Georgians is increasing.
How much does Taxi cost in Tbilisi?
Stories how Taxi drivers try to deceive passengers and charge them with more money than they should pay are known for everybody all over the world.
What are the highest paid areas in Georgia
According to the data collected by the National Statistics Office of Georgia in the first quarter of 2018 the highest paid jobs in Georgia are found in the financial and insurance fields.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
Exchange Rates
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
18.09.2018
19.09.2018
USD
1
USD
2.6156
2.6188
EUR
1
EUR
3.0498
3.0593
GBP
1
GBP
3.4259
3.4414
RUB
100
RUB
3.8379
3.8673
Other Stories
Recently Toyota rolled out Global Campaign under this slogan that reflects the Olympic and Paralympic Spirit of Encouragement,
A couple from Switzerland combines Swiss tradition and technology with Georgian products. Their cheese is made in the Georgian mountains and sold in local stores and hotels.
It has been more than five years since the residents of Lilo village, near Tbilisi, cannot open their windows.
63 000 GEL was received by the Georgian Agro Export Group which is just a small part of the European Neighbourhood Programme for Agricultural and Rural development.
Georgian entrepreneur Guka Tavberidze, who runs his own business in the UK and does it quite well, has been invited by BBC
The grand opening of 7-star The Biltmore Hotel Tbilisi took place in Georgia’s capital on July 31.
DUSHETI, Georgia – The Georgian government and the World Bank will allocate USD 5.6 million (12 million GEL) to fund
A new Georgian clothing brand named Person has emerged in Georgian market.
Georgia is in the midst of an economic maelstrom, Euronews reports.
Situation at Georgia’s mineral water market is interesting: over the last year, the volume of export has grown by 56 percent. According to “GeoStat”, over $114 million worth of mineral water was sold
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.6188
EUR
1
EUR
3.0593
GBP
1
GBP
3.4414
RUB
100
RUB
3.8673
September 2018
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2
3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30