Khudoni - Enduring Stumbling Block
06 June, 2013
Khudoni - Enduring Stumbling Block
To build or not to build Khudoni Hydro Power Plant with around 700 megawatt installed capacity and 1.7 billion kilowatt/hour of output in Georgian highlands of Svaneti is the question the Georgian government has to decide shrewdly. The project, suspended 25 years ago for environmental perils, was put on the agenda again by ex-power that be in 2011 but it stumbled again due to alleged environmental and seismic risks as well as population resettlement and cultural heritage problems.
To dissipate
the Khudoni-related risks and find due solution to the problem inherited from its predecessor new government appealed to Dutch government to send the Netherlands Commission on Environmental Assessment (NCEA) to Georgia to measure the impact Khudoni HPP may have on the environment and country at large. NCEA presented its assessment on May 29, 2013. According to this research, the report provided by Khudoni investor company Trans Electrica Ltd on the project’s impact on the environment does not include comprehensive information necessary for final decision-making as it lacks the precise resettlement plan and related compensations, analysis of sedimentation of the reservoir and cultural heritage issues. To remove all defects the Dutch experts recommended additional research for a year. However Khudoni problem journal traces back by 25 years in fact.
Khudoni HPP projected to be constructed in hazardous Caucasian highlands took its start in early 80s of Soviet Georgia and was projected to provide the entire Transcaucasia region by electricity during peak hours, Revaz Arveladze, President of Energy Academy of Georgia, said in the interview to Georgian Journal. But the project was suspended in 1989 under crackdown of political party Green Movements for alleged environmental threats. He believes the project suspension had only political lining against the backdrop of the national movement upsurge and its suspension rather harmed than availed to Georgia’s interest that deadly needs more electricity capacity to develop its sluggish economy.
“No economic development is possible without developed energy sector,” he said. “Khudoni delay in late 80s was a mistake for it includes no risks and the sooner construction of Khudoni HPP starts the better. The 1.5 billion kilowatt/hour generated by Khudoni is approximately 4.5-5 billion of GDP that stands at USD 15 billion today.”
However Georgian environmentalist watch-dogs and population of approximately 14 villages in Khudoni construction site in Khaishi and destined to disappear under the gigantic dam encompassing 530 hectares, share not his enthusiasm. Environmentalists question whether the big HPP construction is relevant to hazardous landscapes of Georgian highlands and incline toward small HPPs deployment. Population comprising of around 500 families is reluctant to leave their houses and let flooding the graves of their ancestors and the St. George Church that is a big transgression to Orthodox Christians. Arveladze believes construction of one big HPP like Khudoni is less dangerous and more effective than construction of several smaller HPPs making the equivalent capacity. Non-governmental think-tanks believe the Khudoni is a complicated issue including social, cultural and economic facets and should be solved through joint efforts of the entire government not only by energy and environmental ministries alone.
Print
Other Stories
The World Digital Mining Summit to be held in Georgia
The summit is scheduled to take place between 21st-23rd September in the Hualing Hotel, Tbilisi, Georgia.
Galt and Taggart - Tourism Boom Continues in Georgia
Tourism has become one of the key drivers for the Georgian economy. Galt and Taggart has recently published research about the Georgian tourism sector in the first half of 2018.
"The worst dream for Putin is that Russians want to live in Georgia"
This year, visitors to the Adjara region would notice that there is a boom in construction in and around Batumi.
Underground gas storage facility to be built in Georgia
KfW, a German government-owned development bank signed a EUR 150 million promotional loan with the state-owned Georgian Oil and Gas Corporation (GOGC) for the construction of the first underground gas storage facility in Georgia.
New gambling rules for Georgia
Georgian lawmakers are preparing a new draft law relating to online-casinos and gambling that will seek to curb gambling addiction in Georgia.
How expensive is it to visit Georgia?
The Georgian Lari (GEL) is the official currency of Georgia and is the only legal means of payment in the entire territory of Georgia.
Trade with the EU and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) has grown significantly
Trade with the EU and the CIS has grown by 26% and 33.5 % respectively, says GeoStat, the Georgian National Statistics Office.
The unemployment rate decreases in Georgia
The unemployment rate decreased in Georgia by 1,9% and amounted to 12.1% in the 2nd quarter of 2018 compared with the previous quarter,
Memorandum of Understanding to be signed between Georgia and Malaysia
According to the Georgian Ambassador to Malaysia Nikoloz Apkhazava, Georgia plans to sign a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Malaysia.
“Blauenstein Georgia” due to expand in Georgia
“Blauenstein Georgia” is planning to open more shops in Georgia. It is an agriculture company that sells meat products, meat and convenience food.
The amount of Direct Foreign Investment rises in Georgia
According to the information of the National Statistics Office of Georgia, the amount of direct foreign investment in Georgia has risen
It’s going to get  harder for foreigners to get residence permit in Georgia
It’s going to get harder for foreigners to get permit of residence in Georgia.
Mziuri Park in Tbilisi to be renovated soon
It was the dream of prominent Georgian writer Nodar Dumbadze that when the original Mziuri park was constructed and opened in 1892 that it should be a park for children,
Winemakers to produce Kvanchkara in its place of origin - Racha
Khvanchakara is a semi-sweet Georgian red wine which originates from Racha, in the western part of Georgia. Kvanchkara is made of two types of grape Mujuretuli and Aleksandrouli.
The level of Georgian wine and Chacha exported has increased
The National Wine Agency of Georgia has recently published statistical information about the level of Georgian wine and Chacha exported between January and July, 2018.
New fire engines to be Manufactured in Georgia
The Acting Head of the Emergency Management Agency Shalva Khutsishvili said that the old Zili fire engines (which were made in the USSR) will be phased out and replaced with new ones, manufactured in Georgia.
Georgia witnesses a record number of tourists
The Georgian National Tourism Administration publishes statistical information about international visits to Georgia.
Canadian businessman plans to build a hotel in Bakhmaro
Canadian businessman Vadim Malishev plans to build a hotel in Bakhmaro resort, Guria, in the western part of Georgia.
Coffee Factory will open in Tbilisi in October
The first coffee factory (which will be located on the Kakheti highway) in Tbilisi will open in October.
Places in Georgia where real estate is the most expensive
The real estate market in Georgia is growing annually. In Tbilisi as well as other regions of Georgia new developments are increasingly taking place.
How much does a vacation cost in Tbilisi?
It is the middle of summer and those who have not yet taken a vacation are looking for an appropriate place for sure!
The price for extreme sports in Georgia
Georgia offers a variety of options to extreme sport lovers.
The number of Georgians who own property abroad increases
The number of foreign properties owned by Georgians is increasing.
How much does Taxi cost in Tbilisi?
Stories how Taxi drivers try to deceive passengers and charge them with more money than they should pay are known for everybody all over the world.
What are the highest paid areas in Georgia
According to the data collected by the National Statistics Office of Georgia in the first quarter of 2018 the highest paid jobs in Georgia are found in the financial and insurance fields.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
Exchange Rates
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
24.09.2018
25.09.2018
USD
1
USD
2.6216
2.6216
EUR
1
EUR
3.0854
3.0854
GBP
1
GBP
3.4584
3.4584
RUB
100
RUB
3.9340
3.9340
Other Stories
Recently Toyota rolled out Global Campaign under this slogan that reflects the Olympic and Paralympic Spirit of Encouragement,
A couple from Switzerland combines Swiss tradition and technology with Georgian products. Their cheese is made in the Georgian mountains and sold in local stores and hotels.
It has been more than five years since the residents of Lilo village, near Tbilisi, cannot open their windows.
63 000 GEL was received by the Georgian Agro Export Group which is just a small part of the European Neighbourhood Programme for Agricultural and Rural development.
Georgian entrepreneur Guka Tavberidze, who runs his own business in the UK and does it quite well, has been invited by BBC
The grand opening of 7-star The Biltmore Hotel Tbilisi took place in Georgia’s capital on July 31.
DUSHETI, Georgia – The Georgian government and the World Bank will allocate USD 5.6 million (12 million GEL) to fund
A new Georgian clothing brand named Person has emerged in Georgian market.
Georgia is in the midst of an economic maelstrom, Euronews reports.
Situation at Georgia’s mineral water market is interesting: over the last year, the volume of export has grown by 56 percent. According to “GeoStat”, over $114 million worth of mineral water was sold
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.6216
EUR
1
EUR
3.0854
GBP
1
GBP
3.4584
RUB
100
RUB
3.9340