Marmaray Tunnel looks forward to BTK Railway
07 November, 2013
Marmaray Tunnel looks forward to BTK Railway
The Marmaray Rail Tunnel connecting Asian and European parts of Turkey was opened on 29 October. In the future it will enable the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway to link the east with the west on land through the so-called “Iron Silk Road.”
In Turkey, Giorgi Kvirikashvili, Minister of Economy and Sustainable Development of Georgia, participated in the official opening ceremony for the tunnel, along with representatives from Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Moldova, Spain, Romania and Kazakhstan. The 13.6 km Tunnel is intended to accommodate
1.5 million passengers per day, and is projected to be part of the BTK Railway running from Azerbaijan to Marmaray in Turkey, while crossing Georgia in the southeast.
At the presentation event of Marmaray Tunnel, Shinzo Abe, Prime Minister of Japan, proposed a Tokyo–Istanbul express railway, while Recep Tayyip Erdogan suggested that it can even be stretched from his country all the way to London. When the BTK “Iron Silk Road” launched in November 2007 Abdulah Giulah, Turkish President, also stated: “This is a great project connecting China to London, with locomotives leaving China and going to Istanbul [through the Caspian region, through Baku, and through Tbilisi], from where from they will be bound for Europe.”
“This is a great project connecting China to London, with locomotives leaving China and going to Istanbul [through the Caspian region, through Baku, and through Tbilisi], from where from they will be bound for Europe,” Abdulah Giulah, Turkish President, also stated then.
BTK was scheduled to start operation by 2010; however, that has been delayed several times. Now construction is expected to be completed by 2014, with operation to begin early in 2015.
The geopolitical value of the Iron Silk Road is obvious; over 10-15 million tons of Asian and European-bound cargo will be carried on this route. It will rival Siberian railway that carries cargos from Asia to Europe via Russia. And it will provide another means of transporting cargo and passengers to and from Iran.
But Georgia’s new authority questioned its economic value to the country last fall. Sector pundits fear that on the difficult Georgian-Turkish highland passage weather is inclement in winter, and the geological structure is not fit for bearing heavy railway containers. Carriers say they will think twice before sending shipments on this route.
Even worse, the already active trunk railway of Georgia, connecting the Caspian Sea with the Black Sea and Georgian ports, may lose cargo after BTK becomes operational, since it will provide a direct rail connection from the Caspian Sea to Europe through the railway tunnel under the Bosporus Strait. This will affect cargo turnover at Georgian ports, too. But others believe that more routes bring more profit to any country, and BTK will ultimately result in additional profit for Georgia, since its existing railway cannot handle all the cargo that might potentially come from Middle Asia and China. Those for and against BTK both agree, however, that it is of greater strategic importance to Azerbaijan and Turkey, historical allies who will finally have a direct rail connection linking them, and which will allow them to bypass their mutual political opponent, Armenia. Still, Georgia has clarified its position that BTK is certainly of strategic importance to it, and should be completed fast, though analysts still recommend that Georgia should make certain that the economic benefits to it are clearly specified.
Print
Other Stories
EU to allocate € 13 billion for Eastern Partnership countries, including Georgia
The European Union together with the World Bank plans to allocate investment worth € 13 billion for infrastructure projects in the Eastern Partnership countries.
Anaklia Port and its importance for Georgia
In 2016, Anaklia Development Consortium was authorized to launch the construction of Anaklia Port.
Cryptocurrency mining threatens electrical network in Abkhazia
In the breakaway region of Akbhazia rampant cryptocurrency mining is threatening the shaky electrical network, reports an article of the news portal EuroNet.
Caucasus Wine University to be opened in Gurjaani
In the Kakheti region a new viticulture campus of the Caucasus University is in the process of planning.
Photos describing life of the poorest in Georgia
Fight with poverty should be among top priorities of every government in every country.
Training farmers to rescue the organic hazelnut production in Georgia
Even drizzling rain and unpleasant gusts of wind can’t prevent the farmers from coming and participating in the agricultural training.
Bleak times for organic farmers in Georgia – but there is hope
Organic hazelnut production is a delicate plant in Georgia that has emerged just a couple of years ago. Various pests, among them the Asian stink bug Parosana, trouble hazelnut farmers and menace their livelihood – even before their businesses could really take off.
Hybrid car imports are going through the roof in Georgia
Thanks to their fuel economy, the popularity of hybrid cars is increasing in Georgia, where fuel affordability is low and prices for fuel are unstable.
The New Year offer from MAQRO Construction - Apartments with unbelievable discounts and the parking spaces for FREE!
Location, green yard, spaces for various needs, experience of the construction company and parking space are the main important criteria for potential buyers of apartments.
Interview with the co-founder of Kiwi Vegan Café – the first vegan place in Tbilisi
Behind the Kiwi Vegan Café stands a group of activists who wants to raise Georgian’s awareness for animal rights and welfare.
Biblusi opens first shop for tourists - Georgian
The largest book shop in Georgia Biblusi opens the first shop specially designated to the needs and interests of tourists and named it Georgian.
Georgia improves by five ranks in the Prosperity Index
In the overall Prosperity Index rankings, Georgia has climbed by 5 positions from 85 to 80 when compared to last year. As such, Georgia is the best performing country in the CIS zone.
The future is bright for electric cars in Georgia
The numerous hybrid cars in the streets of Tbilisi cannot be overlooked. Entrepreneur Sulkhan Gvalia calls them “pagers”, referring to the predecessor of mobile phones.
Georgia’s fight against the big tiny enemy – Asian Parosana
It’s a tiny creature, but the harm it did to the Georgian agriculture sector was and still is immense.
New cable route: from Kobi to Gudauri in 15 minutes
On the 15th of December, cable transport is scheduled to be opened connecting Kobi and Gudauri.
Tourist boom in Gudauri – majority of hotels are booked by foreigners
Gudauri is among the most popular winter resorts in Georgia.
Medical tourism increases in Georgia
In the last 9 months, Georgia was visited by 19 500 foreigners for medical and recovery purposes.
Doing business in Georgia has become easier than in America
According to the Doing Business 2019 report published by the World Bank, Georgia ranked 6th among 190 countries in terms of simplicity of doing business. This was an improvement over two ranks compared to last year.
Problems that foreigners frequently face in Georgia
The importance of Georgia as a tourism hub is growing year after year.
Tbilisi TV Broadcasting Tower – Better than the Eiffel Tower?
It is planned to renovate the Tbilisi TV Broadcasting Tower, one of the landmarks in the capital.
Georgian Fusion Menu by The Biltmore Hotel Tbilisi
5,895,914 international visitors have visited Georgia between January and August of 2018. Compared to the previous year the number has increased by 12.2 per cent.
Advertising of gambling and lucrative games may become banned in Georgia
Advertising of gambling and lucrative games may become banned in Georgia. Those who violate the new rule would be fined GEL 10 000.
Lebanese café-lounge Beirut opens in Tbilisi
What is necessary to organize an unforgettable event? – Fun, emotions, lots of surprises, good music and delicious menu.
Georgia second among the fastest growing tourist destinations in Europe
Georgia is among the fastest growing tourist destinations in Europe. The data is published by the UN World Tourism Organization.
Bitmain launches world digital mining summit in Tbilisi, Georgia
Bitmain CEO Jihan Wu and Roger Ver, CEO of Bitcoin.com Head Speaker List featuring Circle, DEX.top and Genesis Mining when Digital Mining Leaders Convene In Tbilisi on September 21-23
PHOTO OF THE DAY

Exchange Rates
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
19.01.2019
20.01.2019
USD
1
USD
2.6629
2.6629
EUR
1
EUR
3.0368
3.0368
GBP
1
GBP
3.4463
3.4463
RUB
100
RUB
4.0103
4.0103
Other Stories
Recently Toyota rolled out Global Campaign under this slogan that reflects the Olympic and Paralympic Spirit of Encouragement,
A couple from Switzerland combines Swiss tradition and technology with Georgian products. Their cheese is made in the Georgian mountains and sold in local stores and hotels.
It has been more than five years since the residents of Lilo village, near Tbilisi, cannot open their windows.
63 000 GEL was received by the Georgian Agro Export Group which is just a small part of the European Neighbourhood Programme for Agricultural and Rural development.
Georgian entrepreneur Guka Tavberidze, who runs his own business in the UK and does it quite well, has been invited by BBC
The grand opening of 7-star The Biltmore Hotel Tbilisi took place in Georgia’s capital on July 31.
DUSHETI, Georgia – The Georgian government and the World Bank will allocate USD 5.6 million (12 million GEL) to fund
A new Georgian clothing brand named Person has emerged in Georgian market.
Georgia is in the midst of an economic maelstrom, Euronews reports.
Situation at Georgia’s mineral water market is interesting: over the last year, the volume of export has grown by 56 percent. According to “GeoStat”, over $114 million worth of mineral water was sold
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.6629
EUR
1
EUR
3.0368
GBP
1
GBP
3.4463
RUB
100
RUB
4.0103
January 2019
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3 4 5 6
7 8 9 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30 31