Tourist Zones’ development violates property rights
28 April, 2011
Tourist  Zones’ development violates property rights

Protection of property rights became more challenging in Georgia; especially after declaring that Svaneti, Anaklia, Gonio and Black Sea adjacent territories would be granted the status of tourist zones and launching large-scale infrastructural projects. Growing interest of potential investors apparently creates background for the economic development but in addition to attracting positive outcomes, the interests of local population have been greatly infringed following the transformation of territories into touristic zones. 
Property rights were often infringed in the post-rose-revolution period in

Georgia and the process still goes ahead. “Absence of concrete legal regulations for the protection of citizens’ property rights, mechanisms of respective compensation for the injured persons, and the uniform state policy on “resettlement” in general, as well as non-awareness of citizens on their own rights and obligations enables interested parties to breach property rights through the improper application or interpretation of the law,” -  this is the message sent by non-governmental watch-dogs after having researched the property violation cases of 271 residents of Gonio village on the Black Sea coast of  Ajara.
Number of property rights violation cases recorded in tourist zones up to now urged four non-governmental watchdogs [Green Alternative, Georgian Young Lawyers’ Association, Transparency International Georgia and Regional Media Association of Georgia] to research the protection of property rights in new touristic regions in 2011.
NGOs came to conclusion that property rights are vastly violated in tourist zones, resettlements are carried out non-transparently and without due compensations, and cultural heritage zone concept is either misused or ignored.
Cases  are being studied in Svaneti where locals own real estate for centuries as the so-called “traditional ownership” and this property in most cases is not registered.
The report describes the recognition and deprivation of property of 271 residents of village Gonio in 2007-2010, without any compensation whatsoever. Many of them were left without a sole source of income and a place to live.
Under the decision of the Commission for Recognition of Right to Ownership of the Khelvachauri Municipality Sakrebulo, the land plots being in the possession of local residents of village Gonio for years were transferred in their ownership in 2007-2010 with due registration  at Public Registry under official certificates of the Commission.
Nevertheless, on 9 November 2010 the Commission has simultaneously revoked the ownership certificates without examining factual circumstances and undertaking compensation measures.
The Commission justified the revocation of ownership right by various legal arguments. In some cases the reason was non-existence of evidence required by law for recognition, in other cases the reason was the coverage of the questioned land plots by the cultural heritage zone [near Gonio Fortification monument of antic period], as well as coverage of them by such a resort strip, which requires the observance of procedures foreseen by the infrastructure development.
Residents of Gonio assert that the deprived land plots were handed to Arab investors. The Commission head acknowledged in comments with the media that so called Sheikhs really purchased certain lands but did not elaborate who these investors are and why the lands were obtained.
The interesting thing is that when the tourist zone in Kobuleti, Ajara, coincided with certain part of cultural heritage zone with the antique  city remnants where the team of archeologists from Oxford and Batumi Archeological Museum has implemented works for 12 years, the status of cultural heritage was revoked to the questioned territory and it is put free for hotel infrastructure works.
Over 90% of 271 revoked ownership certificates were issued during the pre-presidential and pre-parliamentary election periods in 2008 when Georgian authorities launched an active large-scale advertising campaign (“What is yours is yours”), which aimed to simplify the registration of land and real estate in the private ownership even if the possessor missed some due legal papers. However, after the 2008 parliamentary elections the law was changed and recognition of the ownership rights became tougher again.
The report asserts that violations of the law had taken place at the moment of issuing ownership certificates to at least 271 citizens, as well as at the moment of their revocation.
Analysis of activities of the Khelvachauri Municipality cast doubt on qualification of  the Commission members. Their illegal actions caused significant damage to the interests of the state and physical persons and the issue of liability of the Commission members should be raised, NGOs believe.

Print
Other Stories
Georgian citizens are granted the right to work in France
The French Embassy in Georgia made remarks on granting Georgian citizens the right to work in France
The New York Times: Bitcoin declines but Georgia still bet on it
The New York Times has recently published an article about reasons, challenges and causes of generating Bitcoin in the former Soviet country Georgia.
EU to allocate € 13 billion for Eastern Partnership countries, including Georgia
The European Union together with the World Bank plans to allocate investment worth € 13 billion for infrastructure projects in the Eastern Partnership countries.
Anaklia Port and its importance for Georgia
In 2016, Anaklia Development Consortium was authorized to launch the construction of Anaklia Port.
Cryptocurrency mining threatens electrical network in Abkhazia
In the breakaway region of Akbhazia rampant cryptocurrency mining is threatening the shaky electrical network, reports an article of the news portal EuroNet.
Caucasus Wine University to be opened in Gurjaani
In the Kakheti region a new viticulture campus of the Caucasus University is in the process of planning.
Photos describing life of the poorest in Georgia
Fight with poverty should be among top priorities of every government in every country.
Training farmers to rescue the organic hazelnut production in Georgia
Even drizzling rain and unpleasant gusts of wind can’t prevent the farmers from coming and participating in the agricultural training.
Bleak times for organic farmers in Georgia – but there is hope
Organic hazelnut production is a delicate plant in Georgia that has emerged just a couple of years ago. Various pests, among them the Asian stink bug Parosana, trouble hazelnut farmers and menace their livelihood – even before their businesses could really take off.
Hybrid car imports are going through the roof in Georgia
Thanks to their fuel economy, the popularity of hybrid cars is increasing in Georgia, where fuel affordability is low and prices for fuel are unstable.
The New Year offer from MAQRO Construction - Apartments with unbelievable discounts and the parking spaces for FREE!
Location, green yard, spaces for various needs, experience of the construction company and parking space are the main important criteria for potential buyers of apartments.
Interview with the co-founder of Kiwi Vegan Café – the first vegan place in Tbilisi
Behind the Kiwi Vegan Café stands a group of activists who wants to raise Georgian’s awareness for animal rights and welfare.
Biblusi opens first shop for tourists - Georgian
The largest book shop in Georgia Biblusi opens the first shop specially designated to the needs and interests of tourists and named it Georgian.
Georgia improves by five ranks in the Prosperity Index
In the overall Prosperity Index rankings, Georgia has climbed by 5 positions from 85 to 80 when compared to last year. As such, Georgia is the best performing country in the CIS zone.
The future is bright for electric cars in Georgia
The numerous hybrid cars in the streets of Tbilisi cannot be overlooked. Entrepreneur Sulkhan Gvalia calls them “pagers”, referring to the predecessor of mobile phones.
Georgia’s fight against the big tiny enemy – Asian Parosana
It’s a tiny creature, but the harm it did to the Georgian agriculture sector was and still is immense.
New cable route: from Kobi to Gudauri in 15 minutes
On the 15th of December, cable transport is scheduled to be opened connecting Kobi and Gudauri.
Tourist boom in Gudauri – majority of hotels are booked by foreigners
Gudauri is among the most popular winter resorts in Georgia.
Medical tourism increases in Georgia
In the last 9 months, Georgia was visited by 19 500 foreigners for medical and recovery purposes.
Doing business in Georgia has become easier than in America
According to the Doing Business 2019 report published by the World Bank, Georgia ranked 6th among 190 countries in terms of simplicity of doing business. This was an improvement over two ranks compared to last year.
Problems that foreigners frequently face in Georgia
The importance of Georgia as a tourism hub is growing year after year.
Tbilisi TV Broadcasting Tower – Better than the Eiffel Tower?
It is planned to renovate the Tbilisi TV Broadcasting Tower, one of the landmarks in the capital.
Georgian Fusion Menu by The Biltmore Hotel Tbilisi
5,895,914 international visitors have visited Georgia between January and August of 2018. Compared to the previous year the number has increased by 12.2 per cent.
Advertising of gambling and lucrative games may become banned in Georgia
Advertising of gambling and lucrative games may become banned in Georgia. Those who violate the new rule would be fined GEL 10 000.
Lebanese café-lounge Beirut opens in Tbilisi
What is necessary to organize an unforgettable event? – Fun, emotions, lots of surprises, good music and delicious menu.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
17.02.2019
18.02.2019
USD
1
USD
2.6413
2.6413
EUR
1
EUR
2.9791
2.9791
GBP
1
GBP
3.3851
3.3851
RUB
100
RUB
3.9608
3.9608
Other Stories
Recently Toyota rolled out Global Campaign under this slogan that reflects the Olympic and Paralympic Spirit of Encouragement,
A couple from Switzerland combines Swiss tradition and technology with Georgian products. Their cheese is made in the Georgian mountains and sold in local stores and hotels.
It has been more than five years since the residents of Lilo village, near Tbilisi, cannot open their windows.
63 000 GEL was received by the Georgian Agro Export Group which is just a small part of the European Neighbourhood Programme for Agricultural and Rural development.
Georgian entrepreneur Guka Tavberidze, who runs his own business in the UK and does it quite well, has been invited by BBC
The grand opening of 7-star The Biltmore Hotel Tbilisi took place in Georgia’s capital on July 31.
DUSHETI, Georgia – The Georgian government and the World Bank will allocate USD 5.6 million (12 million GEL) to fund
A new Georgian clothing brand named Person has emerged in Georgian market.
Georgia is in the midst of an economic maelstrom, Euronews reports.
Situation at Georgia’s mineral water market is interesting: over the last year, the volume of export has grown by 56 percent. According to “GeoStat”, over $114 million worth of mineral water was sold
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.6413
EUR
1
EUR
2.9791
GBP
1
GBP
3.3851
RUB
100
RUB
3.9608
February 2019
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3
4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28