Mtkvari Cascade Supplants Beshik Haya
02 February, 2012
Mtkvari Cascade Supplants Beshik Haya

To save the Mtkvari River, one of the key arteries of Georgia, flowing from Turkey, Georgia and Turkey will implement a joint Mtkvari Cascade on Georgian-Turkish territory instead of Beshik Haya hydropower plant cascade designed to be deployed on the Mtkvari head in Turkey that might change the Mtkvari bed.

The Mtkvari River, which divides Tbilisi into two parts and is viewed as a symbolic attribute to Georgian capital as the Thames is to London or the Seine - to

Paris, will flow just as it used for centuries. Georgian government promised it after the meeting of Georgian and Turkish energy ministers in Tbilisi on January 20, 2012 in the frames of Georgian-Turkish energy conference. To protect the Mtkvari River, Georgian government reached an agreement with the Turkish side to construct Mtkvari Cascade consisting of three Hydro Power Plants (HPP) on Georgian-Turkish border-adjacent territory instead of construction of  Beshik Haya hydropower plant cascade in the Turkish province of Ardagan at the Turkish-Georgian border, which could affect the Mtkvari bed.
One HPP of the new project will be constructed at Turkish territory and two-on Georgian. Other details of the project are not disclosed as of yet as far as the technical side of the project is still under vision, Mariam Valishvili, Deputy Energy Minister, said in the interview with Georgian Journal. However, the key principle that the river Mtkvari will be untouched is a final decision.
“We have achieved the principal agreement that the Mtkvari bed will not change and a joint project will be developed on Georgian-Turkish border instead. The consent is of verbal character as of yet but will be officially written and signed after technical details are agreed,” Valishvili elaborated.
Starting December of 2011 Georgian green watchdogs and experts hailed Georgian government that it has been implementing a latent negotiation on construction the Beshik Haya belived to be hazardous to Mtkvari and Georgian ecology.  
The Beshik Haya project entailed the alteration of the Mtkvari river bed so that the river would flow through the territory of Turkey instead of Georgia and the water flow would be diverted from Mtkvari into the Tchorokhi  [also a shared Turkish-Georgian river] of the Black Sea basin. Eventually, the Mtkvari water would be flowing into the Black Sea instead of Caspian as it presently does thus causing water deficiency in eastern Georgia, Giorgi Gachechiladze, Head of Georgian Green Party, assured.
According to him, although Georgia is not a water deficient country 75% of its water resources come with the west Georgia and only 25% on the east key artery of which is the Mtkvari. Alteration of the river bed might undermine sanitary and irrigation system in this part of the country and give a huge impact on agriculture and economy ultimately, Gachechiladze feared.
According to data provided by Caucasus Environmental NGO Network (CENN), the mean annual liquid runoff of the River Mtkvari at the Turkish-Georgian border constitutes roughly 33 m3. Through the confluence of its tributaries, the mean Mtkvari water runoff reaching Tbilisi on an annual basis amounts to 230 m3 which in case of the implementation of the Beshik Haya project would be reduced to approximately 200 m3,  particularly in the summer months and affect crop yields in Tbilisi adjacent districts dependant on  Mtkvari alone.
However Irakli Macharashvili, Head of Green Alternative NGO, questions relevance of replacement of Beshik Haya by the recently agreed Mtkvari Cascade project as nobody provides with detailed information how the presumable economic and ecologic impact of both projects balances each other. According to him, the core problem is non-transparency that characterizes all the HPP construction projects and the lack of Strategic Impact Assessment that defines HPP development in civilized world.
“For more than a year Georgian government has been negotiating [the Beshik Haya project] with Turkish authority and this information was regularly covered by Turkish media while we learned of it only after  Turkish PM came here and told his Georgian peer that talks on joint utilization of Georgian energy system with Turkey are on,” he told GJ.
“We did not disclose details of talks with Turkish government for they were quite hard and as soon as an agreement was achieved we disclosed its details,” Valishvili explained.
But Macharashvili requires clearer explanation why the newly agreed Mtkvari cascade project is better than Beshik Haya. Macharashvili doubts that the Beshik Haya aimed to take about 25-35% of water at Mtkvari origin that might destroy the river as severely as forecasted by some experts for many tributaries joining Mtkvari starting Turkish border to Tbilisi replenish the river sufficiently.
“Who can say that the newly agreed project is less dangerous than the rejected Beshik Haya? Georgia has no Strategic Impact Assessment that defines construction of any HPP and projects are not available for us to have a look and discuss,” he said adding that he never rules out that the upcoming HPP construction deployment throughout Georgia can also be a part of deal between Georgian and Turkish governments to reimburse Beshik Haya failure as Turkish investments prevail in Georgian energy sector. According to Georgian Prime Minister about USD1 billion is supposed to be invested in Georgian energy sector in coming years, and the bigger part of up to 40 agreements concluded on construction of HPPs in Georgia come with Turkish investors. 
“Talks on Beshik Haya started more than a year ago and who knows whether or not government agreed to allow Turkish side to construct other HPPs on Georgian territory in exchange to the rejected project for most investors in HPPs construction are Turkish. And who can guarantee that construction of many smaller HPPs instead of the one rejected project is less dangerous while there is no proper assessment of impact these HPPs may have on ecology?” Macharashvili asks. 
Valishvili argues that based on recent researches smaller projects are optimal and attraction of resources from international financial institutions is easier to small HPPs.

Print
Other Stories
Investment Plan for Europe – Additional EUR 800 million for SMEs as EIF and ProCredit double support for innovative companies
The European Investment Fund (EIF) and ProCredit Group are providing an additional EUR 800 million to innovative small and medium-sized companies (SMEs),
Everything of comfortable life in one space – Second part of construction of one of the largest apartment complexes finished in Tbilisi
Apartment in ecologically clean environment, thousands of square meters of green yard, swimming pools, places for various sports activities, treks for walking and running, commercial spaces – all these available in one space is not a fantasy.
Batumi awarded Europe's Leading Emerging Tourism Destination 2019
World Travel Awards Europe Gala Ceremony 2019 took place on the 8th of June in Madeira, Portugal.
Coca Cola to open new factory in Georgia, will hire female drivers
Coca Cola is opening new factory in Georgia in December.
World's best party supply company now on the Georgian market
The largest party supply store in Georgia - MyDay is launching as the official distributor of AMSCAN from 2019.
Live as a marketing tool and an unprecedented live stream launched by Livetag
Sharing information has become smoother and more versatile in today’s technological world. Recently, live streaming, an online streaming media has become especially popular.
Theme and program of Caspian Energy Forum Tbilisi – 2019 changed
“The 8th International Caspian Energy Forum Tbilisi – 2019, scheduled for June 21, will focus on the development of the Azerbaijan-Georgia relations in the field of economy and energy”,
Misunderstanding over Poti deep sea ports
There was misunderstanding around deep sea ports in Georgia – in Poti.
High demand for dollars or the investment decline – Why Georgian Lari depreciates
$1 equals GEL 2,7470 in the official rate set by the National Bank of Georgia (NBG).
PSP Group confirms negotiations regarding purchasing of GEO Hospitals
PSP Group confirms negotiations regarding purchasing of GEO Hospitals.
New life to be given to Dashbashi Canyon
Georgia’s Agency of Protected Areas is planning to give new life to Dashbashi Canyon in Tsalka (southeastern Georgia).
Who is constructing “Khadori 3” Hydropower Plant in Pankisi Gorge?
Clashes broke out in Pankisi Gorge, Georgia’s northeastern region between special forces and residents
Business Positive – Successful radio program from Radio Positive
Starting point of radio program Business Positive is to meet interesting people, communicate with them and deliver information that is interesting for the audience.
A factory of electric vehicles to be built in Kutaisi
Prime Minister Mamuka Bakhtadze stated that a factory of electric vehicles will be built in Kutaisi at the presentation of the Aigroup business group.
Qvevri-shaped hotel complex to be built in Telavi
A Qvevri-shaped hotel complex is scheduled to be built in the village of Shalauri in Telavi, Kakheti (east part of Georgia).
Georgian designers presented at Fashion World Tokyo 2019
The products of 11 Georgian designers are showcased at Fashion World Tokyo 2019,
Silknet raises $200 million in Eurobond issue
27 March 2019 - JSC Silknet (“Silknet”), one of Georgia’s leading telecommunications operators, has successfully priced a debut $200 million 5-year 11% senior unsecured bonds issue (the “Notes”).
Pistachio trees will be planted in Georgia
Dozens of hectares of Pistachio are planned to be planted in Georgia this year.
Toyota Safety Sense and Hybrid Technology
Toyota Caucasus, has presented two new models the 5th generation RAV4 and the 12th generation Corolla at Rustavi International Motorpark, several days ago.
Bidzina Ivanishvili “became number one oppressor of businesses in Georgia” - ICC Georgia chairman Fady Asly
Mr. Ivanishvili promised the business community to protect them from harassment and pressure, unfortunately his words died with the sunset of that day
The best brands of Belarus will be exhibited on a large-scale exposition in Tbilisi
"The Belarusians like to come to Georgia to relax near the sea in Batumi as well as to stay in sunny Kakhetia."
Don’t treat business like a hooker! - Georgian businessman Vasil Soprpmadze addresses politicians
Businessman Vasil Sopromadze, founder of the company "Fresco", addresses politicians
RAV4 No Compromise and Corolla Set to Impress – Two New Cars Presented by Toyota
Toyota Caucasus, the company constantly aspiring to greatness, has presented two new models the 5th generation RAV4 and the 12th generation Corolla.
Mamuka Khazaradze quits TBC bank, does not sell the TBC Bank share
I made a decision to leave TBC bank where I spent 27 years of my life
10 Reasons to buy an apartment in the suburbs
There is a tendency for Tbilisi dwellers to move from central parts of the capital to the suburbs.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
16.07.2019
17.07.2019
USD
1
USD
2.8555
2.8608
EUR
1
EUR
3.2210
3.2107
GBP
1
GBP
3.5862
3.5551
RUB
100
RUB
4.5596
4.5529
Other Stories
Recently Toyota rolled out Global Campaign under this slogan that reflects the Olympic and Paralympic Spirit of Encouragement,
A couple from Switzerland combines Swiss tradition and technology with Georgian products. Their cheese is made in the Georgian mountains and sold in local stores and hotels.
It has been more than five years since the residents of Lilo village, near Tbilisi, cannot open their windows.
63 000 GEL was received by the Georgian Agro Export Group which is just a small part of the European Neighbourhood Programme for Agricultural and Rural development.
Georgian entrepreneur Guka Tavberidze, who runs his own business in the UK and does it quite well, has been invited by BBC
The grand opening of 7-star The Biltmore Hotel Tbilisi took place in Georgia’s capital on July 31.
DUSHETI, Georgia – The Georgian government and the World Bank will allocate USD 5.6 million (12 million GEL) to fund
A new Georgian clothing brand named Person has emerged in Georgian market.
Georgia is in the midst of an economic maelstrom, Euronews reports.
Situation at Georgia’s mineral water market is interesting: over the last year, the volume of export has grown by 56 percent. According to “GeoStat”, over $114 million worth of mineral water was sold
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.8608
EUR
1
EUR
3.2107
GBP
1
GBP
3.5551
RUB
100
RUB
4.5529
July 2019
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30 31