Mtkvari Cascade Supplants Beshik Haya
02 February, 2012
Mtkvari Cascade Supplants Beshik Haya

To save the Mtkvari River, one of the key arteries of Georgia, flowing from Turkey, Georgia and Turkey will implement a joint Mtkvari Cascade on Georgian-Turkish territory instead of Beshik Haya hydropower plant cascade designed to be deployed on the Mtkvari head in Turkey that might change the Mtkvari bed.

The Mtkvari River, which divides Tbilisi into two parts and is viewed as a symbolic attribute to Georgian capital as the Thames is to London or the Seine - to

Paris, will flow just as it used for centuries. Georgian government promised it after the meeting of Georgian and Turkish energy ministers in Tbilisi on January 20, 2012 in the frames of Georgian-Turkish energy conference. To protect the Mtkvari River, Georgian government reached an agreement with the Turkish side to construct Mtkvari Cascade consisting of three Hydro Power Plants (HPP) on Georgian-Turkish border-adjacent territory instead of construction of  Beshik Haya hydropower plant cascade in the Turkish province of Ardagan at the Turkish-Georgian border, which could affect the Mtkvari bed.
One HPP of the new project will be constructed at Turkish territory and two-on Georgian. Other details of the project are not disclosed as of yet as far as the technical side of the project is still under vision, Mariam Valishvili, Deputy Energy Minister, said in the interview with Georgian Journal. However, the key principle that the river Mtkvari will be untouched is a final decision.
“We have achieved the principal agreement that the Mtkvari bed will not change and a joint project will be developed on Georgian-Turkish border instead. The consent is of verbal character as of yet but will be officially written and signed after technical details are agreed,” Valishvili elaborated.
Starting December of 2011 Georgian green watchdogs and experts hailed Georgian government that it has been implementing a latent negotiation on construction the Beshik Haya belived to be hazardous to Mtkvari and Georgian ecology.  
The Beshik Haya project entailed the alteration of the Mtkvari river bed so that the river would flow through the territory of Turkey instead of Georgia and the water flow would be diverted from Mtkvari into the Tchorokhi  [also a shared Turkish-Georgian river] of the Black Sea basin. Eventually, the Mtkvari water would be flowing into the Black Sea instead of Caspian as it presently does thus causing water deficiency in eastern Georgia, Giorgi Gachechiladze, Head of Georgian Green Party, assured.
According to him, although Georgia is not a water deficient country 75% of its water resources come with the west Georgia and only 25% on the east key artery of which is the Mtkvari. Alteration of the river bed might undermine sanitary and irrigation system in this part of the country and give a huge impact on agriculture and economy ultimately, Gachechiladze feared.
According to data provided by Caucasus Environmental NGO Network (CENN), the mean annual liquid runoff of the River Mtkvari at the Turkish-Georgian border constitutes roughly 33 m3. Through the confluence of its tributaries, the mean Mtkvari water runoff reaching Tbilisi on an annual basis amounts to 230 m3 which in case of the implementation of the Beshik Haya project would be reduced to approximately 200 m3,  particularly in the summer months and affect crop yields in Tbilisi adjacent districts dependant on  Mtkvari alone.
However Irakli Macharashvili, Head of Green Alternative NGO, questions relevance of replacement of Beshik Haya by the recently agreed Mtkvari Cascade project as nobody provides with detailed information how the presumable economic and ecologic impact of both projects balances each other. According to him, the core problem is non-transparency that characterizes all the HPP construction projects and the lack of Strategic Impact Assessment that defines HPP development in civilized world.
“For more than a year Georgian government has been negotiating [the Beshik Haya project] with Turkish authority and this information was regularly covered by Turkish media while we learned of it only after  Turkish PM came here and told his Georgian peer that talks on joint utilization of Georgian energy system with Turkey are on,” he told GJ.
“We did not disclose details of talks with Turkish government for they were quite hard and as soon as an agreement was achieved we disclosed its details,” Valishvili explained.
But Macharashvili requires clearer explanation why the newly agreed Mtkvari cascade project is better than Beshik Haya. Macharashvili doubts that the Beshik Haya aimed to take about 25-35% of water at Mtkvari origin that might destroy the river as severely as forecasted by some experts for many tributaries joining Mtkvari starting Turkish border to Tbilisi replenish the river sufficiently.
“Who can say that the newly agreed project is less dangerous than the rejected Beshik Haya? Georgia has no Strategic Impact Assessment that defines construction of any HPP and projects are not available for us to have a look and discuss,” he said adding that he never rules out that the upcoming HPP construction deployment throughout Georgia can also be a part of deal between Georgian and Turkish governments to reimburse Beshik Haya failure as Turkish investments prevail in Georgian energy sector. According to Georgian Prime Minister about USD1 billion is supposed to be invested in Georgian energy sector in coming years, and the bigger part of up to 40 agreements concluded on construction of HPPs in Georgia come with Turkish investors. 
“Talks on Beshik Haya started more than a year ago and who knows whether or not government agreed to allow Turkish side to construct other HPPs on Georgian territory in exchange to the rejected project for most investors in HPPs construction are Turkish. And who can guarantee that construction of many smaller HPPs instead of the one rejected project is less dangerous while there is no proper assessment of impact these HPPs may have on ecology?” Macharashvili asks. 
Valishvili argues that based on recent researches smaller projects are optimal and attraction of resources from international financial institutions is easier to small HPPs.

Print
Other Stories
Georgian citizens are granted the right to work in France
The French Embassy in Georgia made remarks on granting Georgian citizens the right to work in France
The New York Times: Bitcoin declines but Georgia still bet on it
The New York Times has recently published an article about reasons, challenges and causes of generating Bitcoin in the former Soviet country Georgia.
EU to allocate € 13 billion for Eastern Partnership countries, including Georgia
The European Union together with the World Bank plans to allocate investment worth € 13 billion for infrastructure projects in the Eastern Partnership countries.
Anaklia Port and its importance for Georgia
In 2016, Anaklia Development Consortium was authorized to launch the construction of Anaklia Port.
Cryptocurrency mining threatens electrical network in Abkhazia
In the breakaway region of Akbhazia rampant cryptocurrency mining is threatening the shaky electrical network, reports an article of the news portal EuroNet.
Caucasus Wine University to be opened in Gurjaani
In the Kakheti region a new viticulture campus of the Caucasus University is in the process of planning.
Photos describing life of the poorest in Georgia
Fight with poverty should be among top priorities of every government in every country.
Training farmers to rescue the organic hazelnut production in Georgia
Even drizzling rain and unpleasant gusts of wind can’t prevent the farmers from coming and participating in the agricultural training.
Bleak times for organic farmers in Georgia – but there is hope
Organic hazelnut production is a delicate plant in Georgia that has emerged just a couple of years ago. Various pests, among them the Asian stink bug Parosana, trouble hazelnut farmers and menace their livelihood – even before their businesses could really take off.
Hybrid car imports are going through the roof in Georgia
Thanks to their fuel economy, the popularity of hybrid cars is increasing in Georgia, where fuel affordability is low and prices for fuel are unstable.
The New Year offer from MAQRO Construction - Apartments with unbelievable discounts and the parking spaces for FREE!
Location, green yard, spaces for various needs, experience of the construction company and parking space are the main important criteria for potential buyers of apartments.
Interview with the co-founder of Kiwi Vegan Café – the first vegan place in Tbilisi
Behind the Kiwi Vegan Café stands a group of activists who wants to raise Georgian’s awareness for animal rights and welfare.
Biblusi opens first shop for tourists - Georgian
The largest book shop in Georgia Biblusi opens the first shop specially designated to the needs and interests of tourists and named it Georgian.
Georgia improves by five ranks in the Prosperity Index
In the overall Prosperity Index rankings, Georgia has climbed by 5 positions from 85 to 80 when compared to last year. As such, Georgia is the best performing country in the CIS zone.
The future is bright for electric cars in Georgia
The numerous hybrid cars in the streets of Tbilisi cannot be overlooked. Entrepreneur Sulkhan Gvalia calls them “pagers”, referring to the predecessor of mobile phones.
Georgia’s fight against the big tiny enemy – Asian Parosana
It’s a tiny creature, but the harm it did to the Georgian agriculture sector was and still is immense.
New cable route: from Kobi to Gudauri in 15 minutes
On the 15th of December, cable transport is scheduled to be opened connecting Kobi and Gudauri.
Tourist boom in Gudauri – majority of hotels are booked by foreigners
Gudauri is among the most popular winter resorts in Georgia.
Medical tourism increases in Georgia
In the last 9 months, Georgia was visited by 19 500 foreigners for medical and recovery purposes.
Doing business in Georgia has become easier than in America
According to the Doing Business 2019 report published by the World Bank, Georgia ranked 6th among 190 countries in terms of simplicity of doing business. This was an improvement over two ranks compared to last year.
Problems that foreigners frequently face in Georgia
The importance of Georgia as a tourism hub is growing year after year.
Tbilisi TV Broadcasting Tower – Better than the Eiffel Tower?
It is planned to renovate the Tbilisi TV Broadcasting Tower, one of the landmarks in the capital.
Georgian Fusion Menu by The Biltmore Hotel Tbilisi
5,895,914 international visitors have visited Georgia between January and August of 2018. Compared to the previous year the number has increased by 12.2 per cent.
Advertising of gambling and lucrative games may become banned in Georgia
Advertising of gambling and lucrative games may become banned in Georgia. Those who violate the new rule would be fined GEL 10 000.
Lebanese café-lounge Beirut opens in Tbilisi
What is necessary to organize an unforgettable event? – Fun, emotions, lots of surprises, good music and delicious menu.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
17.02.2019
18.02.2019
USD
1
USD
2.6413
2.6413
EUR
1
EUR
2.9791
2.9791
GBP
1
GBP
3.3851
3.3851
RUB
100
RUB
3.9608
3.9608
Other Stories
Recently Toyota rolled out Global Campaign under this slogan that reflects the Olympic and Paralympic Spirit of Encouragement,
A couple from Switzerland combines Swiss tradition and technology with Georgian products. Their cheese is made in the Georgian mountains and sold in local stores and hotels.
It has been more than five years since the residents of Lilo village, near Tbilisi, cannot open their windows.
63 000 GEL was received by the Georgian Agro Export Group which is just a small part of the European Neighbourhood Programme for Agricultural and Rural development.
Georgian entrepreneur Guka Tavberidze, who runs his own business in the UK and does it quite well, has been invited by BBC
The grand opening of 7-star The Biltmore Hotel Tbilisi took place in Georgia’s capital on July 31.
DUSHETI, Georgia – The Georgian government and the World Bank will allocate USD 5.6 million (12 million GEL) to fund
A new Georgian clothing brand named Person has emerged in Georgian market.
Georgia is in the midst of an economic maelstrom, Euronews reports.
Situation at Georgia’s mineral water market is interesting: over the last year, the volume of export has grown by 56 percent. According to “GeoStat”, over $114 million worth of mineral water was sold
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.6413
EUR
1
EUR
2.9791
GBP
1
GBP
3.3851
RUB
100
RUB
3.9608
February 2019
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3
4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28