Low-cost Technologies for Georgian Mandarin Farming
19 April, 2012

Georgian mandarin yeilds can triple if Georgian farmers undertake the up-to-date technologies based on Californian experience provided in frames of the USAID-supported Economic Prosperity Initiative.    

 

Satsuma is the sort of mandarin that grows in Georgia at 200 meters height from the sea level in Guria, Ajara and Samegrelo regions in the west part of the country adjoining the Black Sea. There are about 25 thousand Satsuma orchards in Georgia, the bigger part of which encompasses less than 0.5 hectares

(ha) with about 30-35 years-old trees supposed to be the most productive by international practice but due to the lack of modern cultivating methods, the yield and fruit quality are very low, - Cindy Fake, an expert with the Economic Prosperity Initiative (EPI) from the Service of Implanting Scientific Researches in Corporation at California University, said on April 12, 2012 at the seminar held for Georgian media by EPI.

According to Fake, Georgian mandarin farmers have not updated their technologies for about 20 years that affects the orchard producing capacity as well as fruit quality -its size is much smaller than those produced in California-grown Satsuma orchards and the return of Georgian mandarin is only one-tenth of Satsuma growers from California: about 50 tetri per kilo while Californian similar small scale farmers’ farm-gate price is fixed at about USD 2.70 per kilo and the wholesale price is much higher.

“The orchards are 30-35 years old and they should be very, very productive and should be producing very high quality fruit, because the older the tree is, typically the higher quality fruit it produce and the size gets bigger. So the Satsuma are good for this climate [for Satsuma grows in cooler regions] but farmers have not had update information on citrus farming for years that affects the yields and fruit quality,” Fake said.  EPI goal is to increase the yield and improve the quality so as to improve the value of the fruit and increase return to the farmer and also increase the fruit’s export value and enhance domestic market share. Georgian mandarin farmers are price-takers mainly the prices are set by Azerbaijani and Ukrainian markets where mandarin is exported and it is low as the quality is low. 720 farmers are supposed to be trained in frames of the 3-year EPI program. The group of trainers consists of members of Shota Rustaveli Agriculture Faculty and Agriculture University as well as other Georgian agriculture professionals who will be also trained by EPI experts so as they could train Georgian farmers ultimately. Farmers will be trained in four key technologies including pruning, orchard soil cultivation management, anti-pesticide management, and the harvest management so as to choose the most optimal time for fruit gathering.

Fake assures that the new technologies are very low-cost and do not demand any big investments just proper techniques of pruning, soil cultivation and like that.  Georgian farmers make two key mistakes that need to be streamlined: pruning and cultivating soil under trees.

“They did not really understand the pruning citrus so the canopy or leaves of the tree in most cases have very narrow space for fruit to be produced. When I showed picture of trees of same age in my farmers in California they said: oh, that cannot be, because the canopy is three times as big for the same age of trees.  Another issue is that they have been cultivating, digging soils under trees right from the tree trunk for many years, that practice  we had in California for 25-30 years ago,  we learned that it was bad for citrus and interrupted it, now we preserve the root area around the trees we do not cultivate it all. Pruning and digging the soil were the major issues why your quality is low,” Fake elaborated adding that Georgian farmers can easily triple the yield if adopt new technologies: when the number as well as the size of fruits increase the market price will also go higher.

Print
Other Stories
The World Digital Mining Summit to be held in Georgia
The summit is scheduled to take place between 21st-23rd September in the Hualing Hotel, Tbilisi, Georgia.
Galt and Taggart - Tourism Boom Continues in Georgia
Tourism has become one of the key drivers for the Georgian economy. Galt and Taggart has recently published research about the Georgian tourism sector in the first half of 2018.
"The worst dream for Putin is that Russians want to live in Georgia"
This year, visitors to the Adjara region would notice that there is a boom in construction in and around Batumi.
Underground gas storage facility to be built in Georgia
KfW, a German government-owned development bank signed a EUR 150 million promotional loan with the state-owned Georgian Oil and Gas Corporation (GOGC) for the construction of the first underground gas storage facility in Georgia.
New gambling rules for Georgia
Georgian lawmakers are preparing a new draft law relating to online-casinos and gambling that will seek to curb gambling addiction in Georgia.
How expensive is it to visit Georgia?
The Georgian Lari (GEL) is the official currency of Georgia and is the only legal means of payment in the entire territory of Georgia.
Trade with the EU and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) has grown significantly
Trade with the EU and the CIS has grown by 26% and 33.5 % respectively, says GeoStat, the Georgian National Statistics Office.
The unemployment rate decreases in Georgia
The unemployment rate decreased in Georgia by 1,9% and amounted to 12.1% in the 2nd quarter of 2018 compared with the previous quarter,
Memorandum of Understanding to be signed between Georgia and Malaysia
According to the Georgian Ambassador to Malaysia Nikoloz Apkhazava, Georgia plans to sign a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Malaysia.
“Blauenstein Georgia” due to expand in Georgia
“Blauenstein Georgia” is planning to open more shops in Georgia. It is an agriculture company that sells meat products, meat and convenience food.
The amount of Direct Foreign Investment rises in Georgia
According to the information of the National Statistics Office of Georgia, the amount of direct foreign investment in Georgia has risen
It’s going to get  harder for foreigners to get residence permit in Georgia
It’s going to get harder for foreigners to get permit of residence in Georgia.
Mziuri Park in Tbilisi to be renovated soon
It was the dream of prominent Georgian writer Nodar Dumbadze that when the original Mziuri park was constructed and opened in 1892 that it should be a park for children,
Winemakers to produce Kvanchkara in its place of origin - Racha
Khvanchakara is a semi-sweet Georgian red wine which originates from Racha, in the western part of Georgia. Kvanchkara is made of two types of grape Mujuretuli and Aleksandrouli.
The level of Georgian wine and Chacha exported has increased
The National Wine Agency of Georgia has recently published statistical information about the level of Georgian wine and Chacha exported between January and July, 2018.
New fire engines to be Manufactured in Georgia
The Acting Head of the Emergency Management Agency Shalva Khutsishvili said that the old Zili fire engines (which were made in the USSR) will be phased out and replaced with new ones, manufactured in Georgia.
Georgia witnesses a record number of tourists
The Georgian National Tourism Administration publishes statistical information about international visits to Georgia.
Canadian businessman plans to build a hotel in Bakhmaro
Canadian businessman Vadim Malishev plans to build a hotel in Bakhmaro resort, Guria, in the western part of Georgia.
Coffee Factory will open in Tbilisi in October
The first coffee factory (which will be located on the Kakheti highway) in Tbilisi will open in October.
Places in Georgia where real estate is the most expensive
The real estate market in Georgia is growing annually. In Tbilisi as well as other regions of Georgia new developments are increasingly taking place.
How much does a vacation cost in Tbilisi?
It is the middle of summer and those who have not yet taken a vacation are looking for an appropriate place for sure!
The price for extreme sports in Georgia
Georgia offers a variety of options to extreme sport lovers.
The number of Georgians who own property abroad increases
The number of foreign properties owned by Georgians is increasing.
How much does Taxi cost in Tbilisi?
Stories how Taxi drivers try to deceive passengers and charge them with more money than they should pay are known for everybody all over the world.
What are the highest paid areas in Georgia
According to the data collected by the National Statistics Office of Georgia in the first quarter of 2018 the highest paid jobs in Georgia are found in the financial and insurance fields.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
Exchange Rates
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
18.09.2018
19.09.2018
USD
1
USD
2.6156
2.6188
EUR
1
EUR
3.0498
3.0593
GBP
1
GBP
3.4259
3.4414
RUB
100
RUB
3.8379
3.8673
Other Stories
Recently Toyota rolled out Global Campaign under this slogan that reflects the Olympic and Paralympic Spirit of Encouragement,
A couple from Switzerland combines Swiss tradition and technology with Georgian products. Their cheese is made in the Georgian mountains and sold in local stores and hotels.
It has been more than five years since the residents of Lilo village, near Tbilisi, cannot open their windows.
63 000 GEL was received by the Georgian Agro Export Group which is just a small part of the European Neighbourhood Programme for Agricultural and Rural development.
Georgian entrepreneur Guka Tavberidze, who runs his own business in the UK and does it quite well, has been invited by BBC
The grand opening of 7-star The Biltmore Hotel Tbilisi took place in Georgia’s capital on July 31.
DUSHETI, Georgia – The Georgian government and the World Bank will allocate USD 5.6 million (12 million GEL) to fund
A new Georgian clothing brand named Person has emerged in Georgian market.
Georgia is in the midst of an economic maelstrom, Euronews reports.
Situation at Georgia’s mineral water market is interesting: over the last year, the volume of export has grown by 56 percent. According to “GeoStat”, over $114 million worth of mineral water was sold
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.6188
EUR
1
EUR
3.0593
GBP
1
GBP
3.4414
RUB
100
RUB
3.8673
September 2018
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2
3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30