Handling Climate Change and Natural Disaster Risks Through Proper Management
26 April, 2012
Handling Climate Change and Natural Disaster Risks Through Proper Management

To handle natural disasters-related economic and environmental losses, Caucasus Environmental NGO Network suggests to Georgian government to institute better management of natural resources and possible climate-change risks.

The frequency and magnitude of natural hazard events is growing worldwide, including Georgia, negatively effecting the population, the economy and the environment. According to two separate assessments of Georgia, both of which were carried out by the World Bank, taking into account the different recurrence probabilities of disasters in the country (0.5%, 5%,

20%), the possible cost of these annual risks of natural disasters is estimated to range between USD146 million to USD 3.3 billion.
Based on the information provided by the National Environmental Agency of the Ministry of Environment Protection of Georgia, between 1995 and 2011 the total amount of damage occurred in consequence of geological and hydro–meteorological natural disasters amounted to GEL 2.338.5 million.
The underway climate change is believed to cause natural disasters. However, quite often it is not improper management of agriculture and natural resources that lays ground to natural disasters, Caucasus Environmental NGO Network (CENN), assures and offers to Georgian government proper management plans so as to train population in rural Georgia to handle with eminent risks.
CENN held a conference on April 11, 2012 to raise public awareness of climate change problems both in state structures and civil society.
According to Rezo Getiashvili, a project coordinator with CENN, during a year and a half CENN has been implementing researches to assess the underway climate changes and draw out possible scenarios and prognosis that may come true by 2020-2050.
To this end CENN has analyzed official information of several decades on climate changes and prepared so called adaptation plans to reduce losses.
“Temperature will increase approximately by 2 degrees, hot days will become more frequent and droughts get longer...We already face this process in fact and based on our researches we try to work out adaptation measures that will help to reduce possible economic losses… If we know how the climate will change and what impact and influence it may have on different economic fields like agriculture, or natural disasters so we can plan the relevant measurements that will help to meet the expected changes more prepared, escape losses and even derive profits,” Getiashvili said in the interview with Georgian Journal. 
Getiashvili believes climate change prognosis should be taken into account during decision-making process therefore CENN introduced its adaptation plans to governmental bodies including agriculture, energy, environment, regional development and infrastructure ministries as well as economy ministry to establish partnership with them.
Moreover, CENN finds essential to train rural population in skills of proper agriculture management to escape natural disasters and related losses and seeks for partnership with local self-government bodies to this end.  It works in six municipalities at the moment in Ajara, Kakheti and Samtkhe-Javakheti regions through pilot projects aimed on strengthening of villages so as they could manage their agriculture assets in line with sustainable development strategy. 
For example in Kakheti the state handed pastures of about 200-500 hectare (ha) space for common use to villages under lease agreements however legal ownership of these lands is questionable: usually lease agreements are concluded on one person picks as a trustee by a village, sometimes no such agreement exists and a trustee manages the pastures based on a trust-letter confirmed by signatures of villagers, or only verbal consent is given to trustee and in reality the trustee can misuse the land; sometime central governmental bodies use pastures under different purposes. Some villages even are not aware they have pastures at their disposal and they lay unused. Moreover, big plots of pastures [about 200 ha out of 500 ha] are already devastated due to improper management as well as climate change and are no longer available for actual use.
CENN pilot program suggests on the one hand restoration of the affected pastures where deserting process is gone far, and on the other hand to legalize pastures of common use on villages through creation of public law entities so as to rule out divesting risks: according to current law, these pastures can be handed out and alienated or used for any other purpose.
“These pastures are used by households who have just one cow or two or some other cattle and as a rule such families completely depend on incomes taken through this activity and if such pastures perish due to improper sustainable management, or if the village will be deprived of the pasture it will cause social problems as families can lose their sole source of income,” Getiashvili said.
According to him, setting of public law entities under local municipalities responsibility is the best way out at the moment for Georgian rural population is not ready for creation of more sophisticated forms of organization like cooperatives and associations. CENN suggests starting by public law entities and if it does work properly then go on better organization models. 
If central authority agrees on creation of public law entities in rural areas CENN undertakes responsibility of preparing business plans for such legal entities, provide with legal consultations and training as well as financing the entire process. Consultations with government are under vision at the moment.
“Ultimately these can become a management model to the economics ministry in other rural areas, this will be a chance of experiment that we will be financing,” Getiashvili said. 
All the pilot projects are tailored on regional needs. In Ajara for example that suffers of land-slips generally in Keda village CENN deploys planting of vineyards of Chkhaveri [one of Georgian varietals grown in west Georgia] that reduce water erosion problem and on the other hand can bring economic profits through sales of Chkhaveri wine that is in great demand lately. Moreover Ajara plans to develop wine tourism along with the sea and ecotourism and promotion of Chkhaveri [been one of the rarest varietals] falls in line with this projection.  
“Of course climate change is a provoking factor to natural disasters but the biggest provoking factor is bad management of natural resources and agriculture, and we should take it during decision-making process,” Getiashvili said.

Print
Other Stories
GEL devalues, officials show optimism though
Devaluation of the national currency has sent shockwaves among citizens in Georgia. Officials think that the trend will return to its normal frame, though.
ProCredit Bank’s 20 years of challenges and successes in Georgia and what it means to be a responsible bank
“The bank’s 20-year long presence in Georgia was marked by many challenges and success stories.
Comments on alarming GEL devaluation
The National Bank of Georgia set a new exchange rate, according to which, dollar price became GEL 2.9507 on Tuesday.
Euronews and Silknet sign an MOU to launch “Euronews Georgia”
Euronews and Silknet, Georgia’s leading telecommunications company, are announcing the signing of an MOU in view of launching Euronews Georgia, a news channel and digital platform aimed at a Georgian-speaking audience.
Green Diamond starts to hand over flats to owners as second stage of construction finishes
Second stage of construction of Green Diamond living apartments by MAQRO Construction has finished and process of hand over of flats to owners has started.
Georgian wine tasting in the US came off excellently
Georgian wine tasting in the main cities of the US, New York, Chicago, and Boston went off excellently.
The most wanted fruits from Georgia
The fruit exportation has decreased in Georgia. According to Geostat (National Statistics Office of Georgia), this year, up until May Georgia exported 25 939 300 USD worth of fruit – 6 771 300 USD less than in 2018.
Investment Plan for Europe – Additional EUR 800 million for SMEs as EIF and ProCredit double support for innovative companies
The European Investment Fund (EIF) and ProCredit Group are providing an additional EUR 800 million to innovative small and medium-sized companies (SMEs),
Everything of comfortable life in one space – Second part of construction of one of the largest apartment complexes finished in Tbilisi
Apartment in ecologically clean environment, thousands of square meters of green yard, swimming pools, places for various sports activities, treks for walking and running, commercial spaces – all these available in one space is not a fantasy.
Batumi awarded Europe's Leading Emerging Tourism Destination 2019
World Travel Awards Europe Gala Ceremony 2019 took place on the 8th of June in Madeira, Portugal.
Coca Cola to open new factory in Georgia, will hire female drivers
Coca Cola is opening new factory in Georgia in December.
World's best party supply company now on the Georgian market
The largest party supply store in Georgia - MyDay is launching as the official distributor of AMSCAN from 2019.
Live as a marketing tool and an unprecedented live stream launched by Livetag
Sharing information has become smoother and more versatile in today’s technological world. Recently, live streaming, an online streaming media has become especially popular.
Theme and program of Caspian Energy Forum Tbilisi – 2019 changed
“The 8th International Caspian Energy Forum Tbilisi – 2019, scheduled for June 21, will focus on the development of the Azerbaijan-Georgia relations in the field of economy and energy”,
Misunderstanding over Poti deep sea ports
There was misunderstanding around deep sea ports in Georgia – in Poti.
High demand for dollars or the investment decline – Why Georgian Lari depreciates
$1 equals GEL 2,7470 in the official rate set by the National Bank of Georgia (NBG).
PSP Group confirms negotiations regarding purchasing of GEO Hospitals
PSP Group confirms negotiations regarding purchasing of GEO Hospitals.
New life to be given to Dashbashi Canyon
Georgia’s Agency of Protected Areas is planning to give new life to Dashbashi Canyon in Tsalka (southeastern Georgia).
Who is constructing “Khadori 3” Hydropower Plant in Pankisi Gorge?
Clashes broke out in Pankisi Gorge, Georgia’s northeastern region between special forces and residents
Business Positive – Successful radio program from Radio Positive
Starting point of radio program Business Positive is to meet interesting people, communicate with them and deliver information that is interesting for the audience.
A factory of electric vehicles to be built in Kutaisi
Prime Minister Mamuka Bakhtadze stated that a factory of electric vehicles will be built in Kutaisi at the presentation of the Aigroup business group.
Qvevri-shaped hotel complex to be built in Telavi
A Qvevri-shaped hotel complex is scheduled to be built in the village of Shalauri in Telavi, Kakheti (east part of Georgia).
Georgian designers presented at Fashion World Tokyo 2019
The products of 11 Georgian designers are showcased at Fashion World Tokyo 2019,
Silknet raises $200 million in Eurobond issue
27 March 2019 - JSC Silknet (“Silknet”), one of Georgia’s leading telecommunications operators, has successfully priced a debut $200 million 5-year 11% senior unsecured bonds issue (the “Notes”).
Pistachio trees will be planted in Georgia
Dozens of hectares of Pistachio are planned to be planted in Georgia this year.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
17.08.2019
18.08.2019
USD
1
USD
2.9232
2.9232
EUR
1
EUR
3.2395
3.2395
GBP
1
GBP
3.5561
3.5561
RUB
100
RUB
4.4227
4.4227
Other Stories
Recently Toyota rolled out Global Campaign under this slogan that reflects the Olympic and Paralympic Spirit of Encouragement,
A couple from Switzerland combines Swiss tradition and technology with Georgian products. Their cheese is made in the Georgian mountains and sold in local stores and hotels.
It has been more than five years since the residents of Lilo village, near Tbilisi, cannot open their windows.
63 000 GEL was received by the Georgian Agro Export Group which is just a small part of the European Neighbourhood Programme for Agricultural and Rural development.
Georgian entrepreneur Guka Tavberidze, who runs his own business in the UK and does it quite well, has been invited by BBC
The grand opening of 7-star The Biltmore Hotel Tbilisi took place in Georgia’s capital on July 31.
DUSHETI, Georgia – The Georgian government and the World Bank will allocate USD 5.6 million (12 million GEL) to fund
A new Georgian clothing brand named Person has emerged in Georgian market.
Georgia is in the midst of an economic maelstrom, Euronews reports.
Situation at Georgia’s mineral water market is interesting: over the last year, the volume of export has grown by 56 percent. According to “GeoStat”, over $114 million worth of mineral water was sold
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.9232
EUR
1
EUR
3.2395
GBP
1
GBP
3.5561
RUB
100
RUB
4.4227
August 2019
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30 31