Presentation of Ethnographic Films from Museum’s Archives
22 November, 2012

On November 20-21,  for the first time in Georgia, at the auditorium of Georgian National Museum, the public had a unique chance to attend the retrospective of Georgian ethnographic films, taken from old archives.  It was a touching moment for Georgian publics and most probably, quite an interesting material for tourists as well as for all researchers concerned and simply for the ethnography lovers. The reason for screening them is quite honorable – with the help of UNESCO, those films

have been digitalized.   

The Georgian National Museum keeps worthy ethnographic material of 1960-70s, depicting the lifestyle and religious festivities characteristic to different regions of Georgia. The material dates back even to the earlier period– cinema tapes starting from 1929 and continuing to 1940-50s. Six documentaries have been digitalized so far: “Khevsureti”, “Shrovetide in Georgia”, “Pshavi”, “Mtiulet-Gudamakari”, “Tusheti” and “Following the Railway of Caucasus Pass”.

Mirian Khutsishvili, who is one of the last Mohicans of the Museum and has been working on those films, a ‘live chronicler’, as he is called at the museum, noted: “This material proves that we are the people of ancient culture.”

Soso Zurashvili, organizer and Curator of ethnographic cinema resources commented for Georgian Journal: “We have valuable cine-photo archives, which comprise documentaries dating back to 1929. With the help of UNESCO, we have been able to digitalize some of them, which enabled us to present this treasure to the public, taking them from the depth of the National museum archives. Today is the presentation. Similar film-showing will become annual and it will be based not only on the archives of our museum but also on the stocks of the whole South Caucasus.”

It was interesting to watch the film “Khevsureti” which comprised the comparatively new materials from 1961-1990 as well as those of 1929, which was rather valuable for comparison. Atengenoba was the main religious festivity, which was celebrated in Khevsureti as well as in Pshavi. It is worth to mention that this is a Christian holiday, which dates back to the 3-4th centuries and is connected with the name of Atenegene, Greek clergyman who was tortured by the unfaithfulls. However, in the Georgian highlands, Atengenoba has almost no links with Christian festival and is turned into a typical pagan celebration. Even now, when there hardly lives anybody and Khevsureti is practically deserted, people go back to their lands to celebrate this day and sacrifice slices of Georgian pastry Khada and loafs of Georgian bread as well as cattle. The film also tells us about quite a weird tradition from today’s perspective, which is called “devoting the horse to the  deceased person’s soul”. It was a ritual to hang all the objects and clothes of the dead person to a horse and bless it. The tape also showcases Gudani village, where their main sanctity – Gudani Cross is located. Here too, gathering of the elders of the communities were taking place where the most important issues were discussed and resolved. It was a tradition too to give away (mibareba) an ill child to cross to be cured. If they were not ill, then, children were left close to the cross for some time in order to obtain its protection.  At “Sapikhvno” -  people’s council in old Georgia - young people would listen to the tales of heroic deeds of their ancestors in order to honorably continue their lifestyle and preserve their qualities. The film also shows the Khevsurian fencing, which is an extinct martial art now. Then very interesting Mutso village is shown, which is now more like a tourist destination than a village and represents a bright example of ancient high skills and knowledge of building  the fortresses that stand on the edge of abysses.

The second film was no less interesting: “Shrovetide in Georgia”. It is worth to mention that Georgian highlands have preserved an unbelievable mix of Christian and Pagan traditions -  next to that Christian event, they celebrate “Berikaoba”, which is a Georgian analogue of Roman-Greek Spring festival and symbolizes the cult of fertility. Berikebi were the young men, wearing awesome masks and horns, who would go to any house of their choise. The hosts were prepared to host them generously. It was a bad sign if Berikebi did not like their treat. They would show their discontent by lying on the soil of the host’s yard. It was believed that something wrong would come upon the host’s cattle that year. The same was “Keenoba”, but it had the historic background and symbolized Georgia’s fight against its historic enemies. At the end of that occasion, the main protagonists would come to the people and ask for contribution, as it was done by the historic enemies. It is also interesting how the houses and lifestyle differed. When you get down to the flatlands, for instance, Kakheti, you’ll observe that the architecture of houses look more civilized.

Print
Other Stories
Photo exhibition “Batumi Photo Days" to be held in Batumi
From the 31st of August to the 2nd of September Batumi will host the "Batumi Photo Days".
International festival of Verdi to be held in Georgia
It has just been agreed that the International Festival of Verdi will be held in Georgia.
"3000 delegates from 150 countries applauded the Georgian Alphabet"
In 2017, a very important thing happened for Georgia – UNESCO entered the ancient Georgian alphabet onto the list of the World's Intangible Cultural Heritage.
Ensemble "Iveria" presents the renewed "Jays’ Wedding" on the "Black Sea Arena"
On August 28, within the framework of "Check In Georgia", the Black Sea Arena, Creative Union "Lomis" and Ensemble "Iveria" will present a musical theatre called "Jays’ Wedding".
Georgia was granted the Status of a Host Country at the “River Bank Festival” in Frankfurt
Between the 24th-26th of August 24-26 at the Frankfurt River Festival (which is visited by 3 million tourists annually) Georgia will be presented with the status of a Host country.
The story of the “Georgian Byron” - Nikoloz Baratashvili
Nikoloz Baratashvili was a Georgian poet at the beginning of the 19th century. He is sometimes referred as the “Georgian Byron”.
The Founder of the most successful Georgian Startup George Arison to Speak at Startup Grind Tbilisi
Startup Grind is a global community where people who have founded startups, want to found startups, fund them, want to work for them, or just learn about them gather.
The unique archive of the Brothers Zubalashvilis was recently transferred from France to the National Museum of Georgia with the support of TBC
The unique archive of Georgian industrialists and brothers Zubalashvilis was recently transferred to Georgia from France with the support of TBC.
Virtual Museum to open in Tbilisi
A Virtual Museum is to open in Tbilisi, (at Tabykashvili Street ) by the end of August.
Graves of Georgian Mamelukes in Cairo Egypt
In one of the slums of Cairo there is a cemetery where you will find the graves of Georgian Mamelukes.
Robert Plant performed at the Black Sea Arena
The 12th Black Sea Jazz Festival was opened with a performance from Robert Plant.
The Nominees’ registration within the Welcome To Georgia! National Tourism Awards 2018 is open
Welcome to Georgia! National Tourism Awards Project invites hotels, wineries, restaurants, tour operators, travel agencies and companies who are focused on the hospitality industry or tourism sector, to participate in the annual contest,
Ilia Chavchavadze and William Blake on truth and lies
“Tell your friend the truth and keep it from your foe”. This is the epigraph of Ilia Chavchavdze’s novel “Is a Man a Human?”!
Bus stops in Georgia assigned the status of Cultural Heritage Monument
Bus stops in the Municipalities of Khashuri and Mtskheta which were built in the 1970’s have recently been assigned the status of Cultural Heritage Monument.
Open Media Hub - Supporting Media Professionals across the EU neighbourhood area
On July 9, 2018 the OPEN Media Hub launched a call for expression of interest, a production support scheme, to enable TV and online video journalists in the Eastern Neighbourhood countries to create contents (audio-visual stories, news, features, online portfolio…) on important regional issues
Exhibition of The project "10 Georgian Wines You Must Try Before You Die" to bo held on Maidan
On Maidan, on July 13 and 14, from 15:00 onwards will be exhibited and sold for specially created collection / tourist / gift wines boxes.
PowerPoint Karaoke is coming to Tbilisi
For the second time this summer PowerPoint Karaoke is coming to Tbilisi to gather together startupers, urban professionals and students
The Bodleian Library publishes a book about Georgia
With the support of TBC Bank of Georgia, Nikoloz Aleksidze’s book with Bodleian Library Publishing, "Georgia: a cultural journey through the Wardrop Collection has recently been published".
Visit an exhibition of Italian masterpieces in Georgia
From May 25 Georgian National Museum hosts the masterpieces from the Royal Library of Turin. The Royal Library preserves unique collections of drawings.
Unforgettable voice from Georgia
Enjoy variations of a beautiful Georgian song by three different generations.
Georgia to win Europa-Nostra Prize 2018
EU Prize for Cultural Heritage awarded countries for their outstanding heritage achievements during the Excellence Fair at the Allianz Forum in Berlin on June 21.
Rehabilitation works of Atskuri fortress are about to finish soon
Atskuri fortress is one of the oldest fortresses in Georgia. Because of its geographic location, it was considered to be unapproachable and unconquerable one.
Georgian annual cultural festival Art  Area starts on June 23
Art Area is the first TV channel about culture. It was launched in 2012 by TBC Bank, one of the largest in Georgia.
International Music Festival Tbilisi Open Air starts today
Tbilisi Open Air is an annual international festival held in Georgia. It is focused on mainstream music of different genres and creates great atmosphere for any kind of listeners or age groups.
“Welcome to Georgia – the Musical” - Play introducing Georgia to foreigners
It is not a secret that lots of tourists visit Georgia to explore its traditions, nature, cultures, etc.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
Exchange Rates
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
18.09.2018
19.09.2018
USD
1
USD
2.6156
2.6188
EUR
1
EUR
3.0498
3.0593
GBP
1
GBP
3.4259
3.4414
RUB
100
RUB
3.8379
3.8673