Father of Georgian psychology Dimitri Uznadze and his “Theory of Attitude and Set”
31 July, 2017
Father of Georgian psychology Dimitri Uznadze and his “Theory of Attitude and Set”
Dimitri Uznadze, a famous Georgian psychologist, philosopher and public benefactor, was born on December 2, 1886 in Kutaisi, a province in Western Georgia. He was a founder of scientific school of Psychology, co-founder of the Tbilisi State University (TSU) and academician and co-founder of the Georgian Academy of Sciences (GAS).

After being expelled from high school for participating in the 1905 revolution, Uznadze fled to Switzerland and then Germany, where he studied with Wilhelm Wundt at Leipzig University. Uznadze earned
his PhD in 1909 for his dissertation, Vladimir Solovev: His Epistemology and Metaphysics.

geotv.ge

Uznadze returned to his hometown to teach high school history, psychology, and logic. He established there a school for girls, named “Sinatle” (Light) where he served as headmaster in 1915.

When Uznadze moved to Tbilisi in 1917, he worked with other Georgian scientists and philosophers to found the Tbilisi State University (TSU). TSU remains the oldest university in the Caucasus region. Other founders of this University were outstanding Georgian scientists Ivane Javakhishvili, Ekvtime Takaishvili, Shalva Nutsubidze, Akaki Shanidze, Giorgi Akhvlediani, Andrea Razmadze, Iosif Kipshidze, Petre Melikishvili, etc. From 1918 – 1950 Uznadze was Professor and Head of the Department of Psychology of TSU.

Uznadze passed away on October 9, 1950, in Tbilisi. He is buried in the garden of the Tbilisi State University.

Main fields of scientific activity of Dimitri Uznadze were: philosophy, history of philosophy, theory of upbringing, experimental pedagogics, etc.

He was also author of well-known Theory of Attitude and Set, which is considered to be one of the most important works in psychology worldwide. Dimitri Uznadze developed this theory to explain the feasibility of the human behavior.

geotv.ge

It is enough to note that after the death of the scholar, in New York, his fundamental monograph “Theory of Attitude and Set” was published in English (D.N. Uznadze, "The Psychology of Set", New York, 1966).

Still in 1939 his work about the psychology of set was published in authoritative international magazine named "Acta Psychologica". From this time exactly, the scientific work of Georgian psychologist became the subject of the world psychologists’ attention. So, Dimitri Uznadze is fairly considered to be the “father” of the psychology of set.

This behavioral theory identifies a set of conditions fundamental to psychological processes. This set, or system, prepares a person psychologically to act in response to a given situation and comprises behavior, personality, and the conscious and unconscious.

Because the unconscious plays a central role in set theory, Uznadze’s views are often compared to those of Sigmund Freud, who also emphasized the role of the unconscious mind, though many find it challenging to compare Uznadze’s experimental psychology with Freud’s standard psychoanalysis.

Dimitri Uznadze tried to study the issue of conducted behavior. Every behavior is leaded by mind and continues expeditiously, what means that the living organism is able to carry out the activities suitable to its "goals" in the environment. There must be mental mechanism, which will provide the implementation of this process. After a certain research, firstly theoretically and then empirically, Uznadze found this mechanism and called it “mood”.

The mood is the whole condition of the subject that expresses its readiness to perform concrete behavior. The mood arises from the human’s need and its satisfactory situation and determines all kinds of mental activity.

The mood itself is unconscious. It consists of both subjective and objective factors. Subjective factor is the one’s requirement, necessity. Objective factor is the situation, environment, which will satisfy the one’s requirement.

A simple example of Dimitri Uznadze’s theory: If a man is about to drink water, there must be relevant requirement for it and the one must be in suitable environment which contains the satisfactory object of his requirement, this means he must have a wish to drink water and he must see water at the same time. Only after this he will have a mood and he will fulfill the act of drinking water.

geotv.ge

Dimitri Uzunadze offers a three-membered model in this case. He criticizes the two models of behavior: mechanistic and vital. Both of them are two-membered: according to mechanistic opinion, the behavior is caused by the environment. Otherwise, according to vital opinion, the behavior is caused by the human’s mind.
However, Uznadze offers three-membered model, where both previous models are integrated.

In modern language, Uznadze’s model is called “mediator” - the need and the situation together brings the mood, and the mood itself leads to behavior. The mood in this case plays the mediator's role with behavior.

The mood, itself, is a readiness for any behavior. The behavior cannot be fulfilled if a person has not developed relevant mood for it. This readiness cannot be developed only on the basis of requirement, being in a proper situation or relevant environmental conditions are necessary as well.

geotv.ge
Portrait of Dimitri Uznadze by Lado Gudiashvili. 1945

Because of its importance and novelty, “Theory of Attitude and Set” remained as the independent direction of Georgian psychological school in the history of psychology.

Related stories:

6 most valuable paintings at National Museum of Georgia
Print
Other Stories
Zurab Tsereteli exhibited at the Saatchi Gallery in London
The artworks of the Georgian painter Zurab Tsereteli will be exhibited at the Saatchi Gallery in London between the 23rd of January and the 17th of February.
Jvari Monastery reopened
Jvari Monastery in Mtskheta has been reopened.
Jvari Monastery closed for tourists
Jvari Monastery is temporarily closed for tourists.
Anita Rachvelishvili recognized as the best Verdi mezzo-soprano by Riccardo Muti
The New York Times has recently published an article about Georgian opera singer Anita Rachvelishvili.
Georgia to be a guest of honor in Paris in 2021
According to the director of the National Book center in Georgia Dea Metreveli, Georgia was offered to be a guest of honor at the annual book event in Paris in 2021.
Unknown painting of Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani uncovered in Georgia
Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani is among the most famous Georgian public figures.
Georgian opera singer Anita Rachvelishvili crowned as best classical music artist by the New York Times
In its end-of-year review about the best classical music of 2018, the newspaper frenetically celebrates Anita Rachvelishvili from Tbilisi.
Niko Pirosmani’s Georgian woman with Lechaki sold for 2 230 000 GBP
Niko pirosmani’s painting Georgian woman with Lechaki was sold at Sotheby’s for 2 230 000 GBP.
Nikortsminda Cathedral renovation works to finish successfully
Nikortsminda Cathedral is a Georgian Orthodox Church, located in Nikortsminda, Racha region of Georgia.
Georgian film “8 Minutes” wins 10 nominations on FICOCC
Georgian film “8 Minutes” became the winner for the 10 nominations on the Five Continents International Film Festival.
Ajika granted the status of an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Georgia
The traditional Megrelian and Abkhazian technology of Ajika, Georgian spicy sauce was inscribed on the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Georgia list.
Mountains, cheese and the colors of the national flag – these are the most obvious things that the two small countries share. But there is more to it.
Claudio Margottini about Vardzia
Vardzia is a cave monastery in Samtskhe-Javakheti. Queen Tamar ordered the construction of Vardzia in the twelfth century.
International Model United Nations to be held in Tbilisi
For the first time In Georgia, International Model United Nations, organized by Kant’s Academy, will be held in Tbilisi.
Charity project COATS to help 369 vulnerable children
The 9th Community Outreach Project COATS 2018 will be hosted by Radisson Blu Iveria Hotel on Sunday, November 18th, 2018
“We try to make Georgia and its culture better known to the Swiss people”
The Swiss based society “Friends of Georgia” celebrates this year its 30 anniversary.
London hosted Qvevri Wine Festival
London hosted Qvevri Wine Festival on the 8th of November.
Shota Rustaveli among the world's top 30 writers
Shota Rustaveli is among the top 30 writers on www.ranker.com
Rituals related to wine-making in old Georgia
In old times, wine cellars used to be considered as a sacred place where certain rituals took place.
Niko Pirosmani paintings in Vienna, in the Albertina Museum
The Albertina Museum in Vienna, Austria has organized a solo exhibition of the works of Niko Pirosmani.
The Fourth Official Ceremony of the Welcome to Georgia! National Tourism Awards
On December 17, 2018 Rustaveli Theatre will host the most remarkable event of the Tourism and Hospitality industry of Georgia
Mtatsminda Panthenon – a necropolis of great Georgians
Mtatsminda Pantheon is a necropolis in Tbilisi, Georgia.
The portrait of the Georgian King Teimuraz II returns to Homeland
The portrait of the King Teimuraz II belongs to the collection of Bagrationi Dynasty
Georgian song Suliko performed at the Frankfurt Buchmesse 2018
Georgia was granted an incredible title this year.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
18.02.2019
19.02.2019
USD
1
USD
2.6413
2.6404
EUR
1
EUR
2.9791
2.9908
GBP
1
GBP
3.3851
3.4130
RUB
100
RUB
3.9608
3.9898