Great Georgian composer Zakaria Paliashvili
03 August, 2017
Great Georgian composer Zakaria Paliashvili
August 3 marks the birthday of Zakaria Paliashvili, great Georgian composer (1871-1933). Zakaria Paliashvili's contribution to Georgian songs and chants is invaluable. He understood the significance of Georgian hymns and folk songs which are equal to world-class masterpieces. Paliashvili composed "Collection of Georgian Folk Songs" and “8 Georgian Folk Song.” The latter collection is a sample of Paliashvili’s, as a composer’s, high professionalism.

Together with folk songs Paliashvili worked on the development of Georgian church chants. He created the first
sample of interesting concert of Georgian liturgical music. It is noteworthy that this important sample has not been performed in Georgia since 1910, and in 2010 was performed in the Presbyterian cathedral in Washington.

geotv.ge

Zakaria Paliashvili was a great musician and composer. Regarded as one of the founders of the Georgian classical music, his work is known for its eclectic fusion of folk songs and stories with 19th century Romantic classical themes. He was the founder of the Georgian Philharmonic Society and later, the head of the Tbilisi State Conservatoire.

The Georgian National Opera and Ballet Theater of Tbilisi was named in his honor in 1937. Notably, Paliashvili's music serves as the basis of the National Anthem of Georgia.

Although Paliashvili has composed works for symphony orchestra (e.g., Georgian Suite on Folk Themes), he is best known for his vocal music, which includes operas Abesalom da Eteri (Abesalom and Eteri) (based on a folk tale "Eteriani"), Daisi (Twilight), and Latavra.

Abesalom da Eteri (Abesalom and Eteri) is an opera by the Georgian composer Zakaria Paliashvili and librettist Petre Mirianashvili. It is based on a medieval Georgian folk poem Eteriani. Composed between 1909 and 1918, the work was partly staged in 1913 and first premiered on 21 February 1919 at the Georgian National Opera Theater in Tbilisi.

The opera is an eclectic fusion of folk songs and traditional 19th century Romantic classical themes. In 2004, several excerpts from this opera were adapted as the National Anthem of Georgia.

geotv.ge
Zakaria Paliashvili with his brother Ivane Paliashvili

The main theme in the overall concept of the opera - love is a great, invincible force that overcomes not only social inequality, but also death itself. Palliashvili's poem of love and death is performed in the forms of musical tragedy.

Daisi (Twilight) is Zakaria Paliashvili's opera in three acts. Libretto author is Valerian Gunia. The premiere was held in Tbilisi on 23 December 1923. The opera was resumed by Zurab and Jemal Anjaparidze in 1977.

The composer started working on the opera in 1921. Daisi's main character is named after Georgian woman Maro Makashvili, who died heroically during the Georgian annexation by Bolshevik Russia in February 1921. Vano Sarajishvili, the legendary singer and one of the lead characters, greatly contributed to the successful premiere of "Daisi".

Zakaria Paliashvili's immortal opera "Daisi" founded a permanent place in the repertoire of the Tbilisi Opera and Ballet Theater.

Latavra is a heroic- patriotic opera by Zakaria Paliashvili, composed in 1927. Libretto author is S. Shanshiashvili. The premiere was held on 16 March 1928. The opera is distinguished with its musical value and includes amazing separate solo numbers and choral episodes as well.

geotv.ge
Zakaria Paliashvili portrait by Ucha Japaridze

In 1925, Zakaria Paliashvili received People's Artist honorable award (People's Artist is an honorary title modeled after the title of the People's Artist of the USSR.).

Generations of Georgian singers grew up on Paliashvili's operas. In 1959, the entire second floor of 10 Barnov Street, where Paliashvili lived from 1915 to 1933, was set aside as his Home-Museum, which contains valuable materials relating to the life and work of the composer.

Another permanent exhibition dedicated to the childhood and youth of the composer was opened in Kutaisi, in the house where he was born. There are special exhibits on Paliashvili’s life and work at the M. I. Glinka All-Union Museum of Musical Culture in Moscow.

Related stories:

Famous Georgian dance from “Daisi” opera presented as Armenian

Print
Other Stories
Photo exhibition “Batumi Photo Days" to be held in Batumi
From the 31st of August to the 2nd of September Batumi will host the "Batumi Photo Days".
International festival of Verdi to be held in Georgia
It has just been agreed that the International Festival of Verdi will be held in Georgia.
"3000 delegates from 150 countries applauded the Georgian Alphabet"
In 2017, a very important thing happened for Georgia – UNESCO entered the ancient Georgian alphabet onto the list of the World's Intangible Cultural Heritage.
Ensemble "Iveria" presents the renewed "Jays’ Wedding" on the "Black Sea Arena"
On August 28, within the framework of "Check In Georgia", the Black Sea Arena, Creative Union "Lomis" and Ensemble "Iveria" will present a musical theatre called "Jays’ Wedding".
Georgia was granted the Status of a Host Country at the “River Bank Festival” in Frankfurt
Between the 24th-26th of August 24-26 at the Frankfurt River Festival (which is visited by 3 million tourists annually) Georgia will be presented with the status of a Host country.
The story of the “Georgian Byron” - Nikoloz Baratashvili
Nikoloz Baratashvili was a Georgian poet at the beginning of the 19th century. He is sometimes referred as the “Georgian Byron”.
The Founder of the most successful Georgian Startup George Arison to Speak at Startup Grind Tbilisi
Startup Grind is a global community where people who have founded startups, want to found startups, fund them, want to work for them, or just learn about them gather.
The unique archive of the Brothers Zubalashvilis was recently transferred from France to the National Museum of Georgia with the support of TBC
The unique archive of Georgian industrialists and brothers Zubalashvilis was recently transferred to Georgia from France with the support of TBC.
Virtual Museum to open in Tbilisi
A Virtual Museum is to open in Tbilisi, (at Tabykashvili Street ) by the end of August.
Graves of Georgian Mamelukes in Cairo Egypt
In one of the slums of Cairo there is a cemetery where you will find the graves of Georgian Mamelukes.
Robert Plant performed at the Black Sea Arena
The 12th Black Sea Jazz Festival was opened with a performance from Robert Plant.
The Nominees’ registration within the Welcome To Georgia! National Tourism Awards 2018 is open
Welcome to Georgia! National Tourism Awards Project invites hotels, wineries, restaurants, tour operators, travel agencies and companies who are focused on the hospitality industry or tourism sector, to participate in the annual contest,
Ilia Chavchavadze and William Blake on truth and lies
“Tell your friend the truth and keep it from your foe”. This is the epigraph of Ilia Chavchavdze’s novel “Is a Man a Human?”!
Bus stops in Georgia assigned the status of Cultural Heritage Monument
Bus stops in the Municipalities of Khashuri and Mtskheta which were built in the 1970’s have recently been assigned the status of Cultural Heritage Monument.
Open Media Hub - Supporting Media Professionals across the EU neighbourhood area
On July 9, 2018 the OPEN Media Hub launched a call for expression of interest, a production support scheme, to enable TV and online video journalists in the Eastern Neighbourhood countries to create contents (audio-visual stories, news, features, online portfolio…) on important regional issues
Exhibition of The project "10 Georgian Wines You Must Try Before You Die" to bo held on Maidan
On Maidan, on July 13 and 14, from 15:00 onwards will be exhibited and sold for specially created collection / tourist / gift wines boxes.
PowerPoint Karaoke is coming to Tbilisi
For the second time this summer PowerPoint Karaoke is coming to Tbilisi to gather together startupers, urban professionals and students
The Bodleian Library publishes a book about Georgia
With the support of TBC Bank of Georgia, Nikoloz Aleksidze’s book with Bodleian Library Publishing, "Georgia: a cultural journey through the Wardrop Collection has recently been published".
Visit an exhibition of Italian masterpieces in Georgia
From May 25 Georgian National Museum hosts the masterpieces from the Royal Library of Turin. The Royal Library preserves unique collections of drawings.
Unforgettable voice from Georgia
Enjoy variations of a beautiful Georgian song by three different generations.
Georgia to win Europa-Nostra Prize 2018
EU Prize for Cultural Heritage awarded countries for their outstanding heritage achievements during the Excellence Fair at the Allianz Forum in Berlin on June 21.
Rehabilitation works of Atskuri fortress are about to finish soon
Atskuri fortress is one of the oldest fortresses in Georgia. Because of its geographic location, it was considered to be unapproachable and unconquerable one.
Georgian annual cultural festival Art  Area starts on June 23
Art Area is the first TV channel about culture. It was launched in 2012 by TBC Bank, one of the largest in Georgia.
International Music Festival Tbilisi Open Air starts today
Tbilisi Open Air is an annual international festival held in Georgia. It is focused on mainstream music of different genres and creates great atmosphere for any kind of listeners or age groups.
“Welcome to Georgia – the Musical” - Play introducing Georgia to foreigners
It is not a secret that lots of tourists visit Georgia to explore its traditions, nature, cultures, etc.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
Exchange Rates
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
23.09.2018
24.09.2018
USD
1
USD
2.6216
2.6216
EUR
1
EUR
3.0854
3.0854
GBP
1
GBP
3.4584
3.4584
RUB
100
RUB
3.9340
3.9340