Great Georgian composer Zakaria Paliashvili
03 August, 2017
Great Georgian composer Zakaria Paliashvili
August 3 marks the birthday of Zakaria Paliashvili, great Georgian composer (1871-1933). Zakaria Paliashvili's contribution to Georgian songs and chants is invaluable. He understood the significance of Georgian hymns and folk songs which are equal to world-class masterpieces. Paliashvili composed "Collection of Georgian Folk Songs" and “8 Georgian Folk Song.” The latter collection is a sample of Paliashvili’s, as a composer’s, high professionalism.

Together with folk songs Paliashvili worked on the development of Georgian church chants. He created the first
sample of interesting concert of Georgian liturgical music. It is noteworthy that this important sample has not been performed in Georgia since 1910, and in 2010 was performed in the Presbyterian cathedral in Washington.

geotv.ge

Zakaria Paliashvili was a great musician and composer. Regarded as one of the founders of the Georgian classical music, his work is known for its eclectic fusion of folk songs and stories with 19th century Romantic classical themes. He was the founder of the Georgian Philharmonic Society and later, the head of the Tbilisi State Conservatoire.

The Georgian National Opera and Ballet Theater of Tbilisi was named in his honor in 1937. Notably, Paliashvili's music serves as the basis of the National Anthem of Georgia.

Although Paliashvili has composed works for symphony orchestra (e.g., Georgian Suite on Folk Themes), he is best known for his vocal music, which includes operas Abesalom da Eteri (Abesalom and Eteri) (based on a folk tale "Eteriani"), Daisi (Twilight), and Latavra.

Abesalom da Eteri (Abesalom and Eteri) is an opera by the Georgian composer Zakaria Paliashvili and librettist Petre Mirianashvili. It is based on a medieval Georgian folk poem Eteriani. Composed between 1909 and 1918, the work was partly staged in 1913 and first premiered on 21 February 1919 at the Georgian National Opera Theater in Tbilisi.

The opera is an eclectic fusion of folk songs and traditional 19th century Romantic classical themes. In 2004, several excerpts from this opera were adapted as the National Anthem of Georgia.

geotv.ge
Zakaria Paliashvili with his brother Ivane Paliashvili

The main theme in the overall concept of the opera - love is a great, invincible force that overcomes not only social inequality, but also death itself. Palliashvili's poem of love and death is performed in the forms of musical tragedy.

Daisi (Twilight) is Zakaria Paliashvili's opera in three acts. Libretto author is Valerian Gunia. The premiere was held in Tbilisi on 23 December 1923. The opera was resumed by Zurab and Jemal Anjaparidze in 1977.

The composer started working on the opera in 1921. Daisi's main character is named after Georgian woman Maro Makashvili, who died heroically during the Georgian annexation by Bolshevik Russia in February 1921. Vano Sarajishvili, the legendary singer and one of the lead characters, greatly contributed to the successful premiere of "Daisi".

Zakaria Paliashvili's immortal opera "Daisi" founded a permanent place in the repertoire of the Tbilisi Opera and Ballet Theater.

Latavra is a heroic- patriotic opera by Zakaria Paliashvili, composed in 1927. Libretto author is S. Shanshiashvili. The premiere was held on 16 March 1928. The opera is distinguished with its musical value and includes amazing separate solo numbers and choral episodes as well.

geotv.ge
Zakaria Paliashvili portrait by Ucha Japaridze

In 1925, Zakaria Paliashvili received People's Artist honorable award (People's Artist is an honorary title modeled after the title of the People's Artist of the USSR.).

Generations of Georgian singers grew up on Paliashvili's operas. In 1959, the entire second floor of 10 Barnov Street, where Paliashvili lived from 1915 to 1933, was set aside as his Home-Museum, which contains valuable materials relating to the life and work of the composer.

Another permanent exhibition dedicated to the childhood and youth of the composer was opened in Kutaisi, in the house where he was born. There are special exhibits on Paliashvili’s life and work at the M. I. Glinka All-Union Museum of Musical Culture in Moscow.

Related stories:

Famous Georgian dance from “Daisi” opera presented as Armenian

Print
Other Stories
"Georgian Wine is a Great Discovery"- Andrew Jefford
Georgian wine producers participated in the international wine and spirits exhibition held in Paris, France.
Apollo Magazine about State Silk Museum Tbilisi
The English language monthly magazine Apollo covering visual arts of all periods from antiquity to present day publishes an article about the State Silk Museum in Tbilisi.
"The film has certainly picked up acclaim"-Vogue about "And Then We Danced"
Fashion and lifestyle magazine Vogue publishes an article about the Swedish-Georgian movie titled "And Then We Danced" directed by Levan Akin.
Shopping Hotspot in Barcelona Created by Georgian Designer
Metal Magazine publishes an article about a shopping hotspot Darial created by a Georgian fashion designer Djaba Diassamidze, who has also established his own atelier there.
Georgian Actress taking part in New York play festival
According to Georgian media holding Kvira Georgian actress, Anna Cherkezishvili participated in New York ten minute play-festival.
Tbilisi takes third place in the best destinations of Europe 2020
Tbilisi, the capital city of Georga took third place in the international competition "The Best Destinations of Europe 2020."
Story of Winery that received first Bio Certificate in Georgia
It is said Iago’s Wine is one of the few wines which makes you admit that wine can be red, white, pink and now amber as well.
New virus is to strengthen our faith, says Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia
"A new virus has emerged and many people are scared of this virus. Some have called it the "deadly virus."
Top 5 must-listen Georgian folk songs
The folk music of Georgia consists of at least fifteen regional styles. Georgian folk music is predominantly vocal and is widely known for its rich traditions of vocal polyphony
Hotel Heritage Hotel & Suites opens in Tbilisi
Hotel Heritage Hotel & Suites was opened in Tbilisi, Saint-Petersburg street 6.
Livescore yesterday and the “Goddess” from Bergamo
The inhabitants of Bergamo have long been waiting for the triumph of their football team.
“Holiday Factory pioneered Georgia in the UAE to become famous”
Holiday Factory was officially announced as The Best Incoming Tour Operator 2019 at Welcome To Georgia! National Tourism Award event held in Sheraton Grand Metekhi Palace in Tbilisi on Friday, Dec 6th.
Kavkaz Jazz Festival presents: 22nd and 23rd of November, Tbilisi Music Forum and Showcase.
It is the first year for Tbilisi Music Forum and Showcase. Main goal of the event is development of music industry in Georgia and South Caucasus region.
Sam Raan Spa-Center named Best Spa in Europe
The Sam Raan Spa-Center has been named the Best Spa in Europe at the annual Haute Grandeur Global Spa Awards 2019 and won the following nominations:
Region’s Largest Startup Event to be Held in Tbilisi
On November 8-10, 2019, regional Startup Grind event will be held in Tbilisi.
Georgian royal family introduces new wine brand "Prince Ioane Bagrationi"
Member of the Georgian royal family Prince Ioane Bagrationi introduced the society new wine brand named after him - "Prince Ioane Bagrationi".
Georgia Celebrates Day of Svetitskhoveli Cathedral today

The day of Mtskheta city and Svetitskhoveli Cathedral is celebrated on 14 October in Georgia.

Georgian Wine Festival 2019 to be held on October 12 on the Shardeni street
Those who are interested and want to know more about Georgian wine can attend Georgian Wine Festival 2019 on October 12 on the Shardeni street. Event starts at 12 pm and lasts till 7 pm.
UNESCO names Tbilisi as Capital of World Book 2021
UNESCO has named Tbilisi as the Capital of the World Book 2021.
Robot Mzia’s preparation for First global – she plays basketball and does pull ups
After the famous robot Vano, Robot Mzia is preparing for the international competition “First Global.”
What comes after Frankfurt? Paris!
The year following the appearance as guest of honour at the Frankfurt Book Fair is known as a difficult one. What are the strategies of Georgian publishers for 2019?
Georgia has its first photography museum
With the Tbilisi Photography & Multimedia Museum (TPMM) Georgia has its first institution entirely dedicated to the contemporary image in its different forms – photography, new media, and video.
„The eighth life“ has arrived home
More than 100'000 Germans have already read it, the Dutch and Polish as well. But it was only last May that Nino Haratischwili's “The eighth life for Brilka” was translated for Georgian readers.
“We will fight for Georgian literature”
One year after Georgia’s well received appearance at the Frankfurt Book Fair, the organizational mastermind, Medea Metreveli, lost her job. Now she's coming up with a new project.
Los Angeles Times about Khatia Buniatishvili – “A genuine musical personality”
Los Angeles Times has recently reviewed the Los Angeles Philharmonic celebration at the Hollywood Bowl marking Gustavo Dudamel’s 10 years with the orchestra.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
17.02.2020
18.02.2020
USD
1
USD
2.8718
2.8678
EUR
1
EUR
3.1127
3.1104
GBP
1
GBP
3.7402
3.7362
RUB
100
RUB
4.5228
4.5283