Culture
Mtatsminda Panthenon – a necropolis of great Georgians
26 October, 2018
Mtatsminda Pantheon is a necropolis in Tbilisi, Georgia. There are various prominent writers, artists, scholars, and national heroes of Georgia are buried in the pantheon. It is located in the churchyard around St David’s Church "Mamadaviti" on the slope of Mount Mtatsminda (the Holy Mountain). It was officially established in 1929.

The first celebrities to be buried at this place were the Russian writer Alexander Griboyedov and his Georgian wife Nino Chavchavadze (daughter of the famous Georgina poet and military figure
Alexander Chavchavadze).
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Mtatsminda Pantheon, Photo courtesy: www.on.ge

The well-known Georgians Ilia Chavchavadze, Zviad Gamsakhurdia, Nikoloz Baratashvili, Vazha-Pshavela, Ekvtime Takaishvili, Galaktion Tabidze, etc are buried in Mtatsminda Pantheon. All of them made a great contribution to the development of Georgia.

Ilia Chavchavadze

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Photo courtesy: www.geworld.ge

Ilia Chavchavadze was a Georgian writer and political figure in the second half of the 19th century. He was a devoted protector of the Georgian language and culture from Russification. Ilia Chavchavadze was the founder and chairman of many public, cultural and educational organizations such as Society for the Spreading of Literacy Among Georgians, "The Bank of the Nobility", "The Dramatic Society", "The Historical-Ethnographical Society of Georgia", etc. He was editor-in-chief of the periodicals Sakartvelos Moambe (1863–77) and Iveria.

Zviad Gamsakhurdia

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Photo courtesy: www.ghn.ge

Zviad Gamsakhurdia was the first president of Georgia. He led the national forces, which enjoyed a victory over the 70-year Soviet rule in the first multiparty democratic elections. He was speaker of the Georgian Supreme Soviet in 1990-91, and after Georgia voted for independence in March 1991, Gamsakhurdia was the country’s first democratically elected President. His father, Academician Konstantine Gamsakhurdia, was one of the most famous Georgian writers of the 20th century. Perhaps influenced by his father, Zviad Studied philology and began an academic career as a translator and literary critic.

Galaktion Tabidze

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Photo courtesy: www.goodreads.com

Galaktion Tabidze was a leading Georgian poet of the twentieth century. His poems have been significantly affecting all subsequent generations of Georgian poets. He survived Joseph Stalin's Great Purge of the 1930s, which destroyed lives of many of his contemporary writers, friends, and relatives. Those years plunged him into depression and alcoholism. He was placed in a psychiatric hospital in Tbilisi, where he committed suicide.

Ekvtime Takaishvili

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Photo courtesy: www.reginfo.ge

Ekvtime Takaishvili was a Georgian historian and archaeologist. He was one of the founders of Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University (one of the leading universities) in Georgia. In 1921, when the Bolshevik Russia's 11th Red Army put an end to Georgia's independence, he followed the Georgian government in their French exile. He took the Georgian national treasury and collections of Georgian cultural heritage. He supervised the treasure and despite economic hardships, he had never sold a single piece of the collection.

First photo courtesy: www.gza.kvirispalitra.ge

Related stories:

The story of the “Georgian Byron” - Nikoloz Baratashvili

Ekvtime Takaishvili – The Man of God and guardian of Georgia’s treasure

Ilia Chavchavadze and William Blake on truth and lies

Sunken Treasure: Hamlet Gonashvili, ‘the voice of Georgia’







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