Google Arts and Culture tells the history of the Georgian Alphabet
18 April, 2019
Google Arts and Culture tells the history of the Georgian Alphabet
The history of the Georgian alphabet has been told through Google Arts and Culture’s online exhibition. The exhibition introduces the visitors to the variations of the Georgian alphabet: Mkhedruli, Asomtavruli, and Nuskhuri. At the end of 2016, UNESCO (The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) added the Georgian alphabet to its list of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

Although the systems differ in appearance, all three are written in the lower case (in other words no Capital letters are
used), their letters share the same names and alphabetical order and are written horizontally from left to right. Mkhedruli is now the standard script of modern Georgian. The Georgian alphabet was announced as one of the world’s most beautiful scripts by www.matadornetwork.com (a collection of millions of travelers across the globe with an unquenchable thirst for adventure and exploration).
nuskhuri_alphabet
Nuskhuri Alphabet

Besides, Google tells the world about the first Georgian Font created in Europe.

“The King of East Georgia, Teimuraz I, sent Niceforo Irbach (also named as Nikoloz Cholokashvili – Georgian clergyman, politician, ambassador, and scholar) to Italy, Rome, as a Georgian envoy to seek allies and to ask for assistance in holding off the Turks and Persians. The ambassadorial mission did not have much political success, but it did bring about a significant cultural event – the printing of the first Georgian book.”

The online exhibition also familiarizes the visitors with the first Georgian grammar by the Italian missionary Francisco-Maria Maggio and the history of the Georgian printing house and typography established by Vakhtang VI.
vakhtang_VI
King Vakhtang VI, Founder of the Georgian printing house

“After the Gospel, in 1709-1712, the printing house published eleven books. Among them, the most notable editions were 'The Knight in the Panther's Skin' of Rustaveli, with the basic scientific research accompanied by scholarly commentaries from the King himself (1712).”

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