"Delegates from 150 countries stood and applauded the Georgian Alphabet” – Georgian Monuments of Cultural Heritage on the List of UNESCO
26 April, 2019
"Delegates from 150 countries stood and applauded the Georgian Alphabet” – Georgian Monuments of Cultural Heritage on the List of UNESCO
Georgian monuments of cultural heritage have been added to its List of by UNESCO - the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, which was founded on 16 November 1945. Its headquarters are located in Paris, France. Currently, UNESCO has 195 member states and 9 associate members.

2017 was one of the most important years for Georgia in terms of cultural heritage. What is the importance of being on the List of UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage and what does the status
granted by the organization mean? - Nikoloz Antidze, Head of the Cultural Heritage Protection Agency of Georgia talks about this issue in his interview with our journal.
Georgian_wine
"The essential requirements for inclusion of a property in the List of UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage is that the property should be practicable. A country might once have had a tradition but if it has been lost and no longer practicable, no matter how unique it might be, it will not be included in the List. Hence the Georgian Alphabet and wine on the World Heritage List. Georgian wines, in particular, the Qvevri winemaking method was included in the List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in 2013. Georgian wrestling was submitted to UNESCO for the consideration in 2017 and the issue of adding it to the List is to be discussed this year. It usually takes the advisory bodies a year to consider heritage items submitted to them.

Georgian polyphony, which has been on the List of Intangible Cultural Heritage since 2001, has been proclaimed by UNESCO a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity; winemaking method was also included among 19 unique and intangible masterpieces of the world. The list was enriched by adding the Georgian Alphabet to it in 2017.
georgian_folk_music
A remarkable thing happened for Georgia in 2017– UNESCO added the ancient Georgian alphabet onto the list of the World's Intangible Cultural Heritage. I have to admit that my expectations for the event to be grandly celebrated throughout the country and being resonant among the Georgians did not come true. Our Alphabet is the first among the 14 Alphabets existing in the world to be entered onto the List of the World Heritage and it is the only Alphabet to have three coexisting versions: Mrgvlovani, Nuskhuri and Mkhedruli, and this fact have been recognized by the world. I felt so proud to see the delegates from more than 150 countries standing and applauding the nomination when I attended the discussion in Ethiopia.

- What is the importance of being on the List of UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage?

- First of all, it means raising awareness of the country. Being on the World Heritage List is of great importance in terms of awareness raising. In the international arena, this results in the increased interests in the country. It is important for promoting sustainability in tourism development; also, being on the UNESCO List paves the way for scientific research and funding and various other activities, both at national and international levels.

UNESCO's World Heritage List is currently represented by 1073 monuments, including 3 Cultural Heritage Monuments from Georgia: Historical Monuments of Mtskheta (added to the World Heritage List in 1994); Gelati Monastery (added to the World Heritage List in 1994); Upper Svaneti (added to the World Heritage List in 1996). Bagrati Cathedral used to be on the List but, unfortunately, it was removed from the List in 2017.

One can often hear the question of why the Bagrati Cathedral was removed from the World Heritage List. The methodology is the most important factor, i.e. the monument must be restored so that its original appearance is maintained. The main mistake while restoring Bagrati Cathedral was the deadline. The plan was to restore the Cathedral in two years. Such a massive project and restoration works were completed in an unreasonably short period of time, and hence the mistakes.
Georgian_alphabet
To quote the report made by some advisory bodies after having evaluated the process of restoration of Bagrati Cathedral: "the restoration works proceeded so fast that they failed to reuse more than 400 authentic stone constructions." There are hundreds of stones in the yard of the Cathedral, which means that the method of maintaining the authenticity of the monument was ignored and new material was used, some of the original stones were used, but not 400 stones. This means that there were some major flaws in the project. Bagrati Cathedral has lost its outstanding universal value. Bagrati Cathedral was added to the World Heritage List as a ruin and a semi-archeological monument and UNESCO did not favor the idea of its full restoration”.

- Which historical monuments are planned to be submitted to the UNESCO this year?

- We are currently working on a new list of nominations. We plan to select the part of the heritage which meets the UNESCO requirements. We're working on criteria and I can name the monuments we are considering to add to this list. According to the preliminary list, these monuments include Tusheti, which will almost surely apply as a mixed nomination (nature and heritage), i.e. the entire region of Tusheti. The second on the list is Vardzia-Khertvisi-Florida, which is very important and the canyon there can be described as being of great value from the historical viewpoint as well as a cultural landscape, the third is Dmanisi primordial human monument and, the fourth, we think, can be the Enguri HPP, which is world-class attraction and one of the outstanding engineering structures, part of the industrial heritage. We are now working with UNESCO to present these four monuments and we have daily consultations concerning the above mentioned.

Related stories:

"At first I thought I was going to have a sore throat when learning Georgian…" A 25-year-old Japanese man who came to Georgia to study the Georgian alphabet

Georgian alphabet has no limitations

"3000 delegates from 150 countries applauded the Georgian Alphabet"

UNESCO publication introduces Georgian alphabet

Print
Other Stories
Kavkaz Jazz Festival presents: 22nd and 23rd of November, Tbilisi Music Forum and Showcase.
It is the first year for Tbilisi Music Forum and Showcase. Main goal of the event is development of music industry in Georgia and South Caucasus region.
Sam Raan Spa-Center named Best Spa in Europe
The Sam Raan Spa-Center has been named the Best Spa in Europe at the annual Haute Grandeur Global Spa Awards 2019 and won the following nominations:
Region’s Largest Startup Event to be Held in Tbilisi
On November 8-10, 2019, regional Startup Grind event will be held in Tbilisi.
Georgian royal family introduces new wine brand "Prince Ioane Bagrationi"
Member of the Georgian royal family Prince Ioane Bagrationi introduced the society new wine brand named after him - "Prince Ioane Bagrationi".
Georgia Celebrates Day of Svetitskhoveli Cathedral today

The day of Mtskheta city and Svetitskhoveli Cathedral is celebrated on 14 October in Georgia.

Georgian Wine Festival 2019 to be held on October 12 on the Shardeni street
Those who are interested and want to know more about Georgian wine can attend Georgian Wine Festival 2019 on October 12 on the Shardeni street. Event starts at 12 pm and lasts till 7 pm.
UNESCO names Tbilisi as Capital of World Book 2021
UNESCO has named Tbilisi as the Capital of the World Book 2021.
Robot Mzia’s preparation for First global – she plays basketball and does pull ups
After the famous robot Vano, Robot Mzia is preparing for the international competition “First Global.”
What comes after Frankfurt? Paris!
The year following the appearance as guest of honour at the Frankfurt Book Fair is known as a difficult one. What are the strategies of Georgian publishers for 2019?
Georgia has its first photography museum
With the Tbilisi Photography & Multimedia Museum (TPMM) Georgia has its first institution entirely dedicated to the contemporary image in its different forms – photography, new media, and video.
„The eighth life“ has arrived home
More than 100'000 Germans have already read it, the Dutch and Polish as well. But it was only last May that Nino Haratischwili's “The eighth life for Brilka” was translated for Georgian readers.
“We will fight for Georgian literature”
One year after Georgia’s well received appearance at the Frankfurt Book Fair, the organizational mastermind, Medea Metreveli, lost her job. Now she's coming up with a new project.
Los Angeles Times about Khatia Buniatishvili – “A genuine musical personality”
Los Angeles Times has recently reviewed the Los Angeles Philharmonic celebration at the Hollywood Bowl marking Gustavo Dudamel’s 10 years with the orchestra.
Important facts about Georgian painter Elene Akhvlediani
Elene Akhvlediani was one of the first recognized female painters in Georgia.
Georgian soprano to perform in a play directed by Woody Allen
Georgian soprano Tsisana Giorgadze will perform in a play directed by Woody Allen.
Georgian Cinematographer Becomes a Member of Motion Picture Academy
Giorgi Shvelidze, Georgian cinematographer has been selected as a member of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
Georgian Shilda winery announced winner of  the EU Sustainable Energy Award for Eastern Partnership
The European Union has announced the winner of the EU Sustainable Energy Award for the Eastern partnership at the Awards Ceremony in Brussels on 18 June.
15 years of creating opportunity for journalists - BP and British Council in Georgia offer English Language Courses for members of the Georgian Media
BP initiated media development program has trained more than 400 representatives on print, broadcast and online media in English language in Georgia.
What Georgian Pirosmani and Spanish Picasso have in common
Niko Pirosmani was a Georgian primitivist painter.
New York City's largest mural features Gurian Horseman
The largest mural in New York City was unveiled last year.
Three songs to know more about Georgian music
Georgia boasts about its rich traditional music.
Georgian – shop for tourists
The largest book shop in Georgia ,,Biblusi’’ has opened the first shop specially designated to the needs and interests of tourists and named it ,,Georgian’’.
SAVE THE DATE! At the 4th Tourism and Hospitality Conference within  Welcome to Georgia! National Tourism Awards
On June 18, the 4th Tourism and Hospitality Conference within Welcome to Georgia! National Tourism Awards will take place at the Radisson Blu Iveria Hotel, Tbilisi.
Conference dedicated to the State Language held in Georgia
"On the 31st of May, in Rooms Hotel Tbilisi, a conference "State Language for Integration and Development of Human Capital in Georgia" was held."
Anita Rachvelishvili among 10 performers of the Met Opera
Anita Rachvelishvili, a Georgian mezzo-soprano, was recently named among Top 10 Performances By Singers From The Metropolitan Opera’s 2018-19 Season.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
20.11.2019
21.11.2019
USD
1
USD
2.9735
2.9776
EUR
1
EUR
3.2917
3.2956
GBP
1
GBP
3.8465
3.8444
RUB
100
RUB
4.6667
4.6553