Dmanisi Skull and Brand-New Caucasian Democracy
24 October, 2013
Dmanisi Skull  and Brand-New Caucasian Democracy
he torch of Sochi Olympic Games had to stay in the hands of Russian “hero” Ivan Nechayev only for five minutes or so but it was enough to provoke a large wave of protests among Georgians. No wonder, if we consider that the Russian pilot Nechayev was bombing the Georgian territory during the August war of 2008.
Last week the news from Georgia was widely circulated in leading world press outlets and televisions. The subject appears to have a sublime
connection with politics.
In the recent past, discovery of skulls in Dmanisi that were called by Georgian names Zezva and Mzia had been used in political context to emphasize connection of Georgia to Europe. Zezva and Mzia proved that tribes that left Africa, settled in the Caucasus and then moved to the territory of Europe. Georgian and Caucasian origin of Europeans was used politically to make Georgia closer to our historical kindred spirit – Europe. It worked and it proved to be a creative way to remind Europe who we are and why we belong to Europe. And if we take look at the history and observe the relations between Georgia and Europe, one word that can describe it is - love. Georgia loves Europe and last political statements and hot reactions show that Europe loves us too. Anyway we hope so. And if we consider the fact that tribes from Georgia made for a base for oldest European inhabitants, we can even say that the Caucasus, namely - Georgia - is mother of Europe. Only mother can love its child from distance that is far away.
The latest discovery of Dmanisi – the fifth skull- confirms the big success of Georgian scientists and deals a large blow to the conventional line of human evolution. Publications like the Guardian, Washington Post along with BBC and others have dedicated articles and TV programs to the new Dmanisi discovery.
“Anthropologists unearthed the skull at a site in Dmanisi, a small town in southern Georgia, where other remains of human ancestors, simple stone tools and long-extinct animals have been dated back to 1.8 million years.
Experts believe the skull is one of the most important fossil finds to date, but it has proved to be as controversial as it is stunning. Analysis of the skull and other remains at Dmanisi suggests that scientists have been too hasty in naming separate species of human ancestors in Africa. Many of those species may now have to be wiped from the textbooks,” The Guardian writes.
“Nobody has ever seen such a well-preserved skull from this period,” said Christoph Zollikofer, professor of Zurich University’s Anthropological Institute, who has been working on the remains. “This is the first complete skull of an adult early Homo. They simply did not exist before,” he said to the Guardian.
“Davit Lortkipanidze from the Georgian National Museum, who leads the Dmanisi excavations, said: If you found the Dmanisi skulls at isolated sites in Africa, some people would give them different species name. But one population can have all this variation. We are using five or six names, but they could all belong to one lineage”, the Guardian writes.
Another article in The Guardian called “Bidzina Ivanishvili: the eccentric billionaire chasing Georgia’s leadership,” shows that west is interested not only in the ancient but also in modern skull types of Georgia. Taking into account the political and geopolitical situation of Georgia together with challenging issues, including creeping occupation, Europe seems to be interested in how the Georgian nation simply dares to risk changing the government and electing “the eccentric billionaire” who was unseen before and no one even knew his face. The article expresses interest in the personality of Georgian PM, who loves fine arts and owns one of the richest art collections and at the same time has “zoo with penguins, lemurs and a zebra, kept at his village in western Georgia.” All these revolutionary changes were made in terms of developing democracy, through elections. The article seems interested in modern Georgian live “skulls”, or simply said “electorate” that has change country’s history. And it seems that nobody cares about creeping occupation. I remember one cartoon were two little nations have fought over one issue: one used to put butter on the upper side of the slice of bread and another - on the opposite side of the piece of bread. It seems that Georgians have war over the issue how to get closer to Europe with upper and opposite side of buttered slice of bread.
And this is a new way of the democracy that is brewing in the Georgian “fifth” skull. Now Europe have to choose whether they want the new brand of democracy brewed in different geopolitical environment, which we have – at the intersection of Europe and Asia, with northern neighbor Russia and Southern neighbor Turkey, who is a member of NATO but not of the European Union. And as European Union grows through land but not sea (as Georgia doesn’t have border with European Union), only time will show when Georgia will became a member of its beloved Europe.

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