Discoveries at Grakliani Hill Will Change History
22 March, 2015
Discoveries at Grakliani Hill Will Change History
In 2007, during construction of a segment of a Tbilisi-Senaki road near Grakliani Hill, archeologists stumbled upon a unique find. The two months of digging that followed unearthed more than 35,000 priceless pieces. Hundreds of graves and remnants of settlements that date back to VIII century B.C. were found, along with clay pottery, jewelry, household items, weapons and tools made of a variety of metals.

“The skeleton, curled in a fetal shape, had a silver earring drooping down on its
face.”


One of the most significant finds features several golden and bronze discs that date back to IV century B.C. According to Vakhtang Licheli, leader of the archeological expedition, they affirm the 3000-year-old existence of Georgian statehood.
Georgian Journal’s reporters attended the archeological dig themselves and became witnesses of several discoveries. Unearthing one of graves revealed a bronze bracelet, while another revealed well-preserved remaius. The skeleton, curled in a fetal shape, had a silvergeotv.ge earring drooping down on its face. The grave, quite apparently, belonged to a noblewoman. A man and a horse are buried next to her. Another unearthed grave has revealed a small bronze disc, covered in gold and decorated with beautiful floral ornaments.

Vakhtang Licheli, archeologist:


Everything points at the local society being quite developed, considering that they acknowledged the power of judicial agreements."

“This disc is a 2,400-year-old item, an insignia that signified its owner’s status. The disc was made locally, which signifies that the society that created it possessed the technology of gilding and engraving. This tradition comes from as far as XVI century B.C. By estimates, the disc’s owner, a 60-year-old man, was a distinguished figure and held an administrative post.
Grakliani Hill has yielded us another amazing discovery: the seals used to stamp judicial documents. Supposedly, they were made in the Mesopotamian city of Uruk. Such seals are extremely rare and are usually displayed by only the most prominent museums, such as the British Museum and the Louvre.
These items are 6,000 years old, predating the development of written language in most parts of the world and used to prove authenticity of certain documents. Supposedly, they were used to regulate trade relations as well. Considering that such seals were found exclusively in Mesopotamia, it is safe to assume that they ended up here as consequence of direct diplomacy or trade. We’ve also unearthed skeletons of people who used these seals. Everything points at the local society being quite developed, considering that they acknowledged the power of judicial agreements.
geotv.geWe’ve also discovered an altar bearing an engraving of a two-headed animal. In antiquity, images and carvings of such animals frequently decorated columns, faces of buildings and pottery, but this one is cut into an altar and is older than any other such depiction found in this region, no less. This discovery alone can challenge and change many historical theories. Everything we have unearthed at Grakliani Hill testifies to existence of a very highly developed society. Here lived tremendously advanced people, both culturally and economically, who had a very active relationship with all nearby hotbeds of civilization such as Mesopotamia, Urartu and Achaemenid Iran. It is apparent that locals had adapted all technological innovations and useful cultural elements that existed at that time as well. One of our most amazing finds is an enormous ritual oven, which is richly decorated and ornamented. This is a truly unique item; no similar thing has ever been found anywhere.”
geotv.ge

geotv.ge

Print
Other Stories
Statues of famous people decorating Tbilisi
Statues and monuments remind passersby about history of the country and its prominent people.
Tsinandali Palace – The first European one in Georgia
There are several palaces of nobleman remained in Georgia. The majority of them were destroyed by different conquerors.
Stunning paintings of Rusudan Petviashvili
Rusudan Petviashvili is a Georgian painter. Her talent is recognized worldwide.
The Phaistos Disc decoded - Inscription on the clay plate is in ancient Georgian language
July 3 makes the 101st anniversary since the Phaistos Disc was discovered on the island of Crete.
Tbilisi at night seems so romantic and attractive
Every city changes its appearance at night. One may not even recognize the same city at night.
Royal palaces in Georgia – Part 2
Georgia, a small country in the south Caucasus, has a long-standing history. Georgian kings and queens used to live in royal residences.
Surami fortress and Lisi Lake captured by talented Georgian photographers
Georgian photographers Giorgi Shermazana and David Pix have captured one of the most beautiful places of Georgia through their cameras.
Royal palaces in Georgia - Part 1
Georgia, a small country in the south Caucasus, has a long-standing history. Georgian kings and queens used to live in royal residences.
Tbilisi in Autumn– beautiful places in the capital
Tbilisi is distinguished by its versatile architecture. There is an old part of the city full of historical buildings, churches and small houses with special carvings and typical balconies.
Keti Matabeli – One of the most interesting Georgian painters
Keti Matabeli is a Georgian painter. Her interesting works fascinate people all over the world.
Georgia - a holiday destination in the South Caucasus: Part  2
Georgia is a guest of honour at the Frankfurt Book Fair 2018. Due to the special occasion, various German journals write about Georgia.
Georgia: Europe in Asia, a guest of Honor at the Frankfurt Book Fair
The Frankfurt Book Fair which is one of the biggest and most significant cultural and intellectual events all over the world chose Georgia as a guest of honour of the 2018 fair.
Georgia - a holiday destination in the South Caucasus: Part 1
Germany's public international broadcaster Deutsche Welle reviews the culture and history of Georgia.
Tbilisoba to be held in October
The annual festival Tbilisoba will take place on the 6th and 7th of October.
Georgia reflected in the photos of Thomas Dworzak
Thomas Dworzak is a German photojournalist. He is a member of Magnum photos (an international photographic cooperative).
Swiss photographer’s photos show what did Georgia look like in 1993
The Swiss photographer DANIEL Spehr uploaded the photos of Georgia taken in 1993 on his Facebook last year.
Monastery of the Cross in Jerusalem
In ancient times religious centers were utilized for the cultural and educational purposes of the country.
American couple about living in Georgia
Georgian couple Katie and Brodie McClains have been living in Georgia for 4 years now with their children Luke, Anabelle and Maddy.
Georgian monasteries in Azerbaijan
Saingilo is a former province of the Kakheti kingdom, Georgia which is now situated in the territory of Azerbaijan.
Georgian Wine Festival 2018 kicks off for a second time on Shardeni Street
It is now the second year when small, medium and large Georgian wine companies will be given a chance to showcase their products through the Georgian Wine Festival.
Georgian Abbey in Bulgaria called Petritsoni
There are many sites of cultural heritage with the Georgian roots in other countries.
Must see places in Abkhazia
Abkhazia is situated in the northwestern region of Georgia. It covers 8,660 square kilometres (3,340 sq mi) and has a population of around 240,000.
Discover must see places in Shida Kartli
Shida kartli is located in the eastern part of Georgia. It includes the following towns: Gori, Tskhinvali, Kaspi, Kareli, Java and Khashuri.
A traveler advises to visit Kakheti for the Georgian wine tasting
A traveller Benjamin Kemper shares his impressions about Georgia, the wine country – on www.cntraveler.com.
The breathtaking cave in Martvili, named after a 35 year old deceased researcher
Geographer and a producer of organic wine from Samegrelo, Zaza Gagua published photos taken in one of the caves, located in Martvili Municipality on his “Facebook” page.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
Exchange Rates
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
13.11.2018
14.11.2018
USD
1
USD
2.7166
2.7166
EUR
1
EUR
3.0602
3.0602
GBP
1
GBP
3.4900
3.4900
RUB
100
RUB
4.0131
4.0131