Hell Canyon – A bit of Georgia on Turkish territory
13 September, 2015
Hell Canyon – A bit of Georgia on Turkish territory
Traveling Georgia itself is not the only way to get acquainted with the country . Let us tell you of a very special place that is currently located on the territory of Turkey. Tao-Klarjeti is an important historical part of Georgia, rife with medieval cultural sites and monuments. Time has been unkind to some of them, leaving only ruins, but many have survived and stand to this day.

“Turkish Georgia” owes its beauty not only to its churches and fortresses,
but also to its landscape, riddled with canyons, lakes and waterfalls. Chorokhi Gorge, for example, boasts multicolored volcanically formed cliffs and has a tiny ravine at its bottom - a snaking path wide enough to only accommodate one person within. When looking up at the titanic vibrant cliffs from that ravine, one is both awed and intimidated, and traversing the narrow, dark walkway feels like descending into hell itself. But at the end of the tunnel the light shines yet again, the path becomes wider, and upon emerging from it one is gifted with an amazing sight: A valley hidden amidst the cliffs, like an oasis in the desert. Spring flowers and emerald grass grow around massive boulders, and eagles nest in the surrounding crags. Then comes the road to Artanuji Fortress, with enormous canyons to one’s left and right.

At the end of the tunnel the light shines yet again, the path becomes wider, and upon emerging from it one is gifted with an amazing sight: A valley hidden amidst the cliffs, like an oasis in the desert.

geotv.ge

This place is, quite appropriately, named Hell Canyon. Features of its landscape were used to strategic advantage by Georgians who lived here. Named Adakale, which translates to an Island Fortress, the area is so pitted and jagged with canyons and gorges that it really is nothing short of a terrestrial island.

The canyon was a bottleneck – after luring enemies into it, the Georgians devastated them with near-endless ambushes and attacks from above.


Artanuji Fortress is considered to have been built by King Vakhtang Gorgasali. It served as a residence of the Kartli Royal Court during enemy invasions. Its location was chosen not only due to strategic benefits it offered, but also because it was located at the crossing of several major trade routes of South Georgia. The roads coming from the Black Sea ports headed to Artaani, Tao and Shavsheti precisely through this fortress, which endowed it with an important economic function in addition to its military capacity.

According to historical data, the Hell Canyon itself was also utilized during enemy invasions. Georgians could rarely boast numerous armies, so they were forced to take advantage of the lay of the land. In this particular case, the canyon was a bottleneck – after luring enemies into it, the Georgians devastated them with near-endless ambushes and attacks from above. Tactics such as these are the reason why Georgia stands and endures to this day.
geotv.ge

Author: Eka Gadakhabadze
Print
Other Stories
Things to keep in mind while travelling to Georgia
If you are planning to visit Georgia, Georgian Journal will provide you with important tips and recommendations.
3 Innovative startups created in Georgia
Georgian students have created a number of interesting startups in recent years.
Stunning Georgian Monasteries captured by Giorgi Nikolava
Georgian photographer Giorgi Nikolava has captured beautiful views of Georgian Monasteries.
Georgia, I love you - Georgian policemen's honorable behavior leaves tourist excited
"The Georgian police went above and beyond my expectations" - writes Nicole on Facebook.
Cave cities to visit in Georgia
Georgia boasts its unique caves spread out across the country.
Top 12 Must-See Places in Georgia
If you are going to visit Georgia, there are top 12 places you must visit throughout the country.
Unique Qvevri-made whisky by Alexander Distillery
Whisky is a strong alcoholic beverage, an aromatic drink, which is made from fermented grain mash in oak barrels.
Virtual tour to snowy Georgia by Shermazana
Georgia is distinguished by its unique nature. Georgia boasts its Mountains, lakes, rivers and a sea, forests and resort towns, all found in a single country.
History of the Georgian resort town Borjomi
Borjomi is a resort town located in the region of Samtskhe-Javakheti, Georgia.
CNN about abandoned Tskaltubo Spa
CNN has recently published an article about the abandoned sanatoriums of Tskaltubo, a town in the west part of Georgia.
4 Estonians and a Lithuanian who farm tea in Georgia
What comes to your mind when you hear Georgia? Lots of things: wine first of all, cuisine, nature and mountains covered with snow all year, tourism, but what about tea?
Georgia celebrates National Flag Day
Today on the 14th of January Georgia celebrates National Flag Day.
Imeretian vine species: Black Acorn
Georgia boasts more than 500 varieties of indigenous grapes, some of them are not found anywhere in the world.
The New York Times advices Americans to visit Batumi in 2019
“Tbilisi, Georgia’s charming capital, has been flooded with tourists over the past decade”
Georgian mountain town Mestia on the travel hotlist
The daily newspaper Daily Express in the United Kingdom has recently published an article about the top up-and-coming travel destinations for this year.
Washington Post about Georgian wine on Mars and Chakrulo
Washington Post has recently published an article about the IX Millennium project and the Georgian team experimenting on grape varieties and Mars-like soil.
Tbilisi covered with fireworks on the New Year’s Eve
Old Tbilisi was entirely covered with fireworks on the New Year’s Eve in Georgia.
Alilo – Christmas tradition in Georgia
Alilo is a traditional Georgian Christmas song performed the night before Christmas.
Georgian wines to taste for Christmas and New Year
Georgia is the country where the earliest evidence of grape wine-making was found.
8 Georgian buildings nominated at the Mies van der Rohe Award
8 Georgian buildings have been nominated at the European Union Prize of Contemporary Architecture, Mies van der Rohe Award 2019.
Georgian wine wins gold medals in Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Georgian wines have recently received gold medals at the International Wine Tasting Competition “Vine East”.
Founder of brandy tradition in Georgia – David Sarajishvili
Wine making has long tradition in Georgia. It has been made for centuries in this country and scientists sometimes call Georgia a cradle of wine.
“Mekvleoba” and “Bedoba” – New Year traditions in Georgia
New Year is one of the main celebrations in the wintertime.
Wintertime paintings by Georgian artists
The wintertime is always associated with snow, Christmas and New Year.
Festive decorations in different parts of Georgia
Georgia gets ready for Christmas and New Year.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
21.02.2019
22.02.2019
USD
1
USD
2.6574
2.6570
EUR
1
EUR
3.0146
3.0128
GBP
1
GBP
3.4629
3.4714
RUB
100
RUB
4.0421
4.0560