5 oldest artifacts from Georgia that changed the world
06 May, 2016
 5 oldest artifacts from Georgia that changed the world
1. Remains of ancient human beings – 1.8 million years old

“Georgia is the homeland of Europeans. Yes, dear Germans, Italians and Frenchmen, we mean exactly that: you all are originally from Georgia! In 1990s, a sensational discovery was made in this tiny country sandwiched between Russia and Turkey - male and female bones, whose age amounted to at least 1.8 million years. The scientists quickly gave these ancient humans their names, Zezva and Mzia, and the title, Homo Georgicus. Besides,
they proved that these are the oldest representatives of Human species after the ones that were discovered in Africa.Thus, it is quite safe to say that the European civilization takes its roots from Georgia.”, - Mygeorgia.travel reports.
geotv.ge


2. The first ever thread in the world – 34 thousand years old
geotv.ge
Somewhere in the Upper Paleolithic times, on the territory of modern Georgia, in its western part, a human being invented the thread. You might say this is just an ordinary invention, but in fact, it changed a lot of things. Namely, the humans were given the possibility to sow and repair their clothes, make shoes as well as surround themselves with various kinds of items. In one word, that was just another step towards modern civilization and it was made here, in Georgia.
Before this discovery was made in the region of Imereti, the oldest known thread had been found in Czech Republic and it was made of nettle. But the Georgian linen thread, discovered in 2007, is almost 5 000 years older.

3. The first wine – 8 thousand years old
geotv.ge
As far back as 8 thousand years ago, this small but very generous country did a huge favor to the humanity by figuring out how to make wine. Many years ago, our ancestors noticed that if you squeeze the juice from the grapes, pour it into the jug, cover it with all the remaining press cake (in Georgian it is called Chacha) and geotv.gewait a few hours, fermentation will begin and after that, you will get a miraculous drink – fragrant, a little groggy but strengthening your body and soul.

Of course we can describe everything like that and be sure it happened exactly as we say, because archaeological discoveries made in central Georgia help us to recreate the ancient history in details. Those discoveries are: a clay pot as old as 6th millennium BC with the remains of a few pips in it.

Subsequently, the humans changed the technology of winemaking a little. Namely, they began fermenting the grape juice without putting press cake on it. This way, the wine was lighter and more delicate.
However, in Georgia the wine is made exactly like thousands of years ago. Because of that, our traditional winemaking is included into the UNESCO list of intangible world heritage.


4. The oldest gold mines in the world – 6 thousand years old

geotv.ge
You have probably heard about ancient Greek legends on Golden Fleece and how the Argonauts sailed to mythical Colchis to retrieve it. It should be noted that Colchis was actually a real country located in the western side of modern Georgia and occupying eastern coast of the Black Sea. The stories about Cochians bucketing gold from the rivers was spread throughout the world and it is no surprise that modern Georgia was the place where archaeologists had been trying their hardest to find gold mines. They have finally found them in 2000.
50 kilometers from Tbilisi (the capital city of Georgia) ancient mines were discovered and the scientists determined that they date back to 4th millennium BC. Today, these are the oldest gold mines in the world, even older than those of Egypt. In the tunnels, there were discovered many artifacts: clay pots and other tools.
And by the way, despite being too old, these mines are still full of gold.

5. Metallurgy and smith craft – 5 thousand years ago
geotv.ge
When one asks about the place where the metallurgy was invented, the scientists vaguely name Western Asia and India, where in 2nd-1st millenniums BC people actively used iron tools.
But the Bible conclusively says that the inventors of metallurgy and smith craft are the representatives of an ancient Georgian tribe called Tubals. The tools made by these people were spread throughout Assyria, Mesopotamia and Greece.
This theory can be observed in ancient myths as well: a Georgian superhero Amirani (a prototype of Greek Prometheus by the way) was the son of Dali, the goddess of hunt and an ordinary, mortal man. According to a legend, Amirani taught the people how to forge iron.
There are some toponymic proofs too, like Sarkine, for example, a settlement whose name translates from Georgian as ‘a place of irons’.

By the way, very soon the sixth paragraph can be added to this article.
Not far from the resort town of Borjomi, in southern Georgia, the archaeologists have found ancient clay pots with the remains of honey in them. They are about 5.5 thousand years old, which makes them close to 2 thousand years older than the honey found in Tutankhamun’s grave, in Egypt!", - The article reads.

Source:
Mygeorgia.travel

Print
Other Stories
Statues of famous people decorating Tbilisi
Statues and monuments remind passersby about history of the country and its prominent people.
Tsinandali Palace – The first European one in Georgia
There are several palaces of nobleman remained in Georgia. The majority of them were destroyed by different conquerors.
Stunning paintings of Rusudan Petviashvili
Rusudan Petviashvili is a Georgian painter. Her talent is recognized worldwide.
The Phaistos Disc decoded - Inscription on the clay plate is in ancient Georgian language
July 3 makes the 101st anniversary since the Phaistos Disc was discovered on the island of Crete.
Tbilisi at night seems so romantic and attractive
Every city changes its appearance at night. One may not even recognize the same city at night.
Royal palaces in Georgia – Part 2
Georgia, a small country in the south Caucasus, has a long-standing history. Georgian kings and queens used to live in royal residences.
Surami fortress and Lisi Lake captured by talented Georgian photographers
Georgian photographers Giorgi Shermazana and David Pix have captured one of the most beautiful places of Georgia through their cameras.
Royal palaces in Georgia - Part 1
Georgia, a small country in the south Caucasus, has a long-standing history. Georgian kings and queens used to live in royal residences.
Tbilisi in Autumn– beautiful places in the capital
Tbilisi is distinguished by its versatile architecture. There is an old part of the city full of historical buildings, churches and small houses with special carvings and typical balconies.
Keti Matabeli – One of the most interesting Georgian painters
Keti Matabeli is a Georgian painter. Her interesting works fascinate people all over the world.
Georgia - a holiday destination in the South Caucasus: Part  2
Georgia is a guest of honour at the Frankfurt Book Fair 2018. Due to the special occasion, various German journals write about Georgia.
Georgia: Europe in Asia, a guest of Honor at the Frankfurt Book Fair
The Frankfurt Book Fair which is one of the biggest and most significant cultural and intellectual events all over the world chose Georgia as a guest of honour of the 2018 fair.
Georgia - a holiday destination in the South Caucasus: Part 1
Germany's public international broadcaster Deutsche Welle reviews the culture and history of Georgia.
Tbilisoba to be held in October
The annual festival Tbilisoba will take place on the 6th and 7th of October.
Georgia reflected in the photos of Thomas Dworzak
Thomas Dworzak is a German photojournalist. He is a member of Magnum photos (an international photographic cooperative).
Swiss photographer’s photos show what did Georgia look like in 1993
The Swiss photographer DANIEL Spehr uploaded the photos of Georgia taken in 1993 on his Facebook last year.
Monastery of the Cross in Jerusalem
In ancient times religious centers were utilized for the cultural and educational purposes of the country.
American couple about living in Georgia
Georgian couple Katie and Brodie McClains have been living in Georgia for 4 years now with their children Luke, Anabelle and Maddy.
Georgian monasteries in Azerbaijan
Saingilo is a former province of the Kakheti kingdom, Georgia which is now situated in the territory of Azerbaijan.
Georgian Wine Festival 2018 kicks off for a second time on Shardeni Street
It is now the second year when small, medium and large Georgian wine companies will be given a chance to showcase their products through the Georgian Wine Festival.
Georgian Abbey in Bulgaria called Petritsoni
There are many sites of cultural heritage with the Georgian roots in other countries.
Must see places in Abkhazia
Abkhazia is situated in the northwestern region of Georgia. It covers 8,660 square kilometres (3,340 sq mi) and has a population of around 240,000.
Discover must see places in Shida Kartli
Shida kartli is located in the eastern part of Georgia. It includes the following towns: Gori, Tskhinvali, Kaspi, Kareli, Java and Khashuri.
A traveler advises to visit Kakheti for the Georgian wine tasting
A traveller Benjamin Kemper shares his impressions about Georgia, the wine country – on www.cntraveler.com.
The breathtaking cave in Martvili, named after a 35 year old deceased researcher
Geographer and a producer of organic wine from Samegrelo, Zaza Gagua published photos taken in one of the caves, located in Martvili Municipality on his “Facebook” page.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
Exchange Rates
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
17.11.2018
18.11.2018
USD
1
USD
2.6727
2.6727
EUR
1
EUR
3.0268
3.0268
GBP
1
GBP
3.4240
3.4240
RUB
100
RUB
4.0447
4.0447