5 oldest artifacts from Georgia that changed the world
06 May, 2016
 5 oldest artifacts from Georgia that changed the world
1. Remains of ancient human beings – 1.8 million years old

“Georgia is the homeland of Europeans. Yes, dear Germans, Italians and Frenchmen, we mean exactly that: you all are originally from Georgia! In 1990s, a sensational discovery was made in this tiny country sandwiched between Russia and Turkey - male and female bones, whose age amounted to at least 1.8 million years. The scientists quickly gave these ancient humans their names, Zezva and Mzia, and the title, Homo Georgicus. Besides,
they proved that these are the oldest representatives of Human species after the ones that were discovered in Africa.Thus, it is quite safe to say that the European civilization takes its roots from Georgia.”, - Mygeorgia.travel reports.
geotv.ge


2. The first ever thread in the world – 34 thousand years old
geotv.ge
Somewhere in the Upper Paleolithic times, on the territory of modern Georgia, in its western part, a human being invented the thread. You might say this is just an ordinary invention, but in fact, it changed a lot of things. Namely, the humans were given the possibility to sow and repair their clothes, make shoes as well as surround themselves with various kinds of items. In one word, that was just another step towards modern civilization and it was made here, in Georgia.
Before this discovery was made in the region of Imereti, the oldest known thread had been found in Czech Republic and it was made of nettle. But the Georgian linen thread, discovered in 2007, is almost 5 000 years older.

3. The first wine – 8 thousand years old
geotv.ge
As far back as 8 thousand years ago, this small but very generous country did a huge favor to the humanity by figuring out how to make wine. Many years ago, our ancestors noticed that if you squeeze the juice from the grapes, pour it into the jug, cover it with all the remaining press cake (in Georgian it is called Chacha) and geotv.gewait a few hours, fermentation will begin and after that, you will get a miraculous drink – fragrant, a little groggy but strengthening your body and soul.

Of course we can describe everything like that and be sure it happened exactly as we say, because archaeological discoveries made in central Georgia help us to recreate the ancient history in details. Those discoveries are: a clay pot as old as 6th millennium BC with the remains of a few pips in it.

Subsequently, the humans changed the technology of winemaking a little. Namely, they began fermenting the grape juice without putting press cake on it. This way, the wine was lighter and more delicate.
However, in Georgia the wine is made exactly like thousands of years ago. Because of that, our traditional winemaking is included into the UNESCO list of intangible world heritage.


4. The oldest gold mines in the world – 6 thousand years old

geotv.ge
You have probably heard about ancient Greek legends on Golden Fleece and how the Argonauts sailed to mythical Colchis to retrieve it. It should be noted that Colchis was actually a real country located in the western side of modern Georgia and occupying eastern coast of the Black Sea. The stories about Cochians bucketing gold from the rivers was spread throughout the world and it is no surprise that modern Georgia was the place where archaeologists had been trying their hardest to find gold mines. They have finally found them in 2000.
50 kilometers from Tbilisi (the capital city of Georgia) ancient mines were discovered and the scientists determined that they date back to 4th millennium BC. Today, these are the oldest gold mines in the world, even older than those of Egypt. In the tunnels, there were discovered many artifacts: clay pots and other tools.
And by the way, despite being too old, these mines are still full of gold.

5. Metallurgy and smith craft – 5 thousand years ago
geotv.ge
When one asks about the place where the metallurgy was invented, the scientists vaguely name Western Asia and India, where in 2nd-1st millenniums BC people actively used iron tools.
But the Bible conclusively says that the inventors of metallurgy and smith craft are the representatives of an ancient Georgian tribe called Tubals. The tools made by these people were spread throughout Assyria, Mesopotamia and Greece.
This theory can be observed in ancient myths as well: a Georgian superhero Amirani (a prototype of Greek Prometheus by the way) was the son of Dali, the goddess of hunt and an ordinary, mortal man. According to a legend, Amirani taught the people how to forge iron.
There are some toponymic proofs too, like Sarkine, for example, a settlement whose name translates from Georgian as ‘a place of irons’.

By the way, very soon the sixth paragraph can be added to this article.
Not far from the resort town of Borjomi, in southern Georgia, the archaeologists have found ancient clay pots with the remains of honey in them. They are about 5.5 thousand years old, which makes them close to 2 thousand years older than the honey found in Tutankhamun’s grave, in Egypt!", - The article reads.

Source:
Mygeorgia.travel

Print
Other Stories
Places to chill out in Tbilisi
Tbilisi is not a huge city, but there are lots of places to chill out there. But which one to choose?
10 things to do in Tbilisi - recommendations from a blogger
www.lifeinexcess.com published an article about Georgia. The webpage belongs to a traveller and “a lifestyle blogger” kirsty.
Culinary Tourism – Discover the Imeretian Cuisine
It is not surprising that one of Georgia’s biggest attractions is its cuisine. Colourful Georgian dishes prepared with rich, aromatic spices and herbs attract all food lovers.
Discover Samegrelo – beautiful part of Georgia in the country’s west
Samegrelo is in the western part of Georgia. Its unique nature, cuisine and language must be experienced whilst visiting Georgia.
Discover must see places in Kakheti
Kakheti is located in the eastern part of Georgia. There are a variety of places for visitors to go in Kakheti:
Discover protected areas and national parks in Georgia - Part 4
Georgia will surprise visitors by the variety of its landscapes and nature. This small country has everything for all kinds of visitors.
Shaitan Bazaar and cuisine in old Tbilisi
Georgian cuisine has always been a part of the Georgian identity. It has been influenced by both Europe and Asia.
Discover protected areas and national parks in Georgia- Part 3
There are numerous places to rest, organize picnic or have adventures in Georgia. Here are some of the venues to check out:
Alternative tourism in Georgia
Alternative tourism is the opposite of mass organized tourism. Georgia is a perfect destination for the alternative tourism
Discover protected areas and national parks in Georgia- Part 2
Georgia preserves unique nature and here are some of its examples:
The Washington Post writes about a Georgian dish - Ajapsandali
Georgian cuisine is becoming more and more popular in other countries, be it in neighbouring ones or further afield.
Explore festivals and holidays in Georgia - Part 2
To truly experience Georgian culture and its many traditions, you must attend a few of the festivals held both in the capital and throughout the country.
Discover protected areas and national parks in Georgia- Part 1
Georgia is a small country with a variety of flora. There are twenty protected areas and national parks in Georgia.
Discover places in the vicinity of Tbilisi
Tbilisi is surrounded by interesting and attractive places to visit.
Explore festivals and holidays in Georgia - Part 1
Lots of tourists are attracted by Georgian nature and cuisine. However, to truly experience Georgian culture and its many traditions, you must attend a few of the festivals held both in the capital and throughout the country.
Discover Batumi
Batumi is the second-largest city of Georgia, located on the coast of the Black Sea in the country'ssouthwest.
Discover Samtskhe-Javakheti
The administrative centre of Samtskhe-Javakheti (Georgia’s southwestern region) is Akhaltsikhe.
Summer Dream in Beshumi
“If you drink local milk for 25 days, even if you are a blind, you will see the stars in the sky at midday”.
Swords discovered at Lado Gudiashvili Square in Tbilisi
The renovation of Lado Gudiashvili Square (in the old part of Tbilisi) is presently in progress. The process is under archeological monitoring.
The oldest citizen of Tbilisi tells how people lived decades ago
Tbilisi has always been a city with a specific culture and life style. Today this is not as evident as it was at the beginning of the 20th century.
Fresh snow in Kazbegi in mid-August
Ever wondered whether does it snows in the Georgian mountains in summer or not?
Discover Kutaisi
Kutaisi is one of the most interesting and beautiful cities in Georgia.
Discover Borjomi
Borjomi is a district of Georgia, in the region of Samtskhe-Javakheti. Borjomi is one of the most popular resorts, famous for its mineral waters, health, unique nature and abundance of historical monuments.
Bakuriani – a place to visit in summer and in winter
What Georgia can really boast about is its mountains – literally in every part of the country there are mountains, some covered with snow throughout the year.
Discover amazing Tusheti
Tusheti is a mountainous region in the northeastern part of Georgia. It is one of the most popular hiking venues in Georgia. The Locals are generally sheep and cattle herders.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
Exchange Rates
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
24.09.2018
25.09.2018
USD
1
USD
2.6216
2.6226
EUR
1
EUR
3.0854
3.0868
GBP
1
GBP
3.4584
3.4416
RUB
100
RUB
3.9340
3.9814