5 oldest artifacts from Georgia that changed the world
06 May, 2016
 5 oldest artifacts from Georgia that changed the world
1. Remains of ancient human beings – 1.8 million years old

“Georgia is the homeland of Europeans. Yes, dear Germans, Italians and Frenchmen, we mean exactly that: you all are originally from Georgia! In 1990s, a sensational discovery was made in this tiny country sandwiched between Russia and Turkey - male and female bones, whose age amounted to at least 1.8 million years. The scientists quickly gave these ancient humans their names, Zezva and Mzia, and the title, Homo Georgicus. Besides,
they proved that these are the oldest representatives of Human species after the ones that were discovered in Africa.Thus, it is quite safe to say that the European civilization takes its roots from Georgia.”, - Mygeorgia.travel reports.
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2. The first ever thread in the world – 34 thousand years old
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Somewhere in the Upper Paleolithic times, on the territory of modern Georgia, in its western part, a human being invented the thread. You might say this is just an ordinary invention, but in fact, it changed a lot of things. Namely, the humans were given the possibility to sow and repair their clothes, make shoes as well as surround themselves with various kinds of items. In one word, that was just another step towards modern civilization and it was made here, in Georgia.
Before this discovery was made in the region of Imereti, the oldest known thread had been found in Czech Republic and it was made of nettle. But the Georgian linen thread, discovered in 2007, is almost 5 000 years older.

3. The first wine – 8 thousand years old
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As far back as 8 thousand years ago, this small but very generous country did a huge favor to the humanity by figuring out how to make wine. Many years ago, our ancestors noticed that if you squeeze the juice from the grapes, pour it into the jug, cover it with all the remaining press cake (in Georgian it is called Chacha) and geotv.gewait a few hours, fermentation will begin and after that, you will get a miraculous drink – fragrant, a little groggy but strengthening your body and soul.

Of course we can describe everything like that and be sure it happened exactly as we say, because archaeological discoveries made in central Georgia help us to recreate the ancient history in details. Those discoveries are: a clay pot as old as 6th millennium BC with the remains of a few pips in it.

Subsequently, the humans changed the technology of winemaking a little. Namely, they began fermenting the grape juice without putting press cake on it. This way, the wine was lighter and more delicate.
However, in Georgia the wine is made exactly like thousands of years ago. Because of that, our traditional winemaking is included into the UNESCO list of intangible world heritage.


4. The oldest gold mines in the world – 6 thousand years old

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You have probably heard about ancient Greek legends on Golden Fleece and how the Argonauts sailed to mythical Colchis to retrieve it. It should be noted that Colchis was actually a real country located in the western side of modern Georgia and occupying eastern coast of the Black Sea. The stories about Cochians bucketing gold from the rivers was spread throughout the world and it is no surprise that modern Georgia was the place where archaeologists had been trying their hardest to find gold mines. They have finally found them in 2000.
50 kilometers from Tbilisi (the capital city of Georgia) ancient mines were discovered and the scientists determined that they date back to 4th millennium BC. Today, these are the oldest gold mines in the world, even older than those of Egypt. In the tunnels, there were discovered many artifacts: clay pots and other tools.
And by the way, despite being too old, these mines are still full of gold.

5. Metallurgy and smith craft – 5 thousand years ago
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When one asks about the place where the metallurgy was invented, the scientists vaguely name Western Asia and India, where in 2nd-1st millenniums BC people actively used iron tools.
But the Bible conclusively says that the inventors of metallurgy and smith craft are the representatives of an ancient Georgian tribe called Tubals. The tools made by these people were spread throughout Assyria, Mesopotamia and Greece.
This theory can be observed in ancient myths as well: a Georgian superhero Amirani (a prototype of Greek Prometheus by the way) was the son of Dali, the goddess of hunt and an ordinary, mortal man. According to a legend, Amirani taught the people how to forge iron.
There are some toponymic proofs too, like Sarkine, for example, a settlement whose name translates from Georgian as ‘a place of irons’.

By the way, very soon the sixth paragraph can be added to this article.
Not far from the resort town of Borjomi, in southern Georgia, the archaeologists have found ancient clay pots with the remains of honey in them. They are about 5.5 thousand years old, which makes them close to 2 thousand years older than the honey found in Tutankhamun’s grave, in Egypt!", - The article reads.

Source:
Mygeorgia.travel

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