15 things to know about Tamar the Great – First female monarch of Georgia
12 January, 2018
15 things to know about Tamar the Great – First female monarch of Georgia
For the first time since its creation, one of the most popular computer games in the world Civilization VI: Rise and Fall will include the country of Georgia as one of the world’s ancient nations. The game will feature nine additional characters and the legendary Georgian medieval monarch, Queen Tamar, will be one of them.
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Queen Tamar

Here we offer you list of the most important things the one should know about Georgia's legendary medieval monarch:

1. Tamar the Great
was the first female monarch who ruled as a king of the country.
2. Tamar was the granddaughter of Georgia’s greatest king David IV, also known as David the Builder.
3. She came to power in a divided kingdom in 1184, but expanded it and made more powerful.
4. The period when she reigned is regarded as Golden Age in Georgian history.
5. Georgia saw the greatest expansion of its domain during Tamar's reign.

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6. Tamar won two very important battles in Georgian history: Battle of Shamkori (1195) and Battle of Basiani (1202).
7. Under her order, Georgians founded the Empire of Trebizond (present territory of Turkey).
8. Tamar was the owner of the lands from the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea, from Speri to Derbend, and all the Caucasus up to Khazaria and Scythia.
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The Kingdom of Georgia at its greatest extent, with its tributaries and spheres of influence in the reign of Tamar

9. During the times of Tamar’s rule, laws were codified, churches and cathedrals were built, trade and economy flourished.
10.Tamar was married twice, first to Russian Prince Yuri, whom she divorced and expelled from the country. Second time she married Alan prince David Soslan.
11.History.com named Queen Tamar among six royal women who triumphed over their husbands.
12.Great Georgian poet Shota Rustaveli portrayed her in his epic poem The Knight in the Panther’s Skin.
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Shota Rustaveli presents his poem to Queen Tamar, a painting by the Hungarian artist Mihály Zichy (1880s)

13. She built an empire which dominated the Caucasus until its collapse under the Mongol attacks.
14. She has been canonized by the Georgian Orthodox Church as the Holy Righteous Queen Tamar.
15.Only four frescos of Tamar have been preserved until now: in Vardzia cave town, in Betania, Kintsvisi and Bertubani monasteries.

Related stories:

Georgia's Queen Tamar appears in a popular computer game

Georgian Queen Tamar among six royal women who triumphed over their husbands

Unknown legend on Georgia’s Queen Tamar and poet Shota Rustaveli
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