How did Georgians make daggers?
12 July, 2018
How did Georgians make daggers?
Georgia is a country which traditionally has been surrounded by a circle of potential adversaries, for example the Ottomans Empire, Iran and Russia. In the past, they attempted to divide Georgia so as to get a geostrategic advantage in the South Caucasus region. So conflicts, fighting and War was a part of everyday life for ordinary Georgians. That is why an inseparable part of the national costume Chokha is a dagger.

Today we explore how Georgian daggers were made and why
they became so popular in Russian military circles.
geotv.ge
Some daggers were decorated with gold

A dagger was not only a weapon for war. It was used in everyday life as well, mostly, for self-defence. Originally they were made from horn and decorated with gold or silver.
geotv.ge
Some of the scabbards were fully decorated either with silver or gold

The oldest daggers found in Georgia date back to ancient times. Local Georgian tribes were masters of blacksmithing and the country was always a hub for weaponry. It maintained this status throughout the18th and 19th centuries. Along with India, Georgia used to be a prominent producer of the highest quality steel.
geotv.ge
People used to decorate their daggers according to their taste

In the 19th century, a family called Elizarashvili lived in Tbilisi. Giorgi Elizarashvili inherited the family secrets of blacksmithing from his ancestors and passed on his knowledge and skills to his sons – Efrem and Karaman. The family maintained strictly the secrets of processing steel, but in 1828 Karaman shared the secret with the Russians.
geotv.ge
Dagger made in Imereti, the western part of Georgia

Subsequently, two masters and some workers from the Zlatoust factory were sent to Tbilisi to find out how to improve steel production. “It is considered that the Zlatoust factory produced the best swords between 1832-1833 and 1834. The years coincide with the first period of cooperation between Karaman and his Russian apprentices” – Russian General Poto admitted.
geotv.ge
Dagger made in Samegrelo, the western part of Georgia

It is worth mentioning that apart from the Elizarashvili family, there were other masters who used to make high quality weapons and their masterpieces are still impressive to this day.
geotv.ge
Dagger made in the Adjara region

The masters of weaponry and blacksmithing lived in other cities as well, such as Kutaisi, Batumi, Gori, Ozurgeti, Sighnaghi, and Telavi. Because of this, different types of daggers were created, characteristic to each region.
geotv.ge
In Tbilisi masters used to make daggers like this

Daggers made in the mountain region of Khevsureti in Georgia, were completely different in shape to other daggers and they occupy a special place in the range of Georgian daggers. Locals used to call it a Dashna or Rapier.
geotv.ge
Dashna or rapier made in Khevsureti

Apart from Georgia, weapons made in the North Caucasus region were also popular in Georgia. The most reliable were those made in Dagestan and Cherkessia. From the second half of 19th century weapons made in Vladikavkaz became popular as well.
geotv.ge
Kakhetian dagger

Georgians had close ties with the Dagestani people. In the 1860s more than 100 masters worked in Tbilisi alone. So North Caucasian weaponry and goldsmithing harmoniously merged with Georgian traditions and taste.

First photo shows the dagger made by Elizarashvilis





Print
Other Stories
Five Things About Kartuli That’ll Make You Say “Vaime!”
Home to a history that spans millennia and one of the world’s most diverse (and delicious!) cuisines, Georgia’s got a lot to brag about.
Four seasons are not enough! - Well known campaign takes new turn
The online campaign #spendyoursummeringeorgia was extended to four seasons. And it will keep growing, as Keta Goletiani, one of the founders explains.
On the stairways to heaven
It is not very easy to access the Katskhi pillar in the western Imereti region. But it’s worth your time as “CNN travel” states after they hit the road.
Beshumi to Ushguli: Four days in paradise
Georgian Photographer Giorgi Shermazanashvili made a trip from Beshumi to Ushguli. His pictures capture the great beauty of Georgia's west.
First snow arrives in Kazbegi (Watch video)
It is end of August and the first snow has already arrived in Kazbegi.
Easy summer destinations for Tbilisi travellers
Summer is the busiest period in terms of tourism. Here are 4 places a foreign visitor should see in Georgia, Tbilisi to experience city’s modern and traditional mix.
Sakartvelo TOP-1 – Why is Georgia number 1 for the Belarusian photographer?
Georgia among Georgians is called Sakartvelo. This is the name how the Belarusian tourist calls this country.
American diplomat about Georgia: “Every single city has left me wanting more”
Kristen Crocker, American Diplomat has recently visited Georgia.
Forbes: “Georgia (The Country) Is On Everyone’s Mind”
Forbes, an American business magazine, has recently published an article about Georgia.
Amazon Jungle in Georgia - Kolkheti National Park
Kolkheti National Park is located in the western part of Georgia and intends to protect the wetland nature of Kolkheti.
Abudelauri Colorful Lakes – Magical Place to See In Georgia
A Magical, mysterious place, home of the Khevsuretian Gods, with a view of spectacular Chiukhi Mountain,
Koruldi Lakes in Svaneti – Heaven On Earth
Koruldi Lakes is one of the most magical places in Georgia.
Svaneti – the most untouched place by the outside world
French photographer Julien Pebrel traveled to Georgia last summer.
5 must-see lesser-known places in Kakheti
Kakheti is located in the eastern part of Georgia.
Euronews: "Batumi as a center of youth culture"
Euronews has recently published an article about Batumi, a seaside town in Georgia.
Russian tourist in Batumi explains why Russians should not come to Georgia
It has been more than a week since demonstrations have started in Tbilisi and are held daily.
How "Spend Your Summer in Georgia" campaign started?
The group includes around 207 000 members of Facebook and it has been only couple of days since the campaign was launched.
Why Georgia? – Photographer Eddy Li speaks about his experience
As the number of tourists coming to Georgia rises, so does the number of international photographers.
Visit Gudamakari surrounded by the Greater Caucasus Mountains
Gudamakari is a historical area in northeastern Georgia surrounded by Mtiuleti, Khevi, Khevsureti and Pshavi (slopes of the Greater Caucasus Mountains).
Georgia among Eid Al Fitr destinations
Where to mark Eid Al Firt? This is the question many of the residents of the Arabian countries will ask themselves as soon as Ramadan is over.
Visit Turtle Lake via the renovated cable car
If you are in Tbilisi and looking for a quiet place surrounded by the greenery, Georgian Journal will show you a perfect option.
5 places to visit for entertainment in Tbilisi
Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia offers a lot of options to those visitors who love to go out, have fun and enjoy the active part of the city.
4 reasons why Georgia should be your next destination by Ftnnews
Ftnnews, a website about traveling has recently published an article about why Georgia should be travelers’ next destination.
Georgia and Ukraine have nothing in common when it comes to traveling
Kyiv Post has recently devoted an article to Georgia.
Former Swiss Ambassador to Georgia Lukas Beglinger settles down in Ujarma
Lukas Beglinger, a former ambassador of Switzerland to Georgia has left the homeland to live in Georgia.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
11.11.2019
12.11.2019
USD
1
USD
2.9613
2.9633
EUR
1
EUR
3.2687
3.2697
GBP
1
GBP
3.7943
3.7957
RUB
100
RUB
4.6386
4.6355