Firearms that used to belong to the Georgian kings
14 July, 2018
Firearms that used to belong to the Georgian kings
Appearance of firearms in military equipment was a milestone and has changed the course of history. Since then, the quality and type of firearms has been improving, but original guns are still an issue of interest. Their mechanism is very simple – a firearm of previous period consists of a trigger, muzzle, stock and a hammer. But they also were decorated with gold and silver, or even with valuable stones.

Georgia was an important center of weaponry. Firearms produced in Georgia
were high quality and was popular among neighbors. Today, we explore firearms of Georgian kings that are kept in Simon Janashia Museum of Georgia. There are approximately 4000 entities of weapons and more than 1000 of them are firearms. Weapons that used to belong to the kings are the most impressive.

Firearms belonged to Georgian kings – Bakar, Archil, Erekle II, Solomon I, Solomon II and Giorgi XII.

King Bakar was born on April 7 1700, in Moscow. He was a General-Lieutenant of the Russian army and ruled Kartli (Central part of Georgia) between 1716 and 1719. Bakar participated in rehabilitation of Georgian printing house in Moscow. In 1743 the Bible was printed. Now it is known under the name The Bible of Bakar.

Firearm of Bakar is 178 centimeters long, the length of muzzle is 141 centimeters. The gun is decorated with gold. The stock ends with ivory and is decorated with silver.
geotv.ge
King Bakar's weapon

geotv.ge
King Archil spent last years of his life in Moscow

King Archil lived between 1647 and 1713. He ruled in Georgia in different years, but eventually migrated to Russia in 1698. According to the scientists, his firearm as well as others of same type were made in the Ottoman Empire and dates back to 16th and 17th centuries. At the time, it was common thing to import weapons produced in other places. Besides, weaponry in the Ottoman Empire was very developed.
geotv.ge
King Archil's gun

geotv.ge
King Erekle II used to wear Persian hat

Erekle II was born on November 7 1720 and passed away on January 11 1798 in the same room where he was born. Erekle reigned from 1744 to 1798. The muzzle of his gun is European, other parts are Georgian. The gun is assembled in Georgia. Its length is 134 centimeters, the length of the muzzle is 101 centimeters. With this gun Erekle won an important battle in July 1752.
geotv.ge
First gun of King Erekle II

The second firearm of Erekle II looks similar to the first one, it is 135 centimeters long and the length of the muzzle is 103 centimeters.
geotv.ge
Second gun of King Erekle II

King Solomon I reigned in western part of Georgia, Imereti from 1752 to 1784. He did not have a heir, so he decided to negotiate with King Erekle II. He offered him to send in Imereti his grandson – David. Erekle accepted the offer and David reigned under the name of Solomon II.
geotv.ge
King Solomon I of Imereti

The length of Solomon’s gun is 133 centimeters, the length of the muzzle is 105 centimeters. The gun is decorated with silver and different ornaments.
geotv.ge
King Solomon's gun

King Solomon II ruled Imereti in 1789-1810. Because of his merit towards the country, Georgian Church declared him as Saint. Like others, this one is decorated with silver as well.
geotv.ge
King Solomon II of Imereti

geotv.ge
Gun of the King Solomon II

King Giorgi XII was born in 1764. He was son of Erekle II. He reigned only for 2 years, from 1798 to 1800. In 1801 Russian Empire has abolished Georgian kingdom and the country was merged to Russia. His gun is 148 centimeters long, the length of the muzzle is 115 centimeters. It is decorated with gold and different ornaments.
geotv.ge
Giorgi XII was the last king of Georgia

It is worth mentioning that on every firearm kings used to put an inscription. It says to whom the gun belonged and who was the master.
geotv.ge
Gun of Giorgi XII

To sum up, we have offered you short information about weapon of the Georgian kings. In next article we will explore other Georgian weapons, like cannons and pistols.

On the first photo: Kings Erekle II, Solomon I, Solomon II

Source and photo courtesy (gun photos) - mod.gov.ge

Related stories:




Print
Other Stories
Places to chill out in Tbilisi
Tbilisi is not a huge city, but there are lots of places to chill out there. But which one to choose?
10 things to do in Tbilisi - recommendations from a blogger
www.lifeinexcess.com published an article about Georgia. The webpage belongs to a traveller and “a lifestyle blogger” kirsty.
Culinary Tourism – Discover the Imeretian Cuisine
It is not surprising that one of Georgia’s biggest attractions is its cuisine. Colourful Georgian dishes prepared with rich, aromatic spices and herbs attract all food lovers.
Discover Samegrelo – beautiful part of Georgia in the country’s west
Samegrelo is in the western part of Georgia. Its unique nature, cuisine and language must be experienced whilst visiting Georgia.
Discover must see places in Kakheti
Kakheti is located in the eastern part of Georgia. There are a variety of places for visitors to go in Kakheti:
Discover protected areas and national parks in Georgia - Part 4
Georgia will surprise visitors by the variety of its landscapes and nature. This small country has everything for all kinds of visitors.
Shaitan Bazaar and cuisine in old Tbilisi
Georgian cuisine has always been a part of the Georgian identity. It has been influenced by both Europe and Asia.
Discover protected areas and national parks in Georgia- Part 3
There are numerous places to rest, organize picnic or have adventures in Georgia. Here are some of the venues to check out:
Alternative tourism in Georgia
Alternative tourism is the opposite of mass organized tourism. Georgia is a perfect destination for the alternative tourism
Discover protected areas and national parks in Georgia- Part 2
Georgia preserves unique nature and here are some of its examples:
The Washington Post writes about a Georgian dish - Ajapsandali
Georgian cuisine is becoming more and more popular in other countries, be it in neighbouring ones or further afield.
Explore festivals and holidays in Georgia - Part 2
To truly experience Georgian culture and its many traditions, you must attend a few of the festivals held both in the capital and throughout the country.
Discover protected areas and national parks in Georgia- Part 1
Georgia is a small country with a variety of flora. There are twenty protected areas and national parks in Georgia.
Discover places in the vicinity of Tbilisi
Tbilisi is surrounded by interesting and attractive places to visit.
Explore festivals and holidays in Georgia - Part 1
Lots of tourists are attracted by Georgian nature and cuisine. However, to truly experience Georgian culture and its many traditions, you must attend a few of the festivals held both in the capital and throughout the country.
Discover Batumi
Batumi is the second-largest city of Georgia, located on the coast of the Black Sea in the country'ssouthwest.
Discover Samtskhe-Javakheti
The administrative centre of Samtskhe-Javakheti (Georgia’s southwestern region) is Akhaltsikhe.
Summer Dream in Beshumi
“If you drink local milk for 25 days, even if you are a blind, you will see the stars in the sky at midday”.
Swords discovered at Lado Gudiashvili Square in Tbilisi
The renovation of Lado Gudiashvili Square (in the old part of Tbilisi) is presently in progress. The process is under archeological monitoring.
The oldest citizen of Tbilisi tells how people lived decades ago
Tbilisi has always been a city with a specific culture and life style. Today this is not as evident as it was at the beginning of the 20th century.
Fresh snow in Kazbegi in mid-August
Ever wondered whether does it snows in the Georgian mountains in summer or not?
Discover Kutaisi
Kutaisi is one of the most interesting and beautiful cities in Georgia.
Discover Borjomi
Borjomi is a district of Georgia, in the region of Samtskhe-Javakheti. Borjomi is one of the most popular resorts, famous for its mineral waters, health, unique nature and abundance of historical monuments.
Bakuriani – a place to visit in summer and in winter
What Georgia can really boast about is its mountains – literally in every part of the country there are mountains, some covered with snow throughout the year.
Discover amazing Tusheti
Tusheti is a mountainous region in the northeastern part of Georgia. It is one of the most popular hiking venues in Georgia. The Locals are generally sheep and cattle herders.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
Exchange Rates
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
20.09.2018
21.09.2018
USD
1
USD
2.6179
2.6193
EUR
1
EUR
3.0606
3.0693
GBP
1
GBP
3.4517
3.4651
RUB
100
RUB
3.9087
3.9538