Firearms that used to belong to the Georgian kings
14 July, 2018
Firearms that used to belong to the Georgian kings
Appearance of firearms in military equipment was a milestone and has changed the course of history. Since then, the quality and type of firearms has been improving, but original guns are still an issue of interest. Their mechanism is very simple – a firearm of previous period consists of a trigger, muzzle, stock and a hammer. But they also were decorated with gold and silver, or even with valuable stones.

Georgia was an important center of weaponry. Firearms produced in Georgia
were high quality and was popular among neighbors. Today, we explore firearms of Georgian kings that are kept in Simon Janashia Museum of Georgia. There are approximately 4000 entities of weapons and more than 1000 of them are firearms. Weapons that used to belong to the kings are the most impressive.

Firearms belonged to Georgian kings – Bakar, Archil, Erekle II, Solomon I, Solomon II and Giorgi XII.

King Bakar was born on April 7 1700, in Moscow. He was a General-Lieutenant of the Russian army and ruled Kartli (Central part of Georgia) between 1716 and 1719. Bakar participated in rehabilitation of Georgian printing house in Moscow. In 1743 the Bible was printed. Now it is known under the name The Bible of Bakar.

Firearm of Bakar is 178 centimeters long, the length of muzzle is 141 centimeters. The gun is decorated with gold. The stock ends with ivory and is decorated with silver.
geotv.ge
King Bakar's weapon

geotv.ge
King Archil spent last years of his life in Moscow

King Archil lived between 1647 and 1713. He ruled in Georgia in different years, but eventually migrated to Russia in 1698. According to the scientists, his firearm as well as others of same type were made in the Ottoman Empire and dates back to 16th and 17th centuries. At the time, it was common thing to import weapons produced in other places. Besides, weaponry in the Ottoman Empire was very developed.
geotv.ge
King Archil's gun

geotv.ge
King Erekle II used to wear Persian hat

Erekle II was born on November 7 1720 and passed away on January 11 1798 in the same room where he was born. Erekle reigned from 1744 to 1798. The muzzle of his gun is European, other parts are Georgian. The gun is assembled in Georgia. Its length is 134 centimeters, the length of the muzzle is 101 centimeters. With this gun Erekle won an important battle in July 1752.
geotv.ge
First gun of King Erekle II

The second firearm of Erekle II looks similar to the first one, it is 135 centimeters long and the length of the muzzle is 103 centimeters.
geotv.ge
Second gun of King Erekle II

King Solomon I reigned in western part of Georgia, Imereti from 1752 to 1784. He did not have a heir, so he decided to negotiate with King Erekle II. He offered him to send in Imereti his grandson – David. Erekle accepted the offer and David reigned under the name of Solomon II.
geotv.ge
King Solomon I of Imereti

The length of Solomon’s gun is 133 centimeters, the length of the muzzle is 105 centimeters. The gun is decorated with silver and different ornaments.
geotv.ge
King Solomon's gun

King Solomon II ruled Imereti in 1789-1810. Because of his merit towards the country, Georgian Church declared him as Saint. Like others, this one is decorated with silver as well.
geotv.ge
King Solomon II of Imereti

geotv.ge
Gun of the King Solomon II

King Giorgi XII was born in 1764. He was son of Erekle II. He reigned only for 2 years, from 1798 to 1800. In 1801 Russian Empire has abolished Georgian kingdom and the country was merged to Russia. His gun is 148 centimeters long, the length of the muzzle is 115 centimeters. It is decorated with gold and different ornaments.
geotv.ge
Giorgi XII was the last king of Georgia

It is worth mentioning that on every firearm kings used to put an inscription. It says to whom the gun belonged and who was the master.
geotv.ge
Gun of Giorgi XII

To sum up, we have offered you short information about weapon of the Georgian kings. In next article we will explore other Georgian weapons, like cannons and pistols.

On the first photo: Kings Erekle II, Solomon I, Solomon II

Source and photo courtesy (gun photos) - mod.gov.ge

Related stories:




Print
Other Stories
Breathtaking Pictures of Snowy Spring in Georgia
On March 17 Georgia was surprized with snow and the social media was full of breathtaking photos of snowy Georgia taken by Georgian photographers
The History of Georgian Firearms Development
In the 9th century, a dent was invented in China that was originally used for fireworks during religious ceremonies. Its use in military affairs began relatively late in the 11th century
Estonian Traveler  About Georgia
Anna Linn is a traveler from Estonia who has recently visited Georgia and shared her experiences with us.
How to Make Women Happy on March 8th - The Biltmore Hotel Tbilisi's Best Offer
Women's Day is celebrated around the world but for some reason, it is mostly loved in Georgia
Tbilisi in The List of The Best Cities For Female Solo Travelers
Tourlane, the leading planning and booking service for expert-made dream vacations, has revealed the top cities for female solo travelers
10 Magnificent Churches of Georgia
"John Graham Tours" Publishes the list of 10 magnificent churches of Georgia, specifically of Shida Kartli
Georgia in the list of Hollywood's busiest location sectors
The Hollywood Reporter publishes the list of the busiest location sectors of 2020 and Georgia is number one in the list
Why Georgia is the Most Underrated Skiing Destination
CNN publishes an article writing about why Georgia is the most underrated skiing destination
Tbilisi Takes Third Place in The Category of Cost-Effectivness-FDI
Famous British edition FDI Intelligence which provides up to date reviews of investment and economic development in different European cities and regions has published a ranking of 2020/21
CNN Offers 10 Of The Most Dreamiest Places in Georgia
Without a doubt, CNN's famous travel series will give you the most truthful advice on which you can count on
Radisson Collection Tsinandali Complex Among the 45 Best Hotels
The hotel located in the village Tsinandali was named among the 45 best hotels in Paris
Letter From Thailand To Georgians
“Coming to Georgia wasn’t an accident”
"There was a "ME" before Georgia and another one after."-Foreigners about Georgia
"We've never seen people describing their country with as much passion and excitement as you two are doing it. What a great thing to do!"
British edition about Kvareli's football pitch
The British edition, The Sun Dream Team, published a photo of the pitch located in Kvareli
Tbilisi winning Rynair's Instagram voting as the best 2020 destination
"We just crowned Tbilisi as Ryanair’s 2020 destination face-off winner in our Stories"
The Real History of Tbilisi
Little do people know about the real history of Georgia's capital city Tbilisi.
"Georgians will extend their arm for a friendly handshake"-Ryanair
The Irish budget airline Ryanair publishes an article about the capital city of Georgia, Tbilisi. The title says it all- "The Enchanting City of Tbilisi."
The Transcaucasian Trail in Georgia
The Transcaucasian Trail- a world-class, long-distance hiking trail, more than 3,000km in length following the Greater and Lesser Caucasus Mountains and connecting roughly two dozen national parks and protected areas in the region.
"Home for the homeless"-BBC about Tskaltubo sanatoriums
BBC publishes a documentary about Tskaltubo's sanatoriums located in the West part of Georgia.
Georgia reaches a record number of visitors
In January 2020, a record number of international travelers visited Georgia.
Abastumani resort brought to life
The observatory renovations are completed in Abastumani resort, the Ministry of Regional Development and Infrastructure reports.
Georgia sets a new record by exporting of 94 million bottles of wine
Georgia has exported around 94 million bottles (0.75 L) of wine in 53 countries in 2019, which is by 9% more compared to 2018.
Georgia in winter – a new holiday experience
Spring, summer and autumn, these are the main tourist seasons in Georgia. But have you ever thought about visiting in winter and hit the ski slope?
Sakartvelo TOP-1 – Why is Georgia number 1 for the Belarusian photographer?
Georgia among Georgians is called Sakartvelo. This is the name how the Belarusian tourist calls this country.
“Georgian people welcome a guest as an angel” – personal experience of resigned US soldier in Georgia
Georgia has become an inspiration for many people, from politicians to writers and singers. The latest, for who Georgia has tuned into country of new discoveries is a former US soldier... This is what he tells Georgian Journal.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
30.03.2020
31.03.2020
USD
1
USD
3.2896
3.2845
EUR
1
EUR
3.6232
3.6363
GBP
1
GBP
4.0330
4.0725
RUB
100
RUB
4.2168
4.1226