Monastery of the Cross in Jerusalem
18 September, 2018
Monastery of the Cross in Jerusalem
In ancient times religious centers were utilized for the cultural and educational purposes of the country. There are a number of churches and monasteries built in medieval, earlier or later ages outside Georgia by Georgians.

Georgian scholars and monks used to copy and translate manuscripts and provide religious services at monasteries. Among the many Georgian churches abroad, the Jvari Monastery (The Monastery of the Cross) in Jerusalem is one of the most distinguished and significant ones for Georgians and Orthodox Christians.

The Monastery of the Cross is located in one of the most prestigious neighbourhoods in Jerusalem Malha. The history of the monastery goes back to the time of King Mirian III of Iberia (4th century). After Georgia converted to Christianity, the King visited Constantine the Great, purchased and built a shrine.

Later in the 5th century, Vakhtang I of Iberia expanded and decorated the religious center. The king left 600 Georgians to guard the monastery. The monastery prospered in the 11th century with the help of the Tao-Klarjetian monk Giorgi Prokhore, Bagrat IV of Georgia, his mother Mary and a Georgian scholar Euthymius the Athonite. The monastery was turned into a major educational and religious centre for Georgians and was also a reliable shelter for pilgrims.
geotv.ge
The inner part of the Jvari Monastery in Jerusalem

At the end of the 12th century, Muslim governors imposed tributes on the monastery and for a period of time, it served as a mosque. Owing to David VIII of Georgia’s diplomatic negotiations with an Egyptian Sultan, Georgians regained their rights over the monastery.
geotv.ge
The fresco of Shota Rustaveli

Ultimately, it was sold to the Greeks in the 17th century due to heavy debts. At present, it is occupied by monks of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem.
The church also preserves the only portrait (fresco) of the medieval Georgian poet Shota Rustaveli as well as various Georgian manuscripts.

Photo courtesy: www.saunje.ge

Related stories:

Georgian Jvari Monastery among 15 Amazing UNESCO sites that must be seen

Georgia’s medieval Gelati Monastery being rehabilitated

Unknown medieval monastery ruins discovered in Georgia

A Georgian monastery that used to be the country’s chief missionary center


Print
Other Stories
“Together for Better Environment” - EU and MEPA Mark World Environment Day
On June 5, 2020, the EU marks World Environment Day within the framework of the Green Week information campaign, held in cooperation with the Ministry of Environment Protection and Agriculture of Georgia, the EU Delegation to Georgia states.
"Qvevri" Shaped Hotel Complex in Georgia Soon
Today the Prime Minister of Georgia, Giorgi Gakharia, inspected the construction of the hotel "Qvevri" in Telavi, which is implemented with the support of the state program- Host in Georgia.
Georgians buy abandoned houses amid coronavirus pandemic
Lekso Charkviani is a founder of a social campaign called “The Lost Eden”. The idea behind the campaign is to search, find, and help the owners sell their houses in any place in Georgia.
Breathtaking Pictures of Snowy Spring in Georgia
On March 17 Georgia was surprized with snow and the social media was full of breathtaking photos of snowy Georgia taken by Georgian photographers
The History of Georgian Firearms Development
In the 9th century, a dent was invented in China that was originally used for fireworks during religious ceremonies. Its use in military affairs began relatively late in the 11th century
Estonian Traveler  About Georgia
Anna Linn is a traveler from Estonia who has recently visited Georgia and shared her experiences with us.
How to Make Women Happy on March 8th - The Biltmore Hotel Tbilisi's Best Offer
Women's Day is celebrated around the world but for some reason, it is mostly loved in Georgia
Tbilisi in The List of The Best Cities For Female Solo Travelers
Tourlane, the leading planning and booking service for expert-made dream vacations, has revealed the top cities for female solo travelers
10 Magnificent Churches of Georgia
"John Graham Tours" Publishes the list of 10 magnificent churches of Georgia, specifically of Shida Kartli
Georgia in the list of Hollywood's busiest location sectors
The Hollywood Reporter publishes the list of the busiest location sectors of 2020 and Georgia is number one in the list
Why Georgia is the Most Underrated Skiing Destination
CNN publishes an article writing about why Georgia is the most underrated skiing destination
Tbilisi Takes Third Place in The Category of Cost-Effectivness-FDI
Famous British edition FDI Intelligence which provides up to date reviews of investment and economic development in different European cities and regions has published a ranking of 2020/21
CNN Offers 10 Of The Most Dreamiest Places in Georgia
Without a doubt, CNN's famous travel series will give you the most truthful advice on which you can count on
Radisson Collection Tsinandali Complex Among the 45 Best Hotels
The hotel located in the village Tsinandali was named among the 45 best hotels in Paris
Letter From Thailand To Georgians
“Coming to Georgia wasn’t an accident”
"There was a "ME" before Georgia and another one after."-Foreigners about Georgia
"We've never seen people describing their country with as much passion and excitement as you two are doing it. What a great thing to do!"
British edition about Kvareli's football pitch
The British edition, The Sun Dream Team, published a photo of the pitch located in Kvareli
Tbilisi winning Rynair's Instagram voting as the best 2020 destination
"We just crowned Tbilisi as Ryanair’s 2020 destination face-off winner in our Stories"
The Real History of Tbilisi
Little do people know about the real history of Georgia's capital city Tbilisi.
"Georgians will extend their arm for a friendly handshake"-Ryanair
The Irish budget airline Ryanair publishes an article about the capital city of Georgia, Tbilisi. The title says it all- "The Enchanting City of Tbilisi."
The Transcaucasian Trail in Georgia
The Transcaucasian Trail- a world-class, long-distance hiking trail, more than 3,000km in length following the Greater and Lesser Caucasus Mountains and connecting roughly two dozen national parks and protected areas in the region.
"Home for the homeless"-BBC about Tskaltubo sanatoriums
BBC publishes a documentary about Tskaltubo's sanatoriums located in the West part of Georgia.
Georgia reaches a record number of visitors
In January 2020, a record number of international travelers visited Georgia.
Abastumani resort brought to life
The observatory renovations are completed in Abastumani resort, the Ministry of Regional Development and Infrastructure reports.
Georgia sets a new record by exporting of 94 million bottles of wine
Georgia has exported around 94 million bottles (0.75 L) of wine in 53 countries in 2019, which is by 9% more compared to 2018.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
30.06.2020
01.07.2020
USD
1
USD
3.0552
3.0568
EUR
1
EUR
3.4466
3.4282
GBP
1
GBP
3.7671
3.7541
RUB
100
RUB
4.3705
4.3126