Monastery of the Cross in Jerusalem
18 September, 2018
Monastery of the Cross in Jerusalem
In ancient times religious centers were utilized for the cultural and educational purposes of the country. There are a number of churches and monasteries built in medieval, earlier or later ages outside Georgia by Georgians.

Georgian scholars and monks used to copy and translate manuscripts and provide religious services at monasteries. Among the many Georgian churches abroad, the Jvari Monastery (The Monastery of the Cross) in Jerusalem is one of the most distinguished and significant ones for Georgians and Orthodox Christians.

The Monastery of the Cross is located in one of the most prestigious neighbourhoods in Jerusalem Malha. The history of the monastery goes back to the time of King Mirian III of Iberia (4th century). After Georgia converted to Christianity, the King visited Constantine the Great, purchased and built a shrine.

Later in the 5th century, Vakhtang I of Iberia expanded and decorated the religious center. The king left 600 Georgians to guard the monastery. The monastery prospered in the 11th century with the help of the Tao-Klarjetian monk Giorgi Prokhore, Bagrat IV of Georgia, his mother Mary and a Georgian scholar Euthymius the Athonite. The monastery was turned into a major educational and religious centre for Georgians and was also a reliable shelter for pilgrims.
geotv.ge
The inner part of the Jvari Monastery in Jerusalem

At the end of the 12th century, Muslim governors imposed tributes on the monastery and for a period of time, it served as a mosque. Owing to David VIII of Georgia’s diplomatic negotiations with an Egyptian Sultan, Georgians regained their rights over the monastery.
geotv.ge
The fresco of Shota Rustaveli

Ultimately, it was sold to the Greeks in the 17th century due to heavy debts. At present, it is occupied by monks of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem.
The church also preserves the only portrait (fresco) of the medieval Georgian poet Shota Rustaveli as well as various Georgian manuscripts.

Photo courtesy: www.saunje.ge

Related stories:

Georgian Jvari Monastery among 15 Amazing UNESCO sites that must be seen

Georgia’s medieval Gelati Monastery being rehabilitated

Unknown medieval monastery ruins discovered in Georgia

A Georgian monastery that used to be the country’s chief missionary center


Print
Other Stories
Why Georgia? – Photographer Eddy Li speaks about his experience
As the number of tourists coming to Georgia rises, so does the number of international photographers.
Visit Gudamakari surrounded by the Greater Caucasus Mountains
Gudamakari is a historical area in northeastern Georgia surrounded by Mtiuleti, Khevi, Khevsureti and Pshavi (slopes of the Greater Caucasus Mountains).
Georgia among Eid Al Fitr destinations
Where to mark Eid Al Firt? This is the question many of the residents of the Arabian countries will ask themselves as soon as Ramadan is over.
Visit Turtle Lake via the renovated cable car
If you are in Tbilisi and looking for a quiet place surrounded by the greenery, Georgian Journal will show you a perfect option.
5 places to visit for entertainment in Tbilisi
Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia offers a lot of options to those visitors who love to go out, have fun and enjoy the active part of the city.
4 reasons why Georgia should be your next destination by Ftnnews
Ftnnews, a website about traveling has recently published an article about why Georgia should be travelers’ next destination.
Georgia and Ukraine have nothing in common when it comes to traveling
Kyiv Post has recently devoted an article to Georgia.
Former Swiss Ambassador to Georgia Lukas Beglinger settles down in Ujarma
Lukas Beglinger, a former ambassador of Switzerland to Georgia has left the homeland to live in Georgia.
The New York Times about Lelo Burti, Georgian folk game
The New York Times has recently dedicated an article to the Georgian folk game Lelo Burti.
Matador Network: Why you need to see Tbilisi before everybody else
Matador Network published an article “Why you need to see Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, before everybody else” two days ago.
Tbilisi’s Architectural Revival
Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia is distinguished by a number of features making the city a unique combination of a modern and old.
History of ancient trade centers in Tbilisi
Bazaar has always played an important role in the life of Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia.
Batumi’s sky turned pink on Saturday
The sky of Georgia’s beautiful seaside town, Batumi turned pink two days ago.
Bakhmaro – Unique resort with healing properties
Bakhmaro located in Guria (western Georgia) is one of the healthiest resorts of the country.
How Georgia celebrates Easter
Easter is the most significant day for the Christian world.
Get to know Georgian Inventor Students travelling to NASA Space Center
Sophio Chikhladze (Guivy Zaldastanishvili American Academy), Mariam Gamrekelashvili, Giorgi Rigishvili, Aleksandre Kajaia (School AIA-GESS) and Iona Iobidze (Kutaisi School Progress)
Georgian village, where nearly everybody could sing
It became necessary to construct a new building for a hotel
One Night Trip to Breathtaking Kazbegi
Georgian photographer Giorgi Shermazanashvili has recently visited Kazbegi
Atlas Obscura about the Foundation of Tbilisi and Sulfur Baths
Atlas Obscure has recently devoted an article to the sulfur baths in Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia.
5 facts about Georgian wine
Georgia claims to be the cradle of wine.
A road from Mestia to Chalaadi Glacier
"Are these mountains real?" this question was asked by a tourist from Dubai visiting Svaneti.
Explore Tbilisi during Spring Nights
Tbilisi is the capital of Georgia founded in the 5th century.
Laboratory of Eshera – Secret Facility in Abkhazia That Remains a Mystery till Today
The truth about a cave located in Abkhazia and, presumably, housing Russian military base and a secret seismological laboratory, remains largely unknown to the public.
Celebrate warm spring days in Georgia
Spring has come and the nature of Georgia is becoming greener and greener every day.
The loggerhead sea turtle, found in Black Sea, remains in Georgia for rehabilitation
The loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) was found off Black Sea coast in Poti
PHOTO OF THE DAY
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
18.06.2019
19.06.2019
USD
1
USD
2.7559
2.7664
EUR
1
EUR
3.0907
3.0995
GBP
1
GBP
3.4702
3.4682
RUB
100
RUB
4.2851
4.3046