Georgia - a holiday destination in the South Caucasus: Part 1
11 October, 2018
Georgia - a holiday destination in the South Caucasus: Part 1
Germany's public international broadcaster Deutsche Welle reviews the culture and history of Georgia. The fascinating country with an incredible mix of peoples, traditions and cultures still remain unknown to most of the world. It is a combination of European and Asian cultures. Georgia, one of the oldest settlements of mankind has been conquered and affected various peoples and cultures. This multicultural, multi-ethnic and multi-religious country of around 3.7 million people has numerous things to amaze the world.
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Metekhi church and Vakhtang
Gorgasali monument

Tbilisi – a multicultural city

The capital of Georgia was founded in the 5th century. It has been conquered by Roman, Arab, Turkish, Persian, Mongolian and other conquerors. Russia invaded Georgia in 1799 and remained there until the end of the Soviet era. All the different cultures have left their tinges on the development of the city. Now Tbilisi boasts about its old, traditional and modern, newly developed architectural centres. Old Tbilisi is replete with historical, cultural and religious centres with the typical balconies and carvings on the house. While modern Tbilisi has a variety of extraordinary buildings.
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Narikala fortress

Tbilisi sights

The fortress Narikala is a must-see place in old Tbilisi. It was built in the third century. Due to invasions, the castle was destroyed and rebuilt several times. The fortress is located on an uphill and looks over the city. Before going up Narikala, visitors should observe the Metekhi Virgin Mary Church and the monument of the king Vakhtang Gorgasali, the founder of Tbilisi, on the steep bank of the Mtkvari River (Kura). Georgians have a 7000-year history of bathing culture. Bathhouses of thermal springs located in the old district of Tbilisi are still in use.
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Georgian wine

Georgia – a cradle of wine

According to archaeological finds, Georgia counts more than a 7000-year-old history of wine cultivation under its belt. Georgia abounds with the varieties of wine species. Georgian method of winemaking is recognized as an intangible cultural heritage of UNESCO. Georgians have been making wine through Qvevris. Georgian Qvevris, large earthenware vessels, are used for the fermentation, storage and ageing of traditional Georgian wine.
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Soviet building near Kazbegi mountain

70-year Soviet rule

Georgia was part of the Soviet Union for 70 years - until 9 April 1991, when the people voted for independence in a referendum. There are various buildings, factories and monuments reflecting the Soviet history of the country. Georgia is still striving to end the Russian control over the country. Abkhazia and Tskhinvali regions are occupied by Russia. Hundreds of thousands of people are internally displaced and there are kidnappings of Georgians by Russian armed forces on the occupational line almost every day.

Source: www.dw.com

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