What connects the Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamun and the first Europeans Mzia and Zezva?
10 November, 2018
What connects the Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamun and the first Europeans Mzia and Zezva?
What connects the Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamun with the first Europeans Mzia and Zezva? – One Georgian scientist Kakhaber Chighladze has the answer and he publishes it on his social page. This is the newest scientific discovery.

The first Europeans from Dmanisi – Mzia and Zezva

According to genetic analysis Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamun and the first Europeans, including Mzia and Zezva that were found in Dmanisi, come from the same region – Caucasus, says the Georgian scientist.

“What connects Pharaoh Tutankhamun and
Mzia and Zezva? Let’s start with Dmanisi, region that introduced Georgia to the world” – says Kakhaber Chighladze. “Dmanisi has rich historic past. Lots of archaeological, as well as architectural artifacts are found in the region”.

The most interesting part of the region is site of former city Dmanisi, where rich archaeological artifacts and layers of late bronze and early Neolithic age, as well as layers antique and medieval ages were found. Dmanisi was one of the strongest cities in the medieval ages. It was located on the crossroads of the trading corridors. The main trading caravans from the east, the western Europe and the middle east used to concentrate here.
Site of the former city Dmanisi. Photo courtesy: radiotavisupleba.ge

The site of the former city is unique also because there were unearthed bones of different animals and humans. Animals include a rhino, an elephant, a giraffe, a gigantic ostrich and a tiger. Five human skulls, four lower jaws and around 60 other human parts were discovered there.
The Mask of Tutankhamun. Photo courtesy: thegreatcoursesdaily.com

Read more: A traveler advises to visit Kakheti for the Georgian wine tasting

Scientists have confirmed that Mzia and Zezva, Dmanisian humans belong to the group of homo erectus sub group - homo ergasters. They date back to 1.8-1.7 million years. So the oldest human in the world and outside Africa was found in Dmanisi, Georgia.

“First Europeans were given the Georgian names – Mzia and Zezva” – says Kakhaber Chighladze. “It is already admitted in the world, that the first Euro-Asian comes from Dmanisi”.
Site of the former city Dmanisi. Photo courtesy: ja.wikipedia.org

What connects the Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamun with the first Europeans Mzia and Zezva?

Tutankhamun is among the most famous Egyptian pharaohs. His mummy was found in 1922 by an archaeologist Howard Carter. The grave of Tutankhamun was full of treasure. It has been 70 years since Egyptologists dispute about story the young king who became ruler at the age of 9 and died at the age of 19. Who were his parents? Where they murdered? Still no answers…

Read more: The Daily Telegraph writes about Georgia

Today some new information was unveiled. Sample of DNM of pharaoh Tutankhamun was compared to DNM samples of other 15 mummies. Only 10 of them are identified. Tutankhamun’s father was Akhenaten, grandfather was Amenhotep III, grandmother was Tiya.
The burial Mask of Tutankhamun. Photo courtesy: thegreatcoursesdaily.com

But who was Tutankhamun’s mother? In the other grave of pharaohs there is one mummy with famous code - KV35YL. We also know that Tutankhamun’s mother was sister of Tutankhamun’s father as well.

It was common in the Egyptian pharaohs to marry their siblings. Scientists are not yet sure which of the Akhenaten’s wives was Tutankhamun’s mother: the first wife Nefertiti, beautiful Egyptian queen or another one – Tiya. But scientists are sure that Tutankhamun was not murdered and a hole in his mummy’s skull should be made by doctors who made mummification of the pharaoh’s body.
Busts of Mzia and Zezva in Dmanisi museum. Photo courtesy: alltravel.ge

According to Professor Roman Scholz, genes of pharaoh Tutankhamun belong to group of genes called haplogroup R1b1a2. 50% of the Europeans have the same genes, which means that Tutankhamun and Europeans have the same ancestors.

Professor Roman Scholz thinks that ancestors of Egyptians and Europeans lived in Caucasus about 9500 years ago and migration of peoples belonging to the haplogroup R1b1a2 was caused by developments in agriculture.

Nevertheless, Scientists still cannot explain how did ancestors of Tutankhamun migrated from Caucasus to Egypt.
Tomb of Tutankhamun. Photo courtesy: ilfattostorico.com
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