Georgian alcohol drinks: wine and Chacha
26 December, 2018
Georgian alcohol drinks: wine and Chacha
Georgian alcohol drinks are very popular throughout the world. Wine and spirit in Georgia are produced with traditional methods. Almost every family owns a vineyard and makes wine or Georgian traditional spirit Chacha.

Georgia is the country where the earliest evidence of grape wine-making was found. Telltale chemical signs of wine in the pottery jars, discovered in two Neolithic villages (called Gadachrili Gora and Shulaveris Gora about 50km (30 miles) south of Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia) dates back 5,980 BC.
Previously, the earliest evidence of grape wine-making had been found in the Zagros Mountains of Iran and dated to 5,400-5,000 BC.
kvevri
Wine-making traditions have been an inseparable part of Georgian identity. In the past wine cellars used to house large earthenware vessels called Qvevri or Kvevri used for the fermentation, storage, and aging of traditional Georgian wine. Some of the families and wine companies in Georgia still keep that tradition and produce wine in Kvevri.
3D kvevri
Young Georgians along with a ceramic specialist from the Netherlands work to create the vessels through 3D technology. This new technology will make the vessels in hours instead of months, followed by a week’s drying period and then a final 24-hour firing process. The newly created vessels will be made out of clay, like traditional ones. But they will be more durable than those produced in the traditional way.

Georgia boasts more than 500 varieties of indigenous grapes, some of them are not found anywhere in the world. They include Rkatsiteli, Kikhvi, Kisi, Tsitska, Saperavi, Ojaleshi, Aleksandrouli, Mujuretuli, Aladasturi, etc.
georgian_wine
Apart from traditional wine, Georgia produces Icewine. The idea of producing Icewine in Georgia was initiated by one of the German consultants working at Marani, the only producer company of the wine in Georgia. Observing climate conditions in Georgia, the consultant was certain that the production would succeed. Georgia is characterized by warm summers and cold winters that are ideal conditions for Icewine. Grapes are ripened in summer and frozen in winter. In order to make Icewine, Georgian winemakers do not harvest grapes until freezing weather sets in.
ice_wine
As for Chacha, Georgian pomace brandy - it is liquid distilled from pomace that is left over from winemaking after the grapes are pressed. Apart from professional distillers, Chacha is produced with a traditional technology in every family of Georgian villages. The pomace is kept in Kvevri in winter. Then in spring, the pomace is distilled in a silver container on fire.
chacha
In Georgian villages, Chacha was not used as a drink, but as a curative remedy. Apart from grape pomace, locals make chacha out of many other fruits, such as figs, pears, tangerines, peaches, etc. Chacha has recently been nominated among ten warming winter drinks by the Guardian.
chacha_distillation
Related stories:

The Calendar of Georgian Winegrowers

Georgia – ideal climate conditions for Icewine

What type of wine is the most common in Georgia

Georgian Chacha is among the world’s ten warming winter drinks

Print
Other Stories
Breathtaking Pictures of Snowy Spring in Georgia
On March 17 Georgia was surprized with snow and the social media was full of breathtaking photos of snowy Georgia taken by Georgian photographers
The History of Georgian Firearms Development
In the 9th century, a dent was invented in China that was originally used for fireworks during religious ceremonies. Its use in military affairs began relatively late in the 11th century
Estonian Traveler  About Georgia
Anna Linn is a traveler from Estonia who has recently visited Georgia and shared her experiences with us.
How to Make Women Happy on March 8th - The Biltmore Hotel Tbilisi's Best Offer
Women's Day is celebrated around the world but for some reason, it is mostly loved in Georgia
Tbilisi in The List of The Best Cities For Female Solo Travelers
Tourlane, the leading planning and booking service for expert-made dream vacations, has revealed the top cities for female solo travelers
10 Magnificent Churches of Georgia
"John Graham Tours" Publishes the list of 10 magnificent churches of Georgia, specifically of Shida Kartli
Georgia in the list of Hollywood's busiest location sectors
The Hollywood Reporter publishes the list of the busiest location sectors of 2020 and Georgia is number one in the list
Why Georgia is the Most Underrated Skiing Destination
CNN publishes an article writing about why Georgia is the most underrated skiing destination
Tbilisi Takes Third Place in The Category of Cost-Effectivness-FDI
Famous British edition FDI Intelligence which provides up to date reviews of investment and economic development in different European cities and regions has published a ranking of 2020/21
CNN Offers 10 Of The Most Dreamiest Places in Georgia
Without a doubt, CNN's famous travel series will give you the most truthful advice on which you can count on
Radisson Collection Tsinandali Complex Among the 45 Best Hotels
The hotel located in the village Tsinandali was named among the 45 best hotels in Paris
Letter From Thailand To Georgians
“Coming to Georgia wasn’t an accident”
"There was a "ME" before Georgia and another one after."-Foreigners about Georgia
"We've never seen people describing their country with as much passion and excitement as you two are doing it. What a great thing to do!"
British edition about Kvareli's football pitch
The British edition, The Sun Dream Team, published a photo of the pitch located in Kvareli
Tbilisi winning Rynair's Instagram voting as the best 2020 destination
"We just crowned Tbilisi as Ryanair’s 2020 destination face-off winner in our Stories"
The Real History of Tbilisi
Little do people know about the real history of Georgia's capital city Tbilisi.
"Georgians will extend their arm for a friendly handshake"-Ryanair
The Irish budget airline Ryanair publishes an article about the capital city of Georgia, Tbilisi. The title says it all- "The Enchanting City of Tbilisi."
The Transcaucasian Trail in Georgia
The Transcaucasian Trail- a world-class, long-distance hiking trail, more than 3,000km in length following the Greater and Lesser Caucasus Mountains and connecting roughly two dozen national parks and protected areas in the region.
"Home for the homeless"-BBC about Tskaltubo sanatoriums
BBC publishes a documentary about Tskaltubo's sanatoriums located in the West part of Georgia.
Georgia reaches a record number of visitors
In January 2020, a record number of international travelers visited Georgia.
Abastumani resort brought to life
The observatory renovations are completed in Abastumani resort, the Ministry of Regional Development and Infrastructure reports.
Georgia sets a new record by exporting of 94 million bottles of wine
Georgia has exported around 94 million bottles (0.75 L) of wine in 53 countries in 2019, which is by 9% more compared to 2018.
Georgia in winter – a new holiday experience
Spring, summer and autumn, these are the main tourist seasons in Georgia. But have you ever thought about visiting in winter and hit the ski slope?
Sakartvelo TOP-1 – Why is Georgia number 1 for the Belarusian photographer?
Georgia among Georgians is called Sakartvelo. This is the name how the Belarusian tourist calls this country.
“Georgian people welcome a guest as an angel” – personal experience of resigned US soldier in Georgia
Georgia has become an inspiration for many people, from politicians to writers and singers. The latest, for who Georgia has tuned into country of new discoveries is a former US soldier... This is what he tells Georgian Journal.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
01.04.2020
02.04.2020
USD
1
USD
3.2816
3.2413
EUR
1
EUR
3.5960
3.5460
GBP
1
GBP
4.0584
4.0127
RUB
100
RUB
4.2022
4.1164