ENTERTAINMENT
Georgia's Queen Tamar appears in a popular computer game
10 January, 2018
The 6th part of one of the most popular computer games in the world will feature nine additional characters and the legendary Georgian medieval monarch, Queen Tamar , will be one of them. For the first time since its creation Civilization VI: Rise and Fall will include the country of Georgia as one of the world’s ancient nations.

In the description of the new version you’ll find some facts about Queen Tamar who was reigning during the period that is 
regarded as the Golden Age in Georgian history. She’s mentioned as a wise and diplomatic woman who supported arts and was a brave defender of her realm.

Georgian music is also featured in the game and Queen Tamar speaks Georgian. Besides, you’ll find the elements of traditional Georgian architecture and medieval costumes, while the warriors are dressed in traditional Khevsur (Khevsureti - the mountainous region in Georgia) clothes.
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Khevsur warriors

The warriors from Georgia’s Khevsureti territory maintained their traditions for countless generations. (Until the early 20th Century, they continued to fight with weapons and armor more suited to medieval times.) These fierce Georgians dressed in chainmail and carried swords, axes, and small, black bucklers adorned with crosses for nighttime raids—due to the shield’s color, the warriors were practically invisible in the moonlight. It should come as no surprise that this warrior order gets a Combat Strength bonus, but they also suffer no movement penalties on hilly terrain. Though tradition was their watchword, they did adapt with the times, incorporating firearms as their importance on the battlefield became unmistakable.

Civilization is a turn-based single- or multiplayer strategy game. The player takes on the role of the ruler of a civilization, starting with one (or occasionally two) settler units, and attempts to build an empire in competition with two to seven other civilizations.

Civilization VI: Rise and Fall is due on February 8, 2018.

Georgian Queen Tamar was one of the greatest monarchs in the history of Georgia.

Tamar the Great (c. 1160 – 18 January 1213) reigned as the Queen of Georgia from 1184 to 1213. Tamar was the granddaughter of Georgia’s greatest king David IV (r. 1089–1125), also known as David the Builder. A member of the Bagrationi dynasty, her position as the first woman to rule Georgia in her own right was emphasized by the title mepe ("king"). Over the centuries, Queen Tamar has emerged as a dominant figure in the Georgian history.
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Queen Tamar

Tamar won two very important battles in Georgian history: Battle of Shamkori (1195) and Battle of Basiani (1202).

Battle of Shamkori was fought on June 1, 1195 near the city of Shamkori, Arran (present day Shamkir, Azerbaijan), the Battle of Shamkori was a major victory won by the Georgian army, commanded by David Soslan, (second husband of Queen Tamar) over the army of the Azerbaijani Atabeg Abu Bakr.

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Battle of Shamkori

The Georgians seized numerous prisoners and huge amount of booty, including the Khalif's wealth. Shamkori and the surroundings were turned over to the Shirvanshah on terms of vassalage.

Following the battle, Abu Bakr retreated to Nakhichevan and Amir Mihran was installed as an atabeg in Ganja, only to be poisoned the same year. As a result, Abu Bakr was able to return to the capital, leading to a new confrontation with Georgia. Several Georgian inroads ensued, leaving several cities and towns in ruins between 1196 and 1209.

Battle of Basiani is one of the most notable battles in Georgian history. It was fought on July 27, 1202 between the armies of the Kingdom of Georgia and the Seljuqid Sultanate of Rum in the Basiani vale 60 km northeast of the city of Erzurum in what is now northeast Republic of Turkey.

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Battle of Basiani

The battle was one of those several conflicts between the Georgian monarchs and the Seljuqid rulers of Anatolia that fill the region’s history of the 11th–13th century.The sultan of Rüm, Rukn ad-Din Süleymanshah II was defeated during the battle. Süleymanshah himself was wounded and withdrew to Erzurum.

The victory at Basiani allowed Georgia to secure its positions on the southwest, but Erzurum remained within the domains of the sultans of Rüm.

The period of Tamar’s rule is called Golden Age, as it was the time of rising and strengthening for the country. Queen Tamar the Great is associated with the period of political and military successes and cultural achievements, combined with her role as a female ruler. By the last years of Tamar's reign, the Georgian state had reached the zenith of its power and prestige in the Middle Ages.

Tamar's kingdom stretched from the Greater Caucasus crest in the north to Erzurum in the south, and from the Zygii in the northwest to the vicinity of Ganja in the southeast, forming a pan-Caucasian empire, with the loyal Zachariad regime in northern and central Armenia, Shirvan as a vassal and Trebizond as an ally. A contemporary Georgian historian describes Tamar as the owner of the lands "from the Sea of Pontus” (the Black Sea) to the Sea of Gurgan (the Caspian Sea), from Speri to Derbend, and all the Caucasus up to Khazaria and Scythia.
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The map of Georgia (1184-1230)

Among the remarkable events of Tamar's reign was the foundation of the Empire of Trebizond on the Black Sea coast in 1204. Previously, the area was part of the Byzantine Empire. This state was established by Alexios I Megas Komnenos (r. 1204–1222) and his brother, David, in the northeastern Pontic provinces of the crumbling Byzantine Empire with the aid of Georgian troops. Alexios and David, Tamar's relatives, were fugitive Byzantine princes raised at the Georgian court.

According to Tamar's historian, the aim of the Georgian expedition to Trebizond was to punish the Byzantine emperor Alexios IV for his confiscation of a shipment of money from the Georgian queen to the monasteries of Antioch and Mount Athos. However, Tamar’s real decision was to return Georgian lands in possession of Georgia. Tamar wanted to use the weakness of the Byzantine Empire in order to gain Georgia's position on the international stage and to assume the traditional role of the Byzantine crown as a protector of the Christians of the Middle East.

Her personal strength, great mind and kindness has led to her idealization and romanticization in Georgian arts and historical memory.

Medieval Georgian poet Shota Rustaveli was inspired by Tamar. According to the legend,12th century Georgian poet devoted his world-famous book The Knight in the Panther’s Skin to Queen Tamar.
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Shota Rustaveli presents his poem to Queen Tamar, a painting by the Hungarian artist Mihály Zichy (1880s)

Tamar was married twice, her first union being, from 1185 to 1187, to the Russian Prince Yuri, whom she divorced and expelled from the country, defeating his subsequent coup attempts. Second time she married the Alan prince David Soslan in 1191. From second marriage she had two children, Lasha-George and Rusudan, the two monarchs on the throne of Georgia.

A well-known American website, History.com, named Queen Tamar among six royal women who triumphed over their husbands.

"For many women over the centuries, marriage to a royal consort has not been the fairytale we believe it to be. They battled drunk husbands, loveless marriages, led coups, killed off husbands, or sometimes quietly waited for good fortune to come their way. These women took fate into their own hands" - Wrote the famous website.

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Tamar was able to build an empire which dominated the Caucasus

She came to power in a divided kingdom, and left it larger, more powerful, and sure of its cultural identity.Tamar was able to build an empire which dominated the Caucasus until its collapse under the Mongol attacks within two decades after Tamar's death.

She remains an important symbol in Georgian popular culture and has been canonized by the Georgian Orthodox Church as the Holy Righteous Queen Tamar with her feast day commemorated on 14 May.

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Frescoe of Queen Tamar in Betania Monastery

Only four frescoes of glorious and powerful Georgian King have survived up to now that help the historians and researchers envisage Tamar’s appearance and recreate her face. Queen Tamar’s frescos have been maintained in following places: in the Church of the Dormition in Vardzia (performed in 1185), in Betania Monastery of the Nativity of the Mother of God commonly known as Betania (1207), in Kintsvisi Monastery in Eastern Georgia and final mural in Bertubani Monastery that dates back to 1212-1213 years and represents one of the caves in Davit Gareji rock-hewn complex.

Queen Tamar, Svan Tower and Khevsur Warriors

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