“Khachapuri Revolution” - 53 varieties of cheese bread discovered in Georgia
11 June, 2018
“Khachapuri Revolution” - 53 varieties  of cheese bread discovered in Georgia
Khachapuri, Georgian cheese bread is one of the most popular trademarks of Georgian cuisine
that is equally beloved by locals and foreigners. The dish is an integral part of Georgian feast table supra or is even a daily dish in some families. Different variations of Georgian cheese bread have been spread to many countries and become a favorite dish in many restaurants.

Apart from traditional round Khacahpuri called Imeretian, prepared in Georgia’s Imereti region, each part of country has its own
version of cheese bread, like cheese boat in Georgia’s Adjara Region. Yet recently a shocking discovery has been made by Georgian researchers. To our surprise, another 83 types of khachapuri with various fillings have been discovered, that once again stresses the importance and rich history of this unique Georgian staple.

According to the researches who have been working for several months on this subject, 53 out of 83 pies, represent varieties of Khachapuri, while the rest is made of different fillings. The names of khachapuri varietis are as follows: “Bachula,” “Kotori,” “Ghomush” “Achash,” “Fetdviar”, etc.
geotv.ge
Gurian Pie from Georgia's Guria Region,which is Khachapuri in reality

The idea of exploring the origins and varieties of Khachapuri was born in one of the cafes abroad, when the waitress brought Georgian national dish to Levan Qoqiashvili, who is the restorer by profession, and explained to him that it was the best, most delicious and number one dish of Georgian cuisine.



Giant cheese boat topped with over 50 eggs. Video courtesy Cheese Insider

“I often thought, which Georgian dish is worthy of national dish status? We interviewed about 300-500 people and almost all of them named Khachapuri. Then, I shared my idea to start exploring the dish my friend, writer Diana Amphiamid.The first question that popped to our mind was when the first khachapuri was prepared and which utensil was used for its preparation? In order to find it out, we teamed up with a historian and an archaeologist. We also had other questions during research, for example, approximately when Georgians started cultivating wheat and which are Georgian wheat species. At next satrges we were joined by other researchers. Currently 14people are involved in the process.
geotv.ge
Megruli Khachapuri  from Georgia's Samegrelo Region

The researchers have not found the answer when the first Khachapuri was prepared, yet they are sure that this perfect synthesis of cheese and dough has its origins in ancient times and it’s birthplace is Georgia,. despite the fact that the dishes similar to Khachapuri are also prepared in neighboring countries.

“Yet another roof of Khachapuri’s Georgian origins is its diversity. This dish is so diverse that first we found 53 types of Khachapuri and then the number of the dishes with various fillings increased to 83. For example, Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani (prominent Georgian writer and diplomat) used to describe Khachapuri as “bread with filling.”
geotv.ge
Adjaruli Khachapuri, Georgian cheese boat from Adjara Region of Georgia

Khachapuri is made with various fillings in different regions of Georgia. The dish is an integral part of Georgian festive table (supra) for the locals.

I I suppose , Khachapuri occupies 70% among Georgian dishes with fillings, however, there are other varieties as well, such as Gurian Pie (crescent shaped Khachapuri with boiled egg inside), which is Khachapuri in reality, Svan Khachapuri, which is prepared with 4 different sorts of cheese, also there is yet another one which is made with Ghomi (a traditional Georgian dish made with cornmeal) and has cheese filling inside.
geotv.ge
So-called Royal Khachapuri with sulguni cheese

There are many legends related to Khachapuri in Georgia. Italian missionaries also used to write about Khachapuri and describe its taste and characteristics. The earlier sources also mention a utensil in which Khachapuri was baked.

A group of 14 people will study the materials related wto Khachapuri, travel to all regions of Georgia and prepare the traditional dish based on various recipes. Who knows, the number of the dishes with different fillings exceed even 83.
geotv.ge
Imeruli Khachapuri from Georgia's Imereti Region. Photo courtesy Badri Vadachkoria

According to the researchers, Georgia is not only the homeland of wine, but Khachapuri as well. Levan Qoqiashvili believes that the country should definitely adopt this title.

As the person behind the project Levan Qoqiashvili says, the exploration of khapauri can bring a “Khachapuri Revolution.”
geotv.ge
Khachapuri is one of the most popular dishes in Georgia

According to him, in every country where tourism is developed, national products represent vital elements of tourism industry. Therefore, gastronomic culture should become a priority for Georgia.

Researchers will start summarizing the results after studying the regions one by one. Initiators of the project aim to bring together all the varieties of khachapuri along with recipes in one book.
geotv.ge
Imeruli Khachapuri

Author: Mariam Menabdishvili

Related stories:

Georgian cheese boat Adjaruli Khachapuri - New York Essential Dish

How well do you know Georgian food? Online quiz

Culinary map of Georgian cuisine – Top dishes to try in each region
Print
Other Stories
Georgian Cuisine and Polyphony Given The Category of National Importance
Georgian cuisine and polyphony were given the category of national importance
Shkmeruli Becoming Popular in Japan
Japanese News Portal "Yahoo News Japan" has recently published a post with the title "Shkmeruli is the best dish ever but how can we deal with garlic breath?
Bocuse d’Or - Europe Continental Culinary Arts Championship
Bocuse d’Or the very first team Georgia to perform and represent Georgian gastronomy at Bocuse d’Or European Selection.
Georgian Restaurant in Heilbronn,Germany
If you happen to be in Heilbronn, Germany, make sure you visit an astonishing Georgian restaurant "Georgisches Restaurant am Mönchsee," which keeps not only German people but guests from around the world amazed.
Fondue Pizza or Adjaruli Khachapuri?
If you are familiar with Georgian cuisine and have also heard about La Fonduta, you will definitely say that it reminds you about one popular Georgian dish- Adjaruli Khachapuri.
Georgian food and wine is now finding its rightful place on tables around the world, writes CNN
Georgian food and wine, long revered for its individuality, exoticness, and delectability, is now finding its rightful place on tables around the world.
Top 14 vegetarian Georgian dishes to try
Georgian cuisine is rich in various kinds of dishes, starting with hearty meat and cheesy foods ending with simplest and tastiest veggie meals full of essential nutrients.
Which traditional foods to try in Georgia
A foreign couple that enjoys traveling and runs its own website katherinebelarmino.com, offers list of most delicious traditional dishes to try in Georgia.
Refreshing and spicy Georgian matsoni sauce
Mastoni is a Georgian unsweetened yogurt that could be consumed on its own as well as with honey, jam,
Forgotten Georgian dishes and how to prepare them – Culinary guide
Cuisine is an important part of Georgia’s culture and we gladly share it with foreign guests and tourists.
Most delicious sandwich with sulguni cheese
Everyone can prepare sandwich to one’s taste, but the secret to the most delicious homemade sandwich lies in soft and tender Georgian sulguni
Satsivi with chicken – The easiest recipe for everyone
Winter holidays are approaching and it is high time to plan New Year’s menu.
5 best Georgian semi-sweet wines
Typically, Georgia has always been home to dry wines and this tradition maintained to his day.
A story about the most delicious Adjarian Khachapuri in the city
History of the Georgian stuffed pastry dates back to centuries and still continues in an endless tradition in modern Georgia.
Georgia: A Haven for Vegetarian Foodies
Georgia has so much to rave about - Khorumi dancing, a rich ancient history, one of the world's oldest languages, post-card mountain villages and glistening Black Sea beaches, just to name a few.
Georgian restaurant ‘Natali’ in Spain
There are more and more Georgian restaurants appearing abroad.
Traveler devotes a vlog to the traditional Georgian cuisine
Last year Jodie Dewberry, a traveler who makes videos of her adventures throughout the world, visited Georgia with her friends.
Georgia: The Culinary Muse of the Caucasus owes a lot to Barbare Jorjadze
The New Yorker has recently devoted an article to the culinary of Georgia.
Video guide for some of Georgian dishes and traditions
It is not the first time Georgia and Georgian cuisine has become inspiration for others to write and explore more about the country.
Khachapuri featured on Youtube by Chef John
Khachapuri, a signature of Georgian cuisine has been featured on Youtube through the channel Food Wishes.
The Revival of Traditional Georgian Cheese-making
Saveur has devoted an article to the lesser-known types of Georgian cheese.
Georgian chef and embassy counselor at Fox 5 morning show
Georgian chef and Counselor of the Georgian embassy in Washington DC were invited to take part in the morning show at American TV Fox 5.
Top 5 local cheese types to taste in Georgia
Georgia is among the best cheese manufacturing countries.
The World Talks about Georgian Shoti Bread
Georgian cuisine is well-known across the world.
Khachapuri named Dish of the Year by af&co
af&co, a leading restaurant, and hospitality consulting firm has recently published this year’s trends report.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
25.02.2020
26.02.2020
USD
1
USD
2.8079
2.7946
EUR
1
EUR
3.0370
3.0291
GBP
1
GBP
3.6233
3.6266
RUB
100
RUB
4.2987
4.2607
750ml
White Dry
None  / 2016
18.30
750ml
Kvevri
Zangaura  / 2015
19.90
750ml
Red Semi-Sweet
Schuchmann Wines  / 2015
26.95
Other Stories
Georgian cuisine and polyphony were given the category of national importance
Japanese News Portal "Yahoo News Japan" has recently published a post with the title "Shkmeruli is the best dish ever but how can we deal with garlic breath?
Bocuse d’Or the very first team Georgia to perform and represent Georgian gastronomy at Bocuse d’Or European Selection.
If you happen to be in Heilbronn, Germany, make sure you visit an astonishing Georgian restaurant "Georgisches Restaurant am Mönchsee," which keeps not only German people but guests from around the world amazed.
If you are familiar with Georgian cuisine and have also heard about La Fonduta, you will definitely say that it reminds you about one popular Georgian dish- Adjaruli Khachapuri.
Georgian food and wine, long revered for its individuality, exoticness, and delectability, is now finding its rightful place on tables around the world.
History of the Georgian stuffed pastry dates back to centuries and still continues in an endless tradition in modern Georgia.
Georgia has so much to rave about - Khorumi dancing, a rich ancient history, one of the world's oldest languages, post-card mountain villages and glistening Black Sea beaches, just to name a few.
There are more and more Georgian restaurants appearing abroad.
Last year Jodie Dewberry, a traveler who makes videos of her adventures throughout the world, visited Georgia with her friends.