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The day of Georgia's noble hero - Kakutsa Cholokashvil
21 November, 2016
November 20 of 2005 marks an important day in history of Georgia, since on this date an outstanding Georgian warrior and true patriot Kakutsa (Kaikhosro) Cholokashvili’s remains were moved from France to Georgia and on November 21 Kakutsa was buried with respect in Mtatsminda Pantheon.  After his name was expurgated for several decades during Soviet regime, eventually Kakutsa went into Georgia’s history as a major symbol of Georgian patriotism and resistance to the Soviet regime. Due to his heroic deeds and sacrifice his portrait was depicted on Georgia's new 200-lari banknote as well as a play was dedicated and staged in Tbilisi's Marjanishvili Theatre.

Kakutsa Cholokashvil was born in a noble family and received education at Gymnasium for Nobility in Tbilisi (Tiflis back then), that was directed by the historian Ekvtime Takaishvili.  Since Georgia was part of Russian Empire at that time, Kakutsa served in Russian military as well as took part in World War I and earned fame for his bravery and achievements. Yet after the Russian Revolution of 1917, he started to fight for independent Georgia. Kakutsa helped organize national cavalry units early in 1918. He was put in charge of a squadron in the Cavalry Division of the People's Guard of Georgia.

Kakutsa Cholokashvili (right) and General Giorgi Kvinitadze (left)

When the Soviet Russian Red Army invaded Georgia in February 1921 and Georgian government fled the country, Cholokashvili remained and did his best to defend his homeland. He became partisan leader and led guerilla wars throughout the country with the help of secret groups.

Kakutsa formed a group of followers known as the Band of Sworn Men who committed themselves to freeing their country from Russian occupation. The brave warrior tried to organize massive rebellion in 1924 and free his country from Russian rule, yet the uprising did not turn out as successful as planned and was suppressed harshly. Kakutsa had no other way but to go into exile to France and continue his battle from there, yet the true warrior’s wish did not come true and he could not return back to his homeland. Kakutsa Cholokashvili fell victim to tuberculosis, in 1930 he passed away in France and was buried in the Leuville Cemetery. His last will was to burn his body and bring his ashes back to his country. Only after 75 years, his dream came true and Kakutsa’s remains were brought and buried in Georgia with honor. Even today he remains as an epitome of patriotism, courageous commander and one of the best examples of bravery and heroism.

Related stories:

Historic day after 25 years: Leuville Estate returns to Georgia

February 25, 1921 – Heroic Georgians who fought against Russia’s Red Army

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