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Terenti Graneli – Georgian poet with Italian surname
25 November, 2016
119 years ago on November 25, outstanding Georgian poet Terenti Graneli was born. The writer grew up in poverty, in the peasant’s family in Tsalenjikha, town in Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti region. As it is known, his original surname was Kvirkvelia while Graneli was his pseudonym inspired by a Latin word granum that means a seed, grain. According to his sisters he used to call himself a tiny part, seed of the entire world and that is why he took this surname. Yet according to another version, he named himself Graneli because of his love to Italian opera singer with same surname who performed in famous Georgian opera “Abesalom and Eterri”. Terenti started his career as a poet in Tbilisi. His poetry was full of sadness and mysticism and because of it he was oppressed by Soviet government. Young poet was declared chauvinist and improper writer. In 1926 he published his last book of rhymes and only in 1980s his name was restored and his works were recognized.  During last years of his life poet suffered from depression and psychological problems. In 1933 he was placed in mental asylum in Surami, yet he escaped and ended up in other hospital in Tbilisi, where he passed away at the age of 37.  

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