Cuban Crisis Effect on Georgia
08 November, 2012

Exactly 50 years ago, the entire world found itself on the verge of a nuclear catastrophe which resolved only after the Kremlin removed nuclear ballistic missiles from Cuba and Washington did the same with missiles positioned in Turkey and targeting Georgia.

On 14 October, 1962, American U-2 reconnaissance plane detected missile installations in Cuban forests. America immediately realized that first in its history it became a target of probably imminent excruciating attack.

It all started three months earlier when Khrushchiov ordered to

launch super-classified operation, code named Anadir with an aim to deploy Soviet ballistic missiles on Cuba. Before Americans “came to their senses”, Soviet militaries managed to set up about 40 mid range P-12 and P14 ballistic rockets there with an aggregate power equivalent of 700 megaton of TNT.

This dangerous decision by Khrushchiov was no accident because at the time Soviet Union lagged behind America in terms of both the number of nuclear missiles and their range. In other words, they were falling short of reaching America from the Soviet Union.

So, Khrushchiov conceived to turn Cuba into an unsinkable carrier and pose a threat to the United States from there. From Cuba Soviet missiles could reach Washington, New-York and especially the strategically important Panama channel.

50 years, luckily tensed negotiations did bear positive fruits and the crisis was resolved peacefully. Moscow removed its missiles from Cuba, while Washington scrapped the blockade of the freedom island.

Interestingly, one more important decision was made at the time and this fact did not receive such publicity. Pentagon additionally removed its nuclear Jupiter missiles from Turkey. These missiles were targeting southern flanks of the Soviet Union, primarily large strategic and military objects on the then Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, including Tbilisi, as one of the most important military and political centers of the Soviet Union.

Obviously, everything is interconnected in this world. Those Cuban events seem so distant and unrelated to Georgia. Yet, dismantling of nuclear weapons from Cuba turned out to have been coupled with similar process at our southern borders, diminishing an unprecedented danger of which Georgian citizens were absolutely unaware.