BLUFF AND NEW MECHANISMS OF RIGGING ELECTIONS
02 August, 2012
BLUFF AND NEW MECHANISMS OF RIGGING ELECTIONS

According to some people the authorities will rig the elections because, as they think, in their arsenal there are more than needed technical or psychological ‘weapons’ for fixing. Those who worked in election commissions know it well too. Besarion Jalagania, former head of district electoral commission: - There are lots of ways of rigging. The authorities have big resource of it but still the main problem will be decency of members of those opposition parties who will be distributed to

the polling stations.

 

Fan principle

An activist is sent to a polling station; he takes a bulletin but into the box he drops an empty envelope, without the bulletin. His vote is lost but in return the bulletin is taken out of the station where a ‘needed person’ circles desired for him number and passes it to a specially mobilized voter who, in his turn, must take a blank bulletin out of the station. The same manipulation is repeated and so on. Voting continues according to this fan principle. Commission members can’t control this mechanism as they aren’t authorized to open the envelope.

Merry-go-round

It’s a well-attested mechanism of rigging when one and the same people are taken from station to station in a mini-bus. Here we already deal with rigging of the lists. These people are included in the lists. Last year there were printed more than 300 thousand false IDs. Each activist of ‘National Movement’ had three different IDs. Taking out of IDs in polyethylene bags from House of Justice was fixed in Kakheti region. In three different IDs of one and the same person they change only one letter – for instance, if a voter’s name is Maya, in the second ID they write Maiko, in the third – Maka, etc.

Since losing of elections threatens ‘National Movement’, they began thinking about new technologies. Earlier the voters’ lists were arranged according to flats and rooms. Now they introduced alphabetic order. This complicates comparison of the lists.

Changing of protocols

Changing of protocol seems impossible. As a rule, 10 copies of a protocol are made and they are distributed to each member of commission and observers. The protocols must be signed by every member of the commission. If any of them doesn’t agree to the protocol, it must be written on it as a comment; but when the commission members are alleged oppositionists, substitution of protocols is easy. This is the case when commission members make an agreement. When there are trustworthy, competent and determined people, rigging is less likely. Rigging, mostly, is a result of dishonest dealing between opposition members and government.

Regions with non-Georgian population make big resource for rigging. For instance, during my time opposition had almost no members in commissions in Kvemo Kartly. Thus, nobody could control what was going on there. It seems that the so-called opposition wasn’t even interested to have their people there (?!)

ID with a chip

An ID with a chip is technically problematic. It has no address. Over 300.000 such IDs have been printed. If authorities wish it so, holders of these IDs can vote in several polling stations. A resource for rigging is also a portable box taken to sick people or those who can’t walk. As a rule, an opposition representative must attend transfer of the box but usually it is accompanied by an alleged opposition. The main problem of the coming elections is that ‘Georgian Dream’ is authorized to present only two people in the commission. In the coalition there are only two entities that can present people to commission – ‘Industrialists’ and Conservative Party. One of the strong mechanisms for rigging is the so-called special districts for the army and police detachments. A solid control is required at such places or otherwise they can vote at special districts as well as their own polling station.

Despite all these mechanisms the authorities see that all this may be insufficient because the situation has changed and there won’t be the kind of unanimity as was the case before. For this reason they are amending the law according to which unused bulletins won’t be counted. But if at the polling station the balance is violated and the sum of turned up people, invalid or unused bulletins don’t coincide the result may be protested. If the law doesn’t authorize to count such bulletins how can you establish the balance?

Change of administrative border

One more artificially created problem is the change of administrative border. Only recently they changed administrative border of Rustavi – Krtsanisi military unit was joined to Rustavi. ‘Georgian Dream’s’ office has long been functioning in Rustavi. Everything was distributed according to zones - they carried out ‘door-to-door’ checking and set up all the structures. Now they’ve been informed by the district commission that the administrative borders are changed. They cut a part from Gardabani and joined it to Rustavi. A military unit turned up to be in this special district. This is needed in order to take the army from one station to the other during the whole day and make the soldiers vote several times.

Principle of two protocols

I can tell you for sure that the principle of two protocols was first used en masse in 2008: they draw up two protocols – one reflects real picture but the other –the one that suits the authorities. Only the latter were sent to central commission. The real ones are kept for a rather long time in case international organizations want to check. The protocol is rigged when full consensus is reached between the opposition and authorities and they are fulfilling the so-called ‘supreme’ state order.

The scale of rigging now is of qualitatively different type compared to that of pre-‘Rose Revolution’ times. Earlier the opposition was bargaining with authorities on votes. They were telling the authorities – if you don’t give this much, I won’t sign the protocol; and there was much hustle. But whatever is managed by ‘Rose Authorities’ professional riggers is unimaginable for observers and people – after the elections they added the bulletins when everything was counted and finished. When unfavorable picture was outlined they printed new bulletins, summoned the commission chairmen and members and made them add these bulletins. In 2008 Saakashvili lost in every city: Tbilisi, Kutaisi, Ozurgeti, Telavi, Kvareli and even Batumi. Total rigging was rampant in villages and regions. This job is easy to carry out there. Generally, elections are rigged when opposition members of election commission are involved in it. When opposition members don’t protest obvious rigging, they are either bribed or frightened. There were cases when in a village or polling station only 37 people were registered but the number of participants was over 400. When this isn’t protested by an opposition member there is no talk about decency.

Bluff

Bluff has a big role in deciding the fate of elections. A couple of years ago, laughing, Vano Merabishvili told a Russian journalist that they created a myth that everybody was eavesdropped in Georgia. Of course it’s impossible but the myth justifies itself. The myth about the elections justifies itself as well… Rumors are spread that they allegedly have such technical means, including ballpoints and curtain-pins that they fix who voted for whom. Actually it’s a total lie because not only the whole Georgia but its small part can’t be eavesdropped – there is no sufficient manpower for it. The bluff is counted on mass psychology because psychological pressure is more justified than the technical one.

 

Print
Other Stories
Tbilisi sign may appear on the Funicular hill
Hollywood has become a source of inspiration for many people worldwide. A similar idea from a Tbilisi citizen sounds very clever and attractive.
Russia was at an undeclared war with Georgia for years - Matthew Bryza
I think anybody who has observed how Russia has been conducting its war in Ukraine should realize that Russia was at war with Georgia, an undeclared war for years,
Tbilisi Park is due to open in Buenos-Aires
Tbilisi Park is due to open in the capital of Argentina, Buenos-Aires. The decision was recently made by the city parliament.
Young people detained by occupying forces in the Truso gorge
Some young Georgian hikers have recently been detained by armed forces in the Truso gorge. They have been accused of illegally crossing the so-called border into the occupied Tskhinvali region.
Wildfire in Khashuri, Tseda village
Fire broke out yesterday in Khashuri, Tseda village, in the forest.
Travel between Ukraine and Georgia for both countries’ citizens to be allowed only by electronic ID cards
The Prime Minister of Georgia Mamuka Bakhtadze has announced that the citizens of Georgia and Ukraine will be able to travel in and out of both countries using only electronic ID cards.
Why does the Georgians love John McCain?
John McCain, Senator, and former Presidential candidate of the USA died on the 25th of August, 2018. He was diagnosed with lioblastoma, an aggressive form of brain cancer last year.
The IBSU Conundrum
Teachers, students and students-to-be all took to the streets when the news broke that the International Black Sea University, one of the most highly regarded universities in the country, wouldn’t be admitting new students into its ranks this year.
Angela Merkel arrives in Georgia
German chancellor Angela Merkel has already arrived in Georgia.
German media about possible reasons for  Merkel’s visit to Georgia
As German Chancellor Angela Merkel visits Tbilisi today, expectations are high and both the Georgian and German media are speculating about the possible results of the visit.
Angela Merkel to visit Georgia on August 23
German Chancellor Angela Merkel will visit Georgia on the 23rd of August. Her plan is to visit the Caucasus states of Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan.
Georgian presidential candidate to Journalists –“Shake your brain!”
“Journalists should shake their brains” – said Georgian presidential candidate, Salome Zurabishvili to journalists.
What does Giorgi Margvelashvili own?
The presidential election will be held on 28th of October, 2018 in Georgia. The President Giorgi Margvelashvili has not yet confirmed his participation in the election.
"Father returned for mother ... then the bomb landed …”
10 years on, this is a different August. But this month is a time of remembrance and of hard memories and hurt.
The World talks about the 2008 war
On the tenth anniversary of the 2008 war between Russia and Georgia, 20% of Georgia continues to be occupied by Russian military forces who also seem intent of further encroachment on Georgian territory.
Georgia hosts high ranking guests for the 10th anniversary of the 2008 war
Ten years have passed since the Russian military intervention in Georgia,in August, 2008.
 10 Years Anniversary of the EU Monitoring Mission in Georgia – “Mission supports stability and security on the ground”
10 years have now passed since the August 2008 war between Georgia and Russia and still we face a huge daily threat. Certain parts of Georgia continue to be occupied even today.
Heroin seized near Georgia-Azerbaijan State Border
Border Police from the Georgian Ministry of Internal Affairs have arrested a 28 year old individual.
After ten years from the 2008 war, borderization continues
It is ten years since the 2008 August war between Russia and Georgia.
Multinational Noble Partner training 2018 has launched
The multinational Noble Partner training 2018 commenced on the 1st of August.
National Democratic Institute publishes the latest survey
Poll results released today by the National Democratic Institute (NDI) and CRRC Georgia show growing dissatisfaction about the state of the country’s economy, environment, and political climate going into the presidential election.
Georgian Prime Minister Mamuka Bakhtadze needs 5 more Regional Governors
At a recent Government press conference Mamuka Bakhtadze, the Prime Minister of Georgia, announced that new Governors for the following regions are required:
German government plans to recognize Georgia among safe countries
The German government will shortly approve a law, which enables the countries such as Georgia, Tunisia, Morocco and Algeria to be recognized as safe countries
Latvian MEP Andrejs Mamikins about Georgia’s prospects for EU membership
Georgia is a country that wants to become member of the EU, but how does it look from Brussels?
Military equipment and techniques created by Georgians
Delta is a Military, Scientific and Technical Provider.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
Exchange Rates
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
24.09.2018
25.09.2018
USD
1
USD
2.6216
2.6226
EUR
1
EUR
3.0854
3.0868
GBP
1
GBP
3.4584
3.4416
RUB
100
RUB
3.9340
3.9814
Other Stories
On 26 May, Jean-Claude Juncker, President of the European Commission, joined celebrations in the Georgian capital of Tbilisi
Violation of Georgia’s sovereignty and territorial integrity by Assad regime has been strictly criticized
Exactly one year ago, Georgia was granted visa-free travel with the European Union.
Georgia’s ex-president president Mikheil Saakashvili's supporters managed to free detained Mikheil Saakashvili in the center of Kiev.
The US Ambassador to Georgia Ian Kelly congratulates Georgia on Independence Day.
The regulations on the introduction of visa-free travel for citizens of Georgia have been officially signed in Brussels.
The entire Georgia is involved in Secret Santa game, which means that people are sending gifts to each other secretly
The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Georgia is taking part in NATO Ministerial underway in Brussels, Belgium.
A special squad has been mobilized at the 48th polling station in Marneuli, Kvemo Kartli region.
Two politicians in Georgia have come to blows during a live TV debate ahead of the country’s parliamentary elections, Euronews reports.
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.6226
EUR
1
EUR
3.0868
GBP
1
GBP
3.4416
RUB
100
RUB
3.9814