06 October, 2011

What Kremlin won’t forgive Abkhazia
Izo  Rikadze

18 years ago on September 27 Sukhumi fell, on September 29 – Ochamchire, on September 30 – Gali. This was the end of fighting to keep hold of Abkhazia. Several days  ago on September 30, the so-called President of Abkhazia congratulated the population with ‘the day of liberation from the Georgian occupation army’, adding that the victory was a righteous result of the liberation struggle. Neither the Russians forgot to congratulate the day of

‘liberation from Georgian occupation’, presenting the Abkhazs with the recognition of their independence by Tuvalu, a state with the population of 11.000. At the same time the Abkhaz criminal group made a present to the so-called President Aleksandr Ankvab, staging two explosions in the center of Sukhumi that resulted in the death of  Kabardinian Arsen Bzheshkiev, a ‘hero’ of Abkhazian war.
We asked Mamuka Areshidze, expert in Caucasian issues to share his point of view on the situation in Abkhazia:

M.A. – As it turned out, although secretly but all the same, a group of Russians assisted Ankvab in elections. They didn’t repeat the mistake they made in 2004 – they didn’t count on Abkhaz electorate that took their interference rather aggressively and staked on Armenians. The result is in evidence – Ankvab won.
As soon as he came to power, Ankvab declared that he’d pursue firm internal policy. He confronted political clans and criminal business groups who have divided Abkhazia into the zones of influence. That’s why they staged two explosions prior to Ankvab’s inauguration. It was a demonstration of their strength. Since his inauguration Ankvab hasn’t spent two days in his house due to the fear of reprisal.
In case Ankvab doesn’t exterminate the criminal hydra, their unification and spontaneous assault on Ankvab isn’t excluded. Russians will certainly help him but it isn’t the guarantee of his security. Lately the cases of beating, looting and raping of Russian tourists became frequent and in all this method of opposing on the part of criminal groups is evident. They are creating problems purposefully, artificially.
Q. – How do you view Abkhaz-Russian-Georgian relations from now on?
M.A. – Ankvab is the kind of man for whom diplomatic moves aren’t intrinsic. He bows to Russia but cheating of opponents and public isn’t characteristic of him. It’s noteworthy that Ankvab didn’t stress the return of muhajirs that was the major part of Baghapsh’s policy and to which, to my mind, he fell victim. Russians will pardon everything to Abkhazs – beating and even looting and raping of its tourists, everything except the return of muhajirs.
Q. – Why?
M.A. – This will be a blow on Russia’s interests and increase of Turkey’s influence on the region, which is rather strong as it is.
Ankvab is starting to purge cadres but he doesn’t have enough resources. He is looking for the cadres everywhere, even among muhajir offsprings. On the one hand, he doesn’t declare that their return will be one of the cornerstones of his policy and on the other, he is doing it. Bringing of muhajir offsprings to Abkhaz government means that Ankvab will have qualified, financially well-to-do government, which won’t be entangled in clan relations.
We have to intensify our relations with Abkhaz people and build up dialog with NGOs and peoples’ representatives. This has to be achieved with the help of our Western friends; the dialog should be permanent, not occasional.     If we offer something useful, Abkhazs may take unexpected steps.
Q. – Russians have recognized Abkhazia’s independence; what more can we offer them?
M.A. – Abkhaz people are striving to get closer to the West and they know quite well that without the return of refugees to Abkhazia their closer relations with it will be impossible. That’s why we must begin talks with Abkhazs about withdrawal of Russian army, return of IDPs and offer a dialog on the issue of independence.
Muhajir in Abkhazia started in the first half of XIX century due to the political defeat of the policy of pro-Turkish minded Abkhaz feudal lords and brutal crush of popular uprising. During the Crimean War (1853-1856) the occupation of Abkhazia by the Turks was followed by their mass resettlement to Ottoman Empire. In 1867 big wave of muhajir followed the elimination of Abkhaz princedom and mass revolt of 1866. Mass resettlement started during the Russian-Turkish war of 1877-1878 (about 50 thousand people). As a result of muhajir process, considerable part of Abkhaz territory was devastated. Biggest part of resettled people still live in Turkey, some reside in Syria, Jordan and other countries; smaller part of them live in the north Greece. Number of muhajir in Turkey comes to 100 thousand and in Arab countries - to about 15 thousand.

Other Stories
Tbilisi sign may appear on the Funicular hill
Hollywood has become a source of inspiration for many people worldwide. A similar idea from a Tbilisi citizen sounds very clever and attractive.
Russia was at an undeclared war with Georgia for years - Matthew Bryza
I think anybody who has observed how Russia has been conducting its war in Ukraine should realize that Russia was at war with Georgia, an undeclared war for years,
Tbilisi Park is due to open in Buenos-Aires
Tbilisi Park is due to open in the capital of Argentina, Buenos-Aires. The decision was recently made by the city parliament.
Young people detained by occupying forces in the Truso gorge
Some young Georgian hikers have recently been detained by armed forces in the Truso gorge. They have been accused of illegally crossing the so-called border into the occupied Tskhinvali region.
Wildfire in Khashuri, Tseda village
Fire broke out yesterday in Khashuri, Tseda village, in the forest.
Travel between Ukraine and Georgia for both countries’ citizens to be allowed only by electronic ID cards
The Prime Minister of Georgia Mamuka Bakhtadze has announced that the citizens of Georgia and Ukraine will be able to travel in and out of both countries using only electronic ID cards.
Why does the Georgians love John McCain?
John McCain, Senator, and former Presidential candidate of the USA died on the 25th of August, 2018. He was diagnosed with lioblastoma, an aggressive form of brain cancer last year.
The IBSU Conundrum
Teachers, students and students-to-be all took to the streets when the news broke that the International Black Sea University, one of the most highly regarded universities in the country, wouldn’t be admitting new students into its ranks this year.
Angela Merkel arrives in Georgia
German chancellor Angela Merkel has already arrived in Georgia.
German media about possible reasons for  Merkel’s visit to Georgia
As German Chancellor Angela Merkel visits Tbilisi today, expectations are high and both the Georgian and German media are speculating about the possible results of the visit.
Angela Merkel to visit Georgia on August 23
German Chancellor Angela Merkel will visit Georgia on the 23rd of August. Her plan is to visit the Caucasus states of Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan.
Georgian presidential candidate to Journalists –“Shake your brain!”
“Journalists should shake their brains” – said Georgian presidential candidate, Salome Zurabishvili to journalists.
What does Giorgi Margvelashvili own?
The presidential election will be held on 28th of October, 2018 in Georgia. The President Giorgi Margvelashvili has not yet confirmed his participation in the election.
"Father returned for mother ... then the bomb landed …”
10 years on, this is a different August. But this month is a time of remembrance and of hard memories and hurt.
The World talks about the 2008 war
On the tenth anniversary of the 2008 war between Russia and Georgia, 20% of Georgia continues to be occupied by Russian military forces who also seem intent of further encroachment on Georgian territory.
Georgia hosts high ranking guests for the 10th anniversary of the 2008 war
Ten years have passed since the Russian military intervention in Georgia,in August, 2008.
 10 Years Anniversary of the EU Monitoring Mission in Georgia – “Mission supports stability and security on the ground”
10 years have now passed since the August 2008 war between Georgia and Russia and still we face a huge daily threat. Certain parts of Georgia continue to be occupied even today.
Heroin seized near Georgia-Azerbaijan State Border
Border Police from the Georgian Ministry of Internal Affairs have arrested a 28 year old individual.
After ten years from the 2008 war, borderization continues
It is ten years since the 2008 August war between Russia and Georgia.
Multinational Noble Partner training 2018 has launched
The multinational Noble Partner training 2018 commenced on the 1st of August.
National Democratic Institute publishes the latest survey
Poll results released today by the National Democratic Institute (NDI) and CRRC Georgia show growing dissatisfaction about the state of the country’s economy, environment, and political climate going into the presidential election.
Georgian Prime Minister Mamuka Bakhtadze needs 5 more Regional Governors
At a recent Government press conference Mamuka Bakhtadze, the Prime Minister of Georgia, announced that new Governors for the following regions are required:
German government plans to recognize Georgia among safe countries
The German government will shortly approve a law, which enables the countries such as Georgia, Tunisia, Morocco and Algeria to be recognized as safe countries
Latvian MEP Andrejs Mamikins about Georgia’s prospects for EU membership
Georgia is a country that wants to become member of the EU, but how does it look from Brussels?
Military equipment and techniques created by Georgians
Delta is a Military, Scientific and Technical Provider.
Exchange Rates
GEL Exchange Rate
Other Stories
On 26 May, Jean-Claude Juncker, President of the European Commission, joined celebrations in the Georgian capital of Tbilisi
Violation of Georgia’s sovereignty and territorial integrity by Assad regime has been strictly criticized
Exactly one year ago, Georgia was granted visa-free travel with the European Union.
Georgia’s ex-president president Mikheil Saakashvili's supporters managed to free detained Mikheil Saakashvili in the center of Kiev.
The US Ambassador to Georgia Ian Kelly congratulates Georgia on Independence Day.
The regulations on the introduction of visa-free travel for citizens of Georgia have been officially signed in Brussels.
The entire Georgia is involved in Secret Santa game, which means that people are sending gifts to each other secretly
The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Georgia is taking part in NATO Ministerial underway in Brussels, Belgium.
A special squad has been mobilized at the 48th polling station in Marneuli, Kvemo Kartli region.
Two politicians in Georgia have come to blows during a live TV debate ahead of the country’s parliamentary elections, Euronews reports.
GEL Exchange