Top Ten Events That Changed History
26 July, 2012
Top Ten Events That Changed History

Position No. 7 - the earliest evidence of wild flax fibers - belongs to Georgia

Recently, renowned site published top ten inventions in History. We should be proud with the fact that among them was the discovery made in Dzudzuana cave, Chiatura Region of Western Georgia, where twisted and dyed fibers of earliest wild flax were discovered. Good for you, Georgia!  


This discovery was made in Dzudzuana Cave pertaining to the Upper Paleolithic Age in the Caucasus Foothills. Georgian Journal

met with the leader of the expedition, Mr. Tengiz Meshveliani to talk about this fact.

“This discovery is notable because we had to fight for almost one and a half year until the most authoritative scientific journal “Science” accepted our publication. This fact is very important, as not many people can claim that publications about their discoveries are published in “Science” twice, which in our case happened in 2009 and in 2010. Besides, its significance is defined by the fact that in the layers dating back to as far as 32 thousand years, we discovered twisted wild flax fiber. It means that wild flax was widely used by the Dzudzuana people.”

As the Georgian researcher says, the cave itself is very interesting; it was discovered back in 1966 by his teacher, Davit Tushabramishvili. The works went on until 1975. After that, there was a significant delay. Starting from 1996 the international Georgian-USA-Israel Stone Age Archaeological Expedition was working on the site. Among the members of the expedition there are Professor of Harvard University (USA) Ofer bar-Yosef, Anna Belfer-Cohen, Professor of Hebrew University (Israel) and others. The project focused on the emergence and dispersal of modern humans out of Africa through the South Caucasus.“We chose Dzudzuana cave as the place of observation. Fortunately, it worked; we discovered three occupational zones c. 16.5-13.2 B.P., c. 27-24 B.P., c. 34.5-32 B.P. More than 30 absolute radiocarbon samples of bone and charcoal was obtained from the stratygraphic sequence of Dzudzuana cave.”

That discovery belongs to a lady, the palynologist, professor Eliso Kvavadze! With the assistance of biological light microscope she discovered the fibers of flax thread.

“Clothing, bags, sandals, fishing nets, baskets: making of all of these and lot of other useful things require the invention of textiles, deliberate processing of organic fibers, to use them for containers or cloths.  As you can imagine, textiles are difficult to find archaeologically, and sometimes we have to base our suppositions on circumstantial evidence: net impressions in a ceramic pot, net sinkers from a fishing village, loom weights and spindle whorls from a weaver’s workshop. The earliest evidence for twisted, cut and dyed fibers are flax fibers from Georgian site of Dzudzuana cave, between 36,000 and 30,000 years ago,” reads

Tengiz Meshveliani says that only echoes the worldly-important events, when the main push was given to this recognition by the Journal ”Science”, in its turn also included this discovery of wild flax fibers in top ten in 2009 shortly after the discovery. Now, the Researcher Kris Hirts puts it in top ten titled “Inventions that changed the human history”.

Apart from the control of fire, art objects, shoes, pottery, agriculture, wine, wheeled vehicles, the luxury items – chocolate and textiles – are on the 7th position. The author writes: “Could thuman history be what it is today, if we did not have easy access to the delectable luxury item distilled from the cacao bean?’ This is chocolate, which came from Americas; it originated in the Amazon Basin at least 4000 years ago, and then it was brought to the Mexican sites of Paso de La Amada in what is today Chiapas and El Manati in Veracruz.” Georgians believed and may foreigners agreed that Georgian wine reminds them of the original taste of wine. It may be a bit disappointing, but according to Krist Hirst, author of the research, the first wine producing comes from what is today called China. This gigantic state is the leader according to the number of the inventions listed above, shoes and ceramic containers included. Israel is also mentioned – the earliest possible human-made fires - and there are still debates about what that means – are in evidence some 790,000 years ago, at Gesher Benot Ya’aqov, an open-air site in what is today the Jordan Valley of Israel.

The works of Georgian archeologists are going at full swing in other parts of Western Georgia too; namely, in Satsurblia Cave. We wish them further success!

Other Stories
Premiere of the film “And then we danced” to be held amid possible unrest
The premiere of the 2019 Swedish-Georgian drama film - And Then We Danced, directed by Levan Akin, is scheduled to be held at Tbilisi and Batumi cinemas today.
Explosion after Possible gas leak in Tbilisi
A natural gas leak is the suspected cause of an explosion that destroyed the part of a multi-storey residential building on Guramishvili Avenue in Tbilisi.
Exclusive interview with Gail Elliott
The name of Gail Elliott is known to anyone. She was among supermodels Naomi Campbell, Cindy Crawford, Helena Christensen and Claudia Schiffer in the 1990s.
Mountaineer and pioneer: Nick Erkomaishvili
In 1989 Nick Erkomaishvili and some friends agreed to guide a group of Swiss climbers to Mount Kazbek. This encounter led them to become the first Georgian tour operators. And they founded the one and only Georgian Mountain Guide School.
Police in Tbilisi detain 11 for child pornography
The Ministry of Internal Affairs has arrested 11 members of a criminal group on the charges of child trafficking and pornography.
“She had schizophrenia” – Mother of the perpetrator of the 3-year-old boy speaks out
On the 27th of August in Tbilisi an unknown woman suddenly approached to a three-year-old boy, walking with his parents and sister, and harmed his face with sharp instrument and escaped.
Dead woman found in Tbilisi
In Tbilisi suburb called Temka dead woman is found. According to unofficial information, the fire brigade was called by the neighbors.
Nik West and Niko Kandelaki publish their wedding video
Famous American singer Nik West and Georgian Niko Kandelaki got married on the 11th of May but have only just published pictures and video about their wedding.
16-year-old dies due to reanimobile technical problems
16-year-old boy, Luka Popkhadze, whose health condition worsened due to reanimobile ambulance vehicle technical problems, has died. He was in a coma for 41 days.
Crashes and explosions heard on the Rustaveli Avenue
Crashes and explosions heard on the Rustaveli Avenue,
3 year old child, stabbed by passer-by in Tbilisi, to be discharged from clinic today
The 3 years old child, who was stabbed by a passer-by, will be discharged from Zhvania Clinic today,
After ten days of filming Fast&Furious, Tbilisi citizens have something to joke about
Filming of The Fast and the Furious 10 was started on the 18th of August in Georgia (It will take part in two cities – Tbilisi and Rustavi) and will last until the 20th of September.
Guram Sudadze’s Georgian hand made cars
There are people who make cars in their garages all around the world and Georgia is no exception.
Georgian wine company “20%” against Russian occupation
Ana Gabriadze and Nika Markozashvili are Georgian entrepreneurs living in the village of Ditsi near the occupation line.
Russian tourists: “We are tourists from Russia and we love Georgia”
‘We are tourists from Russia and we love Georgia” reads the placard of Russian girls supporting the anti-occupation demonstrators gathered in front of the Parliament building in Tbilisi.
President Salome Zourabichvili collecting peaches in Kakheti
The photos of President Salome Zourabichvili collecting peaches in eastern Kakheti region of Georgia have gone viral.
GEL 700 000 bail ordered for Mamuka Khazaradze and Badri Japaridze
GEL 700 000 bail was ordered for TBC Bank founders Mamuka Khazaradze and Badri Japaridze on July 26.
Elizabeth Rood just reached the peak of Mount Kazbegi
Embassy Tbilisi, Georgia has recently uploaded a photo of Acting Deputy Chief of Mission Elizabeth Rood reaching the peak of Mount Kazbegi.
Mamuka Khazaradze and Badri Japaridze leave positions in Anaklia Board of Governors
TBC Bank founders Mamuka Khazaradze and Badri Japaridze have left the positions of chairman and deputy chairman of the Anaklia Board of Governors.
Acting Deputy Chief of Mission Elizabeth Rood climbing up Mkinvartsveri
US Embassy Tbilisi, Georgia has recently uploaded a photo of Acting Deputy Chief of Mission Elizabeth Rood climbing up Mkinvartsveri.
Collection of Soviet Cars of Famous Georgians are now presented to public
Tbilisi AutoMuseum houses Soviet cars of Lavrentiy Beria, Eduard Shevardnadze, the current Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia Ilia II and other famous Georgians.
British Embassy releases statement about charges against TBC Bank co-founders
The UK is closely watching developments related to the criminal charges the Georgian Prosecutor’s Office has made against TBC co-founders Mamuka Khazaradze and Badri Japaridze,
US Embassy releases statement about charges against TBC Bank co-founders
We are concerned about the context and timing of the charges the Georgian Prosecutor General’s Office has filed against TBC Bank co-founders Mamuka Khazaradze and Badri Japaridze,
Mamuka Khazaradze: "I am ready for anything"
TBC Bank founder Mamuka Khazaradze says he is ready for everything and nobody can intimidate him.
Mamuka Khazaradze: "We will build Anaklia Port anyway"
Mamuka Khazaradze, founder of TBC Bank, will arrive at the Prosecutor General's Office.
GEL Exchange Rate
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange
November 2019
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3
4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30