Regular Political Errors or Fear of Loss of Power? – Part One
23 September, 2010
Regular Political Errors or  Fear of Loss of Power? – Part One

 

There was a huge chance of toppling the Menshevik government by strengthened professional law enforcing structures to let the National-Democrats come to power as a result. Professor Simon Maskharashvili has more.


GJ – In addition to the fact that the Georgian government was compelled from the very first days of its independence to be making political decisions in a very unstable and complicated international situation (saying nothing about process of building a new state), its Menshevik authorities made myriad incorrigible

mistakes which yielded into an absolutely disastrous result for the country. Could you please give a chronology and description of those inadvertent or maybe deliberate errors made by the-then Georgia’s government?
SM – The first most egregious mistakes were made in the process of building the army and formation of armed forces in general. Cavalry has traditionally been a very popular and agreeable part of Georgia’s military history. Anybody who is slightly familiar with geography of Georgia in terms of undelayed movement of military gear and personnel from one place to another, cavalry could be more efficient here than any mechanical means of transportation even today. For example, during WWII when Germans were on the assault towards the Caucasus Mountains, cavalry played a decisive role. To put it more specifically, transportation of manpower and provisions as well as communications was made much easier with the help of cavalry. That’s the way Georgia’s terrain works. There was not even one household without a horse in Georgia. In a military action, cavalry used to be an indispensable asset. Georgians were also highly skilled in the art of artillery. As we are analyzing the reasons of our 1921 defeat, every problem that had occurred then was a consequence of not having cavalry which was eliminated by Noah Zhordania as an army unit. Let us now have a brief look at aviation! Georgians were seriously interested in aviation starting from the very beginning of the 20th century. It was not an accident that one of the biggest stars of the American aviation was an ethnic Georgian – Alexander Kartveli (kartvelishvili). Beriashvili, one of the most outstanding representatives of the Russian aviation was also an ethnic Georgian. There was academician Nadiradze, also a Georgian, in Rocket-building industry. In a word, innovations and inventions in the military field were a commonplace thing in Georgia and among those Georgians who lived outside the country, but the problem was that Zhordania had no trust and belief in military experts.


GJ – Why did he not trust the military specialists?
SM – Because they were militarily ranked during WWI and recognized by the Russian Emperor Nicholas II. Although most of the generals, including the brilliant General Mazniashvili, were of a peasant background, the majority of the afore-mentioned 20 thousand officers were aristocrats, and also, the followers of Ilia Chavchavadze.

GJ – Was Zhordania aware of this?

SM – He certainly was. Most of them were dyed in the wool nationalists, and hence, not acceptable for Zhordania.

GJ – Zhordania was a socialist with imperial thinking, wasn’t he?

SM – He absolutely was. He was an imperialist with Russian mentality, but not a “Romanov’ adherent. He was a social-democrat who was afraid to death of creating military structures in the country.

 

GJ – Was he afraid of military coup d’etat to happen? Was he scared to lose power?
SM – Yes, he was! Let me remind you that the first Georgian military units were created as early as in 1915 at the German-Turkish front by the initiative of genuine Georgians like Gyorgy Machabeli, Leo Kereselidze, Mikhako Tsereteli and other followers of Ilia Chavchavadze. They all returned to Georgia after declaring Georgia’s independence, and naturally, found themselves involved in national military structures. In 1917, they founded the National-Democratic Party headed by Niko Nikoladze as an honorary chairman. National-Democrats were involved in law-enforcement structures everywhere in the country. For example, Levan - poet Vazha-Pshavela’s son, member of the Party was chief of police in the Pshavi Region. Head of secret police Kedia was also member of the same party. Christian-Democrats – opposition to Zhordania were also massively involved in law-enforcement structures. Members of this party were ranking Georgian officers – the military of noble background. The only armed force which supported Zhordania and Mensheviks was the people’s guard made up of non-professionals and a crowd of former brigands and other criminals.

 

GJ – In a word, Zhordania’s government was actually faced with a serious danger, wasn’t it?

SM – There was a huge chance of toppling the Menshevik government by strengthened professional law enforcing structures to let the national-democrats come to power as a result.

GJ – It has now become clear why Zhordania was against strengthening the army, but how could he imagine otherwise the effective defense of the country and its independence?
SM – Moreover! Georgia at that time possessed about100 airplanes. Georgia was the only country via which the Azerbaijan oil reached Europe. Meanwhile, when the Soviets occupied Georgia in 1921, the country was out of fuel, and 90 % of the aircrafts were out of order. Zhordania relinquished the air park, eliminated the cavalry, did not open the arsenal and left the tanks dry of fuel. He did not trust the Georgian army and never supported it. Instead all the provisions, clothes and arms were amply in the hands of the People’s Guard, which fled the Loreh District from the very first hours of the war so, and they did it so quickly that their whereabouts have not been known since then. They have not even moved a finger for the defense of the country and its independence because they were good for nothing as a military force and they knew nothing except plundering and looting. They were not even motivated to fight. They would never make any sacrifice for the motherland. There is much more to it! Zhordania did not care at all about economic reforms. He never introduced the monetary reform and did not let the stable Georgian currency into circulation. He introduced vouchers which were devalued in no time. This all meant that he made no steps towards the nation’s economic reinforcement.

Print
Other Stories
Three biggest animals in Tbilisi Zoo – Grand, Bacho and Begi
This week was very important for the Tbilisi Zoo staff – Grand elephant was operated and its tusk was removed by the South African doctors.
Georgian designers who participate in TBFW 2018
Mercedes Benz Fashion Week 2018 kicks off tomorrow, on the 1st of November and will last for 5 days, until the 5th of November.
Tusk of elephant Grand successfully removed in Tbilisi Zoo
Surgery of the elephant Grand in Tbilisi zoo was successful and is over now. Elephant can walk now but specialists still observe its condition.
International fashion exponents meet Georgian designers MBFW Tbilisi
If you’re interested in fashion then you should definitely add a new event to your agenda. Namely Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Tbilisi that takes place from 1 to 5th of November.
Maryam d'Abo - James Bond Girl with Georgian roots
Giorgi Kvinitadze was a commander-in-chief of the Democratic Republic of Georgia.
Elephant to undergo surgery in Tbilisi Zoo
The elephant Grand is about to undergo the hardest surgery today on the 31st of October.
Best places to celebrate Halloween in Tbilisi
Halloween is celebrated on the 31st of October. It evolved from the Celtic holiday of Samhain which took place at the beginning of winter.
Bera Ivanishvili and Nanuka Gudavadze to get marry on the 11th of November
Son of the richest person in Georgia Bera Ivanishvili and the Georgian model Nanuka Gudavadze plan to get married on the 11th of November.
8-year-old girl killed in Gori - suspected murderer detained
The man suspected of killing the 8-year-old girl (with the initials I.N.) was detained today, on the 26 of October.
Audrey Hepburn with Georgian Emmy Award winner
Some photos keep whole stories. Especially one that are taken with famous people.
New clip by Bera Ivanishvili - Time machine
The richest man in Georgia Bidzina Ivanishvili is very much involved in politics, but we cannot say the same about his children, especially about Bera.
Olivia Wilde and Lea Michele in David Koma dresses
Recently, InStyle has organized the fourth annual InStyle Awards.
Gregory Pekk and Marcello Mastroianni and their friendship with Georgians
Leila Abashidze was a famous Georgian actress. She was sometimes referred to as "Mary Pickford of the USSR".
Georgian singer Sofia Nizharadze’s sexy outlooks
Sofia Nizharadze is a Georgian singer. She represented Georgia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2010 with the song "Shine reaching the 9th place.
Beautiful Georgian Model Tamta Shedania tells her story
The model of Elite Model Look Georgia (an international modeling contest) Tamta Shedania worked with various Asian and European modeling agencies.
Ghanaian Eudosia Andoh – Everyday life in Tbilisi in photos
Eudosia Andoh has been living in Tbilisi for three and half years and has been travelling in different parts of Georgia.
Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019 ended
Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019 came to an end. The event has been widely reported in the international press such as Vogue, Marie Claire, ELLE, Harper's Bazaar, etc.
Tbilisi Fashion Week continues – What’s new?
Tbilisi Fashion Week continues. Foreign tourists, designers, models and special guests attend the event.
The first day of the Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019
Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019 has officially commenced.
Sophia Loren, Ornella Muti and their friendship with the Georgians
Georgia has numerous artists popular to the international public.
Tbilisi Fashion Week kicks off
Tbilisi Fashion Week is going to commence on the 18th of October. The slogan of the fashion week is “We Must Take Care of Nature”.
Georgian model Ana Akhvlediani becomes a mother
Georgian model Ana Akhvlediani became a mother. Ana Akhvlediani married to Giorgi Beraia in July, 2018. The couple has a daughter.
What do wives of the rich Georgians wear?
Famous Georgian faces pay great attention to look gorgeous when they appear in public or upload photos on social network.
Saddam Hussein’s Georgian Personal Advisor
A-83-year-old pilot Darwin Rukhadze from Georgia used to serve as a personal advisor of Saddam Hussein, the president of Iraq.
What makes Japan so similar to Georgia?
Japanese people know Georgia and the Georgians well enough thanks to the Georgian Sumo wrestler Levan Gorgadze, also known as Tochinoshin.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
Exchange Rates
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
16.11.2018
17.11.2018
USD
1
USD
2.6818
2.6727
EUR
1
EUR
3.0299
3.0268
GBP
1
GBP
3.4332
3.4240
RUB
100
RUB
4.0185
4.0447
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.6727
EUR
1
EUR
3.0268
GBP
1
GBP
3.4240
RUB
100
RUB
4.0447
November 2018
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30