Power Struggle
09 December, 2010
Power Struggle

This was an intra-party struggle, the elite struggle. Stalin created a block against one particular person. He would in no way reveal his claim to become number one. Simon Maskharashvili has more to say.
GJ – The power struggle among the 1917 Russian Revolution inspirators and implementators was unleashed right from the first days of the coup. The confrontation was exacerbated immediately after Lenin’s death. Stalin put on a truly vigorous struggle against his most natural and formidable enemy Trotsky.

SM – Following is the sequence of events: Zinoviev became figure number one in 1924 right after Lenin’s demise. He was succeeded by Kamenev. Stalin was just number three in terms of the post he held, his recognizability and the clout he exerted. Rikov functioned in the capacity of a prime-minister. Stalin managed to win them over. Kamenev, Bukharin, Rikov and Stalin built a block against Trotsky. This was as an internal party war fought by the elite. Stalin was not revealing in any way his aspiration for the highest party post. Talking about the Communist party and the Russian society in general, Stalin’s authority was much less than that of Trotsky.  
GJ – What kind of an effect those intra-party relations and the on-going power struggle have on the reality in Georgia?
SM – In the years of 1922 and 1923 there never stopped taking place in Georgia the revolts and manifestations against Russia. The national-liberation movement was headed by Kakutsa Choloqashvili. Svaneti was all agog, and Khevsureti was poised too. The incident in the railroad workers’ club in connection with Stalin’s appearance there took place right at that time. The danger of Georgia’s serious revolt against Russia was obvious. Stalin knew very well that most of the Georgian communists were angry with him because he had dragged Georgia by force into the Soviet Union. The entire West (the leading countries of the League of Nations) considered Georgia a de jure independent country. Stalin was aware that Trotsky would never do anything on behalf of the Kremlin to stop the revolt in Georgia if such a revolt took place in Georgia.
GJ – And why would he not? Why was Trotsky comfortable with Georgia’s independence?
SM – If Georgia seceded from the USSR, the fact would belittle Stalin’s authority in the Kremlin. That would really be the beginning of end for Stalin. Hence Trotsky was even directly interested in the triumph of the revolt in Georgia. 
GJ – More so if Trotsky was in close touch with the Georgian communists . . .
SM – Not only that! Let’s have a look at the preceding processes! First, Trotsky was a Menshevik until the summer of 1917. He had joined the Bolsheviks only after the October coup.
GJ – Would this mean that he was friendly with the Georgian Mensheviks, and accordingly, with the persecuted Georgian Menshevik government?
SM – Certainly! And second, Trotsky was nicknamed the Red Bonaparte, the author of the October Revolution and the founder of the Red Army. He probably was a huge authority in the Georgian Bolshevik military units. This meant that Stalin’s block would be left without any support, including the army, if a major popular revolt was to be organized in Georgia. This is why in 1922, Stalin sent a certain Mogilevsky to Georgia who was one of the founders and organizers of the Russian foreign reconnaissance. He was put in charge of the South Caucasus ‘Cheka’ (KGB – the State Security Committee), and the command of both the internal border military forces. And not like the Army, the internal and border units were complete with Russians. 
GJ – Does this mean that Stalin could rely on them more than the Georgian Bolshevik military units?
SM – Indeed! They fulfilled Mogilevsky’s orders momentarily. Mogilevsky was sent on the mission to Georgia with a specific purpose of studying the current processes and for having those processes under his control. In 1924, when Lenin passed away and Moscow witnessed a serious power struggle as a result (and it was not yet clear who would emerge a winner), the political fluctuations in the center could very well give an impetus to unleashing a major war in Georgia. Meanwhile, if this process was left uncontrolled by Moscow, the Kremlin would be deprived of any resource to curb the national-liberation movement in Georgia. That’s why the Kremlin made a decision to provoke a revolt in Georgia.   
GJ – Why? What did the Kremlin expect to achieve by that? 
SM – They hoped to have the situation in Georgia under control, and to immediately neutralize the force that was capable of bringing the revolt to a final victory if the revolt erupted naturally. Let me give you an analogy: When avalanche is inevitable, smaller landslides are usually provoked to avoid the danger of catastrophe.    
GJ – Sounds like it was Stalin’s plan . . .
SM – Of course it was Stalin’s scheme. In 1913, the heads of the revolt military center were shot, among them Kote Apkhazi, Rostom Muskhelishvili and other 15 men. The covert organizational forces were always available in Georgia because the Soviet occupation was not acceptable for the bigger part of Georgia’s population. Neither the Army nor the political elite made an exception.
GJ – I am concluding from your words that there existed every precondition for saving Georgia from the violently imposed red occupation. 
SM – This was quite possible in case of a serious organizational readiness.

Print
Other Stories
Three biggest animals in Tbilisi Zoo – Grand, Bacho and Begi
This week was very important for the Tbilisi Zoo staff – Grand elephant was operated and its tusk was removed by the South African doctors.
Georgian designers who participate in TBFW 2018
Mercedes Benz Fashion Week 2018 kicks off tomorrow, on the 1st of November and will last for 5 days, until the 5th of November.
Tusk of elephant Grand successfully removed in Tbilisi Zoo
Surgery of the elephant Grand in Tbilisi zoo was successful and is over now. Elephant can walk now but specialists still observe its condition.
International fashion exponents meet Georgian designers MBFW Tbilisi
If you’re interested in fashion then you should definitely add a new event to your agenda. Namely Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Tbilisi that takes place from 1 to 5th of November.
Maryam d'Abo - James Bond Girl with Georgian roots
Giorgi Kvinitadze was a commander-in-chief of the Democratic Republic of Georgia.
Elephant to undergo surgery in Tbilisi Zoo
The elephant Grand is about to undergo the hardest surgery today on the 31st of October.
Best places to celebrate Halloween in Tbilisi
Halloween is celebrated on the 31st of October. It evolved from the Celtic holiday of Samhain which took place at the beginning of winter.
Bera Ivanishvili and Nanuka Gudavadze to get marry on the 11th of November
Son of the richest person in Georgia Bera Ivanishvili and the Georgian model Nanuka Gudavadze plan to get married on the 11th of November.
8-year-old girl killed in Gori - suspected murderer detained
The man suspected of killing the 8-year-old girl (with the initials I.N.) was detained today, on the 26 of October.
Audrey Hepburn with Georgian Emmy Award winner
Some photos keep whole stories. Especially one that are taken with famous people.
New clip by Bera Ivanishvili - Time machine
The richest man in Georgia Bidzina Ivanishvili is very much involved in politics, but we cannot say the same about his children, especially about Bera.
Olivia Wilde and Lea Michele in David Koma dresses
Recently, InStyle has organized the fourth annual InStyle Awards.
Gregory Pekk and Marcello Mastroianni and their friendship with Georgians
Leila Abashidze was a famous Georgian actress. She was sometimes referred to as "Mary Pickford of the USSR".
Georgian singer Sofia Nizharadze’s sexy outlooks
Sofia Nizharadze is a Georgian singer. She represented Georgia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2010 with the song "Shine reaching the 9th place.
Beautiful Georgian Model Tamta Shedania tells her story
The model of Elite Model Look Georgia (an international modeling contest) Tamta Shedania worked with various Asian and European modeling agencies.
Ghanaian Eudosia Andoh – Everyday life in Tbilisi in photos
Eudosia Andoh has been living in Tbilisi for three and half years and has been travelling in different parts of Georgia.
Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019 ended
Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019 came to an end. The event has been widely reported in the international press such as Vogue, Marie Claire, ELLE, Harper's Bazaar, etc.
Tbilisi Fashion Week continues – What’s new?
Tbilisi Fashion Week continues. Foreign tourists, designers, models and special guests attend the event.
The first day of the Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019
Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019 has officially commenced.
Sophia Loren, Ornella Muti and their friendship with the Georgians
Georgia has numerous artists popular to the international public.
Tbilisi Fashion Week kicks off
Tbilisi Fashion Week is going to commence on the 18th of October. The slogan of the fashion week is “We Must Take Care of Nature”.
Georgian model Ana Akhvlediani becomes a mother
Georgian model Ana Akhvlediani became a mother. Ana Akhvlediani married to Giorgi Beraia in July, 2018. The couple has a daughter.
What do wives of the rich Georgians wear?
Famous Georgian faces pay great attention to look gorgeous when they appear in public or upload photos on social network.
Saddam Hussein’s Georgian Personal Advisor
A-83-year-old pilot Darwin Rukhadze from Georgia used to serve as a personal advisor of Saddam Hussein, the president of Iraq.
What makes Japan so similar to Georgia?
Japanese people know Georgia and the Georgians well enough thanks to the Georgian Sumo wrestler Levan Gorgadze, also known as Tochinoshin.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
Exchange Rates
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
12.11.2018
13.11.2018
USD
1
USD
2.7146
2.7166
EUR
1
EUR
3.0800
3.0602
GBP
1
GBP
3.5325
3.4900
RUB
100
RUB
4.0430
4.0131
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.7166
EUR
1
EUR
3.0602
GBP
1
GBP
3.4900
RUB
100
RUB
4.0131
November 2018
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30