Victims of Communist Repressions – Writers’ Case (Part One)
10 February, 2011
Victims of Communist Repressions – Writers’ Case (Part One)

Anybody who intended to travel abroad had to acquire special recommendations for submitting them to Soviet authorities. Otherwise they would not be allowed to embark on the trip. Professor Simon Maskharashvili has more.
GJ – Millions of innocent people fell victim to Bolshevik repressions. Their numbers grew even further during Stalin’s rule. There were real people, true stories and tremendous human pains beyond those trivially stated figures. I will try to recollect some of those cases. 
SM – Yes, let

us bring back to memory some of those causes celebres in order for all of us to better imagine the way the communist repressive machine was functioning using its special mechanisms and ideology. Between the years of 1920 and 1930 the young Soviet professionals of various fields were massively directed to Germany in pursuit of good education, enhancement of qualification and scientific research.  Measures like this were not yet prohibited at that time. One of the youth was a well-known Georgian writer Grigol Robakidze. He wrote in German too and was quite an authority in the European literary circles.
GJ – I would like to throw in more information about him. Grigol Robakidze had received classic education. Having graduated from the Kutaisi (Georgia) Classical School, he went to Tartu (Estonia) University, then to Leipzig (Germany) University which he graduated from with doctoral degree. It was Nietzsche’s works that had a tremendous influence on him. Having returned from Germany, he became one of the leaders of Georgian symbolists. Together with other talented Georgian writers, he founded the literary fraternity of Tsisperi Kantsebi (Blue Horns). That was the association of symbolist writers of Georgia. Just like European symbolists, they were trying to escape the existent reality in search for unreal world; they expressed opposition to the current situation in the country, elevating the power of word per se to the highest possible degree and creating the utmost musical sounding of their poetic lines. The Soviet writers deemed their works as futile and tasteless and started to persecute them. In 1917, the Association of Georgian writers was founded with active participation of Grigol Robakidze.
SM – In the years between 1918 and 1921 Grigol Robakidze was a dynamic participant in the literary life of the independent Georgia. In 1919 he represented Georgia in Paris as member of the parliamentary delegation to the Peace Conference. Following the Bolshevik occupation of Georgia and its factual annexation by Soviet Russia, he got involved in national-liberation movement being permanently persecuted by the Bolsheviks. Robakidze was a member of several European literary associations. There was a decision made in 1960 to nominate him for the Nobel Prize, but he passed away. He died in emigration in Geneva and was buried there. Later, his remains were reburied to the Leuville Cemetery of France – burial ground for many prominent Georgian political emigres.
GJ – It sounds very strange that the Bolsheviks had allowed the emigration of a person who was not ‘trustable’ at all . . .
SM – Anybody who intended to travel abroad had to acquire special recommendations for presenting them to Soviet authorities. Otherwise they would not be allowed to embark on the trip. Grigol’s guarantors were famous Georgian poets, the founders of the ‘Blue Horns’ literary order Paolo Iashvili and Titsian Tabidze.
GJ – How did that weird Soviet rule affect Grigol and his friends?
SM – In 1933, after Hitler’s coming to power in Germany the relationship between the Soviet Union and Germany became strained. The Soviet government demanded the return of Specialists, students and famous public figures. (To be continued in the next article on the same page.)

Print
Other Stories
Three biggest animals in Tbilisi Zoo – Grand, Bacho and Begi
This week was very important for the Tbilisi Zoo staff – Grand elephant was operated and its tusk was removed by the South African doctors.
Georgian designers who participate in TBFW 2018
Mercedes Benz Fashion Week 2018 kicks off tomorrow, on the 1st of November and will last for 5 days, until the 5th of November.
Tusk of elephant Grand successfully removed in Tbilisi Zoo
Surgery of the elephant Grand in Tbilisi zoo was successful and is over now. Elephant can walk now but specialists still observe its condition.
International fashion exponents meet Georgian designers MBFW Tbilisi
If you’re interested in fashion then you should definitely add a new event to your agenda. Namely Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Tbilisi that takes place from 1 to 5th of November.
Maryam d'Abo - James Bond Girl with Georgian roots
Giorgi Kvinitadze was a commander-in-chief of the Democratic Republic of Georgia.
Elephant to undergo surgery in Tbilisi Zoo
The elephant Grand is about to undergo the hardest surgery today on the 31st of October.
Best places to celebrate Halloween in Tbilisi
Halloween is celebrated on the 31st of October. It evolved from the Celtic holiday of Samhain which took place at the beginning of winter.
Bera Ivanishvili and Nanuka Gudavadze to get marry on the 11th of November
Son of the richest person in Georgia Bera Ivanishvili and the Georgian model Nanuka Gudavadze plan to get married on the 11th of November.
8-year-old girl killed in Gori - suspected murderer detained
The man suspected of killing the 8-year-old girl (with the initials I.N.) was detained today, on the 26 of October.
Audrey Hepburn with Georgian Emmy Award winner
Some photos keep whole stories. Especially one that are taken with famous people.
New clip by Bera Ivanishvili - Time machine
The richest man in Georgia Bidzina Ivanishvili is very much involved in politics, but we cannot say the same about his children, especially about Bera.
Olivia Wilde and Lea Michele in David Koma dresses
Recently, InStyle has organized the fourth annual InStyle Awards.
Gregory Pekk and Marcello Mastroianni and their friendship with Georgians
Leila Abashidze was a famous Georgian actress. She was sometimes referred to as "Mary Pickford of the USSR".
Georgian singer Sofia Nizharadze’s sexy outlooks
Sofia Nizharadze is a Georgian singer. She represented Georgia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2010 with the song "Shine reaching the 9th place.
Beautiful Georgian Model Tamta Shedania tells her story
The model of Elite Model Look Georgia (an international modeling contest) Tamta Shedania worked with various Asian and European modeling agencies.
Ghanaian Eudosia Andoh – Everyday life in Tbilisi in photos
Eudosia Andoh has been living in Tbilisi for three and half years and has been travelling in different parts of Georgia.
Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019 ended
Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019 came to an end. The event has been widely reported in the international press such as Vogue, Marie Claire, ELLE, Harper's Bazaar, etc.
Tbilisi Fashion Week continues – What’s new?
Tbilisi Fashion Week continues. Foreign tourists, designers, models and special guests attend the event.
The first day of the Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019
Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019 has officially commenced.
Sophia Loren, Ornella Muti and their friendship with the Georgians
Georgia has numerous artists popular to the international public.
Tbilisi Fashion Week kicks off
Tbilisi Fashion Week is going to commence on the 18th of October. The slogan of the fashion week is “We Must Take Care of Nature”.
Georgian model Ana Akhvlediani becomes a mother
Georgian model Ana Akhvlediani became a mother. Ana Akhvlediani married to Giorgi Beraia in July, 2018. The couple has a daughter.
What do wives of the rich Georgians wear?
Famous Georgian faces pay great attention to look gorgeous when they appear in public or upload photos on social network.
Saddam Hussein’s Georgian Personal Advisor
A-83-year-old pilot Darwin Rukhadze from Georgia used to serve as a personal advisor of Saddam Hussein, the president of Iraq.
What makes Japan so similar to Georgia?
Japanese people know Georgia and the Georgians well enough thanks to the Georgian Sumo wrestler Levan Gorgadze, also known as Tochinoshin.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
Exchange Rates
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
16.11.2018
17.11.2018
USD
1
USD
2.6818
2.6727
EUR
1
EUR
3.0299
3.0268
GBP
1
GBP
3.4332
3.4240
RUB
100
RUB
4.0185
4.0447
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.6727
EUR
1
EUR
3.0268
GBP
1
GBP
3.4240
RUB
100
RUB
4.0447
November 2018
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30