Overt & Covert Dangers of the 1920 Russian-Georgian Treaty
07 October, 2010
Overt & Covert Dangers of the 1920 Russian-Georgian Treaty

Based on that Agreement, Zhordania demanded of France and England to leave the Batumi Port. Their leaving Georgia was an absolute catastrophe for the country. Georgia was left alone in confrontation with Russia. Professor Simon Maskharashvili has more.
GJ – In the duration of the three-year history of the Georgian Democratic Republic, the Georgian military units had rebuffed the Russian aggression many times. In 1920, Georgia had a very realistic chance of liberating the entire South Caucasus from the Russian

violence, but Noah Zhordania made a flagrantly unlikely decision of stopping the fight of Georgian troops against the Russian Bolshevik forces, having ordered them to retreat. I would like to hear more comment on this. 
SM – Not only he did stop the military action of his troops, he also continued acting behind the back of the Georgian army: he commissioned the most untalented among the Georgian diplomats Grigol Uratadze, who was Georgia’s ambassador to Russia at that time, to conduct diplomatic negotiations with Lenin.
GJ –What did he want to negotiate with Russia? 
SM – The end of war! What else?
GJ – Isn’t it a paradox that a winning party ask for negotiating the end of war? 
SM – On the 7th of May, Uratadze (he was hurriedly made Georgia’s foreign minister) and Karakhan - the deputy to the Russian foreign minister Chicherin signed the Russian-Georgian Treaty in Moscow.
GJ – What did the Treaty envisage?
SM – That was a disastrous document for Georgia. In compliance with the Treaty, Russia recognized Georgia’s territorial integrity. Also, Russia considered the lands, which are today within the boundaries of Armenia and Azerbaijan, as integral part of Georgia (incidentally, the-then recognized Georgian territory was 50 % bigger than what it is today). At the same time, Georgia was being declared a neutral state, with Russia as a guarantor of its neutrality. As you might remember, the Bolshevik Russia had recognized the independence of Georgia as early as 1918 in compliance with the treaty, signed by Russia with Germany. Although the Treaty lost its power on part of Germany for the reasons mentioned before, the Bolshevik Russia continued to be the Bolshevik Russia! There was no need at all for us to have been recognized by Russia all over again in 1920. This statement makes sense because Russia itself was not yet recognized by the West. The mentioned Russian-Georgian Treaty also stipulated that Georgia would not allow the bourgeois military units on its territory.     
GJ – What did that mean specifically? 
SM – Based on that Treaty, Noah Zhordania demanded of France and England to leave the Batumi port.
GJ – Were the French and English military units stationed in Batumi?
SM – Yes, they were. They had a military base in Batumi. Their leaving Georgia was an inevitable fiasco for Georgia. 
GJ – That would have left Georgia confronted with Russia all by itself, wouldn’t it? 
SM – Sure! One-on-one! On top of everything else, the Treaty was allowing the legal existence and activity of the Communist Party in Georgia. Also, a 500-strong Russian embassy was planned to open in Tbilisi, the majority of which were supposed to be former Bolshevik saboteurs. Politically speaking, it was a diplomatic corps, but in reality it was a group of 500 terrorists sent over to work on the downfall of Georgia, endorsed by Zhordania himself. Communists Philip Makharadze and Sasha Gegechkori strutted in the streets of Tbilisi with diplomatic passports in their pockets. They learnt the local situation, doing their subversive job and building up the project of opening the way for the Russian occupational troops into Tbilisi.
GJ – Were any Georgians among the Russian embassy staff?
SM – Yes, there were. Georgians made up a considerable part of the Russian embassy, but they were traitors. The Treaty was not yet enforced when Zhordania organized a major assembly of the Second International (an organization of socialist and labor parties) in Tbilisi with the participation of Marxists, Socialists and revolutionaries, among them Messrs. McDonalds and Kautski – absolutely unacceptable folks for the British government. Such were the mistakes made by the Zhordania government: he made no efforts to drive the Russians out of the South Caucasus; he secretly signed with Russians the disastrous for the nation Treaty, declaring the Georgian state and its army neutral; he turned Georgia into a haven for socialists and communists; he forced the French and English military units and fleet to withdraw from Georgia.   
GJ – What do you think, was all that being done deliberately or was the result of lack of experience. 
SM – It is hardly imaginable that a government of any nation could be that ignorant . . . Let us not impose the answer on our readers and give them a chance to make their own educated conclusions. Unfortunately, we have had no access so far to classified and undisclosed state archives of the Russian president. We are not certain about genuine relations between the Georgian leader of that time Noah Zhordania and the head of Russian Bolsheviks Lenin. (Presumably, they were good enough). It is also strange that the signatory of the Russian-Georgian Treaty Uratadze is not noticeable anywhere before and after as a state figure and person.    
GJ – Would this mean that he did his job and then disappeared? 
SM – Most probably, yes! It is a fact though that he was not a political figure, but he had good relations with the Russian Bolsheviks. Judging by the results of his activity, this constituted treason of national interests of Georgia. On the other hand, as I said, there will be no certainty whether it was a simple narrow-mindedness or treason until the Russian presidential archives are disclosed.

Print
Other Stories
Tourists climb over fence to enter Jvari Monastery in Mtskheta
Tourists have found an alternative way to enter the territory of Jvari Monastery in Mtskheta.
Georgian couple quitting their jobs  to travel
Georgian couple Elene Gelagutashvili and Giorgi Tevzadze quitted their jobs to embark on adventures to South America.
How is Georgia preparing for Eurovision Song Contest?
Eurovision Song Contest is one of the largest of its kind and around 300 million spectators are getting ready to watch the show.
Georgian emigrant cooking amazing desserts with sugar and ginger
Georgian emigrant Meri Chichiashvili cooks unusual desserts with sugar and ginger.
Khatia Buniatishvili with Zubin Mehta perform in Tsinandali Palace, Georgia
Last year, on the 14th of September famous Georgian pianist Khatia Buniatishvili and the Israeli conductor Zubin Mehta held concert in Tsinandali.
Irakli Grdzelishvili, Georgian actor to act in Grey’s Anatomy
Georgian actor Irakli Grdzeilishvili will participate in one of the most watched American TV series – Grey’s Anatomy.
Glamour magazine about David Koma’s sequin dresses
Glamour magazine has recently published an article naming those “items” everyone will be buying this year.
Famous Youtuber PewDiePie wearing Demna Gvasalia
Felix Arvid Ulf Kjellberg, also known as PewDiePie, was dressed up in Demna Gvasalias’s shirt in one of his videos.
Mariam Goguadze – a Georgian singer and female rugby player
Mariam Giorgadze is a 20-year-old Georgian rugby player.
Ana Kipiani – a talented Georgian pianist
Ana Kipiani is a gifted Georgian pianist. She is currently studying at the Royal College of Music in London.
Exclusive interview with Neka Dorokashvili about herself and her family life
Interviews from Neka Dorokoshvili, wife of famous Georgian tennis player Nikoloz Basilashvili are rare,
Tbilisi Mayor spending holidays in Switzerland with his family
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and the first lady of Georgia’s capital, Anouki Areshidze with their four children are spending the Christmas holidays in Switzerland.
Lady Gaga wearing black vinyl boots by Datuna Sulikashvili
Lady Gaga has recently worn thigh-high black vinyl boots by a Georgian designer Datuna Sulikashvili.
Bera and Nanuka Gudavadze - Photo session in Kazbegi
Bera Ivanishvili is a Georgian rapper. Bera has now released an album “Gpirdebi” (I promise).
Georgian man badly injured by circus tiger in Italy
A 25-year-old Georgian was badly injured by a tiger after breaking into the cage at the Lidia Togni circus, which is currently in Reggio Calabria,
Melania Trump, Michele Obama taking after Georgian star Tina Kandelaki?
Tina Kandelaki is a Georgian journalist who has been living in Russia for years.
Georgian taxi driver in Poland picks up Mikheil Saakashvili
Georgian woman Megi Chkoidze works as a taxi driver in Poland.
Demna Gvasalia accused in plagirasim by Avtandil Tskvitinidze, Georgian designer
Demna Gvasalia was accused in plagiarism by another Georgian designer Avtandil Tskvitinidze.
“Insiders”: New Generation chooses Demna Gvasalia
Melchior Tersen, a Parisian photographer has recently represented a very interesting work for the latest issue of Replica Magazine.
Unforgettable Pre-New-Years party by Beaumonde
Beaumonde, a well-known Georgian magazine organized an unforgettable Pre-New-Year’s party for its readers, partner organizations and celebrities.
Kourtney Kardashian wearing a black dress by George Keburia
American TV star and model Kourtney Kardashian has recently uploaded a photo on Instagram wearing a sexy black dress by George Keburia.
Michelle Obama wearing Balenciaga and David Koma at “Becoming” tour
Michelle Obama has recently been witnessed in Georgian designers’ outfits.
Bringing life into non-living things
Jana Antipova is a Georgian artist. She makes incredible compositions with cobbles.
Tako Natsvlishvili’s photo session for Pain de Sucre
Tako Natsvlishvili is a 20-year old model from Georgia. She was photographed by a prominent French photographer David Bellemere in summer.
Over 80-year old Georgian women become fashion models
Georgian designer Megi Gabunia launched an inspirational campaign #BrightenSeniors’Days.
PHOTO OF THE DAY

Exchange Rates
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
17.01.2019
18.01.2019
USD
1
USD
2.6634
2.6633
EUR
1
EUR
3.0363
3.0359
GBP
1
GBP
3.4259
3.4298
RUB
100
RUB
3.9891
4.0034
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.6633
EUR
1
EUR
3.0359
GBP
1
GBP
3.4298
RUB
100
RUB
4.0034
January 2019
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3 4 5 6
7 8 9 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30 31