Overt & Covert Dangers of the 1920 Russian-Georgian Treaty
07 October, 2010
Overt & Covert Dangers of the 1920 Russian-Georgian Treaty

Based on that Agreement, Zhordania demanded of France and England to leave the Batumi Port. Their leaving Georgia was an absolute catastrophe for the country. Georgia was left alone in confrontation with Russia. Professor Simon Maskharashvili has more.
GJ – In the duration of the three-year history of the Georgian Democratic Republic, the Georgian military units had rebuffed the Russian aggression many times. In 1920, Georgia had a very realistic chance of liberating the entire South Caucasus from the Russian

violence, but Noah Zhordania made a flagrantly unlikely decision of stopping the fight of Georgian troops against the Russian Bolshevik forces, having ordered them to retreat. I would like to hear more comment on this. 
SM – Not only he did stop the military action of his troops, he also continued acting behind the back of the Georgian army: he commissioned the most untalented among the Georgian diplomats Grigol Uratadze, who was Georgia’s ambassador to Russia at that time, to conduct diplomatic negotiations with Lenin.
GJ –What did he want to negotiate with Russia? 
SM – The end of war! What else?
GJ – Isn’t it a paradox that a winning party ask for negotiating the end of war? 
SM – On the 7th of May, Uratadze (he was hurriedly made Georgia’s foreign minister) and Karakhan - the deputy to the Russian foreign minister Chicherin signed the Russian-Georgian Treaty in Moscow.
GJ – What did the Treaty envisage?
SM – That was a disastrous document for Georgia. In compliance with the Treaty, Russia recognized Georgia’s territorial integrity. Also, Russia considered the lands, which are today within the boundaries of Armenia and Azerbaijan, as integral part of Georgia (incidentally, the-then recognized Georgian territory was 50 % bigger than what it is today). At the same time, Georgia was being declared a neutral state, with Russia as a guarantor of its neutrality. As you might remember, the Bolshevik Russia had recognized the independence of Georgia as early as 1918 in compliance with the treaty, signed by Russia with Germany. Although the Treaty lost its power on part of Germany for the reasons mentioned before, the Bolshevik Russia continued to be the Bolshevik Russia! There was no need at all for us to have been recognized by Russia all over again in 1920. This statement makes sense because Russia itself was not yet recognized by the West. The mentioned Russian-Georgian Treaty also stipulated that Georgia would not allow the bourgeois military units on its territory.     
GJ – What did that mean specifically? 
SM – Based on that Treaty, Noah Zhordania demanded of France and England to leave the Batumi port.
GJ – Were the French and English military units stationed in Batumi?
SM – Yes, they were. They had a military base in Batumi. Their leaving Georgia was an inevitable fiasco for Georgia. 
GJ – That would have left Georgia confronted with Russia all by itself, wouldn’t it? 
SM – Sure! One-on-one! On top of everything else, the Treaty was allowing the legal existence and activity of the Communist Party in Georgia. Also, a 500-strong Russian embassy was planned to open in Tbilisi, the majority of which were supposed to be former Bolshevik saboteurs. Politically speaking, it was a diplomatic corps, but in reality it was a group of 500 terrorists sent over to work on the downfall of Georgia, endorsed by Zhordania himself. Communists Philip Makharadze and Sasha Gegechkori strutted in the streets of Tbilisi with diplomatic passports in their pockets. They learnt the local situation, doing their subversive job and building up the project of opening the way for the Russian occupational troops into Tbilisi.
GJ – Were any Georgians among the Russian embassy staff?
SM – Yes, there were. Georgians made up a considerable part of the Russian embassy, but they were traitors. The Treaty was not yet enforced when Zhordania organized a major assembly of the Second International (an organization of socialist and labor parties) in Tbilisi with the participation of Marxists, Socialists and revolutionaries, among them Messrs. McDonalds and Kautski – absolutely unacceptable folks for the British government. Such were the mistakes made by the Zhordania government: he made no efforts to drive the Russians out of the South Caucasus; he secretly signed with Russians the disastrous for the nation Treaty, declaring the Georgian state and its army neutral; he turned Georgia into a haven for socialists and communists; he forced the French and English military units and fleet to withdraw from Georgia.   
GJ – What do you think, was all that being done deliberately or was the result of lack of experience. 
SM – It is hardly imaginable that a government of any nation could be that ignorant . . . Let us not impose the answer on our readers and give them a chance to make their own educated conclusions. Unfortunately, we have had no access so far to classified and undisclosed state archives of the Russian president. We are not certain about genuine relations between the Georgian leader of that time Noah Zhordania and the head of Russian Bolsheviks Lenin. (Presumably, they were good enough). It is also strange that the signatory of the Russian-Georgian Treaty Uratadze is not noticeable anywhere before and after as a state figure and person.    
GJ – Would this mean that he did his job and then disappeared? 
SM – Most probably, yes! It is a fact though that he was not a political figure, but he had good relations with the Russian Bolsheviks. Judging by the results of his activity, this constituted treason of national interests of Georgia. On the other hand, as I said, there will be no certainty whether it was a simple narrow-mindedness or treason until the Russian presidential archives are disclosed.

Print
Other Stories
The Chemical Brothers to play in Georgia
On the 1st of September, the Rustavi Motordrome is hosting a concert by the Chemical Brothers.
70-year-old Georgian, who is a student
Giorgi Mikadze is a 70-year-old student at the Tbilisi State University, Georgia. He believes a human should always aspire to learn more.
Ex-president of Georgia wore torn jeans and Balenciaga sneakers
The Dutch newspaper Trouw recently published an interview with the former president of Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili.
Tako Natsvlishvili at Victoria’s Secret casting 2018
Tako Natsvlishvili participated in the Victoria Secret’s 2018 casting on the 29th of August, in New York. The Georgian model was among Victoria’s Secret finalists in 2017.
International Festival of classical music to be held in Batumi
At the end of this week an International Festival of classic music will kick off for the 6th time in Batumi, Georgia’s beautiful seaside city.
Georgians who beat the world record
There are many Georgians among the world recordsmen. Georgians managed to beat the world record for 78 times to date. Today we explore four of them.
Jenny Brunt speaks about Georgia with Georgian Journal
Jenny Brunt is among the most famous models worldwide. She used to be on the covers of different international magazines in the 1990s.
Tako Natsvlishvili wearing Pain de Sucre - photographed by David Bellemere
Tako Natsvlishvili is a 19-yeal old model from Georgia. She has recently been photographed by a prominent French photographer David Bellemere.
Former Georgian plastic surgeon who owns a restaurant in New York
Maia Acquaviva is a Georgian former surgeon, who worked in one of the clinics here in Tbilisi, but decided to go to the USA and start a business there.
David Beckham first saw Victoria Adams in Tbilisi
Tbilisi is truly a magical city. It brings many people and cultures together, even connects future spouses. Do you think we are joking? Not at all.
Georgia should be at the top of every travel destination list – says German photographer about Georgia
The German Chancellor Angela Merkel visits Georgia tomorrow and possibly as a result of this visit the German media is currently writing a lot about Georgia.
Alexander Julakidze - Georgian pianist based in Jerusalem
A well-known Georgian pianist Alexander Julakidze has successfully participated in a variety of piano competitions. He currently lives in Jerusalem, Israel contributing to Georgia’s popularity all over the world.
Anna Kendrick in David Koma’s dress
The readers of the Georgian Journal will definitely have heard about David Koma, a young and talented Georgian designer based in London.
Medical tourism increases in Georgia
In the first quarter of 2018, Georgia was visited by 13 900 foreigners for medical and recovery purposes. The level is 61.2 % higher than the same period in 2017.
Rebellious and successful Georgian model based in Barcelona
Remember we told you a story this week about a Georgian model Paloma Anastasia Mikadze, who currently is based in Barcelona and is quite successful there?
Georgian Rubik’s Cube solver Vako Marchilashvili breaks the Guinness World Record
Vako Marchilashvili is a young Rubik’s Cube solver from Georgia. He participated in “Georgia’s Got Talent 2017 “and introduced his genius abilities to the Georgian public.
Turkish born Georgian sisters sing a beautiful song
There are many Georgians, who live in Turkey, but maintain Georgian culture and heritage.
What types of transport can Georgia offer tourists?
Train, subway, bus, mini-bus, taxi and airplane – these are the types of transport that Georgia can offer tourists.
Chris Botti to perform in Georgia
American trumpeter Chris Botti arrived in Georgia yesterday. Today the musician is due to perform with the Georgian singer Nani Bregvadze.
Georgian schoolchildren create Robot “Vano”
Georgian students from the Guivy Zaldastanishvili American Academy in Tbilisi have created a robot named Vano.
Khatia Buniatishvili performs with the Estonian Festival Orchestra at the Proms in London
On the 13th of August, Paavo Järvi and the Estonian Festival Orchestra performed at the Royal Albert Hall in London during its famous Proms season.
Paloma Anastasia Mikadze, an Instagram star from Georgia
Anastasia Mikadze is a Georgian social network star from Georgia. She shares her ideas about fashion, interior design and healthy lifestyle with hundreds of followers on Instagram.
Georgian lifeguard who saved life of nearly 700 people
Gocha Bilvanidze, the Head of the Maritime Rescue Service has been with the organization for eight years now. He has saved the lives of around 700 people during that time.
Children of Georgian migrant to the USA Parten Chikviladze (Peter Chiglo) visit Georgia
A 16-year Parten Chikviladze from Racha (the western part of Georgia) left Georgian 1913 for America, never to return back.
 Surprising proposal by a Georgian Soldier
The video of a Georgian Cadet Soldier’s proposal to his girlfriend has gone viral on the social media. He proposed to her in the presence of other soldiers in front of the Academy.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
Exchange Rates
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
19.09.2018
20.09.2018
USD
1
USD
2.6188
2.6179
EUR
1
EUR
3.0593
3.0606
GBP
1
GBP
3.4414
3.4517
RUB
100
RUB
3.8673
3.9087
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.6179
EUR
1
EUR
3.0606
GBP
1
GBP
3.4517
RUB
100
RUB
3.9087