5 Common Questions About COVID-19
31 March, 2020
5 Common Questions About COVID-19
Even though the respiratory disease COVID-19 has been known to the world for months, there are still unanswered questions left.

1) How, exactly, does Covid-19 spread?

Why has it spread so fast? The best explanation for this rapid spread is that the virus is being passed through droplets from coughing or sneezing. When these virus-laden droplets from an infected person reach the nose, eyes, or mouth of another, they can transmit the disease. It’s possible that the virus can spread
through feces. There are also uncertainties over how long the virus can linger in the air after a person coughs or sneezes.
You may have heard that the new coronavirus isn’t “airborne” — meaning that unlike extremely contagious diseases like measles, it’s unlikely to linger in the air for hours on end. But that doesn’t mean the virus can’t linger in the air for some amount of time. It will definitely be in the air in the moments after an infected person sneezes or coughs, but it’s unclear when the particles eventually come to rest on the ground (or surrounding surfaces).

2) Can people become reinfected? And, if so, after how long?

Another huge unknown: Can people become reinfected with Covid-19 after they’ve had it? There are some reports of people in China and Japan testing positive after recovering from the infection. Though, to be clear, it’s unknown whether those people were truly reinfected or still just had low levels of the virus in their systems after they felt better.
Right now, there’s limited research on the question of reinfection in humans. It’s just too early.


3) How deadly, exactly, is Covid-19?

Knowing the true number of infections that exist around the globe will help researchers determine another crucial metric about Covid-19: its case fatality rate, meaning how deadly it is. Right now, it’s looking like some countries have higher death rates for Covid-19 than others. These rates also keep changing. Now, the estimated death rate for Wuhan, China — the city where the outbreak began — is 1.4 percent, per a new study in Nature Medicine. In late February, the World Health Organization estimated the rate in Wuhan was 5.8 percent. South Korea, on the other hand, was estimated to have a death rate of less than 1 percent. Italy’s seems to be, for now, several percentage points higher. It’s also the case that the fatality rate can change over time.

4) Is it seasonal?

For a variety of reasons, some viruses — but not all — become less transmissible as temperatures and humidity rise in the summer months. The viruses themselves may not live as long on surfaces in these conditions. The droplets that transmit the virus also may not spread as far in humid air. Also, human behavior changes, and we spend less time in confined spaces. There are actually two important questions here. The first: Will Covid-19 show seasonal effects? The second: Will those seasonal effects make a meaningful difference in slowing down the spread of the pandemic?
The answer to the first question, right now, is maybe.
The researches say that we just can not rely on the weather alone to take care of the outbreak, pointing to warmer and more humid climates.


5) When will it end? And how? Will it become endemic?

As we learn more about this disease, our approach to fighting it will become more precise. We may be able to find a balance between protecting the vulnerable and letting our economy and society function again. But for now, we have to confront the possibility that this virus will disrupt life for a long while.
“I think this idea … that if you close schools and shut restaurants for a couple of weeks, you solve the problem and get back to normal life — that’s not what’s going to happen,” says Adam Kucharski, an epidemiologist at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and author of The Rules of Contagion, a book on how outbreaks spread. “The main message that isn’t getting across to a lot of people is just how long we might be in this for.”
But given the scientists have only known about this virus for a few short months, it is actually quite remarkable how much they have learned.
The learning won’t stop. And because of that, hopefully, the spread of this pandemic someday will.

First photo by David Tabagari

Source: VOX

Related Stories: 

Coronavirus Geopolitics and Fighting Against Its Consequences – Why Georgia Is Successful Story

COVID-19 Cases Hit 108, Nationwide Quarantine Effective From Today

Why Don't Georgians Abroad Get Infected With COVID-19?
Other Stories
Georgia Reopens Shops and Malls
All kinds of open shops, including malls, have been opened in Georgia today.
Municipal Transport Services Resumed in Georgia
All kinds of municipal transport services – including Tbilisi Metro – have been resumed throughout Georgia today.
Municipal Transport to Reopen From May 29 in Georgia
All types of municipal transport will be reopened from May 29, Prime Minister of Georgia Giorgi Gakharia said at the meeting of the Inter-Agency Coordination Council on COVID-19 today.
Tourists Have to Present a Covid-19 Test Result Before Entering Georgia
According to Amiran Gamkrelidze, Head of the National Center for Disease Control, tourists will likely have to present a document while entering Georgia that they had been tested in the last 72 hours and the result was negative.
Covid-19 Restrictions Lifted In Georgia
As the epidemiological situation allows to accelerate certain situations, some restrictions have been lifted today in Georgia.
Some Covid-19 Restrictions To be Lifted In Georgia From May 18
Some of the restrictions imposed due to coronavirus spread is going to be lifted in Georgia from Monday, May 18.
The State Of Emergency Will Not Be Extended in Georgia
According to the Prime Minister, Giorgi Gakharia, the government will not address the President with a request to extend the state of emergency after May 22.
Village in Bolnisi Municipality to be Set Under Quarantine
Based on the decision made by the Interagency Coordinating Council, due to the high epidemiological risk, strict quarantine restrictions have been enacted in the village of Geta, Bolnisi Municipality, as part of the state of emergency.
Georgia to partially lift coronavirus-related restrictions on May 5
Georgia starts to partially lift some of the coronavirus related restrictions which were banned under the state of emergency.
9 patients die from COVID-19 as number of infected nears 600
The ninth patient has died of coronavirus in Georgia, who was 58-year-old in a critical condition.
Four Georgian sailors, who escaped from pirates, are safe
The Maritime Transport Agency said they are working with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia on the issue related to the abduction of Georgian sailors by pirates in Nigeria.
Georgian couple exercises acrobatic tricks in a lockdown
The worldwide lockdown has changed many lives. If before pandemic it was usual to go out in the evening with a friend, drink beer or sip coffee, pandemic has changed the way people spend time.
Will flights be safe after the pandemic? – Visualization proves opposite
Nearly all passenger flights have been grounded after the coronavirus outbreak and declaration of the worldwide pandemic.
Epidemic in Georgia is contained, top Georgian health expert says
Georgia has managed to contain the epidemic, Amiran Gamkrelidze, Head of the National Center for Disease Control and Public Health said.
Georgia may be among the first countries which get remdesivir medicine
There is a hope that Georgia will be among the first countries which receive remdesivir medicine from the US, Tengiz Tsertsvadze, General Director of the Tbilisi Infectious Diseases Hospital said.
Georgia receives 40 thousand PCR tests from China
Georgia has received 40 thousand PCR tests from china, including 20 thousand antibody tests as a gift from the Chinese government, Healthcare Minister, Ekaterine Tikaradze said, who met the cargo at the airport.
COVID-19 will end in Georgia by June, study says
Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD) publishes new study which forecasts possible end of the coronavirus pandemic in the world and some of the other countries, including Georgia.
Coronavirus cases reach 511 as Georgia passes peak of the spread
The number of confirmed cases of coronavirus has increased to 511 in Georgia.
More than 100 thousand people downloaded covonavirus tracking app in Georgia
More than 100 thousand people in Georgia have downloaded a new government smartphone application designed to aid coronavirus contact tracing efforts.
Coronavirus cases near 500 as Georgia eases restrictions
“We will have to learn to cohabit and coexist with this virus” – says Tengiz Tsertsvadze, General Director of the Tbilisi Infectious Diseases Hospital.
Georgia starts lifting of some coronavirus restrictions
Georgia starts to lift some restrictions effective April 27. This is within the government’s plan that consists of 6 stages.
Video of wedding on bicycles goes viral
Weddings in Georgia are usually crowded. Bride and Groom use limousine and guests follow them with their cars.
COVID-19 is like a silent death - recovered patients tell their stories
“Only from a hospital ward can one see the scale of the pandemic that is much larger than one can imagine” – Georgian Lile Absandze, a patient who recovered from COVID-19 says on Facebook.
456 COVID-19 cases confirmed in Georgia, 132 recovered
12 more patients tested positive for the novel coronavirus in Georgia, taking the number of total confirmed cases to 456.
Georgia to ease restrictions, according to PM's plan
Prime Minister Giorgi Gakharia has named 6 stages of easing the restrictions imposed within the framework of the state of emergency and opening up the economy.
GEL Exchange Rate
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange
June 2020
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30