The KGB Plan for Georgia
14 April, 2011
The KGB Plan for Georgia

The new head of state in Georgia had to be the agent of the USSR State Security who had to make an impression that he was collaborating with the Fascists or any other possible force presumed to occupy Georgia. Professor Simon Maskharashvili has more.
GJ – Why was Britain so much eager to enter the Caucasus?
SM – Because there was the Baku oil reservoir in store for them there. There was also the Georgian railway, ports and coal mines.

Stalin’s memory had never escaped the fact that for Britain Georgia was a de jure independent country. In 1921 Georgia’s independence was recognized by a number of members of the League of Nations. The Act was still in force by 1942. Stalin was losing Georgia because Georgia was automatically becoming independent once again. From this view point the worst thing that could happen to Georgia was the Victory of the USSR in the Second World War.  
GJ – Stalin of course didn’t want to let Georgia go. There was a huge chance for the process to carry on, and Bolsheviks could have been eradicated from the Caucasus.
SM – I agree with you. This is why so many pains were taken for maintaining Georgia as part of the Soviet Union and the entire Caucasus in general. Lavrenti Beria himself arrived at the Caucasus front. His arrival was followed by certain amount of purges and repressions as well as reshuffling in local management. To say the truth, Lavrenti Beria was an actual commander in the battles of Caucasus and not the Russian generals.  
GJ – But he was the minister of state security of the USSR – the chief of KGB, wasn’t he?
SM – Beria managed to put in place very serious ideological efforts in a very short period of time, and he did it with the help of the Georgian writers. The leadership of the Soviet Union was terribly stymied up until 1945 (which is the last year of the War) concerning the possibility of loss of Georgia. The same problem persisted all the time – if they did not let Britain enter Georgia, then Germans could get a chance to do it. And the worst part for the Soviets was that the independent Georgia would be restored whoever occupied its territory and a new head of state would be elected. KGB was working diligently on the main issue – the new head of state in Georgia had to be the agent of the USSR State Security who had to make an impression that he was collaborating with the Fascists or any other possible force presumed to occupy Georgia. The plan was that finally the new Georgian leader would prove to be a patriot of his country having played the double game. There were several candidates for the role. The candidate had to be popular with the Georgian people and also he had to be ready and able to work with the Soviets accordingly. There was a talk about the famous Georgian writer Constantine Gamsakhurdia (father of President Zviad Gamsakhurdia), but the Soviet State Security soon understood that nothing serious could come out of that attempt because Constantine Gamsakhurdia was not reliable enough a figure. He would never be faithful to Soviet authorities. They finally stopped their option on certain Machavariani.
GJ – What was that Machavariani?
SM – He was a man of letters. Nobody remembers his name today, but at that time KGB made enough efforts for enhancing his popularity.
GJ – Do you know of any other details of the plan made by the Soviet State Security?
SM – Had the Soviet Army started abandoning the Georgian territory, something like the following situation could have developed: the chosen candidate for the new Georgian leader would have rushed forward, Georgia’s flag in hand, and cried out ‘Long live the independent Georgia!’ All the necessary levers and resources would have been in his hands, and he would also have turned momentarily into a hero and a leader in the eyes of the nation.

Other Stories
Mariah Carey may perform in Georgia
American singer Mariah Carey may arrive in Georgia within the framework of the Check in Georgia project, - Giorgi Kobulia, Minister of Economy and Sustainable Development, said.
Hollywood star Dolph Lundgren visiting Georgia for "Ragnar" commercial
Dolph Lundgren, a Swedish actor, will pariticpate in a Ragnar commercial in Georgia.
Nanuka Gudavadze’s photo session for ANOUKI
Nanuka Gudavadze is a Georgian model.
7 citizens died from suspected CO poisoning in Tbilisi
Police are investigating the incident that took place on Ketevan Tsamebuli street, leaving seven people dead.
Miss Georgia 2009 to marry Rustavi 2 TV channel owner
Nanuka Gogichaishvili, a famous Georgian model and a former TV presenter of one of the leading TV broadcasting company Rustavi 2 is marrying to Nika Nakopia.
The Sun: Georgian girl speaks about Jack Shepherd
A 24-year old Georgian Maiko TChanturidze has spoken about the moment Jack Shepherd admitted he was wanted over the death crash.
New shirt with “Kmara” and “Borjghalo” symbols by Demna Gvasalia cost 491.67 Euros
Demna Gvasalia is a Georgian fashion designer, the creative director of Balenciaga and head designer of Vetements.
Returning from Germany to be a role model in Georgia
Tina Davadze, a young entrepreneur from Georgia, creates leather accessories in Kharagauli, Imereti (western region of Georgia).
Bera among 12 gorgeous men breaking beauty standards
Georgian rapper Bera Ivanishvili is among “12 Gorgeous Men Who Made Us Forget About Beauty Standards”.
Lia’s Georgian Cookery School opening in Oxford
The Oxford Times has recently published an article about Lia’s Cookery School opening in Oxford in January this year.
Georgian library opened at the Queens Library, New York City
Georgian library was opened at the Queens Library, a public library serving New York City.
Mikheil Saakashvili together with Georgian emigrants plan to return home
The former president of Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili has recently promised Georgian emigrants to return home.
Tako Natsvlishvili features in video for Pain de sucre
Tako Natsvlishvili, Georgian Model featured in a new video for Pain de Sucre.
Demna Gvasalia’s extraordinary collection at a hall full of animals
Famous Georgian designer Demna Gvasalia has recently showcased his latest collection at Paris Fashion Week.
Epiphany marked in Georgia
On January 19 Orthodox Georgians celebrate Epiphany feast.
Two persons detained in connection with Didi Dighomi accident
Two people have been detained in connection with the tragic incident in the Didi Dighomi district of Tbilisi
Measles outbreak ongoing in Georgia
A total of 312 cases of measles were reported in Georgia from January 1 through January 16
“Ironbark” will star Georgian actor Merab Ninidze with Benedict Cumberbatch
Famous Georgian actor Merab Ninidze will appear in Dominic Cooke’s film “Ironbark”.
Photographer Giorgi Zhamerashvili about the tragedy in Didi Dighomi
Yesterday on the 16th of January, gas explosion occurred in the Didi Dighomi district of Tbilisi.
Tbilisi City Hall provides 27 persons, damaged in explosion, with temporary accommodations
Tbilisi City Hall has provided 27 persons, damaged in the suspected natural gas leak explosion in Tbilisi yesterday, with temporary accommodations
Gas explosion in Tbilisi kills four, including one child
Four people, including one child, died and eight others were injured as a result of gas explosion
17 dead from flu virus in Georgia, but the dynamic is decreasing
17 people have died from clinically confirmed flu virus in Georgia so far.
Tourists climb over fence to enter Jvari Monastery in Mtskheta
Tourists have found an alternative way to enter the territory of Jvari Monastery in Mtskheta.
Georgian couple quitting their jobs  to travel
Georgian couple Elene Gelagutashvili and Giorgi Tevzadze quitted their jobs to embark on adventures to South America.
How is Georgia preparing for Eurovision Song Contest?
Eurovision Song Contest is one of the largest of its kind and around 300 million spectators are getting ready to watch the show.
GEL Exchange Rate
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange
February 2019
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3
4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28