Stalin’s Cult in Georgia
28 April, 2011
Stalin’s Cult in Georgia

Stalin became a cult figure for those who had returned safe from the Second World War and their delighted families. Stalin was a winner. He was a generalissimo. Stalinism was born in Georgia in 1941 and was completely formed into a rigid ideology by 1945.  Professor Simon Maskharashvili has more.
GJ – How can you then explain the fact that the Soviet citizens committed amazing acts of heroism and self-sacrifice in the War, and they did all that in the name

of Stain and Motherland? 
SM – The Second World War acts and episodes are abundantly described by writers and media. And answering your question, I would like to touch upon a couple of global issues. To cut a long story short, the strongest point of the Soviet regime was an utterly perfected and very subtle propaganda machine. As long as Georgians are concerned in particular, they really found themselves faced with genocide. And the situation still needs improvement after more than six and a half decades since the end of World War II. The reproduction process dramatically slowed down as a result of the War. If not for that immense human sacrifice, Georgia should have at least 15 million people today.  The second worst thing that had happened was that Stalin became a real idol for those who had returned from war and for the bereft families too. As the saying goes, the winners would never be judged. Stalin was a winner and he was a generalissimo. An overwhelming psychological approach was formed about Stalin’s figure. The word went around that he actually was a great leader, especially in the eyes and hearts of those who for four years fought shoulder to shoulder with him against fascism. Stalinism was born in Georgia in 1941 and was completely molded into a rigid ideology by 1945.
GJ – Had people forgotten so quickly the 1937 purges and atrocities?
SM – Everything was overshadowed by the victory. Nobody wanted to remember the terrible years of 1921, 1924 and 1937. At the first glance, it was not too long between those years and the end of the War. The impression was that Georgians got afflicted with overwhelming amnesia. Even the families who had lost their dear ones in those years of the Stalinist depression had no desire to remember neither the past nor the relatives. Actually, the surviving members of those families were treated with such mistrust on part of the Soviet government that they were not even recruited to fight in the War. The parental memory was substituted by Stalin’s invincible and glorious image. The victory over fascism had put Stalin and Russia next to America and Britain and gave them the face of a progressive power. From psychological and moral stand, this was even more destructive than the physical sacrifice itself which the Georgian society had suffered not only in the War but also between the years of 1921 and 1945. The nation was left without scientists, artists, writers, public figures – they were just shot and gone. But the nation kept their memory forever. Ironically, Stalin became their mother, father and son, their writer, their scientist, public figure and all. Writing Stalin’s name like Jugashvili (his family name) was commonplace. Saying that Stalin was Georgian was a matter of pride.   
GJ – Georgians somehow stayed proud of Stalin for quite long, didn’t they?
SM – Yes, there definitely was sense of identification with Stalin – the guy together with whom you fought the War and won something very significant...
GJ – Shall we describe the feeling like an enchantment with the fact of participation in the process?
SM – Maybe! When nothing is left, when all is taken away – the motherland, the progeny, the gene-pool, and when the nation’s fathers have long been dead, the only real thing that was left for Georgians to be proud of was the victorious generalissimo – an ethnic Georgian. This psychological turnaround had completely ruined the Georgian national cause. And this had continued all the way until the 9th of March of 1956. That was the day when the young defenders of Stalin’s name in Georgia were slaughtered by the death machine created by Stalin and shored up by the Soviet Army. In the years between 1945 and 1956 the Georgian national idea and cause was hopelessly defunct.

Print
Other Stories
Public Registry registers Kibar Khalvashi as Rustavi 2 TV owner
According to the data posted on the Public Registry website, Kibar Khalvashi is the owner of 60% shares of the Rustavi 2 broadcasting company.
European Court of Human Rights founds no violation by Georgian courts in Rustavi 2 case
The European Court of Human Rights has published a judgment in the Rustavi 2 case.
Kartlis Deda covering her eye – New Stencil in Tbilisi
Kartlis Deda covering her eye – new stencil has appeared in Tbilisi.
Historic Petra fortress will host an electronic music festival
On August 10 the historic Petra fortress located in the village Thsikhidziri in Adjara will host GR –Fest - an open air electronic music festival.
From September Iakob Gogebashvili's "Deda Ena" will make a comeback in Georgian schools
This fall, at the beginning of the new academic year every first-grader will receive "Deda Ena" as a gift.
Georgian painter creating unique paper sculptures
Beso Kobakhidze, a painter from Ambrolauri, a city located in the western part of the country, has been creating unique paper sculptures for 8 years now.
Anti-occupation movement "Force is in Unity" patrolling in Davit Gareji
One of the leaders of the anti-occupation movement, Davit Katsarava, says that there is a calm situation in Davit Gareji for the time being,
23rd day of Anti-occupation rally, Interior Minister does plan to resign
Georgian Interior Minister Giorgi Gakharia said that the dispersal of a rally near the parliament on June 20
President Putin falsifies History of Georgia
Following the II Global Manufacturing and Industrialisation Summit, Vladimir Putin met
“Дождь” news program accompanied by a bottle of Georgian wine
“Дождь”, Russian TV channel’s news program was accompanied by a bottle of Georgian wine as a show of solidarity for Georgia.
Khatia Buniatishvili and Guillaume Gallienne perform Georgian song “Suliko”
Khatia Buniatishvili made French actor Guillaume Gallienne and journalist Anne-Sophie Lapix perform an improvised Georgian dance
Tbilisi Pride held, demonstrators of two different rallies spend the night on Rustaveli Avenue
Anti-occupation demonstrators and opponents of Tbilisi Pride spent last night on Rustaveli Avenue.
What does the store “Georgian” offer tourists in Summer?
“Georgian”, a tourist store of “Biblusi” is popular not only with tourists but with everyone looking for a Georgian product.
Rustavi 2 TV Anchor Insults Putin, Government calls it a provocation
On July 7, Giorgi Gabunia, anchor of the PS news program on Rustavi 2 TV, used obscene terms against Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Georgian Alexandre Zazarashvili wins The Voice Kids Ukraine
Georgian Alexandre Zazarashvili has won the fifth season of The Voice Kids Ukraine.
Part of ‘Fast and Furious 9’ to be filmed in Georgia
A 10-minute episode of ‘Fast and Furious 9’ will be filmed in Georgia.
Euronews: “Georgia goes green”
Euronews has recently published an episode of Focus about Kutaisi, second largest city in Georgia.
Georgian children idol Giorgi Gogichaishvili dies aged 51
Georgian actor and TV host Giorgi Gogichaishvili passed away yesterday.
 Bakery "Puri Guliani" - History of Georgian baking
Puri Guliani – this is what our ancestors called pastries that they earnestly created all over Georgia with a variety of fillings.
Russia is an occupier – Protest-themed birdhouses
Ramaz Grigalashvili from Khashuri, a town in the central part of Georgia has been building birdhouses for about 6 years.
Russian rugby club suspends Georgian rugby players contract
The Russian rugby club "Slava" suspended the contracts of two Georgian rugby players.
Young Georgian lost over 120 kilos in a year
A 20-year old Giorgi Bibilauri lost 120 kilos through a year intense workout.
Danish artist created illustrations on current events in Georgia
Livija Viksna is a Danish/Latvian illustrator based in Tbilisi.
Anita Rachvelishvili and Nino Katamadze join the rally
Georgian singer Nino Katamadze and mezzo-soprano Anita Rachvelishvili joined the peaceful rally on Rustaveli Avenue.
Georgian Alexandre Zazarashvili in the final round of The Voice Kids Ukraine
Georgian Alexandre Zazarashvili has made it to the final round of The Voice Kids Ukraine.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
18.07.2019
19.07.2019
USD
1
USD
2.8687
2.8714
EUR
1
EUR
3.2178
3.2191
GBP
1
GBP
3.5580
3.5832
RUB
100
RUB
4.5670
4.5608
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.8714
EUR
1
EUR
3.2191
GBP
1
GBP
3.5832
RUB
100
RUB
4.5608
July 2019
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30 31