Georgia in the Aftermath of World War II
05 May, 2011

Right after 1945, every positive idea like patriotism, sense of dignity or family relationships went through a definite sublimation. The consequence of the World War II, in its every aspect, was destructive for Georgia which had no reason at all to celebrate the victory. Professor Simon Maskharashvili has more.
GJ – And why was that?
SM – The Ukraine used to be a member of the United Nations in the years between 1945 and 1990, but it was in no

way more independent a country than Georgia. Just compare these figures: in those years, 95 percent of Georgia’s school-age population went to Georgian-language schools whereas 80 percent of the same segment of population in the Ukraine went to Russian-language schools. A totally new reality occurred after the Second World War. Nobody was interested any longer in the acts of the League of Nations. Moreover, during the entire period of the USSR’s existence Poland, Hungary, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Rumania and Albania were rendered as non-Soviet member countries. On the other hand, Bulgaria for example was just as much a Soviet colony as Georgia or the harshness of the Soviet regime was more acutely felt in Rumania than in any Soviet republic proper, let’s say, in the Baltic Sea coast republics. The bloody regime of the brutal Soviet accomplice Nicolae Ceau escu will long be remembered by the history. Another example: in 1956 the Soviet Army accomplished one of its goriest and cruelest punitive acts in Hungary, not in Georgia or anywhere else.
GJ – But in 1956 the gory punitive act took place in Georgia too, didn’t it?
SM – That’s what I meant exactly – that year, only 100 people died in Tbilisi, whereas in Hungary the death toll went up to thousands. As Churchill had noted, an Iron Curtain fell from Baltic to Mediterranean. Those who found themselves within that Curtain (east side) were the Warsaw Treaty block countries – East European nations or Soviet republic – they all were under the Stalinist repressive regime, which felt itself totally unrestricted in its power of repression.  
GJ – The Regime which became stronger and harsher after the War. . .
SM – Yes, the USSR was stronger and much more self-confident thanks to the victory in the War, now even equipped with the nuclear power. The Soviet Union had never parted with the idea of global dominance, but whatever the territory and the country the Soviets managed to maintain after the War, they turned it into a more monolithic, vicious and brutally violent country than it used to be before. In the Soviet republics (there were 15 of them), including Georgia, had completely disappeared the anti-Russian and anti-Bolshevik ideology. Right after 1945, every positive idea like patriotism, sense of dignity or family relationships went through a definite sublimation. The consequence of the World War II, in its every aspect, was destructive for Georgia which had no reason at all to celebrate the victory. Any sort of victory, even the victory of fascism would have been less painful for Georgians than being on the side of the victorious Stalin. Let all other nations judge themselves whether Stalin was a bigger disaster for them or fascism, whether the German occupation was worse or not compared to the Russian occupation, but as a Georgian historian I would like to declare with all my sense of responsibility that the fascist occupation could not have been more disastrous than the Russian invasion. The Georgian soul and body had never been damaged, neither spiritually nor materially, as much as it was hurt in the long years of Soviet occupation.

Print
Other Stories
Georgian Kakhaber Abashidze becomes Director-General of Walt Disney Company CIS
Georgian Kakhaber Abashidze has been appointed as Director-General of Walt Disney Company CIS, reports AT.ge.
Public Registry registers Kibar Khalvashi as Rustavi 2 TV owner
According to the data posted on the Public Registry website, Kibar Khalvashi is the owner of 60% shares of the Rustavi 2 broadcasting company.
European Court of Human Rights founds no violation by Georgian courts in Rustavi 2 case
The European Court of Human Rights has published a judgment in the Rustavi 2 case.
Kartlis Deda covering her eye – New Stencil in Tbilisi
Kartlis Deda covering her eye – new stencil has appeared in Tbilisi.
Historic Petra fortress will host an electronic music festival
On August 10 the historic Petra fortress located in the village Thsikhidziri in Adjara will host GR –Fest - an open air electronic music festival.
From September Iakob Gogebashvili's "Deda Ena" will make a comeback in Georgian schools
This fall, at the beginning of the new academic year every first-grader will receive "Deda Ena" as a gift.
Georgian painter creating unique paper sculptures
Beso Kobakhidze, a painter from Ambrolauri, a city located in the western part of the country, has been creating unique paper sculptures for 8 years now.
Anti-occupation movement "Force is in Unity" patrolling in Davit Gareji
One of the leaders of the anti-occupation movement, Davit Katsarava, says that there is a calm situation in Davit Gareji for the time being,
23rd day of Anti-occupation rally, Interior Minister does plan to resign
Georgian Interior Minister Giorgi Gakharia said that the dispersal of a rally near the parliament on June 20
President Putin falsifies History of Georgia
Following the II Global Manufacturing and Industrialisation Summit, Vladimir Putin met
“Дождь” news program accompanied by a bottle of Georgian wine
“Дождь”, Russian TV channel’s news program was accompanied by a bottle of Georgian wine as a show of solidarity for Georgia.
Khatia Buniatishvili and Guillaume Gallienne perform Georgian song “Suliko”
Khatia Buniatishvili made French actor Guillaume Gallienne and journalist Anne-Sophie Lapix perform an improvised Georgian dance
Tbilisi Pride held, demonstrators of two different rallies spend the night on Rustaveli Avenue
Anti-occupation demonstrators and opponents of Tbilisi Pride spent last night on Rustaveli Avenue.
What does the store “Georgian” offer tourists in Summer?
“Georgian”, a tourist store of “Biblusi” is popular not only with tourists but with everyone looking for a Georgian product.
Rustavi 2 TV Anchor Insults Putin, Government calls it a provocation
On July 7, Giorgi Gabunia, anchor of the PS news program on Rustavi 2 TV, used obscene terms against Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Georgian Alexandre Zazarashvili wins The Voice Kids Ukraine
Georgian Alexandre Zazarashvili has won the fifth season of The Voice Kids Ukraine.
Part of ‘Fast and Furious 9’ to be filmed in Georgia
A 10-minute episode of ‘Fast and Furious 9’ will be filmed in Georgia.
Euronews: “Georgia goes green”
Euronews has recently published an episode of Focus about Kutaisi, second largest city in Georgia.
Georgian children idol Giorgi Gogichaishvili dies aged 51
Georgian actor and TV host Giorgi Gogichaishvili passed away yesterday.
 Bakery "Puri Guliani" - History of Georgian baking
Puri Guliani – this is what our ancestors called pastries that they earnestly created all over Georgia with a variety of fillings.
Russia is an occupier – Protest-themed birdhouses
Ramaz Grigalashvili from Khashuri, a town in the central part of Georgia has been building birdhouses for about 6 years.
Russian rugby club suspends Georgian rugby players contract
The Russian rugby club "Slava" suspended the contracts of two Georgian rugby players.
Young Georgian lost over 120 kilos in a year
A 20-year old Giorgi Bibilauri lost 120 kilos through a year intense workout.
Danish artist created illustrations on current events in Georgia
Livija Viksna is a Danish/Latvian illustrator based in Tbilisi.
Anita Rachvelishvili and Nino Katamadze join the rally
Georgian singer Nino Katamadze and mezzo-soprano Anita Rachvelishvili joined the peaceful rally on Rustaveli Avenue.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
22.07.2019
23.07.2019
USD
1
USD
2.8845
2.8831
EUR
1
EUR
3.2410
3.2357
GBP
1
GBP
3.6177
3.5955
RUB
100
RUB
4.5787
4.5779
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.8831
EUR
1
EUR
3.2357
GBP
1
GBP
3.5955
RUB
100
RUB
4.5779
July 2019
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30 31