Georgia in the Aftermath of World War II
05 May, 2011

Right after 1945, every positive idea like patriotism, sense of dignity or family relationships went through a definite sublimation. The consequence of the World War II, in its every aspect, was destructive for Georgia which had no reason at all to celebrate the victory. Professor Simon Maskharashvili has more.
GJ – And why was that?
SM – The Ukraine used to be a member of the United Nations in the years between 1945 and 1990, but it was in no

way more independent a country than Georgia. Just compare these figures: in those years, 95 percent of Georgia’s school-age population went to Georgian-language schools whereas 80 percent of the same segment of population in the Ukraine went to Russian-language schools. A totally new reality occurred after the Second World War. Nobody was interested any longer in the acts of the League of Nations. Moreover, during the entire period of the USSR’s existence Poland, Hungary, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Rumania and Albania were rendered as non-Soviet member countries. On the other hand, Bulgaria for example was just as much a Soviet colony as Georgia or the harshness of the Soviet regime was more acutely felt in Rumania than in any Soviet republic proper, let’s say, in the Baltic Sea coast republics. The bloody regime of the brutal Soviet accomplice Nicolae Ceau escu will long be remembered by the history. Another example: in 1956 the Soviet Army accomplished one of its goriest and cruelest punitive acts in Hungary, not in Georgia or anywhere else.
GJ – But in 1956 the gory punitive act took place in Georgia too, didn’t it?
SM – That’s what I meant exactly – that year, only 100 people died in Tbilisi, whereas in Hungary the death toll went up to thousands. As Churchill had noted, an Iron Curtain fell from Baltic to Mediterranean. Those who found themselves within that Curtain (east side) were the Warsaw Treaty block countries – East European nations or Soviet republic – they all were under the Stalinist repressive regime, which felt itself totally unrestricted in its power of repression.  
GJ – The Regime which became stronger and harsher after the War. . .
SM – Yes, the USSR was stronger and much more self-confident thanks to the victory in the War, now even equipped with the nuclear power. The Soviet Union had never parted with the idea of global dominance, but whatever the territory and the country the Soviets managed to maintain after the War, they turned it into a more monolithic, vicious and brutally violent country than it used to be before. In the Soviet republics (there were 15 of them), including Georgia, had completely disappeared the anti-Russian and anti-Bolshevik ideology. Right after 1945, every positive idea like patriotism, sense of dignity or family relationships went through a definite sublimation. The consequence of the World War II, in its every aspect, was destructive for Georgia which had no reason at all to celebrate the victory. Any sort of victory, even the victory of fascism would have been less painful for Georgians than being on the side of the victorious Stalin. Let all other nations judge themselves whether Stalin was a bigger disaster for them or fascism, whether the German occupation was worse or not compared to the Russian occupation, but as a Georgian historian I would like to declare with all my sense of responsibility that the fascist occupation could not have been more disastrous than the Russian invasion. The Georgian soul and body had never been damaged, neither spiritually nor materially, as much as it was hurt in the long years of Soviet occupation.

Print
Other Stories
Mariah Carey may perform in Georgia
American singer Mariah Carey may arrive in Georgia within the framework of the Check in Georgia project, - Giorgi Kobulia, Minister of Economy and Sustainable Development, said.
Hollywood star Dolph Lundgren visiting Georgia for "Ragnar" commercial
Dolph Lundgren, a Swedish actor, will pariticpate in a Ragnar commercial in Georgia.
Nanuka Gudavadze’s photo session for ANOUKI
Nanuka Gudavadze is a Georgian model.
7 citizens died from suspected CO poisoning in Tbilisi
Police are investigating the incident that took place on Ketevan Tsamebuli street, leaving seven people dead.
Miss Georgia 2009 to marry Rustavi 2 TV channel owner
Nanuka Gogichaishvili, a famous Georgian model and a former TV presenter of one of the leading TV broadcasting company Rustavi 2 is marrying to Nika Nakopia.
The Sun: Georgian girl speaks about Jack Shepherd
A 24-year old Georgian Maiko TChanturidze has spoken about the moment Jack Shepherd admitted he was wanted over the death crash.
New shirt with “Kmara” and “Borjghalo” symbols by Demna Gvasalia cost 491.67 Euros
Demna Gvasalia is a Georgian fashion designer, the creative director of Balenciaga and head designer of Vetements.
Returning from Germany to be a role model in Georgia
Tina Davadze, a young entrepreneur from Georgia, creates leather accessories in Kharagauli, Imereti (western region of Georgia).
Bera among 12 gorgeous men breaking beauty standards
Georgian rapper Bera Ivanishvili is among “12 Gorgeous Men Who Made Us Forget About Beauty Standards”.
Lia’s Georgian Cookery School opening in Oxford
The Oxford Times has recently published an article about Lia’s Cookery School opening in Oxford in January this year.
Georgian library opened at the Queens Library, New York City
Georgian library was opened at the Queens Library, a public library serving New York City.
Mikheil Saakashvili together with Georgian emigrants plan to return home
The former president of Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili has recently promised Georgian emigrants to return home.
Tako Natsvlishvili features in video for Pain de sucre
Tako Natsvlishvili, Georgian Model featured in a new video for Pain de Sucre.
Demna Gvasalia’s extraordinary collection at a hall full of animals
Famous Georgian designer Demna Gvasalia has recently showcased his latest collection at Paris Fashion Week.
Epiphany marked in Georgia
On January 19 Orthodox Georgians celebrate Epiphany feast.
Two persons detained in connection with Didi Dighomi accident
Two people have been detained in connection with the tragic incident in the Didi Dighomi district of Tbilisi
Measles outbreak ongoing in Georgia
A total of 312 cases of measles were reported in Georgia from January 1 through January 16
“Ironbark” will star Georgian actor Merab Ninidze with Benedict Cumberbatch
Famous Georgian actor Merab Ninidze will appear in Dominic Cooke’s film “Ironbark”.
Photographer Giorgi Zhamerashvili about the tragedy in Didi Dighomi
Yesterday on the 16th of January, gas explosion occurred in the Didi Dighomi district of Tbilisi.
Tbilisi City Hall provides 27 persons, damaged in explosion, with temporary accommodations
Tbilisi City Hall has provided 27 persons, damaged in the suspected natural gas leak explosion in Tbilisi yesterday, with temporary accommodations
Gas explosion in Tbilisi kills four, including one child
Four people, including one child, died and eight others were injured as a result of gas explosion
17 dead from flu virus in Georgia, but the dynamic is decreasing
17 people have died from clinically confirmed flu virus in Georgia so far.
Tourists climb over fence to enter Jvari Monastery in Mtskheta
Tourists have found an alternative way to enter the territory of Jvari Monastery in Mtskheta.
Georgian couple quitting their jobs  to travel
Georgian couple Elene Gelagutashvili and Giorgi Tevzadze quitted their jobs to embark on adventures to South America.
How is Georgia preparing for Eurovision Song Contest?
Eurovision Song Contest is one of the largest of its kind and around 300 million spectators are getting ready to watch the show.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
21.02.2019
22.02.2019
USD
1
USD
2.6574
2.6570
EUR
1
EUR
3.0146
3.0128
GBP
1
GBP
3.4629
3.4714
RUB
100
RUB
4.0421
4.0560
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.6570
EUR
1
EUR
3.0128
GBP
1
GBP
3.4714
RUB
100
RUB
4.0560