Twists & Turns of Soviet Life in 1950’s
12 May, 2011
Twists & Turns of Soviet Life in 1950’s

The victory of Stalin and the USSR in World War II had a magic effect – the impression was that it had written off Stalin’s responsibility for the death of millions around the world.  Professor Simon Maskharashvili has more.
GJ – The victory in the Second World War added unbelievable glory and radiance to Stalin’s already existing fame. The Soviet people attached the victory in the War directly to the Great Leader’s name, hav

ing forgotten every crime perpetrated by him in the past. What was funny though is that the selfsame glorified and venerated Stalin gave impetus to a new wave of repressions all over the Soviet Union against his own people, who had won the victory for him in the War. How about the public reaction to the new wave of purges? Did the public react adequately? Had the people started waking up somehow? 
SM – As weird and funny as it might sound, the Stalinist repressions of 1950-1952 were not followed by any waking-up of the public. When the Soviet government embarked on arresting the former prisoners of war, the Soviet people’s attitude towards their apprehended fellow-citizens was not at all tolerant. If in 1937, even in 1920’s, the Soviet people who had witnessed the total injustice on part of their rulers felt terribly hurt and offended, in 1950’s the situation had radically changed – those who were punished by the Stalinist regime no longer enjoyed any sense of tolerance and sympathy from the Soviet people.
GJ – This must have been perfectly compatible with the myth about Stalin’s ‘greatness’ and ‘brilliance’. Is this true?
SM – Yes, it is! The victory of Stalin and the USSR in World War II had a magic effect – the impression was that it had written off Stalin’s responsibility for the death of millions around the world. One would often hear in public that Stalin had no idea what was going on, or he let the prisoner go free once he had learnt about him, or something like this: ‘Stalin was really angry when he had heard about this . . .’, etc. 
GJ – Which means that people were trying real hard to elevate Stalin to the rank of a genius and noble leader, weren’t they?
SM – That was a very funny naivete. You see, Stalin was considered by the Soviet people an omniscient genius in just about every walk of life, but when it came to repressions, his brilliance was reduced by the same people to a simple stupidity. I mentioned the so called ‘Mingrelian Affair’ in our previous conversation as you might remember. Notwithstanding the fact that almost all Georgia was hit by the wave of purges based on that case, people had not reacted to it accordingly. Lot of anecdotes was told on the topic too, deriding those who had suffered. Criticism against Stalin became practically impossible in Georgia and elsewhere.
GJ – In 1953, the Great Leader (Stalin) passed away. This had closed one of the biggest epochs of the Soviet people’s life.
SM – Yes, he died on the 5th of March of 1953, and certain new processes started with his death in the Soviet country. Here, I think we should make a brief pause to look back and analyze the pre-Stalin’s-death period, which must be very interesting as it was a prerequisite for all the events that took place after his demise.  
GJ – Do you mean the political analyses of the situation before Stalin’s death?
SM – Yes! As I said, a new wave of repressions rose in the 1950’s. One of the cases was named as ‘The Leningrad Affair’.
GJ – What was it about?
SM – The case was about the young Russians like Voznesenski, Kuznetsov and others, who were promoted from Leningrad to a federal level of service. During the Second World War they were brought closer and closer to Stalin’s immediate entourage, but eventually they were accused of treason and executed.
GJ – All right, that was the official version of the story. What had happened in reality?
SM – It was Stalin’s habit and tool to be permanently testing his entourage for fidelity. For example, he would tell one of them that he had already gotten old and was ready to retire and be substituted by the person he was talking to at that moment. Stalin expected a quick negative reaction and a verbal assurance that he was immortal. Otherwise . . .  (Continued in the next article on the same page)

Other Stories
Georgian Kakhaber Abashidze becomes Director-General of Walt Disney Company CIS
Georgian Kakhaber Abashidze has been appointed as Director-General of Walt Disney Company CIS, reports
Public Registry registers Kibar Khalvashi as Rustavi 2 TV owner
According to the data posted on the Public Registry website, Kibar Khalvashi is the owner of 60% shares of the Rustavi 2 broadcasting company.
European Court of Human Rights founds no violation by Georgian courts in Rustavi 2 case
The European Court of Human Rights has published a judgment in the Rustavi 2 case.
Kartlis Deda covering her eye – New Stencil in Tbilisi
Kartlis Deda covering her eye – new stencil has appeared in Tbilisi.
Historic Petra fortress will host an electronic music festival
On August 10 the historic Petra fortress located in the village Thsikhidziri in Adjara will host GR –Fest - an open air electronic music festival.
From September Iakob Gogebashvili's "Deda Ena" will make a comeback in Georgian schools
This fall, at the beginning of the new academic year every first-grader will receive "Deda Ena" as a gift.
Georgian painter creating unique paper sculptures
Beso Kobakhidze, a painter from Ambrolauri, a city located in the western part of the country, has been creating unique paper sculptures for 8 years now.
Anti-occupation movement "Force is in Unity" patrolling in Davit Gareji
One of the leaders of the anti-occupation movement, Davit Katsarava, says that there is a calm situation in Davit Gareji for the time being,
23rd day of Anti-occupation rally, Interior Minister does plan to resign
Georgian Interior Minister Giorgi Gakharia said that the dispersal of a rally near the parliament on June 20
President Putin falsifies History of Georgia
Following the II Global Manufacturing and Industrialisation Summit, Vladimir Putin met
“Дождь” news program accompanied by a bottle of Georgian wine
“Дождь”, Russian TV channel’s news program was accompanied by a bottle of Georgian wine as a show of solidarity for Georgia.
Khatia Buniatishvili and Guillaume Gallienne perform Georgian song “Suliko”
Khatia Buniatishvili made French actor Guillaume Gallienne and journalist Anne-Sophie Lapix perform an improvised Georgian dance
Tbilisi Pride held, demonstrators of two different rallies spend the night on Rustaveli Avenue
Anti-occupation demonstrators and opponents of Tbilisi Pride spent last night on Rustaveli Avenue.
What does the store “Georgian” offer tourists in Summer?
“Georgian”, a tourist store of “Biblusi” is popular not only with tourists but with everyone looking for a Georgian product.
Rustavi 2 TV Anchor Insults Putin, Government calls it a provocation
On July 7, Giorgi Gabunia, anchor of the PS news program on Rustavi 2 TV, used obscene terms against Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Georgian Alexandre Zazarashvili wins The Voice Kids Ukraine
Georgian Alexandre Zazarashvili has won the fifth season of The Voice Kids Ukraine.
Part of ‘Fast and Furious 9’ to be filmed in Georgia
A 10-minute episode of ‘Fast and Furious 9’ will be filmed in Georgia.
Euronews: “Georgia goes green”
Euronews has recently published an episode of Focus about Kutaisi, second largest city in Georgia.
Georgian children idol Giorgi Gogichaishvili dies aged 51
Georgian actor and TV host Giorgi Gogichaishvili passed away yesterday.
 Bakery "Puri Guliani" - History of Georgian baking
Puri Guliani – this is what our ancestors called pastries that they earnestly created all over Georgia with a variety of fillings.
Russia is an occupier – Protest-themed birdhouses
Ramaz Grigalashvili from Khashuri, a town in the central part of Georgia has been building birdhouses for about 6 years.
Russian rugby club suspends Georgian rugby players contract
The Russian rugby club "Slava" suspended the contracts of two Georgian rugby players.
Young Georgian lost over 120 kilos in a year
A 20-year old Giorgi Bibilauri lost 120 kilos through a year intense workout.
Danish artist created illustrations on current events in Georgia
Livija Viksna is a Danish/Latvian illustrator based in Tbilisi.
Anita Rachvelishvili and Nino Katamadze join the rally
Georgian singer Nino Katamadze and mezzo-soprano Anita Rachvelishvili joined the peaceful rally on Rustaveli Avenue.
GEL Exchange Rate
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange
July 2019
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30 31