Twists & Turns of Soviet Life in 1950’s
12 May, 2011
Twists & Turns of Soviet Life in 1950’s

The victory of Stalin and the USSR in World War II had a magic effect – the impression was that it had written off Stalin’s responsibility for the death of millions around the world.  Professor Simon Maskharashvili has more.
GJ – The victory in the Second World War added unbelievable glory and radiance to Stalin’s already existing fame. The Soviet people attached the victory in the War directly to the Great Leader’s name, hav

ing forgotten every crime perpetrated by him in the past. What was funny though is that the selfsame glorified and venerated Stalin gave impetus to a new wave of repressions all over the Soviet Union against his own people, who had won the victory for him in the War. How about the public reaction to the new wave of purges? Did the public react adequately? Had the people started waking up somehow? 
SM – As weird and funny as it might sound, the Stalinist repressions of 1950-1952 were not followed by any waking-up of the public. When the Soviet government embarked on arresting the former prisoners of war, the Soviet people’s attitude towards their apprehended fellow-citizens was not at all tolerant. If in 1937, even in 1920’s, the Soviet people who had witnessed the total injustice on part of their rulers felt terribly hurt and offended, in 1950’s the situation had radically changed – those who were punished by the Stalinist regime no longer enjoyed any sense of tolerance and sympathy from the Soviet people.
GJ – This must have been perfectly compatible with the myth about Stalin’s ‘greatness’ and ‘brilliance’. Is this true?
SM – Yes, it is! The victory of Stalin and the USSR in World War II had a magic effect – the impression was that it had written off Stalin’s responsibility for the death of millions around the world. One would often hear in public that Stalin had no idea what was going on, or he let the prisoner go free once he had learnt about him, or something like this: ‘Stalin was really angry when he had heard about this . . .’, etc. 
GJ – Which means that people were trying real hard to elevate Stalin to the rank of a genius and noble leader, weren’t they?
SM – That was a very funny naivete. You see, Stalin was considered by the Soviet people an omniscient genius in just about every walk of life, but when it came to repressions, his brilliance was reduced by the same people to a simple stupidity. I mentioned the so called ‘Mingrelian Affair’ in our previous conversation as you might remember. Notwithstanding the fact that almost all Georgia was hit by the wave of purges based on that case, people had not reacted to it accordingly. Lot of anecdotes was told on the topic too, deriding those who had suffered. Criticism against Stalin became practically impossible in Georgia and elsewhere.
GJ – In 1953, the Great Leader (Stalin) passed away. This had closed one of the biggest epochs of the Soviet people’s life.
SM – Yes, he died on the 5th of March of 1953, and certain new processes started with his death in the Soviet country. Here, I think we should make a brief pause to look back and analyze the pre-Stalin’s-death period, which must be very interesting as it was a prerequisite for all the events that took place after his demise.  
GJ – Do you mean the political analyses of the situation before Stalin’s death?
SM – Yes! As I said, a new wave of repressions rose in the 1950’s. One of the cases was named as ‘The Leningrad Affair’.
GJ – What was it about?
SM – The case was about the young Russians like Voznesenski, Kuznetsov and others, who were promoted from Leningrad to a federal level of service. During the Second World War they were brought closer and closer to Stalin’s immediate entourage, but eventually they were accused of treason and executed.
GJ – All right, that was the official version of the story. What had happened in reality?
SM – It was Stalin’s habit and tool to be permanently testing his entourage for fidelity. For example, he would tell one of them that he had already gotten old and was ready to retire and be substituted by the person he was talking to at that moment. Stalin expected a quick negative reaction and a verbal assurance that he was immortal. Otherwise . . .  (Continued in the next article on the same page)

Other Stories
Three biggest animals in Tbilisi Zoo – Grand, Bacho and Begi
This week was very important for the Tbilisi Zoo staff – Grand elephant was operated and its tusk was removed by the South African doctors.
Georgian designers who participate in TBFW 2018
Mercedes Benz Fashion Week 2018 kicks off tomorrow, on the 1st of November and will last for 5 days, until the 5th of November.
Tusk of elephant Grand successfully removed in Tbilisi Zoo
Surgery of the elephant Grand in Tbilisi zoo was successful and is over now. Elephant can walk now but specialists still observe its condition.
International fashion exponents meet Georgian designers MBFW Tbilisi
If you’re interested in fashion then you should definitely add a new event to your agenda. Namely Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Tbilisi that takes place from 1 to 5th of November.
Maryam d'Abo - James Bond Girl with Georgian roots
Giorgi Kvinitadze was a commander-in-chief of the Democratic Republic of Georgia.
Elephant to undergo surgery in Tbilisi Zoo
The elephant Grand is about to undergo the hardest surgery today on the 31st of October.
Best places to celebrate Halloween in Tbilisi
Halloween is celebrated on the 31st of October. It evolved from the Celtic holiday of Samhain which took place at the beginning of winter.
Bera Ivanishvili and Nanuka Gudavadze to get marry on the 11th of November
Son of the richest person in Georgia Bera Ivanishvili and the Georgian model Nanuka Gudavadze plan to get married on the 11th of November.
8-year-old girl killed in Gori - suspected murderer detained
The man suspected of killing the 8-year-old girl (with the initials I.N.) was detained today, on the 26 of October.
Audrey Hepburn with Georgian Emmy Award winner
Some photos keep whole stories. Especially one that are taken with famous people.
New clip by Bera Ivanishvili - Time machine
The richest man in Georgia Bidzina Ivanishvili is very much involved in politics, but we cannot say the same about his children, especially about Bera.
Olivia Wilde and Lea Michele in David Koma dresses
Recently, InStyle has organized the fourth annual InStyle Awards.
Gregory Pekk and Marcello Mastroianni and their friendship with Georgians
Leila Abashidze was a famous Georgian actress. She was sometimes referred to as "Mary Pickford of the USSR".
Georgian singer Sofia Nizharadze’s sexy outlooks
Sofia Nizharadze is a Georgian singer. She represented Georgia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2010 with the song "Shine reaching the 9th place.
Beautiful Georgian Model Tamta Shedania tells her story
The model of Elite Model Look Georgia (an international modeling contest) Tamta Shedania worked with various Asian and European modeling agencies.
Ghanaian Eudosia Andoh – Everyday life in Tbilisi in photos
Eudosia Andoh has been living in Tbilisi for three and half years and has been travelling in different parts of Georgia.
Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019 ended
Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019 came to an end. The event has been widely reported in the international press such as Vogue, Marie Claire, ELLE, Harper's Bazaar, etc.
Tbilisi Fashion Week continues – What’s new?
Tbilisi Fashion Week continues. Foreign tourists, designers, models and special guests attend the event.
The first day of the Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019
Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019 has officially commenced.
Sophia Loren, Ornella Muti and their friendship with the Georgians
Georgia has numerous artists popular to the international public.
Tbilisi Fashion Week kicks off
Tbilisi Fashion Week is going to commence on the 18th of October. The slogan of the fashion week is “We Must Take Care of Nature”.
Georgian model Ana Akhvlediani becomes a mother
Georgian model Ana Akhvlediani became a mother. Ana Akhvlediani married to Giorgi Beraia in July, 2018. The couple has a daughter.
What do wives of the rich Georgians wear?
Famous Georgian faces pay great attention to look gorgeous when they appear in public or upload photos on social network.
Saddam Hussein’s Georgian Personal Advisor
A-83-year-old pilot Darwin Rukhadze from Georgia used to serve as a personal advisor of Saddam Hussein, the president of Iraq.
What makes Japan so similar to Georgia?
Japanese people know Georgia and the Georgians well enough thanks to the Georgian Sumo wrestler Levan Gorgadze, also known as Tochinoshin.
Exchange Rates
GEL Exchange Rate
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange
November 2018
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30