Lavrenti Beria’s Reforms
02 June, 2011
Lavrenti Beria’s Reforms

Beria meant to offer a more humane way of life to those who had lived under permanent stress and fright for 30 years. He was trying to liberalize and normalize the relations of the Soviet Union with the West. At the same time, he was also trying to strengthen national tendencies in the Soviet republics. Professor Simon Maskharashvili has more.

GJ – The Triumvirate which was created in the Soviet Union after Stalin’s death for the division of power was practically

controlled by Lavrenti Beria. It eventually became evident that Stalin’s long-standing comrade-in-arm and an outstanding performer of all his gloomy and shadowy assignments wanted to rule the Soviet Union based on a model which was totally different from that of Stalin. It is also known that Beria was made victim to his inclination towards that dissenting style of management. What is it that Beria had still managed to achieve?

SM – Beria had never had enough time and chance to do what he intended to perform. In the short period of time between March and June of 1953 he made an attempt to put the development of the Soviet Union on a very different track. He convened the Communist Party plenary meetings and conferences in every single Soviet republic wherewith he forced the party leaders to conduct those meetings in a local language. That was an unprecedented event in the life of the Soviet people.

GJ – Was this done before in the Russian language exclusively?

SM – Even a minor meeting in a small town or village was held in the Russian language which continued up until 1970. Right from the very first days of Stalin’s death Beria started the process of releasing from prisons and rehabilitation of the victims of Stalinist purges. Above all, the party leaders’ family members and relatives were set free, including Molotov’s wife. Soon after Stalin’s death, the anti-Russian manifestations took place in Germany. Beria went to Germany and managed to stop the process practically without any bloodshed. He also raised the question of restoring the German democratic state. That was a fantastically progressive idea and message in terms of normalizing the future alliance and cooperation with the West.

GJ – He had indeed come up with that perfect idea but the implementation of it could not have been completely in Beria’s hands, was it?

SM – True! As it seems, Beria’s statement had reverberated very painfully among the Party bosses. The Soviet military had never liked Beria (this was something very commonplace in the USSR– the military didn’t usually have a lot of liking for the state security people), and the top brass, both party and military, started contemplating a plot against Beria. All this was happening behind his back, but the ‘back’ was probably so close to Beria that the security service could not manage to control the situation. This is just one side of the story. The other side was that it was impossible to suspect anything because the motivation for ousting Beria was practically nonexistent.

GJ – What do you mean there was no motivation?

SM – Just imagine what Beria was suggesting to those people. Molotov was Stalin’s deputy, and his wife was banished. As soon as Stalin died, Beria had Molotov’s wife released from exile, telling Molotov to go to the railways station to pick her up. Beria returned children to their parents, spouses to their other halves and relatives to their families, having set them free from remote exiles. And most importantly, he liberated the party elite from the ever-present fear of repressions. I don’t know, they might have been thinking that Beria was trying to put them off guard by slackening their vigilance purposefully to finally take over the entire power in his own hands.

GJ – That might be true too . . .

SM – I don’t think so. As far as I am concerned, I doubt it strongly. If Beria wanted to be an autonomous ruler he could easily have become one when Stalin died, because there is no doubt that hardly anybody could have hampered him from doing so. Just the contrary, Beria was for the division of power and he did exactly as he thought. This was another mile made towards democracy on his part. Moreover, Beria gave a chance of good and normal life to those, who had lived under unmitigated and unbearable stress in the duration of thirty years because nobody knew when would Stalin’s next whim occur to him to label them with the stigma of ‘the enemy of people’, apprehend them and finally execute them. (Continued in the next article on the same page)

Print
Other Stories
Young Georgian Soprano Made Soloist of Vienna State Opera
Tamuna Gochashvili, a 24-year-old Georgian opera singer, is a new discovery for the international opera industry
Saudi sisters have been offered help in Georgia
Two sisters from Saudi Arabia released a video saying that they have arrived in Georgia to seek asylum.
Dumbo Gets It Right: Behind the Curtain at the Animal Circus
INTERESTED IN ATTENDING THE PROTEST: 4.8K
Israeli Embassy addresses Georgian citizens, who intend to attend Holy Fire Ceremony
The Embassy of Israel to Georgia has released a statement addressing the citizens of Georgia, who intend to attend the celebration of the Holy Fire in Jerusalem.
Georgian Minister, who could have started a Nuclear War
An involuntary soviet officer, who could have plunged Turkey into the “nuclear winter”,
The Guardian: How Jack Shepherd tried to elude British justice in Tbilisi
The Guardian has recently published an article about Jack Shepherd “How Jack Shepherd tried to elude British justice in Tbilisi”.
Photography Workshop with Karolina Jonderko
Karolina is an award-winning photographer with a master's degree in photography from the Polish National Film,
Jennifer Lopez wearing David Koma in her New Music Video
A new song “Medicine” by American singer Jennifer Lopez featuring Moroccan-American rapper French Montana has just released.
Lithuanian Embassy releases statement regarding April 9 tragedy
The Embassy of Lithuania to Georgia has released a statement regarding April 9 tragedy in Georgia.
6 streets in Tbilisi to be named after April 9 female victims
Six streets in Tbilisi will be named after female victims of April 1989 tragedy.
Exclusive interview with Erik Høeg, Head of EUMM Georgia
Georgian Journal offers its readers an exclusive interview with Erik Høeg, Head of Mission of the EU Monitoring Mission (EUMM) Georgia.
30 years since April 9 tragedy
30 years have passed since 9 April 1989.
Georgian actress Vika Kalandia on the set of a new TV show by Netflix
Georgian actress Vika Kalandia has recently published photos
Georgian actress Vika Kalandia to appear in a new TV show by Netflix
Georgian actress Vika Kalandia will appear in a new TV show on Netflix.
Remains of Georgian soldiers identified in Holland
The remains of Georgian soldiers killed on Texel Island, Leusden were identified using DNA analysis in Holland.
Georgian Inventor students will travel to NASA Space Center
The winner of the Millennium Innovation Competition has been revealed.
Lady Gaga chooses Georgian designer Tamuna Ingorokva
Tamuna Ingorokva is a successful Georgian designer.
Gifted teacher Lado Apkhazava warmly welcomed back in Georgia
Lado Apkhazava is a Georgian teacher who is among 10 finalists of the Global Teacher Prize 2019.
 Georgian TV presenter, who has traveled to 112 countries and 5 continents
We are sitting by the fire and the chief tells me: You behave as if you were one of us;
Malkhaz Kobauri sentenced to life imprisonment for killing the Smiths family
Malkhaz Kobauri, the shepherd accused of murdering three members of the Smiths family in Khada Gorge, has been sentenced to life imprisonment.
Georgia gave the world wine – what did Jeremy Clarkson find amazing in Georgia?
Last autumn The Grand Tour team Jeremy Clarkson, James May and Richard Hammond visited Georgia and recorded one of the episodes here.
Jury find shepherd, accused of killing American family, guilty
A jury has found Malkhaz Kobauri, the shepherd who is accused of killing American family
The Grand Tour team, Jeremy Clarkson, Richard Hammond, James May visit Georgia's occupied territories
A new video featuring The Grand Tour’s trip to Georgia has recently appeared on the internet.
Ukraine and Georgia fighting for the common occupant
Georgian brand Giovanni Morra issues anti-occupational passport holder for Ukraine.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
22.04.2019
23.04.2019
USD
1
USD
2.6935
2.6935
EUR
1
EUR
3.0291
3.0291
GBP
1
GBP
3.5021
3.5021
RUB
100
RUB
4.2126
4.2126
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.6935
EUR
1
EUR
3.0291
GBP
1
GBP
3.5021
RUB
100
RUB
4.2126
April 2019
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30