Khrushchev & 20th Congress of Communist Party, Stalin’s Cult of Personality
09 June, 2011
Khrushchev & 20th Congress of Communist Party, Stalin’s Cult of Personality

In 1956, the 20th congress of the communist party was held. Comrade Khrushchev made a statement in front of the presidium (politburo) members about his desire to deliver a several-hour report concerning Stalin’s cult of personality. Professor Simon Maskharashvili has more.

GJ – What had happened after Beria’s liquidation?

SM – Beria’s liquidation took place in the end of June of in 1955. In September, Nikita Khrushchev managed to gain more advantageous political position than others as he was the chief organizer

of the plot against Beria. Khrushchev became the first secretary of the central committee of the communist party of the Soviet Union. Malenkov found himself at the helm of the Soviet government. The period of dual power began at that time in the country. Soon Khrushchev fired Malenkov and appointed Bulganin in his stead. He introduced other changes in the Kremlin personnel. He could not get rid of Malenkov completely and kept him in the capacity of the politburo member for a while. As a result of those changes Khrushchev became the sole ruler of the Soviet Union, but as it became known later, Zhukov was one of his staunchest supporters. That’s why he succeeded Bulganin in the capacity of minister of defense.

GJ – So Zhukov had surfaced once again, hadn’t he?

SM – He did indeed! His help to Khrushchev was paramount in Beria’s liquidation. The rehabilitation process in favor of those who were repressed in 1953 lasted up until 1956. There is only one conclusion that could be drawn from of all that – the rehabilitation had to take place. As far as Khrushchev was concerned he was badly infected with Beria’s ambitions. He wanted to look good in the eyes of the West. In 1956, the 20th congress of the communist party was held. Comrade Khrushchev made a statement in front of the presidium (politburo) members about his desire to deliver a several-hour report concerning Stalin’s cult of personality.

GJ – More exactly?

SM – Khrushchev wanted to put the entire blame on Stalin’s shoulders for repressions and every failed measure taken by him. Many of the presidium members refused to share Khrushchev’s ideas and the topic of the prepared report, but their sense of fright was even more powerful than their desire to defend Stalin.

GJ – And why was that?

SM – They were simply scared that none of them would be reelected to the central committee of the communist party in case Khrushchev delivered that report indeed because they were certain that the report would cause havoc. I think this was mainly the reason of not letting Khrushchev deliver the report from A to Z.

GJ – Isn’t it very well known fact that the main topic of the 20th congress of the communist party of the Soviet Union was Stalin’s cult of personality and its aim was to disparage it?

SM – Khrushchev had maintained the right to deliver the report to the 20th congress after the elections (elections to the central committee were normally part of congresses) were finished, and he wanted to deliver it at the time of other voluntary reports by other participants. This request was not rejected, and Khrushchev delivered his report on Stalin’s cult of personality the last day of the congress which also was Stalin’s birthday. As they say, tens of participants in the 20th congress had coronary attacks and hemorrhages, and the medics were pulling the fainted people out of the hall. The reaction to Khrushchev’s report was outrageous. Later, the report was delivered to the meetings of local party organizations all over the Soviet Union, but it was not published in the newspapers for a long time to come. In Georgia, all was known the next day...

Print
Other Stories
Ex-president of Georgia wore torn jeans and Balenciaga sneakers
The Dutch newspaper Trouw recently published an interview with the former president of Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili.
Tako Natsvlishvili at Victoria’s Secret casting 2018
Tako Natsvlishvili participated in the Victoria Secret’s 2018 casting on the 29th of August, in New York. The Georgian model was among Victoria’s Secret finalists in 2017.
International Festival of classical music to be held in Batumi
At the end of this week an International Festival of classic music will kick off for the 6th time in Batumi, Georgia’s beautiful seaside city.
Georgians who beat the world record
There are many Georgians among the world recordsmen. Georgians managed to beat the world record for 78 times to date. Today we explore four of them.
Jenny Brunt speaks about Georgia with Georgian Journal
Jenny Brunt is among the most famous models worldwide. She used to be on the covers of different international magazines in the 1990s.
Tako Natsvlishvili wearing Pain de Sucre - photographed by David Bellemere
Tako Natsvlishvili is a 19-yeal old model from Georgia. She has recently been photographed by a prominent French photographer David Bellemere.
Former Georgian plastic surgeon who owns a restaurant in New York
Maia Acquaviva is a Georgian former surgeon, who worked in one of the clinics here in Tbilisi, but decided to go to the USA and start a business there.
David Beckham first saw Victoria Adams in Tbilisi
Tbilisi is truly a magical city. It brings many people and cultures together, even connects future spouses. Do you think we are joking? Not at all.
Georgia should be at the top of every travel destination list – says German photographer about Georgia
The German Chancellor Angela Merkel visits Georgia tomorrow and possibly as a result of this visit the German media is currently writing a lot about Georgia.
Alexander Julakidze - Georgian pianist based in Jerusalem
A well-known Georgian pianist Alexander Julakidze has successfully participated in a variety of piano competitions. He currently lives in Jerusalem, Israel contributing to Georgia’s popularity all over the world.
Anna Kendrick in David Koma’s dress
The readers of the Georgian Journal will definitely have heard about David Koma, a young and talented Georgian designer based in London.
Medical tourism increases in Georgia
In the first quarter of 2018, Georgia was visited by 13 900 foreigners for medical and recovery purposes. The level is 61.2 % higher than the same period in 2017.
Rebellious and successful Georgian model based in Barcelona
Remember we told you a story this week about a Georgian model Paloma Anastasia Mikadze, who currently is based in Barcelona and is quite successful there?
Georgian Rubik’s Cube solver Vako Marchilashvili breaks the Guinness World Record
Vako Marchilashvili is a young Rubik’s Cube solver from Georgia. He participated in “Georgia’s Got Talent 2017 “and introduced his genius abilities to the Georgian public.
Turkish born Georgian sisters sing a beautiful song
There are many Georgians, who live in Turkey, but maintain Georgian culture and heritage.
What types of transport can Georgia offer tourists?
Train, subway, bus, mini-bus, taxi and airplane – these are the types of transport that Georgia can offer tourists.
Chris Botti to perform in Georgia
American trumpeter Chris Botti arrived in Georgia yesterday. Today the musician is due to perform with the Georgian singer Nani Bregvadze.
Georgian schoolchildren create Robot “Vano”
Georgian students from the Guivy Zaldastanishvili American Academy in Tbilisi have created a robot named Vano.
Khatia Buniatishvili performs with the Estonian Festival Orchestra at the Proms in London
On the 13th of August, Paavo Järvi and the Estonian Festival Orchestra performed at the Royal Albert Hall in London during its famous Proms season.
Paloma Anastasia Mikadze, an Instagram star from Georgia
Anastasia Mikadze is a Georgian social network star from Georgia. She shares her ideas about fashion, interior design and healthy lifestyle with hundreds of followers on Instagram.
Georgian lifeguard who saved life of nearly 700 people
Gocha Bilvanidze, the Head of the Maritime Rescue Service has been with the organization for eight years now. He has saved the lives of around 700 people during that time.
Children of Georgian migrant to the USA Parten Chikviladze (Peter Chiglo) visit Georgia
A 16-year Parten Chikviladze from Racha (the western part of Georgia) left Georgian 1913 for America, never to return back.
 Surprising proposal by a Georgian Soldier
The video of a Georgian Cadet Soldier’s proposal to his girlfriend has gone viral on the social media. He proposed to her in the presence of other soldiers in front of the Academy.
The 10th anniversary of the 2008 war through a young graphic designer’s eye
A 23-year old Nika Chalakhshasvhili is a graphic designer from Georgia. He has created some interesting illustrations to express his protest against the Russian occupation of Georgian territory:
Georgian policewomen: stereotypes and reality
The number of female members in the Security Forces is increasing year after year.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
Exchange Rates
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
21.09.2018
22.09.2018
USD
1
USD
2.6193
2.6216
EUR
1
EUR
3.0693
3.0854
GBP
1
GBP
3.4651
3.4584
RUB
100
RUB
3.9538
3.9340
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.6216
EUR
1
EUR
3.0854
GBP
1
GBP
3.4584
RUB
100
RUB
3.9340