Vasili Mzhavanadze
23 June, 2011
Vasili Mzhavanadze

Mzhavanadze was trying to hide Georgia’s actual revenues from the Kremlin, using the saved funds for developing the local infrastructure and for helping  people economically, building houses for them, saying nothing about the business activity of the Lazishvili and the Lekishvili families, which was a very important prerequisite for the development of capitalist economy in the country. Professor Simon Maskharashvili has more.

GJ – Nikita Khrushchev’s rule in the Soviet Union coincided with revitalizing of national ideas in Georgia and beginning

of national-liberation movement here. This process was definitely stimulated by certain political events. One of them was the gory settlement of accounts with Georgians on the 9th of March of 1956 in Tbilisi. Khrushchev’s extraordinary hatred for Georgians is also very well known as a fact.

SM – The Georgian people were short of so called fathers and the mentors of the nation because almost all of them were eliminated in the infamous 1937 – the worst year of the Stalinist purges. More than 20 years had elapsed, and the witnesses of those communist atrocities were no longer around. Even their memories had faded away. How come the national-liberation movement had erupted with such a powerful charge in this kind of circumstance?  Your comment on the subject was very fair – Khrushchev was playing the role of a stimulator in this case. Georgians reacted extremely negatively to the fact of disparaging Stalin’s cult of personality because we all took it very personally. On top of that, the appointment of Georgians in high federal positions started to be blocked. Georgians were given a red light on the way to politburo. They lost federal jobs all over the country. This was the period when national feud and ethnic confrontations were promoted by Russians in Apkhazeti (Abkhazia). The rumor had it – and not without a reason – that Khrushchev was going to deport Georgians to Mid Asia and Siberia. As early as in 1953, two persons came to Georgia to occupy the ruling posts: Vasili Mzhavanadze who was appointed the first secretary of the central committee of Georgia’s communist party, and Alexi Inauri who was promoted as minister of state security of the country. They played a very important part in the developments of those times in Georgia.

GJ – As far as I know, only thanks to Mzhavanadze’s efforts and diplomacy Khrushchev’s absurd xenophobic decision had not been enforced – the railway cars were ready at the station to carry Georgians out of the country to far away places. Is this true?

SM – Yes, it is! But it was not only the kind and wise attempt of Vasili Mzhavanadze. There were other circumstances, playing a certain role too. Had it depended on only Khrushchev’s decision he might have enforced it without any doubt. Georgians knew all that very well. The protests were given a new impetus which turned into a new phase of national-liberation movement. The leaders of the movement were arrested and persecuted, but as I said, the Soviet authorities were not obstructing the development of national business activity. This process continued until 1964, the time when Eduard Shevardnadze came to power in Georgia.

GJ – It is well known that during Khrushchev’s rule Georgia was faced with huge problems of food supply . . .

SM – The problem was rampant all over the entire Soviet Union. Georgia was not an exception from the rule. Just the contrary, Georgia had survived the hunger problems better than any other Soviet republic. At that time the standard of living was highest in Georgia except the Baltic Sea republics. The reason was the developing capitalism. Interestingly, based on the economic data, Georgia always occupied the last place in the Soviet Union during the Mzhavanadze rule. The impression was that Georgia was the weakest among the Soviet republics.

GJ – How about in reality? Was it not true actually?

SM – No, of course not! You know what was happening?

GJ – What?

Other Stories
International Festival of classical music to be held in Batumi
At the end of this week an International Festival of classic music will kick off for the 6th time in Batumi, Georgia’s beautiful seaside city.
Georgians who beat the world record
There are many Georgians among the world recordsmen. Georgians managed to beat the world record for 78 times to date. Today we explore four of them.
Jenny Brunt speaks about Georgia with Georgian Journal
Jenny Brunt is among the most famous models worldwide. She used to be on the covers of different international magazines in the 1990s.
Tako Natsvlishvili wearing Pain de Sucre - photographed by David Bellemere
Tako Natsvlishvili is a 19-yeal old model from Georgia. She has recently been photographed by a prominent French photographer David Bellemere.
Former Georgian plastic surgeon who owns a restaurant in New York
Maia Acquaviva is a Georgian former surgeon, who worked in one of the clinics here in Tbilisi, but decided to go to the USA and start a business there.
David Beckham first saw Victoria Adams in Tbilisi
Tbilisi is truly a magical city. It brings many people and cultures together, even connects future spouses. Do you think we are joking? Not at all.
Georgia should be at the top of every travel destination list – says German photographer about Georgia
The German Chancellor Angela Merkel visits Georgia tomorrow and possibly as a result of this visit the German media is currently writing a lot about Georgia.
Alexander Julakidze - Georgian pianist based in Jerusalem
A well-known Georgian pianist Alexander Julakidze has successfully participated in a variety of piano competitions. He currently lives in Jerusalem, Israel contributing to Georgia’s popularity all over the world.
Anna Kendrick in David Koma’s dress
The readers of the Georgian Journal will definitely have heard about David Koma, a young and talented Georgian designer based in London.
Medical tourism increases in Georgia
In the first quarter of 2018, Georgia was visited by 13 900 foreigners for medical and recovery purposes. The level is 61.2 % higher than the same period in 2017.
Rebellious and successful Georgian model based in Barcelona
Remember we told you a story this week about a Georgian model Paloma Anastasia Mikadze, who currently is based in Barcelona and is quite successful there?
Georgian Rubik’s Cube solver Vako Marchilashvili breaks the Guinness World Record
Vako Marchilashvili is a young Rubik’s Cube solver from Georgia. He participated in “Georgia’s Got Talent 2017 “and introduced his genius abilities to the Georgian public.
Turkish born Georgian sisters sing a beautiful song
There are many Georgians, who live in Turkey, but maintain Georgian culture and heritage.
What types of transport can Georgia offer tourists?
Train, subway, bus, mini-bus, taxi and airplane – these are the types of transport that Georgia can offer tourists.
Chris Botti to perform in Georgia
American trumpeter Chris Botti arrived in Georgia yesterday. Today the musician is due to perform with the Georgian singer Nani Bregvadze.
Georgian schoolchildren create Robot “Vano”
Georgian students from the Guivy Zaldastanishvili American Academy in Tbilisi have created a robot named Vano.
Khatia Buniatishvili performs with the Estonian Festival Orchestra at the Proms in London
On the 13th of August, Paavo Järvi and the Estonian Festival Orchestra performed at the Royal Albert Hall in London during its famous Proms season.
Paloma Anastasia Mikadze, an Instagram star from Georgia
Anastasia Mikadze is a Georgian social network star from Georgia. She shares her ideas about fashion, interior design and healthy lifestyle with hundreds of followers on Instagram.
Georgian lifeguard who saved life of nearly 700 people
Gocha Bilvanidze, the Head of the Maritime Rescue Service has been with the organization for eight years now. He has saved the lives of around 700 people during that time.
Children of Georgian migrant to the USA Parten Chikviladze (Peter Chiglo) visit Georgia
A 16-year Parten Chikviladze from Racha (the western part of Georgia) left Georgian 1913 for America, never to return back.
 Surprising proposal by a Georgian Soldier
The video of a Georgian Cadet Soldier’s proposal to his girlfriend has gone viral on the social media. He proposed to her in the presence of other soldiers in front of the Academy.
The 10th anniversary of the 2008 war through a young graphic designer’s eye
A 23-year old Nika Chalakhshasvhili is a graphic designer from Georgia. He has created some interesting illustrations to express his protest against the Russian occupation of Georgian territory:
Georgian policewomen: stereotypes and reality
The number of female members in the Security Forces is increasing year after year.
Georgian entrant who got top marks in two subjects
Devi Oniani is a graduate of the 55th Public School, Tbilisi, Georgia.
What is behind the collection “Family and War” by Demna Gvasalia
A Georgian fashion designer, the Creative Director of Balenciaga and Head Designer at Vetements, presented a collection named “Family and War” during Paris Fashion Week.
Exchange Rates
GEL Exchange Rate
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange