Vasili Mzhavanadze
23 June, 2011
Vasili Mzhavanadze

Mzhavanadze was trying to hide Georgia’s actual revenues from the Kremlin, using the saved funds for developing the local infrastructure and for helping  people economically, building houses for them, saying nothing about the business activity of the Lazishvili and the Lekishvili families, which was a very important prerequisite for the development of capitalist economy in the country. Professor Simon Maskharashvili has more.

GJ – Nikita Khrushchev’s rule in the Soviet Union coincided with revitalizing of national ideas in Georgia and beginning

of national-liberation movement here. This process was definitely stimulated by certain political events. One of them was the gory settlement of accounts with Georgians on the 9th of March of 1956 in Tbilisi. Khrushchev’s extraordinary hatred for Georgians is also very well known as a fact.

SM – The Georgian people were short of so called fathers and the mentors of the nation because almost all of them were eliminated in the infamous 1937 – the worst year of the Stalinist purges. More than 20 years had elapsed, and the witnesses of those communist atrocities were no longer around. Even their memories had faded away. How come the national-liberation movement had erupted with such a powerful charge in this kind of circumstance?  Your comment on the subject was very fair – Khrushchev was playing the role of a stimulator in this case. Georgians reacted extremely negatively to the fact of disparaging Stalin’s cult of personality because we all took it very personally. On top of that, the appointment of Georgians in high federal positions started to be blocked. Georgians were given a red light on the way to politburo. They lost federal jobs all over the country. This was the period when national feud and ethnic confrontations were promoted by Russians in Apkhazeti (Abkhazia). The rumor had it – and not without a reason – that Khrushchev was going to deport Georgians to Mid Asia and Siberia. As early as in 1953, two persons came to Georgia to occupy the ruling posts: Vasili Mzhavanadze who was appointed the first secretary of the central committee of Georgia’s communist party, and Alexi Inauri who was promoted as minister of state security of the country. They played a very important part in the developments of those times in Georgia.

GJ – As far as I know, only thanks to Mzhavanadze’s efforts and diplomacy Khrushchev’s absurd xenophobic decision had not been enforced – the railway cars were ready at the station to carry Georgians out of the country to far away places. Is this true?

SM – Yes, it is! But it was not only the kind and wise attempt of Vasili Mzhavanadze. There were other circumstances, playing a certain role too. Had it depended on only Khrushchev’s decision he might have enforced it without any doubt. Georgians knew all that very well. The protests were given a new impetus which turned into a new phase of national-liberation movement. The leaders of the movement were arrested and persecuted, but as I said, the Soviet authorities were not obstructing the development of national business activity. This process continued until 1964, the time when Eduard Shevardnadze came to power in Georgia.

GJ – It is well known that during Khrushchev’s rule Georgia was faced with huge problems of food supply . . .

SM – The problem was rampant all over the entire Soviet Union. Georgia was not an exception from the rule. Just the contrary, Georgia had survived the hunger problems better than any other Soviet republic. At that time the standard of living was highest in Georgia except the Baltic Sea republics. The reason was the developing capitalism. Interestingly, based on the economic data, Georgia always occupied the last place in the Soviet Union during the Mzhavanadze rule. The impression was that Georgia was the weakest among the Soviet republics.

GJ – How about in reality? Was it not true actually?

SM – No, of course not! You know what was happening?

GJ – What?

Print
Other Stories
Kartlis Deda covering her eye – New Stencil in Tbilisi
Kartlis Deda covering her eye – new stencil has appeared in Tbilisi.
Historic Petra fortress will host an electronic music festival
On August 10 the historic Petra fortress located in the village Thsikhidziri in Adjara will host GR –Fest - an open air electronic music festival.
From September Iakob Gogebashvili's "Deda Ena" will make a comeback in Georgian schools
This fall, at the beginning of the new academic year every first-grader will receive "Deda Ena" as a gift.
Georgian painter creating unique paper sculptures
Beso Kobakhidze, a painter from Ambrolauri, a city located in the western part of the country, has been creating unique paper sculptures for 8 years now.
Anti-occupation movement "Force is in Unity" patrolling in Davit Gareji
One of the leaders of the anti-occupation movement, Davit Katsarava, says that there is a calm situation in Davit Gareji for the time being,
23rd day of Anti-occupation rally, Interior Minister does plan to resign
Georgian Interior Minister Giorgi Gakharia said that the dispersal of a rally near the parliament on June 20
President Putin falsifies History of Georgia
Following the II Global Manufacturing and Industrialisation Summit, Vladimir Putin met
“Дождь” news program accompanied by a bottle of Georgian wine
“Дождь”, Russian TV channel’s news program was accompanied by a bottle of Georgian wine as a show of solidarity for Georgia.
Khatia Buniatishvili and Guillaume Gallienne perform Georgian song “Suliko”
Khatia Buniatishvili made French actor Guillaume Gallienne and journalist Anne-Sophie Lapix perform an improvised Georgian dance
Tbilisi Pride held, demonstrators of two different rallies spend the night on Rustaveli Avenue
Anti-occupation demonstrators and opponents of Tbilisi Pride spent last night on Rustaveli Avenue.
What does the store “Georgian” offer tourists in Summer?
“Georgian”, a tourist store of “Biblusi” is popular not only with tourists but with everyone looking for a Georgian product.
Rustavi 2 TV Anchor Insults Putin, Government calls it a provocation
On July 7, Giorgi Gabunia, anchor of the PS news program on Rustavi 2 TV, used obscene terms against Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Georgian Alexandre Zazarashvili wins The Voice Kids Ukraine
Georgian Alexandre Zazarashvili has won the fifth season of The Voice Kids Ukraine.
Part of ‘Fast and Furious 9’ to be filmed in Georgia
A 10-minute episode of ‘Fast and Furious 9’ will be filmed in Georgia.
Euronews: “Georgia goes green”
Euronews has recently published an episode of Focus about Kutaisi, second largest city in Georgia.
Georgian children idol Giorgi Gogichaishvili dies aged 51
Georgian actor and TV host Giorgi Gogichaishvili passed away yesterday.
 Bakery "Puri Guliani" - History of Georgian baking
Puri Guliani – this is what our ancestors called pastries that they earnestly created all over Georgia with a variety of fillings.
Russia is an occupier – Protest-themed birdhouses
Ramaz Grigalashvili from Khashuri, a town in the central part of Georgia has been building birdhouses for about 6 years.
Russian rugby club suspends Georgian rugby players contract
The Russian rugby club "Slava" suspended the contracts of two Georgian rugby players.
Young Georgian lost over 120 kilos in a year
A 20-year old Giorgi Bibilauri lost 120 kilos through a year intense workout.
Danish artist created illustrations on current events in Georgia
Livija Viksna is a Danish/Latvian illustrator based in Tbilisi.
Anita Rachvelishvili and Nino Katamadze join the rally
Georgian singer Nino Katamadze and mezzo-soprano Anita Rachvelishvili joined the peaceful rally on Rustaveli Avenue.
Georgian Alexandre Zazarashvili in the final round of The Voice Kids Ukraine
Georgian Alexandre Zazarashvili has made it to the final round of The Voice Kids Ukraine.
CNN- Georgia against Russian occupation, NOT against the Russian people
CNN has recently published an article inviting people to visit Georgia.
Zaza Pachulia and Guram Kashia invite their international friends to Georgia
Russian President Vladimir Putin has signed a decree prohibiting Russian airlines from carrying Russian citizens to Georgia from July 8.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
18.07.2019
19.07.2019
USD
1
USD
2.8687
2.8714
EUR
1
EUR
3.2178
3.2191
GBP
1
GBP
3.5580
3.5832
RUB
100
RUB
4.5670
4.5608
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.8714
EUR
1
EUR
3.2191
GBP
1
GBP
3.5832
RUB
100
RUB
4.5608
July 2019
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30 31