Brezhnev, Suslov & Georgia
07 July, 2011
Brezhnev, Suslov & Georgia

In 1964 Leonid Brezhnev took over the party leadership in the Soviet Union, having become its first secretary. Kosygin was promoted the chairman of the council of misters of the country and Podgorny occupied the post of the chairman of the presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet, but in reality, all these important men were stage-managed by Mikhail Suslov – the secretary of the communist party central committee for ideology although he normally stayed in the shadow, enjoying unlimited political

and administrative power. Professor Simon Maskharashvili has more.

GJ – After the Khrushchev’s ouster, the Soviet government was taken over by the three key persons headed by Leonid Brezhnev. The Kremlin attitude towards Georgia had not changed for even an iota. It remained as hate-ridden and xenophobic as ever. What could be said about Brezhnev? What was his political philosophy? How much did he have in common with his predecessors?

SM – Leonid Brezhnev was a head political instructor of the army commanded by General Leselidze (ethnic Georgian). Also, certain Genaral Mzarelua (ethnic Georgian) was Brezhnev’s good friend at the front who was serving in General Lselidze’s army as chief of the state security department, running the so called ‘special service unit’ (Russian –‘Osobi Otdel’). Brezhnev was not exactly an epitome of the austere Soviet way of life – he was an inveterate drunk, and General Mzarelua often winked at his irregular behavior. In 1952, Stalin named Brezhnev as the candidate for membership of the most prestigious Soviet body – the communist party central committee. It goes without saying that he genuinely was Stalin’s own protege. Vasili Mzhavanadze (first secretary of Georgia’s communist party central committee) and Alexi Inauri (chief of Georgia’s state security) played a key role in the 1964 coup d’etat in the Soviet Union. Inauri had an impeccable reputation among the state security people. He was a very intelligent and experienced man with a huge potential of getting things done. Had he played Khrushchev’s card or in other words, had he been on the side of Nikita’s supporters, the 1964 coup d’etat would probably have ended up in fiasco.

GJ – Yes, but what was the connection between those events and Georgia?

SM – By any rules of human relationships and in compliance with any moral standard, the new Soviet leader Brezhnev should have been indebted to Georgians, being more grateful to them for the rest of his life and benevolent towards Georgia for what those decision-making ethnic Georgians had done for him in their own time – not as full of hatred and angry as he was of course. Logically speaking, the relations with Georgia should have gotten warmer and more loyal.

GJ – The fact is that this has never happened. Why?

SM – There were many reasons for this – both subjective and objective. One of the most important factors was that most of the Soviet political elite identified every Georgian with Stalin, as if revenging themselves on Georgians for Stalin’s behavior. This tendency was fragrantly clear in Khrushchev’s time. On the other hand, Stalin’s policy had hurt Georgians more than any other Soviet nationality. With his political and national convictions, Stalin was a dyed-in-the-wool Russian politician. During the Brezhnev rule, the Soviet ideology was headed by Suslov – one of the masterminds of the 1964 coup d’etat in the Soviet Union. According to historians, in 1964 Leonid Brezhnev took over the party leadership in the Soviet Union, having become its first secretary. Kosygin was promoted the chairman of the council of misters of the country and Podgorny occupied the post of the chairman of the presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet, but in reality, all these important men were stage-managed by Mikhail Suslov – the secretary of the communist party central committee for ideology although he normally stayed in the shadow, enjoying unlimited political and administrative power. His position was also strengthened by his modesty and honesty in personal life. As a matter of fact, it was Stalin who had named him a candidate for the membership of the communist party central committee presidium (politburo).

GJ – Thus Suslov was Stalin’s cadre too, wasn’t he?

SM – He certainly was! He belonged to the wing of young communist leaders promoted by Stalin. Suslov, like Brezhnev should not have had such a personal hatred for Stalin if judged by what Stalin had done for them, but he was known as one of the keenest anti-Georgian zealots.

Print
Other Stories
Georgian designers who participate in TBFW 2018
Mercedes Benz Fashion Week 2018 kicks off tomorrow, on the 1st of November and will last for 5 days, until the 5th of November.
Tusk of elephant Grand successfully removed in Tbilisi Zoo
Surgery of the elephant Grand in Tbilisi zoo was successful and is over now. Elephant can walk now but specialists still observe its condition.
International fashion exponents meet Georgian designers MBFW Tbilisi
If you’re interested in fashion then you should definitely add a new event to your agenda. Namely Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Tbilisi that takes place from 1 to 5th of November.
Maryam d'Abo - James Bond Girl with Georgian roots
Giorgi Kvinitadze was a commander-in-chief of the Democratic Republic of Georgia.
Elephant to undergo surgery in Tbilisi Zoo
The elephant Grand is about to undergo the hardest surgery today on the 31st of October.
Best places to celebrate Halloween in Tbilisi
Halloween is celebrated on the 31st of October. It evolved from the Celtic holiday of Samhain which took place at the beginning of winter.
Bera Ivanishvili and Nanuka Gudavadze to get marry on the 11th of November
Son of the richest person in Georgia Bera Ivanishvili and the Georgian model Nanuka Gudavadze plan to get married on the 11th of November.
8-year-old girl killed in Gori - suspected murderer detained
The man suspected of killing the 8-year-old girl (with the initials I.N.) was detained today, on the 26 of October.
Audrey Hepburn with Georgian Emmy Award winner
Some photos keep whole stories. Especially one that are taken with famous people.
New clip by Bera Ivanishvili - Time machine
The richest man in Georgia Bidzina Ivanishvili is very much involved in politics, but we cannot say the same about his children, especially about Bera.
Olivia Wilde and Lea Michele in David Koma dresses
Recently, InStyle has organized the fourth annual InStyle Awards.
Gregory Pekk and Marcello Mastroianni and their friendship with Georgians
Leila Abashidze was a famous Georgian actress. She was sometimes referred to as "Mary Pickford of the USSR".
Georgian singer Sofia Nizharadze’s sexy outlooks
Sofia Nizharadze is a Georgian singer. She represented Georgia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2010 with the song "Shine reaching the 9th place.
Beautiful Georgian Model Tamta Shedania tells her story
The model of Elite Model Look Georgia (an international modeling contest) Tamta Shedania worked with various Asian and European modeling agencies.
Ghanaian Eudosia Andoh – Everyday life in Tbilisi in photos
Eudosia Andoh has been living in Tbilisi for three and half years and has been travelling in different parts of Georgia.
Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019 ended
Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019 came to an end. The event has been widely reported in the international press such as Vogue, Marie Claire, ELLE, Harper's Bazaar, etc.
Tbilisi Fashion Week continues – What’s new?
Tbilisi Fashion Week continues. Foreign tourists, designers, models and special guests attend the event.
The first day of the Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019
Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019 has officially commenced.
Sophia Loren, Ornella Muti and their friendship with the Georgians
Georgia has numerous artists popular to the international public.
Tbilisi Fashion Week kicks off
Tbilisi Fashion Week is going to commence on the 18th of October. The slogan of the fashion week is “We Must Take Care of Nature”.
Georgian model Ana Akhvlediani becomes a mother
Georgian model Ana Akhvlediani became a mother. Ana Akhvlediani married to Giorgi Beraia in July, 2018. The couple has a daughter.
What do wives of the rich Georgians wear?
Famous Georgian faces pay great attention to look gorgeous when they appear in public or upload photos on social network.
Saddam Hussein’s Georgian Personal Advisor
A-83-year-old pilot Darwin Rukhadze from Georgia used to serve as a personal advisor of Saddam Hussein, the president of Iraq.
What makes Japan so similar to Georgia?
Japanese people know Georgia and the Georgians well enough thanks to the Georgian Sumo wrestler Levan Gorgadze, also known as Tochinoshin.
Top 5 most beautiful Georgian models
Georgian models take part in popular international catwalks, photo shoots, fashion weeks and shows. They are very successful in Georgia as well as worldwide.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
Exchange Rates
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
06.11.2018
07.11.2018
USD
1
USD
2.7383
2.7524
EUR
1
EUR
3.1162
3.1386
GBP
1
GBP
3.5628
3.5864
RUB
100
RUB
4.1226
4.1712
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.7524
EUR
1
EUR
3.1386
GBP
1
GBP
3.5864
RUB
100
RUB
4.1712
November 2018
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30