Eduard Shevardnadze
28 July, 2011
Eduard Shevardnadze

The Roki Tunnel directly connects Russia with Georgia. It has no economic value for Georgia, but it has a huge political weight. It became the main political asset for the secessionist Ossetia to proceed with its cause in the 1990’s, and for the Russians to facilitate the occupation of Georgia in 2008. The construction of the tunnel was completed by the Soviet authorities during the Shevardnadze rule in Georgia when the disintegration of the Soviet Union had practically begun. Professor

Simon Maskharashvili has more.

GJ – In 1972, a new government came to power in Georgia. Vasili Mzhavanadze was substituted by Eduard Shevardnadze on the political arena who was the Kremlin favorite and a faithful yes-man of Moscow. The new government significantly changed the way of life in Georgia which had been established here for years by previous authorities. Georgians were on their way to get used to something drastically different. How truthful would this statement could be?

SM – It cannot be truer. Personal initiative and the private sector which were developed in the period of Mzhavanadze’s rule were embraced by the Georgian society as more or less positive phenomena. The Shevardnadze administration quickly changed all that, having simply eliminated  them: restaurants stopped functioning one after another, various entertainment spots were closed down, even the tradition of meetings and promenades of the youth in the famous Rustaveli avenue were not done as often as before. The animated and vigorous life-style was no longer thought to be a positive thing. What came instead were austere and ugly forms of human relationships in the society. Unfortunately, this new way of life was not meant to introduce any positive novelty in life but served to eliminate everything helpful, liberal and encouraging that was formed in the 1960’s. The difference – in terms of our society’s behavior – between the old and the new times was significant. Before, the intelligentsia (intellectual part of the society) had very close friendly relationships with the shadow business owners. They even built apartments and country houses together; they bought cars together and helped each other in many other things. In the new Shevardnadze era, one would have to go ahead and beseech the new ‘number one’ of the country or his corrupt administration to acquire a car or an apartment, or to be granted the access to a state-owned country house. So a regular human happiness started depending on how well you were connected with the authorities. This meant to completely lose one’s self-respect.

GJ – This was the time when the Georgian scientists massively refused from genuinely objective scientific research and tried to make their scientific work as compatible with the Kremlin ideology as possible in order for them to mollify Moscow’s latent anger towards Georgia, and by this, to add certain amount of sugar to their relations with their contemporary Georgian authorities. This was the time when Georgia’s history, especially certain specific historical facts was egregiously falsified. Some of the issues were simply tabooed. As a reward for this kind of service, the falsifiers of history would receive from the state high scientific and academic titles, comfortable apartments, access to state-owned country houses and various fringes at universities. This was all a fact, wasn’t it?

SM – You cannot be more right. The truth is that this was a very usual situation in the former Soviet Union in general, including Georgia, but in the pre-perestroika (1970’s and 80’s) period this was more painfully felt than ever before. There were published certain scientific papers which were worth of nothing in which the Georgians were declared not the people of the direct Ibero-Caucasian origin but a separate ethnic group, alien to the area. Works like that were not simply bad samples of scientific endeavor but a real subversion against the Georgian national thinking and the Caucasus Region as a whole.

GJ – The diversionist scientists like them were much more dangerous for Georgia than the Roki Tunnel and the policy which was being formed in Apkhazeti (Abkhazia) in that period of time. The erroneous historical approach like this to our past has played a huge role in instigating the ethnic conflicts in the Region . . . (Continued in the next article on the same page)a

Other Stories
The Chemical Brothers to play in Georgia
On the 1st of September, the Rustavi Motordrome is hosting a concert by the Chemical Brothers.
70-year-old Georgian, who is a student
Giorgi Mikadze is a 70-year-old student at the Tbilisi State University, Georgia. He believes a human should always aspire to learn more.
Ex-president of Georgia wore torn jeans and Balenciaga sneakers
The Dutch newspaper Trouw recently published an interview with the former president of Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili.
Tako Natsvlishvili at Victoria’s Secret casting 2018
Tako Natsvlishvili participated in the Victoria Secret’s 2018 casting on the 29th of August, in New York. The Georgian model was among Victoria’s Secret finalists in 2017.
International Festival of classical music to be held in Batumi
At the end of this week an International Festival of classic music will kick off for the 6th time in Batumi, Georgia’s beautiful seaside city.
Georgians who beat the world record
There are many Georgians among the world recordsmen. Georgians managed to beat the world record for 78 times to date. Today we explore four of them.
Jenny Brunt speaks about Georgia with Georgian Journal
Jenny Brunt is among the most famous models worldwide. She used to be on the covers of different international magazines in the 1990s.
Tako Natsvlishvili wearing Pain de Sucre - photographed by David Bellemere
Tako Natsvlishvili is a 19-yeal old model from Georgia. She has recently been photographed by a prominent French photographer David Bellemere.
Former Georgian plastic surgeon who owns a restaurant in New York
Maia Acquaviva is a Georgian former surgeon, who worked in one of the clinics here in Tbilisi, but decided to go to the USA and start a business there.
David Beckham first saw Victoria Adams in Tbilisi
Tbilisi is truly a magical city. It brings many people and cultures together, even connects future spouses. Do you think we are joking? Not at all.
Georgia should be at the top of every travel destination list – says German photographer about Georgia
The German Chancellor Angela Merkel visits Georgia tomorrow and possibly as a result of this visit the German media is currently writing a lot about Georgia.
Alexander Julakidze - Georgian pianist based in Jerusalem
A well-known Georgian pianist Alexander Julakidze has successfully participated in a variety of piano competitions. He currently lives in Jerusalem, Israel contributing to Georgia’s popularity all over the world.
Anna Kendrick in David Koma’s dress
The readers of the Georgian Journal will definitely have heard about David Koma, a young and talented Georgian designer based in London.
Medical tourism increases in Georgia
In the first quarter of 2018, Georgia was visited by 13 900 foreigners for medical and recovery purposes. The level is 61.2 % higher than the same period in 2017.
Rebellious and successful Georgian model based in Barcelona
Remember we told you a story this week about a Georgian model Paloma Anastasia Mikadze, who currently is based in Barcelona and is quite successful there?
Georgian Rubik’s Cube solver Vako Marchilashvili breaks the Guinness World Record
Vako Marchilashvili is a young Rubik’s Cube solver from Georgia. He participated in “Georgia’s Got Talent 2017 “and introduced his genius abilities to the Georgian public.
Turkish born Georgian sisters sing a beautiful song
There are many Georgians, who live in Turkey, but maintain Georgian culture and heritage.
What types of transport can Georgia offer tourists?
Train, subway, bus, mini-bus, taxi and airplane – these are the types of transport that Georgia can offer tourists.
Chris Botti to perform in Georgia
American trumpeter Chris Botti arrived in Georgia yesterday. Today the musician is due to perform with the Georgian singer Nani Bregvadze.
Georgian schoolchildren create Robot “Vano”
Georgian students from the Guivy Zaldastanishvili American Academy in Tbilisi have created a robot named Vano.
Khatia Buniatishvili performs with the Estonian Festival Orchestra at the Proms in London
On the 13th of August, Paavo Järvi and the Estonian Festival Orchestra performed at the Royal Albert Hall in London during its famous Proms season.
Paloma Anastasia Mikadze, an Instagram star from Georgia
Anastasia Mikadze is a Georgian social network star from Georgia. She shares her ideas about fashion, interior design and healthy lifestyle with hundreds of followers on Instagram.
Georgian lifeguard who saved life of nearly 700 people
Gocha Bilvanidze, the Head of the Maritime Rescue Service has been with the organization for eight years now. He has saved the lives of around 700 people during that time.
Children of Georgian migrant to the USA Parten Chikviladze (Peter Chiglo) visit Georgia
A 16-year Parten Chikviladze from Racha (the western part of Georgia) left Georgian 1913 for America, never to return back.
 Surprising proposal by a Georgian Soldier
The video of a Georgian Cadet Soldier’s proposal to his girlfriend has gone viral on the social media. He proposed to her in the presence of other soldiers in front of the Academy.
Exchange Rates
GEL Exchange Rate
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange
September 2018
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2
3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30