KGB Getting Ready to Deal a Mortal Blow
06 October, 2011
KGB Getting Ready to Deal a Mortal Blow

The Bottom-line was big money which started rolling within those circles coming their way from notoriously legal sources. In this vicious process, the state security servicemen did much better than the political party bosses – KGB definitely enjoyed an upper hand. Professor Simon Maskharashvili has more.
GJ – In the process of Perestroika and reforms, Mikhail Gorbachev and his followers seem to have forgotten about presumable ambitions and desires of the Soviet state security forces. On their part, the KGB

staff members decided to catch as much fish as possible in the troubled waters which had ominously flooded the entire Soviet Union. How could one interpret the situation and make sense of all that?
SM – The KGB staff members acquired the role of chief curators and instructors of the whole process of changes in the USSR. They became experts on frame-ups and extortions, all their moves were masterfully coordinated for a certain period of time. Later, starting from 1988, the KGB system of action-coordination collapsed and they disintegrated into disparate groupings – some of them turned into mobsters, some joined the national-liberation movement, and some were made heads of patriotic armed units and forces. The bottom-line was big money which started rolling within those circles coming their way from notoriously legal sources. In this vicious process, the state security servicemen did much better than the political party bosses – KGB definitely enjoyed an upper hand. They were more dexterous with fire-arms, they managed the clandestine business with higher skill, and they knew better how to cover up the crime. They were younger and more vigorous and smart, even more experienced in doings like this. In other words, the Gorbachev administration and its party elite lost the levers of management in the process which they had instigated themselves. It should also be noted that the KGB itself did no longer represent a monolithic force with overwhelming power. Even that solid soviet administrative structure suffered serious cracks and splits – a certain grouping would seek for money in a certain enterprise, others in other ones. The units of influence were distributed among the formed groupings in the big body of KGB. Often their interest intersected, triggering serious verbal bickering or even the armed confrontations. Eventually, the soviet state security system stopped functioning as a unified administrative unit. One more dilemma added to the resulted chaos – the problem of Afghanistan.  
GJ – Could you please explain very briefly what was happening in Afghanistan? Why did the Soviet government want to bring and deploy its troops there? 
SM – Afghanistan was an uncontrolled border line with the USSR. This was a country where the United States managed to create the impression that the Afghan administration was pro-American and compelled the Soviet Union to organize a coup d’etat – the Soviets physically annihilated the existent government in Afghanistan, pursuing the goal of installing there a pro-soviet regime. The poor country which Afghanistan was anyway suffered even a bigger economic loss, spending a lot of resource on the war. The Soviet efforts turned out to be absolutely vain – they could not manage to dig in there. The United States, first with the help of the Pakistan government and then by using its own efforts reinforced the anti-soviet actions, not letting the Soviets take roots in Afghanistan. As a result, the Soviet Union was forced into spending huge amount of financial resources, was economically defeated very severely and was politically humiliated too. Mikhail Gorbachev continued persistently with his Perestroika project. Meanwhile, the KGB efforts in local national segments (various peoples and ethnic groups comprising the USSR) were becoming more and more powerful – they were getting ready for serious crack-downs on indigenous national movements. Even a single mistake made by Gorbachev would be used by the KGB to the best of its advantage to direct further developments so that the Soviet country found itself in an irreversible chaos. KGB was getting ready to deal a mortal blow.

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